Today fountains decorate our cities. But recently they had very practical functions. Then they were washed in fountains, they served as a source of drinking water. Today, the benefits from them are only aesthetic. Nevertheless, with the help of water and stone people have learned to create quite unusual structures. We will tell below about the most unusual fountains in the world.
This structure is located in Meadows-Corona Park, Queens, New York. Outwardly the fountain resembles a huge globe. There was a construction on this place in 1964-1965. The sponsor of the construction was the steel corporation. As a result, the building was donated to the citizens. The opening of the fountain was timed to coincide with the World Fair, the motto of which was the phrase “Peace through Understanding”. This structure was designed to tell everyone about the relationship of what exists on Earth. Unisfera is made of stainless steel. The monument rises to 50 meters, while the diameter of the ball itself is 37 meters. The whole fountain weighs 408 tons. It became the largest in the world, being also the largest globe. The ball is in the center of the pool and is surrounded by fountains. Water jets hit the base of the globe, hiding its base. This creates the illusion that the ball is hanging in the air. The globe is surrounded by three orbits, which show the way of three people who left the greatest contribution to the study of outer space. With the coming of the night the fountain starts to light up. At the same time, on the very ball, the capitals of states light up.
Fuentes de Montjuic.
This fountain is located in Barcelona, at the foot of Mount Montjuïc. It was built in 1929, and the opening was also timed to the exhibition. This time Fair and Universal was held in the city. Every second the fountain shoots up 3620 jets of changeable shape. To create them takes 2600 liters of water. Thus, the number of variations in the appearance of the fountain can reach 7 billion. This building is also singing. Water seems to dance to music, creating a magical show. In it closely entwined enchanting sounds, light and threads of jets. The fountain explodes with a bunch of splashes, giving unique pictures. Water shows begin here with the onset of darkness. The air is permeated with the sounds of classical music. She is able to convey the full power of the water dances and their sensuality. With the first sounds of music, the fountain comes to life and begins to move, responding to all the melodic transitions. The backlight changes every second, and the colors do not stand still. The fountain offers two music sessions for 20 minutes. The musical fountain in Barcelona often performs classics, the works of Bach, Tchaikovsky and Beethoven in special honor. But you can hear here and motifs from classic movies, such as “The Godfather”, as well as incendiary Spanish sarsuel. A musical accompaniment at the fountain appeared only in 1992, exactly to the Olympic Games.
Fountain of Vaillancourt.
This fountain was opened in San Francisco in 1971. It is a construction of concrete pipes. The total length of the fountain is 61 meters, width is 42 meters, and height is 11 meters. The construction was very controversial. The work of Armand Vaillancourt took place in Justin Herman Plaza, in the business district of the city. It is believed that the architect dedicated the fountain to human freedom in general and to the freedom of Quebec in particular. It is no accident that when opening the building, the inscription “Québec libre” was inscribed. Vaillancourt himself is a native of Quebec and fights for the independence of his province from Canada. Large red letters were written the night before the very opening. However, the city authorities did not understand this gesture and eventually erased the inscription. But the persistent Canadian several times repeated his trick. Another scandal was associated with a performance near the fountain of the U-2 group. Then Bono wrote on the monument “Rock and roll, stop the movement.” As a result, a 20-thousand crowd of listeners blocked transport in neighboring streets. The city authorities found this act outrageous, and the singer himself was even wanted to be put in jail.Perhaps, such an atmosphere around the fountain led to the fact that the city eventually refused to support it. After all, to pump 100,000 liters of water through the pipes, every year it was necessary to spend 250 thousand dollars. The very same fountain has always been considered a tasteless pile of concrete, obscene and bothersome. Today he was chosen by the concrete, that the townspeople did not add love to this structure. Nevertheless, Vaillancourt said that he will fight for the fate of his creation.
Fountain near the pagoda of Xian.
This singing fountain is the largest in Asia. The Chinese city of Xian itself is quite ancient, it has more than 3 thousand years. For a long time it was the capital of China. It is no coincidence that Xian is called an open-air museum. Here, near the pagoda of wild geese, which is 1500 years old, is the most famous fountain. It covers an area of 16.8 hectares. The fountain consists of jets that dance to the sound of music, shimmering with the rays of light. Unforgettable evening show is available to both Buddhist pilgrims and casual visitors. The show starts at 20:30, and lasts about 20 minutes.
Fountain of King Fahd.
In Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, there is a giant fountain, from which it is simply breathtaking. It is located right in the Red Sea. The fountain was presented to the city by King of Saudi Arabia Fahd bin Abdul Aziz. It happened in 1985. The fountain shoots water at a height of 260 meters, and in good weather, the spray reaches a mark of 312 meters. But this is even higher than the Eiffel Tower. At the same time, the speed of the drop drops reaches 375 kilometers per hour. The construction of the fountain is not easy, because it works on sea water. Fresh water is needed to cool the electric motors of the pumps and for the air conditioning of the pressure station. The maintenance unit itself is located at a depth of 20-30 meters below the ground. The size of this station is with a four-story house. Only to build it was spent about 7 thousand tons of concrete. A powerful station raises up about 19 tons of water. In this case, 500 powerful searchlights are installed to illuminate the fountain on 5 artificial islands. Every year the fountain is prevented for three weeks. If the north wind, which is the usual for these places, replaces the strong southern one, the fountain is also turned off. This is done so that sea water does not fall into the garden of Salam Palace.
Fountains of Burj Al Arab.
In the East they like to create the biggest, tallest and most expensive things. This was manifested by the construction in Dubai of an elite seven-star hotel “Parus”. Amazing interior decoration shocks even rich people who are able to lay out about one and a half thousand dollars per night in a hotel. Even to get to the hotel is rather difficult – there is a checkpoint there. Tourists have to pay 25 dollars for the excursion, or order a table in the restaurant. In the evenings guests, arriving at the hotel by car, meet a volcano fountain of fire and water. This musical design is created in the image of the one that stands in front of the hotel “Bellagio” in Las Vegas. However, the authors of the Arabian fountain made it a quarter of the original. The maximum height of the jets is 150 meters, which is more than a 50-storey building. The total length of the fountain is 275 meters. Illuminate this game of water 6600 light bulbs and 25 powerful projectors. As a result, water and light create thousands of unique compositions. And classical and popular tunes play here. The erection of such a miracle cost 218 million euros. Another fountain, much more modest in size, is set at the hotel’s lobby staircase. There from time to time shoot short trickles of water, and this action is much more sophisticated than in the jet fountains in Disneyland.
Waterfalls of Olafur Eliason.
Unfortunately, in New York these fountains are no more. After all, the installation time expired in October 2008. Construction of four unusual structures was conducted in the strictest secrecy, and they were launched on the same day.Two fountains are located near the piers of Manhattan, one – near the pillars of the Brooklyn Bridge, and the last – in the harbor of New York. Outwardly these structures resembled ordinary scaffolding. The pumps were supplied with water, and from above it flowed freely and noisily down. Such a global installation cost $ 15.5 million. Nevertheless, there were quite a few willing to see this creation of the Dane Olafur Eliason. Fountains saw about 1.4 million tourists who brought 69 million dollars. But you can see these works of modern art for free. Especially for this purpose, the Art Fund “Public Art Fund” hired a boat. Today the waterfalls have already been disassembled into parts. But Olafur hopes that they will be useful for new installations.
The fountain with this name is located not in England, but in Chicago, USA. You can find it in the City Park, opposite the Institute of Arts. The fountain is one of the largest in the world. He is rightly considered the gateway to Chicago. And the fountain was built in 1927 by the architect Edvard Bennett with the money of Kate Buckingham. The building was supposed to perpetuate the memory of the patron brother. It cost all the construction of 750 thousand dollars. The fountain was based on the architecture of the Lanton fountain in Versailles. Only in this case the dimensions have been significantly increased. The diameter of the main basin is 84 meters. In the center of it rises a three-level composition with a height of 7.5 meters. The fountain itself is made of pink marble and looks like a big wedding cake. The composition of the structure is symbolized by Lake Michigan itself, and four groups of horses are the states of Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan and Indiana. He works from April 1 to November 1. Each hour from 10 to 22 hours in the course of 20 minutes in the air at a height of about 40 meters take off 134 water jets. In the evenings the fountain is highlighted with the help of a computer program, all the shows are accompanied by music. In total, 5.7 million liters of water rotate in the fountain.
Fountain “Water Forest”.
They say that in the world there are only three museums in which only art glass is shown. One of them appeared in 2002 in Tacoma, Washington. It’s where Dale Chihuly creates his works. This master creates real glass from glass, and the glory of it goes around the world. The museum has not been completed yet, but it amazes the guests with its external and internal appearance. There are water sculptures here. One of them was the closed fountain “Water Forest”. It was installed in 2002. However, soon the fountain had to be closed. After all, a certain teenage boy pierced one of twenty trees with water. It took seven years of rehabilitation work and more than 200 thousand dollars to restore a unique fountain. Now in its design brittle glass is replaced by a much stronger acrylic. Particularly impressive is the water forest at night, when it is highlighted by a fibergistic green color.
Fountain at the Castle Square in Swansea.
In Wales, there is a fountain, which is also called bloody. The thing is that there is a long tradition associated with it. Annually on March 1, there is celebrated the Day of St. David of Wales, patron of Wales. Among the old traditions there is also the coloring of the fountain’s waters in red. A close-up fountain really appears bloody. But on closer examination, everything is not so scary.
Moon Fountain Fountain.
After the reconstruction of the Banpo Bridge in Seoul in 2008, it turned into a new landmark of the city. On both sides of it are installed 10 thousand nozzles. In a minute they shoot 190 tons of water at a distance of up to 20 meters. Long streams in the dark are highlighted, as a result, the bridge turns into a colored bubbling creature. Banpo stretched for 1140 meters, which made the fountain still the longest in the world. The jets describe the curved trajectories in time with the music, which is controlled by a special program. At night, the water is illuminated by lamps, which also can change their color.And the fountain works only on weekends, four times a day for 15 minutes. But from 19:30 to 21:00 there is a real music show. The “Moon Rainbow” fountain was able to bring a bit of romance to Seoul, built up already by business skyscrapers. Watch fountain at the station of Kanazawa.
The city of Kanazawa is in Japan. Its population is about half a million. You can get here by going to the railway station with the same name. It itself was opened in 1898. In 2005, the station underwent a seven-year reconstruction. It cost $ 180 million and was completely transformed. Before the gates of the station building an unusual fountain appeared, fulfilling the functions of the clock. He has a dial, similar to the one that stands in conventional electronic devices. But pixels here are trickles of water of different heights. It is interesting that the fountain is controlled by a computer. Thus, the clock can show not only time, but also a date or some message. This can be a greeting or station name. So the fountain plays the role of a beautiful and unusual water display.
Fountains in the garden of Tivoli.
To this fabulous Italian garden, few tourists get, but this monument is protected by UNESCO itself. Here in a small area about 500 amazing fountains are collected. They were built in the 16th century and at that time they were considered a masterpiece of hydraulic engineering. These facilities have amazing names – “fountain of the dragon”, “fountain-organ” (water from it makes vibrate the tubes of a musical instrument). A “boiling ladder” was created thanks to just 42 water cannons. The fountain of dell’Ovato became the peak of Italian fine art. People can go past a semi-circular wall of water and from there admire the marble ornaments of the garden and the green arcade. There is the Road of a hundred fountains. Each of them corresponded to the relief from the poem Ovid “Metamorphosis.” The fountain of Rometta symbolically depicts seven Roman hills, as well as the Colosseum and the Pantheon. The water for the complex was originally taken from the river Anene, it came here through a special tunnel.
Rome is famous for its fountains, but the biggest of all is Trevi. Its height is 26 meters and its width is 20 meters. Walking around the capital of Italy must certainly try to find in the labyrinth of narrow streets this pearl. The fountain was built in 1732-1736, the architect was Nicolas Salvi. The structure is adjacent to the facade of Pali Pali, making up with it a single whole. Thanks to the huge palace and the fountain it seems much more grandiose. From the niche of the palace in the very center of the composition Neptune drives out on his chariot. It is presented in the form of a shell, which is pulled by newts and seahorses. Allegorical figures are installed in the niches on the sides of the ruler of the seas. Elegant fountain is made in the Baroque style. It emphasizes the refinement and natural artistry of water. At the same time, Trevi managed to become more than just pieces of marble stuck to the palace. Here, the architects were able to create a unique play of light and shadow, creating a harmonious work of art. There is a belief that you need to throw a coin in the fountain to return to Rome. Two coins mean a new love, and three – the coming wedding. As a result, utilities only for a year pull out from Trevi little things for 700 thousand euros. Naturally, the legendary fountain repeatedly appeared in the cinema. So, Trevi can be seen in the “Roman holidays” and in the “Sweet Life”.
In addition to the Buckingham Fountain, there is another similar sight in Chicago. In 2004, an unusual spitting fountain was built in the Millennium Park. It represents two facing each other glass towers. They are filled with LEDs, which makes it possible to show urban residents on the surface of the face. Periodically, one of them suddenly folds his lips with a tube and spits out portions of water to the spectators who are watching. The height of the fountain is 15 meters, and the cost of the project was about 17 million dollars.At first, Chicago was rather skeptical about such a project. The townspeople considered that this installation would destroy the habitual appearance of the park. But over time the fountain fell in love. He especially likes children. After a hot summer it’s so nice to take a refreshing shower.