Every year, stores surprise consumers with new and new unusual vegetables and fruits. But what is there to be surprised about? Not so long ago the most ordinary banana was a curiosity for most of our compatriots.
Today hybrids reign on store shelves, which appeared as a result of inter-species crossing of plants, and not because of genetic manipulation of them. No one is surprised by the nectarines and miniols, many in general it seems that they were always on sale.
But the assortment of stores is far from being limited to just these two fruits. We were able to select the 10 most interesting vegetables and fruits, which today, thanks to the miracle of selection, it became possible to buy and taste.
Energy value is 38 kcal. In this unusual product there are useful vitamins A and C. Outwardly it is no different from ordinary watermelon, the same striped. But inside the hybrid is bright yellow. But the differences are not only in the unusual color of the pulp, there are much fewer than usual bones. In order to create such a watermelon, crossed his wild variety (which is just yellow, though unpleasant to taste) with the usual. The new hybrid is just as tender and juicy, except that it is not as sweet as red. Now round yellow watermelons are grown in summer in Spain, and oval in winter in Thailand. In this country, by the way, yellow watermelon is especially revered, because local beliefs say that this color attracts money. In Russia, also grown yellow watermelons, in Astrakhan. Development of a new variety was carried out at the All-Russian Research Institute of Irrigation Vegetable and Melon Crops about ten years ago. As a result, a new variety appeared – “Lunar”. Its dignity is high sweetness, unlike foreign ones. Exotic same taste reminds of a pumpkin, or mango. Experiments to remove yellow watermelon are conducted in several countries and for a long time. Ukrainian scientists succeeded to succeed their Russian neighbors. As a result of the crossing, a “kavbuz” hybrid was obtained, which only has an aroma from the original watermelon, and all other properties were taken from the pumpkin. Such a hybrid is well suited for making porridge.
The energy cost of potatoes is 72 kcal, but it is rich in Group B vitamins, vitamin C, as well as iron, zinc, potassium and magnesium. Do not know where to find it? Go to Sainsbury’s English online store. Today potatoes with yellow, pink and even purple skin are common, but have you seen the violet inside the tuber? We owe their appearance to scientists from the University of Colorado who, for an original purple color, “conjured” for a long time over potatoes from the highlands of the Andes. Such a rich shade of potatoes was acquired due to the high content of anthocyanins in it. They have antioxidant properties that do not disappear even after cooking. The most popular variety is “Purple Majesty”, it has been sold in England for about a year. For the cultivation of such a hybrid is best suited to the climate of Scotland. Popularized an unusual variety in the country is the famous English culinary expert Jamie Oliver, not frightened by experiments with food. He was able to teach how to cook the original purple puree, the potato also looks harmoniously baked in the company with other vegetables, and the option “fries” looks very attractive. But the taste of violet fruits from the usual do not differ.
The energy value is only 25 kcal. The composition contains carotene, mineral salts, vitamin C and zinc. Vegetables can be taken for some extraterrestrial plant. Nevertheless, it is a close relative of the broccoli and cauliflower that we are accustomed to. Only the tender-green inflorescences are not rounded, but conical, arranged on a spiral. This form of cabbage gave rise to many jokes. It is said that the head of the Romanesque was not deduced by scientists in Italy, but only dropped out there from a flying saucer.The real history of the hybrid is quite trivial. Cabbage romanesco appeared on sale already 10 years ago. Popularized by its Dutch breeders, who were able to improve this habitual Italian housewives since the XVI century vegetable. Romanesco differs in that it has many useful substances, but fiber is not enough. This gives good digestibility. And parents like this cabbage on the nature, it is much easier for a child to make her eat – a characteristic smell, unloved by children, does not arise. And the kids probably will be seduced by the unusual, cosmic kind of vegetable. It is not so difficult to cook romanesko, it can be stewed, cooked and added to salads or pasta as ordinary broccoli. Curiously, an unusual vegetable is associated not only with cooking, but also with mathematics. Scientists believe that the example of romanesko can easily explain what a fractal looks like.
The energy value is 57 kcal. Pluot is rich in fiber and vitamin C. You can buy this fruit in late summer. The name of this hybrid of apricot and plum was born thanks to the addition of two parts of the English words “plum” (plum) and “apricot” (apricot). Externally, the pluto is still more like a plum, he has, by the way, his own brother – an aprium, which is more like an apricot. If the outside of the pluto can be green, pink or purple, then inside the shades vary from white to rich plum. They created a hybrid in 1989 in the California nursery “Dave Wilson Nursery”. At first, saplings of ordinary fruit trees were grown there for sale, and then they managed to establish their own varieties. As a result, eleven varieties of pluota, two varieties of apyum and one sort of nektplam, a hybrid of nectarine and plum, have been created in the world today. There is also a sort of peach plum, a hybrid of peach and plum. It is believed that the pluto gives a very good and tasty juice, from that fruit are obtained excellent desserts, homemade preparations and wine. And in its fresh form, the plute is a real treat. After all, it is much sweeter and plum, and apricot.
The energy value of such a product is 20 kcal, and it is valuable in the content of vitamin C and folic acid. You can buy seeds on the farming markets of England and America, as well as on Amazon.com. The watermelon radish looks like it’s turned inside out. It is crimson inside, not outside. Above the hybrid is a white and green skin, which makes it look like a watermelon. Its shape and size, this radish resembles a small turnip or radish, the diameter is usually 7-8 centimeters. Radish sweetish only closer to the middle, and outside it, like the usual, bitter. It is also worth noting that it is not as juicy and crunchy as the traditional variety, and much harder. Watermelon radish is good for baking and making mashed potatoes, it is added to vegetables when frying or in salad. If the slices of watermelon radishes are sprinkled with black sesame or black salt, they will look very effective. This is understood in California, creating in their restaurants such a hit. Bunches of the best watermelon radishes are found on farmers’ markets. And it is not difficult to grow such a vegetable in a dacha even in our climate.
The energy value of such a product is 40 kcal, but contains vitamins C and P, anthocyanins, which have antioxidant properties. You can buy ioshtu on the farming markets of Europe, America and Russia and in some specialized online stores. For the name of this unique fruit of the currant and gooseberry union, two German words were combined – johannisbeere (currant) and stachelbeere (gooseberry). As a result, yoshtas have black color, and their size is comparable with cherries. The taste of the hybrid is viscous and sweet and sour, while there is a taste of currant. The idea of combining gooseberries with currants, and even without thorns, for a long time, Michurin dreamed of this. He even managed to get his own look of gooseberries of a dark purple hue under the name “Moor Black”. In parallel with our scientists, Paul Lorenz worked on the creation of a hybrid in Germany.By the beginning of the Second World War, he managed to grow 1000 seedlings, but further fighting was prevented by fighting. Only in 1970 the German scientist Rudolf Bauer was able to create a full and perfect hybrid. Today there are two varieties of yoshty. “Black” has berries of a brownish-burgundy color, and “Red” has a pale red color. During the season, one yosht bush gives from 7 to 10 kilograms of berries, which are used in desserts and house preparations. There is even a soda with the aroma of these berries. Yoshtu is recommended for use in gastrointestinal diseases, as well as for improving blood circulation and removing heavy metals and radioactive substances from the body. On the shelves of our stores, it’s hard to find yoshtu, you can buy it only on farmers’ markets. But the cheapest option is to grow an unusual bush in your own country house.
The energy value of such a hybrid is 43 kcal. It contains vitamin A, C, iron, calcium, fiber and folic acid. In the cabbage line, many relatives – Brussels and Savoy, broccoli and kohlrabi. Recently, they also added broccoli. It was obtained by crossing ordinary broccoli and gaylang vegetables, also called Chinese broccoli. As a result, the new plant looks like an asparagus with a broccoli head on its top. Broccoli does not have a usual sharp cabbage smell, it is slightly sweet, but there are notes of pepper. The taste of this cabbage is gentle, it reminds both asparagus and broccoli. Although there are many useful substances in the new vegetable, it is low-calorie. Broccoli has become a familiar side dish in the US, Spain, Brazil and Asian countries. This cabbage is usually lightly toasted in oil or served fresh, oiled. Broccoliini harmoniously fits in oriental and Italian dishes. For the real fans of broccoli, there are often interesting vacancies. So, there was an offer to work on a farm in the Australian Stentorpe. The employer offered an hour of weeding, collecting and bandaging broccoli in a bouquet of $ 17.
Its energy value is 46 kcal, and in addition to fiber and antioxidants are phosphorus and calcium. Nashi is a hybrid of pears and apples. For many centuries it has been cultivated in Asia. That is why Nashi is called Asian, water, sand or Japanese pear. A round apple-shaped juicy and crunchy pear taste. The fruit can have a different color – from pale green to orange. In this case, the hybrid has advantages over the ordinary pear – it is firmer, so transportation and storage are facilitated. Usually, the nashi is used in salads, since there is a lot of water in the fruits. But for a thermal reason for the same reason they are not very good. Also, Nashi is an excellent appetizer for wine, along with cheese and grapes. Today, many varieties of this hybrid are created in the world, 10 of them are popular and commercially successful. Cultivated these varieties in the US and Australia, New Zealand and Chile, France and Cyprus.
Its energy value is 30 kcal, the high content of vitamin S. is especially distinguished. Yuzu is often called the Japanese lemon. This hybrid combined a mandarin and a decorative citrus to an Çchang papa. The fruit has yellow or green color, the size of a mandarin and a bumpy skin. The taste is sour at the same time, but very bright aroma. The Japanese have been using this hybrid since the 7th century. It was then from the mainland to the island that Buddhist monks brought it. Yuzu is successfully used in the cooking of Korea and China. The main use of fruit is perfume. The yuzu has a tremendous citrus aroma, with notes of needles and shades of flowers. A zest of this fruit is generally considered one of the most popular condiments in Japan. It is used both in meat dishes and in fish dishes, add to miso noodles and soup. This peel is the basis of the production of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, syrups, jams and desserts. Juice yuzu aromatic and sour, but not as straightforward as lemon.It is used as vinegar, and also as an important part of the popular ponzo sauce. But the use of fruit is not limited to cooking alone. He is a party to the Japanese winter solstice, held on December 22. In the course of it it is customary to make baths with fruit yuzu, in which both children and adults bathe. The very same symbolizes the sun. Being in hot water, the fruit starts to smell even more strongly, according to legends it allows to drive away evil forces. The sign says that after taking a bath with yuzu, a person will not suffer from a cold for a whole year, especially if after the end of water procedures a pumpkin, which also symbolizes the sun, is also regaled. Faith in the magical power of yuzu is so great that even pets are dipped in the bath, and the remaining water goes to watering the plants.
The value of this product is 50 kcal, it contains folic acid, potassium, fiber and vitamin A. Yellow, it is also called golden, beetroot is unlikely to receive recognition in the domestic market. Is it possible to imagine a yellow borsch, beetroot, vinaigrette or herring under a yellow fur coat? It’s only Americans who do not understand us, they adore yellow beets. After all, it has an important advantage – it does not get dirty when cooking. The taste of the vegetable is no different from what we are accustomed to. It is all the same sweet and fragrant, combining well with almost any product – from cheese and smoked meat, to citrus. This beet is good in baked form, with it make even chips. The leaves of this yellow hybrid can also be used for food – fresh in salads.