Today, the range of garden plants is growing every year. These bushes and trees are designed to decorate our earth plots. New varieties are constantly appearing, and old, already familiar, get new sizes, colors and shapes. Understand what is a classic, and that just a trend of fashion is quite difficult. That is why we should talk about the most popular ornamental garden plants. It should be noted that they are in demand also because they are quite easy to take care of.
Spirea are quite hardy plants. They know many varieties. Those that blossom in the spring have white flowers, and those who chose the summer have purple-red or pink flowers. In height, plants usually reach from 1 to 2.5 meters, within the same range the diameter varies. Planting spiroea better in the sun, or in a semi-shady place. But the soil in the garden for this any. Those species that bloom in the spring are cut right after the flowering period. Summer species are treated in early spring. Advantages of this plant are obvious – it is very unpretentious, even a beginning gardener will cope with it. Also worth noting is the relative compactness of the spiraea, some of its stunted species (for example, Japanese) in height barely reach 80 centimeters. Disadvantages of the blossoming in spring species is the need for their timely pruning, otherwise the intensity of flowering will be low. Maple Leafy (Acer platanoides).
Special attention should be paid to the variety “Globosum”. This kind of maple looks like a massive tree, although its size is rather modest. A spherical crown will look great in small areas and front gardens. Maple height reaches 6 meters, and the diameter of the crown can reach 5-6 meters. This tree also loves light, so it does not need a shadow. And the maple does not put special demands on soil, any place in the garden will do. Trimming maple is also not particularly needed, occasionally you can cut branches along the width of the crown. Among the advantages of such a plant is its dense crown, which creates a thick shadow. In autumn the leaves of the maple are painted in bright yellow color. However, for such beauty you have to pay – in the autumn of foliage will be quite a lot, and because of the lack of pruning the crown may over the years grow in breadth.
Forcing, forsythia (Forsythia).
This plant is a symbol of the onset of spring, one of the most beautiful at the same time. Golden-yellow bush flowers look beautiful next to the blue and blue primrose. Forsia can reach a height of up to 3 meters, so is its diameter. This plant is best planted in a sunny place, there are no special requirements to the soil of the garden. After flowering, forcing should be cut off. This plant is rather unpretentious, which will be appreciated by beginning gardeners. In addition, the variety of varieties will allow you to choose the best. For example, for small sites low-grade varieties will do. Week End has a height of only 1 meter. Cut branches are often put in a vase, the flowers will dissolve much later. It will be amazing to see a blossoming plant for Christmas and New Year at home. However, after the blossoming, the shrub quickly loses its decorative appearance. Yes, and trim the forcing is necessary regularly, otherwise the flowering will begin to lose its intensity.
Hibiscus Syrian (Hibiscus syriacus).
This shrub looks great, both in solitary planting, and in a group of brethren, as well as in a hedgerow. Hibiscus in southern regions can grow even in the open ground. The height of the shrub is from 1.5 to 2 meters, its diameter is from 1 to 1.5 meters. It is best to plant hibiscus in a sunny place, while the soil must be fertile and water-permeable. Pruning is carried out in February – early March. A garden plant is valued for variety of varieties and a large range of color colors. He is afraid of the hibiscus of colds, which can be attributed to his shortcomings. Even a cool summer leads to less abundant flowering.
Another name for this plant is “Golden Rain”. It appeared because when the bushy tree blossoms in May-June, its long floral brushes resemble streams of rainwater. The beaver will look great, both independently and next to other cultures. In height, the bright plant reaches 7 meters, and its diameter – up to 4 meters. The lover loves the sun, and in terms of soil unpretentious. Even crop this garden plant is not required. The merits of the beaver consists in its unpretentiousness and easy maintenance. Beautiful are not only flowers, but also leaves. However, there are bugs and its drawbacks – the plant is considered poisonous, especially harmful substances in the seeds are concentrated. So you should be careful if children live near the landing site. Branches of the plant are quite fragile and can break even from the severity of the snow.
This heat-loving plant on our expanses looks especially exotic and decorative, thanks to its large leaves are heart-shaped. And in the beginning of the summer the catalpa blooms, showing numerous flowers-bells. In height, the tree reaches 10-15 meters, and its diameter – 6-10 meters. For landing is best suited solar place, protected from the wind. To the soil of the garden there are no special requirements, even from pruning is better to refuse. For small plots or front gardens, it is better to choose “Nana”. The height of the tree is then not more than 7 meters, and the crown of the plant will be spherical.
Best of all, these unpretentious shrubs will look like hedges. Particularly beautiful if you make them from several ornately flowering shrubs. Weigel looks good in the company with a lilac or kolkvitsey. The time of flowering plants depends on the variety, some are dissolved in May-June, and others – from June to August. The height and diameter of the shrub does not exceed 3 meters. It is best to plant plants in a sunny place or with scattered lighting, while the soil will fit in any garden. Crop the wiggel after flowering. Advantages of the plant are its unpretentiousness, which is especially convenient for beginning gardeners. The Purpurea variety is popular, which does not reach a height of one and a half meters. But the disadvantages of the plant is that they have to be cut every year. Otherwise, the bloom will be weakened. Decorative apple tree (Malus).
These apple trees please not so much fruits, as their flowers. Almost all of them look similar not so much to small trees, but generally to shrubs. There are many varieties of ornamental apples, which differ in the form of their growth, coloring of flowers. When the flowering season begins in May, the branches literally sink in a sea of white, pink or red flowers. Such apple trees can reach a height of 2 to 10 meters, and the diameter of their crowns to 8 meters. Trees like sunny places, they need the soil friable and fertile. Apple trees need to lighten the crown and remove wildlife. In summer and autumn, it is time to harvest. Beautiful fruit is perfect for making dessert. However, there was a decorative apple tree and no shortcomings. It is often affected by diseases – powdery mildew and scab. That is why, even at the time of the acquisition of the seedling, one should be careful, it is better to do it in a checked and reliable place.
White acacia, robinia (Robinia).
Usually, a large area is required to grow a white acacia, but there are several low varieties of this plant. With the beginning of the summer, the clusters of flowers begin to appear in the crown of robinia. Surprisingly, the white acacia has varieties whose flowers are not only colored white. So, the “Frisia” variety is decorated with beautiful golden leaves throughout the season. In height, the white acacia can reach 25 meters, the diameter of the crown – up to 12 meters. The plant loves the sun, plant it better on the soil with good water permeability. But from pruning branches is better to give up.In this case for dry acacia, dry and even lean soil is suitable. Gardeners should pay attention to the variety “Umbraculifera”, which stands out with its spherical crown. Such a tree does not exceed 6 meters in height. The drawback of the ornamental plant is one – it forms the root shoots. Rhododendron (Rhododendron).
This garden plant has many varieties. In addition to the rhododendron itself, generic varieties are also isolated, for example, smaller azaleas. In height, shrubs can reach from 1 to 5 meters, about the same as their diameter. Rhododendron does not like the sun, so it’s better for him to find a place in the shade. The plant prefers acidic soil, fertile and water-permeable. Crop the bushes is not necessary, although in extreme cases, radical pruning is allowed. The advantage of this plant is that most species are evergreen. Deficiencies lie in special requirements to the soil, susceptibility to diseases, as well as the need to constantly water the rhododendron in the dry season.
This group of plants is famous for its diversity. At the same time, many species, such as the flowering turf, bloom very intensely. Therefore, experienced gardeners recommend to plant the trees separately from other plants, or at least place it in groups where the plants are loosely placed. The height of the shrub is from 2 to 6 meters, about the same diameter. Most varieties of the turf love sunny places or with a weak shadow. Soil is best to choose acidic, also it is necessary to constantly moisturize it. In pruning the plant does not need. The merits of the dern lie in the beautiful coloring of the leaves, especially in this respect is the Derain of the Coase. Only here beautifully flowering varieties are easily susceptible to disease and are afraid of bad weather.
Such undersized shrubs bloom in the summer. In the southern regions of our country there are many hybrids, they are quite compact and have a wide variety of colors. In height, as well as the diameter of the plant from 1 to 3 meters. Plant hydrangeas better in places with diffuse lighting, however, neither the shadow nor the sun will prevent its growth. Soil is better to choose sour, keep it constantly slightly moist. Hydrangeas should be cut in spring or autumn. To the merits of the plant can be attributed a good tolerance of even containers, and thanks to such bushes even shaded places in the garden can become more beautiful. But also caring for them requires attention. For example, alkaline soil will cause the blue inflorescence to turn pink. And in dry weather, do not forget about watering. Juniperus (Juniperus).
This group of ornamental plants includes primarily dwarf species or medium-sized shrubs. Juniper cultivars are isolated depending on the shape of the needles and its color. It can be green, blue, yellow or silver. The height of the shrub can reach 8 meters, and its diameter – up to 5 meters. Juniper has no special requirements for soil, but the sun he loves. In places with a shadow juniper will grow poorly. Most often pruning is not required. The main advantage of juniper lies in its unpretentiousness. In the autumn on a bush there are blue-black fruits reminding externally berries.
This garden shrub is one of the most popular. Coloring can vary from violet to pink, light yellow and white. Lilac has so many varieties and species. Its shrubs in height reach 3-6 meters, and their diameter can be up to 5 meters. It is best to plant plants in the sun, the soil should be picked up fertile and water-permeable. Trimming lilacs should not be strong, it is best to just remove only faded inflorescences and wildfowl. Advantages of a garden plant lie in its unpretentiousness, bouquets perfectly fit into the home interior. In addition, the most compact species do not exceed a height of 1.5 meters. But there are some species with small flowers that are more capricious.They do not like the urban environment, so it’s better not to plant them here, the lilac will grow poorly. Decorative cherry, plum (Prunus).
This is a fairly large family, which includes many varieties with different characteristics. For example, in Japan plums and ornamental cherries are characterized by a long and powerful flowering. In April-May the crown of these beautiful plants is wrapped in real foam from double pink or simple flowers. In height, the trees grow 2-12 meters, their diameter is 2-10 meters. This species loves rich and fertile soil with good water permeability. But pruning cherries and plums is better not to produce. Advantages of this decorative plant are that you can choose their shape for almost any kind of garden. It can be columnar, tiered or weeping. The disadvantages lie in the fact that in slow growing varieties, the tips of shoots may die prematurely.