People live not only on the land, but also on its interior. Under the earth appeared whole cities and many kilometers of underground roads. As a result, today we know hundreds and thousands of amazing and unusual dungeons. And how many of them are still unknown? We will tell below about the most interesting dungeons known to mankind.
Catacombs of Paris.
Directly under the French capital are the ancient and terrible catacombs. The fact is that at the end of the 18th century the city was overpopulated. Dying people just had nowhere to bury. The government decided the issue in an original way – massive underground burials were created on the basis of abandoned quarries within the boundaries of Paris. Since 1785, for a year and a half, the remains of 6 million people were moved there. Bones and decaying corpses were transported directly on big carts at night through the city, taking them to a new resting place. Here they were stacked in huge heaps, creating an entire “Death Empire”. The catacombs represent as many as 200 miles of underground galleries. Bones of millions of people still rest there. For the public, only a small part of this dungeon is open. But this is enough to bring an unprepared viewer into shock. A lot of skulls and bones are located in different configurations. There are crosses, wall decorations or simply huge mounds. These galleries have electricity. It is said that the Emperor Napoleon III loved to receive his guests here.
Many call this place in South Australia one of the most unusual in the world. On the surface, a high heat constantly keeps, because of which about 80% of the city’s population is forced to live and work underground. After all, even in summer the temperature does not exceed 26 degrees. The town of Coober Pedy is miner. The miners get opals here. A huge influx of miners came here in 1915, after the discovery of the deposit. The first seekers realized that arranging a dwelling underground is quite convenient, they are worthless. The extraction of stones in the tunnels continues to this day. And the dungeons themselves have already become almost an autonomous structure. There is a church, shops, art gallery, offices. Some residents even arrange swimming pools in their houses. And the most real pride of Coober Pedy is a whole underground hotel with 19 seats. In the city you can travel along long corridors. There is even a golf course here, only green grass can not be found on it. The natural color provides oiled with paint sand.
This place is 13 kilometers from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia is a local landmark. To get to the entrance to the cave you need to climb a steep staircase, consisting of 272 steps. This can be a difficult task, given the tropical heat and attention to the guests of many monkeys. Nevertheless, more than a million pilgrims annually make this procedure to celebrate the spectacular Taipusam Festival in the cave, which came from Hindu culture. This colorful holiday of the deity of youth, power and power is not a spectacle for the faint-hearted. Adult people pierce themselves with hooks in many places. Iron spokes pass through the chest, back and face. In this way repentant sinners express their devotion. It is believed that such people do not feel pain, because they are in a state of trance. As a result, the caves become for a time the place of one of the greatest pilgrimages in the world. The very same underground emptiness arose here about 400 million years ago. Another 150 years they were used by local tribes, as a haven during the hunt. And the festival began here in 1892. The largest cave of the Temple towers almost 100 meters. Inside other caves there is a temple, statues of deities. At the very bottom is the Dark Cave, in which unique species of animals live. Here is a two-kilometer network of yet unexplored moves with obligatory stalagmites, stalactites and cave pearls. Radon mines of health.
This healing underground place is located in the American Montana. Many believe that radon – is harmful to health. Meanwhile, not everyone thinks so. So here and there appear in different parts of the world objects that specialize specifically in the treatment of radon therapy. Back in 1924, these mines were used for the extraction of gold, silver, lead and uranium. In 1949 it was discovered that the abandoned mine is radioactive. And one of the visitors, assessing the business attractiveness of the object, suddenly found that her illness had passed by itself. The glory of this quickly spread, and the mines quickly turned into a hospital. It is believed that radon stimulates the nerves and helps the body to heal itself. Low doses of radiation help in the fight against many diseases, even pets are treated here. People come here usually for a week, but they visit the healthful place only 2-3 times a day for several minutes. The average age of tourists is 72 years, but cases of complete healing of even paralyzed patients are known. But the authorities consider the mines to be unsafe and 175 times tried to close them.
Salt mine in Wieliczka.
This site has even entered the UNESCO World Heritage List. Visitors really like this mine, which in fact is also a museum. There are very few similar places in the world. Ever since the Middle Ages, stone salt has been mined in the mine. And the right to this was given to the mines in 1044 by Casimir the Restorer. Now all the technologies used here have been shown here for seven centuries. Salt Mines represent seven levels of galleries at a depth of 57 to 198 meters. Miners created huge underground rooms and complex sculptures of salt. There is its own mill, a huge cathedral carved from this mineral. And in it salt are not only the floor and walls, but even decorations with chandeliers. This place has always been very popular for visitors. In the 15th century, the most prominent people began to descend into the mine, studying an unusual object. Today, there are annually up to a million tourists a year. They are interested in labyrinths of passageways, chambers and unusual constructions of salt. Since the XIX century people have become actively treated with salt baths, even in the mines a special sanatorium has been opened. It treats bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis.
Catacombs of Capuchin.
Mummified bodies can be seen in many places. But real fans of horrors should visit these catacombs in Sicily. This dungeon is often called the “Museum of Death” and there is every reason to do so. More than 8,000 mummies are stored here. Dungeons under the Capuchin Temple began to be used for burials since 1599. Then the priests decided to find a new cemetery for the overgrown brethren. So there was a dark and eerie, but intriguing place. The most bizarre aspect is that mummies generally do not emit any smell here. The Capuchins buried their brothers here until 1871, sometimes giving permission for the most prominent townspeople of Palermo. Some of the dead are dressed in elegant costumes that have partially collapsed with time. But basically they look like skeletons. Monks almost immediately discovered that the feature of the catacombs prevents the decomposition of bodies. Therefore, the remains were prepared in a special way. As a result, they were either placed in coffins, or they were placed on shelves, they were exposed in an open form. In 1881 the catacombs were officially closed by the authorities. But even after that, several people were buried here. The most famous of them was Rosalia Lombardo. She died at the age of 2 years from pneumonia. However, the native girls were asked to embalm her and obtained special permission from the authorities to bury her in the catacombs in 1920. Today the child is called “Sleeping Beauty”, even after her death the girl was often visited by her relatives. The body of Rosalia has been beautifully preserved to this day and is in the center of a special chapel. The catacombs themselves have several specialized corridors. In one are men, in the other – women. There are branches for virgins and children.
Chapel in the milk grotto.
There are many legends about this place in Bethlehem. They say that here the Holy Family was hidden, when Herod’s soldiers beat the babies. It is believed that when Mary was breastfeeding the baby Jesus, one of the drops of milk fell to the floor, painting the stone in white. Now the milk grotto is the object of pilgrimage for many childless mothers. They come here and ask Mary about the baby. In the chapel is a miraculous icon of the Mother of God, which helps improve lactation to nursing mothers. Christians have been worshiping this place since the earliest times. Since 1375, the grotto was in the possession of Franciscan monks. In 1871, on the site of the chapel, the Lactation Church arose. Cretaceous impregnations in the walls were considered miraculous, they were even mined and supplied to Europe. It was believed that this powder can treat humans and livestock. Visitors still take chalk for memory and pray here to Mary. At the entrance to the grotto, photographs of babies with words of gratitude to their mothers for Mary for her help are hung.
Underwater restaurant Ithaa.
This place is located, not underground, but under water. On one of the Maldivian islands, the world’s first underwater restaurant was created. It is located at a depth of several meters. It is distinguished by curved walls and a roof made of solid acrylic. The thickness of the glass is 125 millimeters. The restaurant is covered with five of these arches, which are tightly pressed against each other and sealed with a special sealant. Such a structure was built in Singapore, on the island it was brought in a huge barge. Then the future restaurant was lowered to the bottom of the sea by a giant crane. The whole structure weighed 175 tons, another 85 tons of sand was added to it so that it sank into the sea. The whole project cost the creators $ 5 million. To recoup it, we had to assign an astronomical price for the dishes offered in the exotic restaurant. But the spectacle is worth it. After all, the visitor has a panoramic view of the beautiful Indian Ocean and its living environment.
On the North Island, in New Zealand, there are famous karst caves. Their very name is translated literally as “water passing through a hole”. According to scientists, these caves are more than 2 million years old. For centuries, the cave was used by Maori tribes, and the Europeans discovered it only at the end of the 19th century. The public was allowed to start here only in 1911. Excursions at the 250-meter depth become so exciting that for them, up to half a million visitors come here annually. They are brought here not only by the acoustics of caves, known throughout the world, but also by some unusual local formations. This is not only the most beautiful stalactites and stalagmites, but also a trumpet, a limestone mine. Of particular interest is the grotto of fireflies. There is a whole colony here. In complete darkness they shine, creating the illusion of a starry sky in a cloudless night. This bioluminescence is carried out by females, which at the final stage of development of the pupa attract their males in this way. A special delight among tourists is cave rafting – a boat trip through the underground waters will not leave anyone indifferent.
This place is the largest amusement attraction in Europe. Yes, and there is an entrance there under the gloomy arches near the London Bridge. Although this spectacle is not for the faint-hearted, there are always queues of people wishing to get a thrill. During the two-hour excursion, the tourist will see the English slums of the 16th century with rats, executions and tortures and another horror of that dark time. This is one of the best themed attractions in Europe. Spectators can fully immerse themselves in dark times. Here you can see the glow of the Great Fire of London, make a boat trip to hell and the Labyrinth of the lost. The creation of such a unique world required investments of several million pounds. But there are dozens of characters and pictures. Horror and excitement are added by live actors.In the dungeons you can see a variety of instruments of torture, most of which are very cruel and even sadistic. In the dungeons, the elements of those streets of Victorian London were reconstructed, where the famous maniac Jack the Ripper created his terrible deeds. The same underground labyrinths appeared here 2,000 years ago.