There is nothing surprising in the fact that many terrestrial animals are able to fly by nature. However, there are some animals that are just “flying” versions of their relatives. We will be surprised to see a normal rodent planning on us from heaven, not to mention some other unusual creatures from the list below. Thinking of flying creatures, insects, birds and bats immediately come to mind. But from now on you will be able to find out about some other rather strange animals that have also come off the ground in this way.
Talking about flying animals, let’s start with flying squirrels. Many also certainly heard about it, especially since there is even a cartoon “The Adventures of Rocky and the Bulvinkle” about this squirrel and moose. In reality, the animal is somewhat like a hamster, but it looks strange, thanks to the ability to jump from trees. Flying squirrels belong to the squirrel family, they set a world record for the “flying” animal. Here we mean exactly those who slip in the wind, and not fully flies. A maximum leap of 288 feet is fixed! If a person flew from the height of a 30-meter building and remained alive, he would surely have become the hero of the evening news. The ability to fly in such animals is present thanks to a leather membrane between the fore and hind limbs. The flying man usually lives in the crowns of tall trees, from where he makes his flights. The direction of flight varies with the membrane and the front paws, whereas the tail serves as a kind of stabilizer. Helping you when landing.
Small flying phalanxer.
It’s time to find out who is a phalancer. This animal belongs to the family of Australian opossums. These creatures strongly resemble a cute fluffy toy. This phalaner is also called a sugar opossum. The body length of the baby is only up to 40 centimeters, with half of it being a bushy tail. For the flight, the phaler has a leather fold that extends from the wrist to the ankle. It allows the opossum to slide in the air at distances of 50 to 150 feet. Interestingly, the phalanges are very vocal and can produce sounds that are similar to the buzzing of a household appliance. Animals often communicate with each other. Phalanger can be safely called the sweetest of the animals listed here. It is no accident that in North America it is turned on as a pet.
Perhaps, for the names of these animals would come up with a verbose “Airborne terrible beast.” But only these beings are still direct relatives of lemurs. Believe it or not, this animal is a primacy, our relative, although you can not tell by its appearance. Apart from bats, these are the mammals most suited for flight. Such lemurs are called Caguars. As you can see, the tail and extremities are connected by the membranes of the skin. They straighten out during the flight, increasing the area. The design of the membrane is more perfect than that of flying squirrels, it starts from the neck and ends with a tail. The animal itself becomes a kind of glider. These lemurs are not able to fly high, because they still slide down. And on the ground they move rather slowly. However, in the air they are very manoeuvrable and without height loss are able to move for distances up to 320 feet. The length of the body of the Caguar is up to 43 centimeters, the weight is up to 2 kilograms. Outwardly these lemurs are so terrible that they probably became the prototype of a fairy tale about flying monkeys stealing children.
Many consider lizards to be perfect creatures – they have big clever eyes, they hunt for harmful insects. But we should expect that the lizard suddenly does not hide from the persecution in the stones, but flies away! This applies to the Indonesian lizard of the genus Draco, which directly speaks of its similarity to dragons. It is known that such animals can glide in the air for distances up to 195 feet, while losing only 30 feet of height.Unlike other flying mammals, this lizard does not have free leather membranes between the limbs. In this case, the leathery folds are located on the sides of the trunk, supported by long false ribs. Lizards grow to 40 centimeters in length, and they are found in the tropical forests of South-East Asia.
Those who are afraid of snakes, you should know that this danger can be comprehended not only on the ground, but also in the air. They live in the same places as flying lemurs and lizards. This brings up the question – what happens in the local trees, that some animals developed the gift of flying from place to place? Flying snakes are relatively poisonous, their bite for a person is not dangerous. Most readers will not remember this fact, paying attention only to the fact that in South-East Asia there are flying poisonous snakes. Of course, there is no need to talk about flying here either. The snake plans in the air, and it does it much better than the flying squirrel. As a result, the sight of the Chrysopelea snakes can thus travel for distances up to 100 meters. To do this, the animal is taken to the tree and folded, like a coil. Then it sharply straightens and forces itself into the air. Although these snakes and can perfectly climb up vertical surfaces, the ability to fly is an additional protective feature.
On the islands of Kalimantan, Madagascar and in Southeast Asia, you can meet flying frogs. They were able to develop their parachute ability to evade predators. Such frogs have well-developed membranes between the fingers of the fore and hind paws, and the tips of the fingers are generally transformed into discs. When jumping, the frog spreads its strange fingers and plans with their help down. Some flying frogs can move immediately to 12 meters! It was these amphibians who first climbed into the air. Representatives of the folded frogs usually do not live in water bodies, like their relatives, but on trees. There they build their nests from their mucus, and upwards they can climb using suckers on their paws.
Jump from tree to tree, making a small flight – this is one thing, but try to fly, living in the ocean! But many seamen have long seen how fish fly overboard ships. They appear to be able to travel up to 1,300 feet at a speed of 42 mph. To achieve this result, fish in the water move their tail up to 70 times per second, starting themselves out of the water and getting into the ascending air currents. Help to soar and unusually large pectoral fins. In height, the rise is up to 20 feet, often there were cases when the fish simply jumped on the ship. Such results, of course, are impressive for animals that were originally intended for life in the water, and can not even breathe with air. Inhabitant flying fish in the tropics and subtropics, they are at once 77 species.
What else, being 17 feet across and weighing more than a ton, can jump out of the sea, like not the Mobula Ray ramp? This electrical relative to all known sea devils can jump into the air by as much as 6.5 feet. In this flight, the ramp makes various pirouettes and flips. Scientists still can not explain this behavior of fish. Of course, this behavior can even be dangerous for people – recently a woman in Florida died when a heavy flying ramp fell right on her in a boat. Imagine if several tons of fish fell on you at once. Sliding ants.
Kinds of ants with wings are quite common, what is so interesting about sliding ants? These wingless creatures meet certain requirements. They have good eyesight, live in moist rainforests and find their food at the tips of the branches. These insects are also armored. When falling from trees, they focus on a lighter background of their tree trunk relative to the dark background of the rest of the forest.Then the ant straightens its legs, head and stomach, sliding through the air as a result of free fall, waiting for the landing on the next tree. Such abilities of insects are worked out by them specifically to avoid falling down from trees and being eaten on the ground. Slithering through the air, ants are 85% more likely to sit on a tree than those that can only fall. So nature keeps these awkward insects, equipping them with super-possibility.
Photo of a squid flying over the ocean is not the work of Photoshop. If you want to believe it, you want to – no, but in fact there are examples of behavior that indicate squid flying over the sea. Although this phenomenon can be called a miracle of nature, but in fact, nothing surprising is there. Today, sections on flying squid can be found in any popular book about these cephalopods. It is known that young individuals of some species living in the upper layer of the sea are able to fly. It is fixed that squid can fly up to 60 meters, rising to a height of 6 meters. But usually they prefer to fly directly above the surface, without rising above the meter. These abilities, similar to the skills of flying fish, help squid escape from predators. Scientists for a long time could not understand the mechanism of the flight of these mollusks. In the end, it became clear that squid above the water spreads a special membrane, which makes it possible to create an additional wing. At the same time, the mollusk does not need to be accelerated to high speeds.