The honor to name the ten most terrible animals in the world fell to environmentalists. Often such creatures, even in Halloween, are difficult to remember without shudder. The presence on this list of people should not surprise anyone, because we inflict the greatest harm on our nature.
Only people kill just for fun or just for no reason. About some of the above-mentioned living beings horror films are made, and some (and thank God!) Can be seen only in rare photographs, and in encyclopedic articles.
Some peoples call this monster a “cannibal” and there is something for it – it looks rather menacing. The dwelling place of the monster is the depths of the ocean. The saber-toot is protected from enemies by armored skin, and for the attack the fish has four straight and long teeth, similar to nails. At the same time, the teeth are so long that when the saber-toothed jaws are closed, the lower pair of jaws must be placed in a special sheath on both sides of the fish brain. Thus, nature took care of its creation so that it would not be cut. Although the appearance is quite frightening, the monster in length is small – only 15 centimeters. On the short body is a large head. At a depth of 5 kilometers, finding a saber-toot is quite hard, but if it hits the hunter’s field of view, the monster quickly pierces it with his teeth, again and again. And one more interesting fact about these fish – young individuals are so different from adults that scientists for almost 50 years considered them different species!
“Witch Fish”, or myxin.
This fish is considered one of the most unusual in the world. To date, there are not many fleshed fish and myxin – one of them. “Fish-witch” lives in the depths, feeding on small live fish, dead and dying. Mixina is considered a nocturnal animal. The day they spend in the mud, leaving only a part of the head outside. At night, the predator goes hunting. Mixina slowly swims against the current, opening her tendril-tentacles and widening her nostril, looking for the necessary fluctuations. When attacking a weakened victim, the myksin gnaws through it a hole, tearing off the skin and meat with the help of its teeth. In this case, the “witch” can tie his body in a bundle, pressing against the prey for an emphasis. Having got inside of the victim through a hole or a gill, the myxin begins to eat the insides – first the liver, and then the muscles. In the end, from the large fish, which was attacked by myksin, there is only a skeleton and skin. Cases of attacks of myxin on sharks have been documented. The witch fish is known even for its ability to moderate its appetite – remaining alive for a long time without food. This monster also received the reputation of the most slimy creature on the planet. The pores on the body give off a huge amount of viscous mucus that repels predators and helps the myxine itself as a lubricant to commit its deadly moves. In addition, the “witch fish” is the only fish that can sneeze. It is through this that the mucus leaves the single nostril. Myxins live in the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea in large populations, up to 15 thousand individuals. Usually their size does not exceed 40 centimeters, although near America was recorded a record length of 79 centimeters. The color of myxin varies from pink to reddish-gray. Surprisingly, these fish have a low mortality rate, and therefore females lay eggs in small quantities. Fry are externally similar to adults, but initially possess both male and female sexual organs. The final choice of sex occurs with adulthood, depending on the need for the population.
This primacy resides in Madagascar and is somewhat reminiscent of Dobby’s house elf from “Potteriana”. Nature has awarded animal teeth similar to rodents and a long middle finger, which he can obtain his food, like a woodpecker with a beak. Aye-aye is the largest of the nocturnal primates, choosing for its habitat forest canopies, its length reaches 1 meter.The way of food extraction by this primacy is rather unusual: it knocks on wood, and to search for larvae in the necessary place the animal gnaws through the hole, taking the insect prey with a long middle finger. Aye-aye has a fluffy tail, like a squirrel, but the muzzle has a resemblance to rodents, which is facilitated by black beady eyes. Primacy has large incisors that grow throughout life. Aye-aye is an omnivore, whose diet also includes nuts, fruits, mushrooms, seeds and nectar. The animal is able to pick fruit from the trees on the go. At one time, scientists uncomfortably ascertained that aye-aye had already died out, but in 1961 the animals were again found in Madagascar. Nevertheless, even today these primates are threatened with extinction. The fault is also deforestation, their native environment, and the prejudices of local residents. The natives believe that aye-aye is a symbol of death, and those who met him are threatened with an early death. For today on the planet there are only a few hundred individuals, which they try to preserve, creating specially for them reserves in the territory of Madagascar.
These animals can reach a truly grandiose size. Although science and notes the maximum length of 13 meters, but, according to eyewitnesses, squid can be 20 meters long. These animals can float to the surface due to the presence in the body of a solution of ammonium chloride. The usual food of squid is deep-sea fish and their own relatives, smaller ones. To hunt monsters use the serrated suckers of their two longest limbs. Among the sailors long legends about giant squids, which are able to grab and sink any ship, the prototype of the same myth were the Norwegian legends about the sea monster, “kraken.”
some people still call the black dragon fish. This long and extraordinarily flexible fish lives at a depth of about 2 kilometers. The creature is a vivid example of sexual dimorphism. Females reach a length of about 40 centimeters, they have small eyes and long teeth, necessary for hunting. At the same time threatening fangs do not allow the mouth to close. Terrible appearance is complemented by a glow of teeth. For the coordination of movements, a special chinache is responsible, which is 2-3 times longer than the head. Males look very different. Their length does not exceed 6 centimeters, they are deprived of both teeth and antennae, and their intestines simply do not function. Nature decided that there was no need to eat males – they passively pass through the water, attracting females with the light of their fires. The larval development of idiocants is also interesting. In fry, the eyes hang on long stems, which will decrease as they grow older. As a result, the organs of vision will be located in the eye sockets. Female are known for their ability to capture prey of large sizes. The fact is that the skull of these fish can recline up and back due to the flexible vertebrae and the muscles work. At the same time, the lower jaw of the fish not only drops down, but also sharply moves forward. In such cases, in order to accommodate abundant prey, the heart, gills and aorta move away from the mouth into the body.
This being is endowed with mystical properties, perhaps more than others. They are dedicated to numerous legends and myths that tell of blood-sucking demons. In fact, bats-vampires exist, and are not a product of exclusively legends. There are three such species in Central and South America. The bats themselves have a wingspan of 20 centimeters, and their body is small – the size of an adult’s finger. Hardly these “terrible” mammals would be so interested in people, if not the fact that their main diet is blood. True, people have nothing to be afraid of, the main objects for hunting are cattle, large birds, horses and pigs. The incisors of bats are sharp, like incisors. With their help, vampires make small incisions in the skin of a sleeping animal.In this case, blood from the wound constantly flows, not folding, as this is facilitated by substances contained in the saliva of mice. Also, saliva contributes to numbness of the skin, as a result, the animal does not wake up, because it simply does not feel a bite. A vampire who does not receive a regularly needed portion of blood quickly loses strength and may die from hunger for 2-3 days. These bats are looking for their victims with help, smells, sounds and echolocation. Few people know that vampires are able not only to fly, but also quite quickly and dexterously to run. In a second they overcome up to 2.2 meters.
This snake has a rather terrible reputation. So, in Tamil, the name of anaconda sounds like “anaykolra”, which literally means “killer of elephants”. When the first Spanish settlers saw this snake, they christened it “matatoro”, or “bull killer”. Anaconda is the heaviest in the world, reaching a weight of 250 kilograms. The eyes and nostrils of the snake are located on the top of her head. This structure of the anaconda allows it to breathe and observe the potential victims, almost entirely located in the water. The giant anaconda force is known, which, despite their slowness, can defeat quite large animals, including small deer and crocodiles. To strangle their prey, the anacondas wrap around her body and begin to choke.
Gray predators for most of us are not as exotic as some of the ones mentioned above. The length of the wolves from the nose to the tip of the tail is usually 1.3 to 2 meters, while the tail itself is a quarter of the total length. The wolf is so complex that it is easy to carry as many long journeys and transitions as possible. He has a narrow chest, strong legs and back, which do not give fast accumulation of fatigue. Wolves can move at a speed of 10 kilometers per hour for a long, long distance. During their chase after game predators can accelerate and up to 65 kilometers per hour. The main food of wolves is deer, moose, yaks and other ungulates. There are cases when a pack of wolves killed a bison weighing more than a ton. Animals are terrible with their strong jaws with sharp fangs and carnivorous teeth, which are specially created by nature for ripping meat and chewing it. The jaws of the predator are so strong that the elk’s thigh is snacked for 6-8 bites.
This proportion of the jaws to the length of the body, and their strength, is no longer present in any other animals. The power of biting in an animal is the highest among mammals, surpassing even this lion. A mammal from the family of marsupials lives only on the island of Tasmania, although it once inhabited the mainland of Australia. This is the largest of the marsupial predators. The body length is from 50 to 80 centimeters, and the weight is up to 12 kilograms. Another name for the animal is “marsupial”. The frightening glory of the animal was given to its possibilities – its huge jaws, it can easily bite the largest bones. Dining Tasmanian devil prefers among themselves like – at a public event is going to up to 12 animals at once. During the feast, there is active communication. Scientists have even been able to identify 11 different poses and 8 sounds, through which these terrible animals communicate. A third person hears ominous cries. Tasmanian is quite gluttonous, eating a day of food weighing about 15% of its mass. The main diet consists of small animals and birds, insects, snakes and even tubers and roots. It is known that the most voracious individuals can attack and gullible tourists who naively accept dangerous predators for cute puppies.
Human activities are most terrible for all life around. We cut down forests and cultivate land, build dams, our plants pollute the atmosphere with greenhouse gases, and water – with waste. Basically, we only consume, without thinking about whether nature will have time to restore the damage done to it.Over time, people become environmental debtors, spending much more resources than we are allocated. Today, 70% of the world’s fish stocks are used by mankind, which calls into question the possibilities of its natural restoration. In the seas and oceans, 7 million tons of garbage fall annually. Industrial leaders, including Russia, annually produce 400 million tons of toxic waste. Today, people have already exterminated 65% of pristine forests, this process continues – every 1.5 km of forest disappears under our influence. Is it any wonder that man is the most terrible creature for our blue and green planet?