For humans, most animals have a well-known and established color gamut. We know that bears are brown and white, penguins, like pandas – black and white. The gray elephant does not surprise anyone, just like the red-haired tigers. Many people generally know very little about animals other than their color. And what is the surprise of many, when these unbreakable knowledge suddenly begin to crumble.
But there are exceptions to every rule, why would animals, thanks to mutations, not get rid of their usual color? Periodically, there are creatures with unusual coloration, which look extremely unusual. Sometimes it’s just a single anomaly, but sometimes color mutations can start a new subspecies. The most well-known cases are discussed below.
Brown big pandas.
The large panda of classic black and white has only one subspecies – brown. His name is also the Qinling panda, in honor of those very Chinese mountains where this animal lives. The main difference between subspecies is in their colors. If ordinary pandas are predominantly black with white spots, then the Qinling pandas have a dark brown fur, I have yellow or beige stains. Scientists explain such unusual coloring of these bears by the fact that once ordinary pandas mated with their relatives. People found out about the existence of such unusual pandas only in 1985. And twenty years it took to declare this subspecies unique. Today, it is not clear what the size of the population of the Qinling pandas is. Scientists have seen only five such unusual creatures, but in the mountains they can hide a few hundred more.
In fact, there are at least 17 penguin species on Earth. So do not be surprised that these flying birds can have different looks. Standard penguin looks black with a white belly, but some individuals have colored tufts, orange beaks, bright yellow eyes or white wings. But among all this diversity black penguin stands out more than others. The fact is that this bird has a uniform color, both front and back. For the first time such a penguin was seen by the photographer National Geographic in 2010. This case of mutation was immediately declared a rare one, one in a billion. The fact is that the penguin has melanism, when the body produces an excess of pigment that responds to the color of the skin. Usually for birds it is often lack of melanin or its excess. In penguins, the same case was unique.
Cat is a chimera.
In tortoisescens of Venus, the face of the flowers is divided into two parts. One is a red-haired with a tabby pattern, and the other is a black one. And if the blue eye is on the first half, then the green eye is on the second half. Why the cat got such color – and remains a mystery. Many believe that she is a chimera. These creatures appear when in the womb of the mother two embryos merge together. In cats, this occurs quite often. Most tortoiseshell cats are generally chimeras and are, but in cats, this is observed quite rarely. With its unusual color, Venus attracted the attention of the public. Everyone puzzles – why did nature make this creature so? An unusual cat has even a page on Facebook, where it was tagged 150,000 times. A video with Venus on YouTube has already been viewed more than two million times.
Zebras suffering from melanism.
Melanism occurs not only in penguins, changing the original black and white color. This deviation is also found in some zebras. And such a mutation in these cloven-hoofed animals is noted much more often than in black penguins. Nevertheless, zebras with melanism are still a rarity. Perhaps, because in conditions of wild nature it is difficult for them to survive. There is also a difference from completely black penguins. Zebras with melanism are still completely black. It’s just that they have unusually wide and pronounced black bands. Due to this the animal looks much darker than usual.But it’s worth remembering the fact that all zebras are unique in their own way. There are no such artiodactyls with the same arrangement of bands, as well as people with identical fingerprints.
Zebra with golden stripes.
This case is the opposite of the previous one. If there is an excess of melanin in the body, the zebras acquire broad black bands. The shortage of this pigment “rewards” the animals with golden strips instead of traditional black ones. His portion of fame was Hawaiian zebra Zoe, whose pictures flew over the Internet. The animal received bright golden strips. And although the bright appearance – the result of working in Photoshop, the real appearance of Zoe still strikes. Unusual zebra has not only golden strips, but also blue eyes. The reason for this is a genetic disorder – amelanism. Zebra from birth has a deficiency of tyrosinase enzyme, which oxidizes phenols of animals and plants.
Giant kangaroo albino.
Among the species of kangaroos, there are also quite large ones, the Giant Kangaroos stand out here. These animals reach a height of 210 centimeters, and they weigh up to 54 kilograms. Over time, kangaroos can cover a distance of 8 meters and a height of 1.8 meters. At the same time, giant kangaroos move at a speed of 56 kilometers per hour. But albinos in this form are quite rare. One unusual specimen was found in the Namaji National Park, which is located south-west of the Australian capital, Canberra. Rangers believe that it was a female kangaroo and gave her the name of Renee. If the majority of representatives of the species has a gray skin, then this albino fur is snow-white, and the eyes are pink. Experts believe that such kangaroos have little chance of surviving in the wild. The fact is that they are easy prey for wild dogs and foxes, not being able to disguise themselves. Albinos are more likely to have skin cancer, are prone to sunburn, and they hear and see much worse than their brethren in appearance.
Half-stained American lobster.
American lobsters are usually brown. You can see them in a different color when cooking – they turn red. In July 2006, a wonderful lobster was caught in Maine. He looked half cooked, because one side was mottled and brown, and the other was red. Usually the American lobster shell is a combination of red, blue and yellow pigments. In this case, the creature’s half turned red due to the lack of blue pigment. The other half of the lobster was quite ordinary, because in this species each half develops on its own. Lobsters, painted in different colors exactly in half – this is a big rarity. It is believed that the chances of meeting such a creature – only one to fifty million.
Tiger with melanism.
Melanism suffers and large cats that weigh up to 300 kilograms. This case is similar to the zebra situation. There is approximately the same thing – the large cat’s with melanism are not completely black. But in this case, wide black bars stand out much more, because ordinary tigers in nature are golden or red. There is a photograph of at least one tiger with such a deviation, it was made in the Indian National Park Simlipal when calculating the number of tigers in 2012. An unusual large cat was an aggressive species of Bengal tigers. At the same time, the tiger had the same dimensions as other normal representatives of the same species and age, who did not suffer from melanism.
White deer Seneca.
In the Seneca district of New York until the year 2000, there was an army depot, which first contained weapons from the Second World War, and then the Gulf War. In 1941, when the walls of the fence were erected, they became a trap for several white deer. Controlled hunting and favorable attitude to animals led to the fact that today out of 800 large de facto military warehouse in the open air, a quarter of deer are white.Thus, the world’s largest population of mutated animals living in the same territory appeared. White deer Seneca did not form its own separate species. This is a species of the species of brown white-tailed deer. White deer appeared, thanks to the presence of leukemia. He led to the disappearance of the pigment from the wool. But the eyes of these deer are as brown as their brothers. Such a mutation can be considered not as extreme as albinism. It would manifest itself for the deer in changing the color of the eyes to pink.
These animals are really ill with albinism. Only they are not white, despite their name. In fact, these animals are pink or even reddish-brown. Such a rare mutation is most often found in Asian elephants, not in African elephants. In countries such as Thailand and Burma (Myanmar), white elephants are traditionally considered sacred animals. They are not loaded with any work and are venerated in every possible way. It is believed that the presence of such an elephant in the country testifies to its blessing, wisdom and the strength of the ruler. Thanks to an elephant-albino, even the corresponding idiom appeared in English. Here, a “white elephant” is a thing that does not have real value, although it is expensive. There are even curious stories about how the kings of Siam gave white elephants to those they wanted to actually punish. Due to the special status of these animals, they could not be made to work and certainly it was forbidden to kill. As a result, the unfortunate recipients of such a gift were forced to spend heavily, taking care of elephants-albinos. Usually this led to bankruptcy.