Dogs are our companions for several thousand years. This species is unique in that, next to a person, it lives much better than without it. Dogs perform many functions. These are not just loyal friends, but also guides, guards, rescuers, warriors and just pets.
Dogs are so different in character and appearance that sometimes one does not even believe in their relationship. Nevertheless, the genome of these animals is identical by 99.85%. And the remainder of 0.15% gives the same variety of dog breeds that occur in nature.
Speaking of the rarest breeds, perhaps you should not pay attention to the fact that they were withdrawn only recently or not at all recognized by dog handlers. On Earth, there are quite a few Azawaks, Tibetan mastiffs and katalburunov. However, their numbers remain unknown. Let’s talk about really rare breeds that are practically on the verge of extinction.
This breed appeared in Norway in 1877, it was presented at an exhibition of the National Hunting Society. Outside this country, there are almost no such dogs. Elkaound is intended for hunting moose, which is reflected in the name of the breed. After all, in translation from Norwegian, “elghud” means “moose dog”. Representatives of this breed has a truly unique tactic. The dog tracks down and pushes its prey, while dodging attacks and constantly barks. This does not allow the elk to escape before the hunter arrives. At one time, the Norwegian elkhound used to hunt larger animals – bears, wolves and lynx, as well as small game.
But today in Norway hunting is not so popular. So the population of elkhuayands gradually began to decline. Today in the world there are only 4 thousand representatives of this breed. The dog itself has a compact and proportional composition. It reaches a height of 46-51 cm, and weighs up to 20 kg. The wool of the breed is thick, which protects it from the weather. This dog is quite cheerful and friendly, it perfectly adapts to life in a person’s family. Elkhaund is friendly with children and is good at guarding the house. This breed has a sense of self-worth and independence. Handling it is recommended affectionately, but firmly and confidently.
This man has known for about 200 years. Its other name is the Dutch one. Dogs are stable in the Dutch province of Friesland. Dog breeders believe that the breed was created by crossing the Deventskaya kurapatnochnaya dog and spaniel, brought to the Netherlands by the Spaniards in the XVI-XVII centuries. It is believed that Styokhon is a cool bloodhound, distinguished by an excellent instinct. She perfectly pursues her goal on the bloody track. Another of her skills is the ability to guard.
Breed outside the country is almost unknown. The standard was adopted in 1942. Stabihon is a proportionally folded dog of medium height, with a beautiful coat. At withers, it reaches 48-53 cm, and weighs from 15 to 20 kg. Stabihona well adapt in the urban environment, although it is still better to give the opportunity to run on freedom and to perform active physical exercises. This will enable the dog to maintain its working form. In total, at present, there are about 3,500 survivors of the stability.
This breed is considered very ancient. The roots of its origin lie even in times of domestication of wild canine ancestors. The very first evidence of domestication of wolves suggests that domesticated dogs were then subjected to rigorous artificial selection. They chose those who could best protect, protect and hunt. Thai Ridgeback was used to hunt deer, wild boar, tapir, mongoose, martens, guarding also human dwellings and snakes. Over time, the dog began to accompany the cart, guarding both the man and his property. It is still unclear exactly where the breed appeared. Today it has remained not only in Thailand, but also in Vietnam, Cambodia and Indonesia.Due to the isolation of some areas of residence, the breed was able to maintain its original appearance. Over time, the cynologists conducted a genetic test, revealing that the inhabitants of Thailand have more ancient roots than their congeners in other Asian countries. Although the breed has an ancient origin. Recognized it relatively recently, in the late 1980s – early 1990s.
This dog is very strong, her body is athletic. Ridgeback’s body size is slightly above average. At the withers they reach 56-61 cm, bitches – 51-56 cm. The males weigh 28-32 kg. A characteristic difference of the breed is the presence of the Ridge. These strips of fur on the back grow in the opposite direction to the main one. Thai Ridgeback is an excellent friend and companion. The dog is so independent that it looks more like a cat. In addition, the Ridgebacks are also very clean, their short wool is odorless. Thais are very clever dogs, with good memory. And there were only a few thousand of them left in the world.
The origin of your dog is from the Norwegian islands Vara and Rost. For centuries they were isolated. Lundehunds were used for hunting waterfowl and Atlantic dead ends. When in the middle of the XIX century this kind of fishing was banned, the breed began to disappear. However, on the island of Verey, which is part of the Lofoten archipelago, there are several dozen specimens left. This helped to restore the breed in the middle of the XX century. Lundehundy are known not only for their skills, but also for their anatomical structure, very similar to primitive dogs. The representatives of the breed weigh about 7 kg, and their growth reaches 35-38 cm.
Lundehundy now keep as a domestic breed. After all, this is a very calm and affectionate dog, which is not at all aggressive. She treats strangers with extreme restraint. These dogs are strong and dexterous, they are very mobile and have an independent temper. Lundehundy is very flexible – they can pull their front paws parallel to the ground, and throwing their heads back, it is possible to get it to the back. It is believed that in an enclosed space such dogs can not be kept. They need freedom and a certain level of stress. These dogs require constant care of the coat. In total, the breed has about 2 thousand representatives, almost all of them live in Norway.
This Hungarian shepherd dog appeared recently, only about a hundred years ago. Despite its uniqueness, it has never been popular. After all already for one thousand years prior to its occurrence in Hungary already there were two popular breeds – bullets and komondor. Moody is taller and heavier than bullets. At withers, it reaches 47 cm, and weighs 8-13 kg. The constitution of the breed is compact. This dog is very smart, brave and faithful. She loves her work, and thanks to her energy is great for managing large herds.
Moody can do this even alone, without help. The dog is not afraid of enemies, so they even hunt with boars. In this fight moody often becomes a winner. The breed is also an excellent companion in the family. Moody are really universal, because they also help to find drugs, to save people. These dogs are excellent and happy to learn. Fans have a little mudi, but these people say that their pets rarely have a bad mood. In total there are no more than 2 thousand representatives of this rare breed.
This hunting dog breed was taken out in the UK. Her direct ancestors are bloodhounds and erdeter terriers. The breed is quite large, with a large and expressive face. Since the goal of breeding was hunting, the dog has long and muscular paws. Weigh otterhounds from 36 to 54 kg. They also have an excellent nose, which allows them to successfully pursue the game. Another feature of this hunter is the ability to pursue the victim, both by land and by water. After all, the dog’s hair is two-layered and rigid, and the feet are webbed.Until 1978, otterhounds were used for otter hunting, and with the ban on this type of activity, dogs were used against nutrients and mink.
Otterhounds have a very friendly disposition, their voice is very sonorous, which they often show. Representatives of the breed live usually 10-13 years. They are constantly in need of physical activity, because without them these dogs turn into lazy, more respectable, who are always asleep. At present, there are only about one thousand representatives of this breed in the world, one third of whom live in the United States. Otterhounds were always quite rare animals, even when hunting for otters was popular. Now this breed is on the list of disappearing ones, the cynologists do their best to preserve it.
This dog is a relative of a wild dingo dog and was bred in the southeastern United States. For the first time it was discovered already in our days in South Carolina, which gave the name of the breed. Where did it come from? It remained a mystery. Perhaps this wild animal is re-wild, like dingoes? And found it on the banks of the Savannah River, in this isolated place wild dogs for centuries did not mix with other breeds. A distinctive feature of the Carolina dog is its excellent tolerance of heat and dry climate. But to the cold she is intolerant.
Today there are enthusiasts who keep representatives of this breed in captivity, it serves Indians. But the Caroline dog is quite friendly to man even in the wild. Although this breed is slower and weaker than most domestic ones, it is considered more dexterous and flexible. Weigh such dogs from 15-20 kg, growing at the withers to 61 cm. Scientists noted that the Carolina dog is almost identical to the Australian dingo. The structure of its bones is similar to the surviving remains of dogs from the Neolithic. This is one of the few breeds that has remained primitive and obtained through natural selection and survival, rather than targeted breeding. In total, there are several hundred Caroline dogs in nature.
San Miguelian Shepherd.
This dog comes from the Azores. In total there are 72 individuals. This breed is of medium height, nevertheless it is the largest island shepherd’s dog. The constitution is rough, and the grip is strong. In height, such a sheep dog reaches a maximum of 60 cm, and weighs 35 kg. Dogs began to be used as shepherds and guards in the Azores since 1439, when the Portuguese came here. A distinctive feature of the breed is high resistance to diseases, they can be near the herd almost all the year round.
The ancestors of the San Miguel sheepdog are the Fila da Terccira, who have disappeared. They were once brought to these islands by seafarers, and the breed developed in complete isolation. Dogs are very smart, great responding to commands. Nevertheless, by nature these are real leaders, so the owner must constantly prove his powerful and strong character. A specific feature of the breed is its habit of biting disobedient cows by the feet low enough not to spoil the skin. The San Miguel Shepherd distinguishes “his” from “outsiders”, severely punishing enemies. The representatives of this breed live up to 15 years.
American hairless terrier.
This amazing breed was formed in 1972. In the litter of the rat terrier, a completely hairless puppy was born. American breeders Willie and Edwin Scott of Louisiana left it to themselves. They decided to start breeding such amazing dogs. The result was a second pair of dogs. These male and female became the ancestors of the new breed, the American naked (hairless) terrier. This is an amazing phenomenon of nature, because of the type of inheritance, such dogs are very different from other hairless breeds. All puppies are born with soft and short hair, but by 7-12 weeks of life it falls off. For life, the terriers remain naked. The same puppies that remain with the hair are called covered. Such an animal needs special care.The dog must be protected from direct sunlight. To do this, they sew clothes or rub the skin with special creams. But the naked terrier does not need epilation, like a Chinese crested dog, which facilitates the care. A dog needs to bathe at least once a week, because of the lack of hair, the skin quickly gets dirty. In cold weather, the animal is worn in warm overalls, and for the legs a special warm shoes are used. As a breed of bare terriers were registered only in 2004, and even then in the US. Today there are no more than 70 representatives of this breed.
It is this breed that is considered the oldest. It was originally removed about a hundred years ago in New Hampshire. Chinook was to become a sled dog. Arthur Walden founded this breed. He sought to create an ideal animal that, together with strength and endurance, was also quick, and also adapted to the conditions of the North. At the heart of the selection lay the mestizo of the Eskimo Spitz, St. Bernard and the mongrel. The first puppies were born in 1917. And the breed was named in honor of the Chinook harness. Best of all, dogs showed themselves in the Antarctic expedition of Admiral Byrd, when each of the dogs in the harness carried on average 60 kg of cargo.
Chinook is a large light brown dog, very intelligent, faithful and friendly. Only the physical loads of the dog are needed daily. In the withers of dogs reach 57-57 cm, and weigh up to 45 kg. But even on the wave of popularity of chinooks was very little, no more than 300 individuals. By 1966 there were only 125 of them left. After 12 years in the world there were generally only 28 such dogs. But the Association of Chinook Masters managed to increase their number by half. Now all these dogs live in the USA. Chinook is also a symbol of the state of New Hampshire.