(from it Universität, which in turn originated from the Latin universitas – a totality, a community) is a higher educational institution where specialists in fundamental and many applied sciences are trained. As a rule, it carries out scientific research work. Many modern universities act as educational, scientific and practical complexes. Universities unite in their composition several faculties, which represent the totality of different disciplines that make up the basis of scientific knowledge.
The foundation of the future well-being of a person is laid in his youth. An important step in the life path of each of us is our education. In many respects it will determine the future specialty and work, the heights achieved. Today it is perfectly clear that a person who has not received a full-fledged education or who has not completed his studies at all can not become a minister, a president, or a big businessman.
In the world there is an Academic Ranking of Universities of the World (ARWU), which determines the prestige of education in a particular institution, which is undoubtedly taken into account by applicants when choosing their university. In this list, there are Russian universities, only they occupy low places at the end of the first hundred, so, the Moscow State University is located only in the 70th place. Let’s talk about the most prestigious universities in the world.
The first place belongs to Harvard University (Harvard University), located in Massachusetts, USA. This university was founded in 1636 and is the oldest educational institution of this level in America. His name was given in honor of the missionary John Harvard. The structure of the university includes 12 colleges and faculties, the most prestigious of which are the departments of medicine, economics and jurisprudence. The University has several own museums, for example, museums of geology, zoology, and archeology. It is here that the largest scientific library in the world is collected, in which there is a large number of rare manuscripts and books. It is noteworthy that among the Nobel laureates more than 30 graduates are Harvard. Each year, this university trains about 18,000 students from all over the United States, as well as from 100 countries around the world. The number of teachers is more than 2300 people. The number of people who want to get to Harvard is always great, despite the rather expensive level of tuition – the year the student stays at the university costs $ 42,000. Not surprisingly, the university’s target capital is almost $ 35 billion. Harvard is governed by the President, of whom there were 28 people in history.
The second place on the honorary list is
, located in California, USA. This educational institution was founded in 1891 by the Governor of California and part-time major railway entrepreneur Leland Stanford. The university is named after the son of a politician, Leland of Stanford, Jr., who died as a teenager. Nearly 15,000 students and students from all over the world study at Stanford. The university is known primarily for its high level of business education, MBA. Part of Stanford land is in long-term lease from high-tech companies, this structure has received a well-known name – “Silicon Valley”. Graduates of the university were founded such famous companies as Hewlett-Packard, Electronic Arts, Nvidia, Yahoo, Google, Sun Microsystems, Cisco Systems and others.
The third place is located at the University of Berkeley (University of California, Berkeley)
, also located in California. It is the oldest of the ten universities in the state education system. Numerous ratings give grounds to assume that this is the best US state university. Founded in 1868, the university now occupies an area of about 5 thousand km2. The university was famous for its training of specialists in physics, economics, and computer technologies.It was here in 2007 that it was announced that videos of lectures and events that were held at different times within the walls of the educational institution were posted on YouTube’s free Internet resource. It was Berkeley who first decided on this step, which corresponds to the ideology of the university as a public institution. The physicists of this particular university played a huge role in the development of an atomic and hydrogen bomb. Here, a cyclotron was invented, antiproton studies were conducted, a laser was developed, and photosynthesis was studied. Berkeley has become a place of discovery of new chemical elements – plutonium, siborgia, california and others. Here was born the operating system BSD, which laid the foundation for a whole ideology.
The fourth place belongs to
Cambridge, located in the UK
. It is the second oldest university in Europe after Oxford, founded in 1209. According to legend, several learned men left Oxford because of disagreements with the locals, they founded a new training center. The history of the confrontation between Oxford and Cambridge is so deep and interesting, they occupy such an important place in the history of English society that they are even integrated into one and are called Oxbridge. Now in the Cambridge 31 college different directions (while 3 of them are only women) and more than 100 offices. Special popularity among students is in the humanities. There are even theological colleges at the university. Every year, the walls of Cambridge take about 17,000 students, with about 17% of them – foreigners. The high level of education at the university confirms the fact that, since 1904, 87 Nobel Prizes have been received by its graduates, few people will compare with this university. The president of Cambridge is a person of royal blood – Philip, Prince of Edinburgh.
The fifth place is given to the famous Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT
. This university was founded in 1861, today it also has a research center. The very birth of the university served as a response to the growth of science and technology in the 19th century, since traditional education could no longer adequately correspond to new trends. MIT today is the most real mecca in the field of computer technology, robotics, artificial intelligence, as well as other areas of technology and science. At the university, engineering and scientific training initially focus more on assimilating practical skills than theoretical subjects. During the Second World War, the prestige of MIT has increased markedly, as students and employees of Massachusetts actively participated in military research programs. The most famous institutions of the university are the Laboratory of Informatics and Artificial Intelligence, the School of Management, and also the Lincoln Laboratory. Massachusetts is rightly considered one of the most prestigious technical universities, it is no coincidence that among the Nobel laureates 72 are local alumni. They also study economics and management, philosophy, linguistics and political science. The cost of training in this prestigious institution is from $ 30,000 per year.
The next line of the rating belongs to the California Institute of Technology
. This private university was founded in 1891 by politician and businessman Amos Trup, as a result of several renaming the present name was received in 1920. The main specialization of this famous university is engineering and exact sciences. It is here that the Jet Propulsion Laboratory is located, which is actively used by NASA. Although all universities and honors their traditions, it is here that they are especially developed. So, for every Halloween students throw a pumpkin off the high library building. The fruit is frozen with liquid nitrogen and decorated with light bulbs.For first-year students there is a “day of absenteeism”, during which first-year students must certainly get into the university building, which is prevented by clever traps created by their senior comrades. It is believed that learning here is more difficult than anywhere else. After all, students are encouraged to learn a lot of information in a short time. The university is even credited with the aphorism: “Study, sleep, social life: choose two out of three.” The university has adopted its own Code of Honor, according to which students are given freedom unthinkable in other places, so it is allowed to carry out examinations at home.
The seventh place is by right
Columbia University, located in New York, USA
. The university was founded quite a long time ago, in 1754, thanks to the permission of King of England George II. However, in 1787 the university became private. Quite early this institution became known by the fact that it is preparing the political elite. It was this university that was finished by many ministers and US presidents including Barack Obama, and 54 graduates became subsequently awarded the Nobel Prize. Columbia University is one of the most popular for foreign students, there are about 20 thousand students, more than a third came from abroad, representing 150 countries. In this institution is located Bakhmetevsky archive, which is one of the most significant repositories of materials of Russian emigration. The symbol of the university is the lion. The university is famous for its school of journalism, opened in 1912. Any political events resonate within the walls of the institution, so, during the Vietnam War of 1968, the students seized 5 educational buildings, the conflict was resolved only with the help of the police.
The eighth line of the rating is given to
Princeton University, USA
. It is one of the most famous and prestigious American universities, it was founded in 1746. The first lesson was held in the house of priest Jonathan Dickinson, who is the founder of the university. In the city of Princeton, New Jersey, the institution moved not immediately, only in 1756. The institution received its status in 1896. Now about 4.5 thousand people study in it, while all training is built strictly on individual plans, and it is closely connected with research work. Of the 400 professors teaching here, seven are Nobel laureates. The total number of teachers exceeds 1100 people. The importance of Princeton was given also by the fact that this is one of the few universities that joined the Google program for the digitization of books. The university library itself boasts 6 million printed publications, 5 million manuscripts and 2 million units of other printed products. Here there is also its Code of Honor, according to which students are obliged not only to not deceive themselves, but also to report all cases of violation of order. Examinations at the university are conducted without the presence of teachers or assistants. Violations of the same code can lead to expulsion from the school. Princeton is famous for its sports traditions, there are 38 sports teams. The symbol of Princeton is the tiger.
Private University of Chicago (University of Chicago), founded by the legendary John Rockefeller in 1890, occupies the ninth place. Other sources mention the date of foundation in 1857, but it was the financial assistance of the tycoon at the end of the century that allowed the institution to start working fully. The local library was founded in 1892, today it holds more than 3.5 million copies of books, including rare manuscripts. 79 people, somehow connected with the University of Chicago, are Nobel laureates. In education the most important are the directions connected with physics, economics, sociology and jurisprudence. The university takes in its walls about 14,000 students, it teaches about 2 thousand teachers, the symbol of the same university is the phoenix.
The final in the list is the legendary
Oxford University of Oxford
, located in the UK. This is one of the oldest universities in Europe, no wonder its fame, because it is based, it is believed, in 1117. The university consists of 39 independent colleges and 7 educational institutions belonging to religious communities that do not have this status. Today, about 18.5 thousand students are being trained in Oxford, while a quarter of them are foreigners. The university employs 3,700 teachers, while members of the British Academy of Sciences are 100 of them. Only in the 20s of the last century Oxford began to accept women, and separate education was abolished half a century later. The main directions of students’ training are humanitarian, mathematical, physical and social sciences, as well as medicine. Oxford is not only a university, but also a research and development center located on its territory. In this university there is the largest educational library of the country, in general there are about a hundred libraries here. For the organization of leisure of students it is offered about 300 circles, besides the big attention is given to sports. Oxford graduated from the kings Edward VII and Edward VIII, there were trained 25 English Prime Ministers, and among the teachers it is enough to recall only the names of John Tolkien and Lewis Carroll.