Our civilization has evolved through transport. The more sophisticated the means of transporting people and goods, the more tangible progress was. In the last century a real technical revolution was accomplished. In our lives, the airplanes, trains, cars have firmly entered. Today you can get from one corner of the planet to another in hours. And for traveling around the world it does not take 80 days, as it was in the XIX century.
But transport continues to evolve, we can guess how it will look in the future. For sure, humanity will start using newly discovered technologies, allowing people to travel with individual means faster and for long distances. It turns out that examples and transport projects of the future already exist among us, we just need to look around.
The plot, when a brilliant billionaire is developing an innovative electric vehicle, deals with space programs and invents an alternative banking system, is possible only in fantastic films. In fact, in reality, such a character exists. Ilon Mask founded such companies as Tesla Motors, SpaceX and PayPal. Now he is busy with a revolutionary change in the public transport system. Not so long ago, the billionaire published his idea of a super-fast inter-city transportation system. Thanks to her, you could get from Los Angeles to San Francisco in just 35 minutes. The system is called the Hyperplat and is a steel pipe mounted on supports. In it at a speed of 1200 kilometers per hour will have to move aluminum capsules with people and cars. And the sun will give energy to work of such transport. The drawback of this system is its cost. Mask estimated that the construction of Hyperpetly at the first stage will be 70 billion dollars, and in the future this amount will increase to an even more staggering 100 billion. Hyperpetly also has its own critics. Many consider it too expensive, others – impractical and even too slow. Be that as it may, a stubborn billionaire is promoting his project. The startup, titled Hyperloop Transportation Technologies, Inc., showed a prototype schedule, with the date being the first quarter of 2015. Time will show how much such transport will be in demand in the future. It is likely that we are already close to the ultra-fast displacements between cities with the help of Hyperpetly.
Automobiles based on nuclear energy.
Today the issues of using nuclear power are rather ambiguous. Relative cheapness neighbors with great danger. Nevertheless, in the future there are still no alternatives to nuclear power. It is no coincidence that an American company even develops transport on the basis of radioactive fuel. For many years, laser power plants have been working on the basis of using the properties of thorium. It is he who is responsible for keeping high temperatures in the core of our planet. State projects are devoted to the use of thorium at nuclear power plants, but companies that work with laser power plants have different purposes. They want to create an engine for a car that will work at the expense of a tiny piece of radioactive material. Thorium will produce heat that can convert water into steam. This will launch a group of small turbines, which allow producing electricity. The advantage of thorium is its high density, and hence the prospect of obtaining a lot of energy from a small mass of matter. It is estimated that a piece of 8 grams is enough to provide the car with energy for a hundred years. In other words, drivers will not have to pay for fuel. Such a perspective of the future pleases many, does not even frighten the risks of working with radioactive material.
The idea of supercavitation in marine engineering has recently become more popular and popular, gaining admirers. The so-called effect is based on a layer of gas bubbles formed around some immersed object.To understand this simply – just look at the hull of the submarine, surrounded by bubbles. It turns out that the gas reduces friction up to 900 times in comparison with the usual conditions. This allows the underwater body to move much faster relative to normal conditions. A boat using the effect of supercavitation would be a valuable find for any navy. Not only does it move quickly and spend little fuel, so its shape also prevents sonar detection. Such a submarine will even be able to overtake the torpedoes. And trying to create a submarine future private company “Juliet Marine Systems” from Portsmouth, New Hampshire. The project was called “Ghost”. Such a submarine should initially protect naval vessels, repel pirate attacks on merchant ships. And who said that a high-speed submarine can not be a transport, quickly moving the same military to the enemy’s shores?
In TIME magazine in 2010, fifty most promising inventions of mankind were published. One of them was «Martin Jetpack», named the most practical jet pack in the world. If earlier it was thought that such transport would be present only in the space age, today the imagination of science fiction writers has become a reality. The New Zealander Glenn Martin is engaged in this project. He has been promoting the promising invention for thirty years, assuring that the commercial sale of the knapsack for flights will begin soon. “Martin Jetpack” is controlled by small air screws and can work up to half an hour in one session. With the help of such a knapsack you can reach a speed of 74 kilometers per hour and climb to a height of 900 meters. Rapid sliding at this height with a backpack can be in demand among firefighters and rescuers. It is for rapid response services that these devices are currently being developed. And for those who want to learn how to quickly and highly move with a jet pack, it will be available for sale in mid-2014 for 200 thousand dollars.
City of bicycles.
Bicycles are a simple and ecological mode of transport. It would be ideal if everyone got to work with his help. That’s only people will have to make efforts for this. However, it is likely that in the future such trips will become easier. In 2006, Toronto published plans to create a multi-season, high-speed and environmentally friendly transit system. Not only will it be very quiet, it will also allow people to heal. In other words, there will be a cycle track on steroids. This idea was invented by Canadian architect Chris Hardwicke. He plans to build a trumpet for three-way bicycle traffic and put it on supports. Pipes will be divided in the directions, which will allow creating a tail wind with the help of circulating air. This will improve the efficiency of bicycles by 90 percent and accelerate to 50 kilometers per hour. The project was named “city of bicycles”. It is perfect for places with a cold climate, since the amateurs will be protected from the weather in the inside of the pipes. Although this idea immediately aroused enthusiasm, the project was postponed for a while due to a lack of funding. True, this does not mean that they forgot about him. So it is likely that in the future, not aerotaxi, but trivial bicycles, will sweep over our heads.
Among numerous projects of Google, the unmanned Next vehicle is allocated. Half this is a taxi, and half is a segway. Outwardly, the design resembles origami, and a special emphasis is placed on the interaction of the device with the society. To understand what Next is, you must first see it. Designer Tommaso Gekchelin sees in the future a world in which a vehicle can be called up using a smartphone. There will be a stand-alone Next module that will take the passenger. After landing on the seat that is configured according to the wishes of the person, the doors close.On four wheels this module will move along the road until it meets with similar machines. There will be a magical metamorphosis. The seat will remain in the upright position, but the module itself will be rebuilt – it will have two wheels and it will join the general group. A panel appears before the person, and it will seem to him that he moved to the train. Yes, and to disconnect the module is as easy as joining. After approaching the destination, there will be an undocking in order to land safely at the desired point. The idea sounds really fantastic. In order for it to be realized, it is worth a long way to go. Project Gekchelina provides a whole schedule of development and implementation of new technologies. Only then Next can be built and launched into mass production. First you need to learn how to create cheap nanomaterials, a consumer unmanned vehicle, a high-capacity battery and cheap solar batteries. According to the designer’s plans, mankind will be ready to launch its project in 2025.
Currently, zip-lakes are a kind of attraction. But in the future these routes can become part of the transport system. It was this concept that was put forward by Martin Angelov at the TEDx conference in Thessaloniki in 2010. A project was proposed in which the sky would be crossed out by a multitude of wires that would allow people to be moved from place to place. Is not it more profitable than creating heavy cars and roads for them? Implementation of such an idea would remove vehicles from the streets and contribute to the creation of an environmentally friendly transport infrastructure. Travelers using the system Koleninio will be fastened in the seats, and power will give the battery through a tight wire. Then the zip-line will start moving, approaching the ground in pedestrian areas and rising higher in busy places. But there are drawbacks in this project. How will Kolleenio work if bad weather sets in? What to do to those who are afraid of heights, and how will security issues be implemented at all? But you should not abandon this innovative idea, you just have to wait for someone to rethink it and put it into reality.
Skylon positions itself as the successor to the Concorde. This aircraft developed supersonic speed, but because of design problems it was finally decommissioned in 2003. But in 2013, the UK announced its desire to spend more than $ 90 million to develop Skylon. This aircraft should be very fast, overtaking the sound five times. “Skylon” will be able to fly from the Earth’s orbit to outer space. Start the same plane can from a conventional airfield. A flight with 300 passengers from London to Sydney will take only four hours. With the help of this vehicle it will also be possible to deliver goods weighing up to 15 tons to the International Space Station. And the development has already begun. Here are just some serious problems. Thus, the head of the International Center of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for Air Transportation John Hasman said that “Skylon” in terms of science fiction looks very logical. That’s only in reality, to create such a vehicle is very difficult. And the amount of $ 90 million is enough only for initial expenses. The final cost of the project may exceed $ 1 billion. However, scientists and journalists are optimistic about the implementation of this project. According to the plans, by 2017 the prototype will be ready. The real aircraft will appear in a couple of years. And then come the future, which seemed distant – through space you can fly to anywhere in the world in just 4 hours. So says the head of the company “Reaction Engines” Alan Bond. It is this enterprise that is engaged in the development of the engines of the future aircraft.
This motorcycle is a relative of the famous Harley Davidson, just looks like a traveler in time. The concept is a streamlined device, not particularly reminiscent of its famous eminent predecessor. Scarab is a closed device, with a place for luggage. And it works on biofuel, electric batteries or conventional fuel. This concept can be managed manually, and you can give it the opportunity to move independently on special paths. And for the city such a tool will do the best. Scarab though and moves on four wheels, can for ease of a parking to bend on two of them. It’s great that this device is also foldable. The concept of “Scarab” was coined by designer David Miguel Moreira Gonsalves. He decided to create a machine that would help protect the environment. In the original plans it was announced that a new transport system was planned, which would consist of a revolutionary means and an appropriate infrastructure. The system should become so stable as to be adapted to different urban conditions. The designer noticed that people choose personal cars, rather than public transport. That’s why Gonsalves tried to create a light and ecological transport, while retaining his individuality. That’s just not a single Scarab has not yet been built. But, how to know, maybe in the near future they will help us to make environmentally friendly walks and travel.
“Fertile Crescent” in the East is considered the ancient cradle of civilization. In its very center are Israel and Tel Aviv. But this is not a desert country, life is boiling. Tel Aviv is a bustling and modern city, which does not cease all 24 hours. Consequently, there is also a traditional transport problem. That is why in Tel Aviv decided to create an airborne magnetic transport not in the distant future, but in the near future. The new system was called Skytrain. Its creators, like in many other fantastic transport projects, raised their eyes to heaven. It was decided that Skytrain would be moving along metal tracks at a height of six meters. In fact, even the movements directly on the tracks and no – the caravans-capsules hang over them, simply hovering without any friction due to magnetic levitation (Maglev technology). Passengers can call the trailer to the nearest station using the application on their smartphone. To get to the vehicle you can use the usual stairs to the top, to the platform. It is planned that the trailers will operate independently of each other and deliver passengers as close to the destination as possible, depending on the capabilities of the tracks. Skytran’s CEO, Jerry Sanders, believes that the trip will cost a little more than a normal bus, but cheaper than a taxi for the same distance. And given the installation of solar panels, the transport system promises to be more environmentally friendly. Skytran can accelerate up to 240 kilometers per hour, but in the first stages it will work slower. People need to gradually get used to the new rhythm and to the fact that the future has already come. The shape of the trailers seemed to have come from comics in the 1950s, and the system itself seemed to have been copied from there. However, this is exactly what the future looks like to the municipal authorities of Tel Aviv. How to know, maybe this example will follow other cities, and we will soon all fly across the sky?