Cities have been witnessing for centuries for what civilization has been able to achieve. It is they who show what humanity has been able to achieve. While people lived in caves and just made stone axes, there could be no talk of cities. With the development of science and technology, man has already learned how to create dwellings for himself, integrating with oneself like.
In their cities people show all their skills, imagination and desire to be successful. There, people can fully realize their social desires and create the greatest creations of civilization. Among its pearls, you can already safely mention Paris, London, New York, Rome …
However, often people wanted to create absolutely fantastic cities that would stand out even among the very best. Efficiency, meanwhile, often turned into unrealizable dreams. Some cities, conceived to become great, have never been built. But you can visit them virtually, presenting what they could become.
Construction of this city began in China in 2005, but more recently it became known about the closure of the project. The result can be called expected, as in a rapidly growing country with environmental problems suddenly decided to create an eco-city. It was decided to create it on an island in the middle of the Yangtze River with an area of two Manhattan and near Shanghai. Dongtan had a beautiful idea – to create a different level of interaction between man and nature. After all, the massive outflow of villagers to the cities turned into a big problem for China – the ecology worsened. Here in the country began to appear projects of new cities that would help preserve nature. The most famous and ambitious of them was Dongtan. According to the plans, the city had to provide itself with electricity independently. To do this, only natural sources should have been used – sun, wind, biofuel. All the few public transport had to also become environmentally friendly, working on hydrogen fuel. It would be fashionable to ride a bike or walk. According to the plan, by 2010 the first part of the city had to be opened, there would already live 10 thousand people. By 2050, the population was already half a million. The city could become a model of a “green” society for the whole world, but unexpectedly there were problems. It was not clear how other cities would react to the benefits granted to Dongtan. Yes, and the cost of construction in 1.3 billion frightened off the authorities. The decisive drop was the arrest of the mayor of Shanghai, the most important supporter of the project, for fraud. The city remained without funding, plans quickly found themselves buried in museums, and architect bureaus. So Asia has remained without the green city of the future.
All his life Buckminster Fuller wondered about the long-term survival of mankind on Earth. This scientist and philosopher looked far into the future, reminding that it is necessary to protect the environment. In 1960 Fuller presented an ambitious and bold project. He came up with the creation of a huge city of Triton. This floating utopian creation was supposed to accommodate 5,000 people. The goal of creating such a gigantic city on the water was to encourage people in their respect for the available natural resources and save energy. The government of Japan even authorized the scientist to design this floating city in the waters of the Tokyo Gulf. Triton’s ideas were even interested in the US Department of Urban Development, which supported this idea. According to the project, the city was completely protected from the tsunami, the water necessary for life was obtained by desalination. Each resident received his personal space, which was equipped with the necessary sound insulation for complete comfort. The city had to get everything it needed for a full-fledged life – entertainment and recreation zones, educational institutions. Fuller calculated that low maintenance costs for Triton would inevitably lead to a high standard of living in the city. The project was reviewed and the US Navy.Then Baltimore showed interest in placing the unique city on its shores. But at this time, the change of power in the city and in the country occurred inappropriately, which led to the suspension of the project. So it never realized. Today, people still created some parts of Triton – in Osaka an airport was built on the artificial island Kensei. However, all this is just a trifle compared to what a fantastic island city should have become.
Frank Lloyd Wright first started working on this city in 1934. This architect deserved the glory of one of the most famous in the history of mankind. Not surprisingly, he thought about innovative approaches to housing. Broadakr was to become a city built from scratch. The main idea of the project was to combine the traditional urban image with the agricultural direction. The architect wanted every inhabitant to own his own fig tree and grapevine, and all the necessary fruits and vegetables were grown right next to the house on his personal plot of land. This should lead to the equality of all social classes. Any centralization of Wright was simply rejected, which is why the city had to become spacious, wide and stretched under the project. Such a structure would clearly distinguish Broadakr from other cities. Here factories, offices and houses were to be separated from each other by large parks with well-kept fields and trees. It is no coincidence that the project itself was called “a city of wide open space.” The main condition for the existence of the city was to be clean. The architect believed that in Broadakra there should exist only light industry, there should be no outward communications – everything had to be buried in the ground. But such a bold project immediately gained a lot of opponents. Town planners found it impossible to use the transport in the least. As a result, Wright’s dreams have remained unrealizable. A reminder of a fantastic city can serve as a suburban community, numerous on the planet.
In fact, this is not exactly a city in its usual sense. However, anyone who has visited the territory of Disney, will say that this is a real state, living by its own rules. Meanwhile, many Disney projects have remained unrealized or partially created in different parts of the world. For example, there did not appear a park of myths in which there were heroes of ancient Greece and Rome. I would like to see the port of Disney, the American version of Tokyo’s DisneySea. There are also no parks with a variety of interesting subjects – the Mediterranean, Persia, Venice or Asia. Many dreamed of creating a Disney America patriotic park in Virginia. Although some ideas of Jules Verne were realized in the Paris branch, in general, the world of adventure in the spirit of this author remained just a project. Children are waiting for the dark kingdom. In this world of shadows, you could find the main villains from cartoons. After all, if the magic kingdom of good, why not appear its opposite? In Tokyo, the world of modern technologies has not been built. There it was planned to present to children and adults all the latest discoveries in the field of science and technology, one could imagine the city of the future. In Northern California, the realm of snow was not created. The ski paradise in the form of a glacial valley remained only on paper. As you can see the Disney theme parks had a lot of projects, and not built. They remained only in the plans, not being born for many reasons. But a fantastic city-fairy tale could become even more interesting!
This city would not like everyone. After all, it was planned that there would be no tobacco smoke in it! The founder of the movement for the creation of the garden city was Sir Ebenezer Howard. He came up with the idea that such places should become a place to rest in the natural environment, away from the bored dust, dirt, smog of industrial cities. Howard personally led the creation of several such city-gardens in England.But the main idea of the enthusiast was Slamless. In this city there should not be any tobacco smoke at all. Alas, this idea did not come true. An interesting project was presented in the form of a diagram drawn by hand. Understand it is not easy, but it is even possible for an uninitiated person. Inside a large circle is the main city, and around it are six small city-gardens. Around each of them there is a water channel. All six man-made rivers are connected to one big one. There are also direct channels that pass through the city-gardens. All water sleeves converge in the central city. Along the canals, railways are also laid. It was for them and it was planned to carry out communication between cities. Howard even planned the construction of a farm, swimming pools, an educational college with an emphasis on agriculture, cemeteries, mental hospitals and coziness for the homeless. But the project did not receive any financial support, and remained a picture on paper.
Yes, such a state and territory actually exist. But here is a city with such a name, in the originally planned form, and remained a dream. It was created by Nat Mendelson, who worked as an architect. He dreamed of creating a city no less gorgeous than Los Angeles. For his project, Nat decided to use an area of 320 square kilometers in the heart of the California Desert. There it was planned to create a huge park with an artificial lake. Now it is possible to look at the fruits of Mendelssohn’s work, it seems even that he has almost reached his goal. Only here in the city there is no main – houses. The place was abandoned, with hundreds of deserted crossroads and streets. If you look at the city from above, it will look like some magical circles that somehow appeared in the middle of the desert. Mendelssohn was based on an idea popular with most developers of the time. He wanted to buy a large piece of land, divide it into plots and sell it to private families. But the plan failed, as a result, for half a century the streets were not filled with life. After all, the architect did not take into account the many problems accompanying the erection of the city in this place. One of the most important became quite high requirements to buyers and the exposed price of land. In addition, sandstorms often occurred in the desert, which also frightened off potential customers. True, the city can not be considered completely deserted. Today it has about 14 thousand people. But they occupy only a tiny part of this huge labyrinth in the desert. Alas, but the city of California was never able to match its greatness with Los Angeles, as Mendelssohn wanted.
Experimental City of Minnesota.
The result of the friendship between the University of Minnesota and the US Federal Government was the appearance of this unusual city in 1960. It was planned that city experts will be able to conduct their experiments and assessments here. The very name of the city suggests that some experimental experiments will be implemented here, which have not been carried out so far on such a scale. A quarter of a million people should have lived in the city. He had to occupy an open area – parks, farms, wild fields. Pavement was to be only 1/6 of the entire area of the city, and part of it was generally planned to be hidden under a geodesic dome. According to the plans in Minnesota there should not be cars – they should have been parked outside the experimental zone. To get to the center of the city could be on moving paths. Such an automated highway system looked very advanced. But the main difference between the city and the rest was the complete absence of schools in it! The creators of the city believed. What is useful is the practice of continuous self-education throughout life. Everyone must be both a student and a teacher at the same time. And the best education was to be social contacts, communication, participation in groups, clubs, and simply observation.But the innovative project was not destined to take place due to problems with financing, as well as complicated logistics.
The new capital of the world Welthauptstadt.
Hitler planned that the city of Welthauptstadt should become the pride of the Third Reich. The proud dictator believed that it was Germany that was assigned the role of a European and even a world center. The new capital was to appear on the site of the rebuilt Berlin. Plans for the beginning of a large-scale reconstruction could begin even before the outbreak of World War II. Hitler’s goal was simple: the new city had to eclipse such world centers as Paris, London, New York in terms of its brilliance and quality of life. According to large-scale plans in the city there was to appear a stadium for 400 thousand people. A huge chancery was to get the hall twice as long as the Palace of Versailles. The triumphal arch in the capital should have been much higher than in Paris. The majestic building of the government was to appear on a gigantic open area. In the center of the new city was to rise the Volkshalle People’s Hall. This building was to be built in the form of a dome, and participation in its design was personally accepted by Hitler. If the Hall project were destined to incarnate, then it would be today the largest closed space in the world. Although the war began earlier than the construction itself could begin, by that time all the technical aspects had already been solved, and the necessary land had been purchased. According to Hitler’s plan, his conquests were to end quickly, and with them to end on the construction of his city of Welthauptstadt by the 1950s. But the collapse of the Nazi regime by Soviet and Allied forces reduced “no” to Hitler’s plans for the creation of a great city.
The Steward’s Madness.
When America acquired Alaska from Russia, US Secretary of State William Steward came up with an original idea. He decided to create a new city right across the bay. The project was named “Stuard’s Insanity” in honor of its creator. The new city was to become unique and unique, it is like nothing else. The city was decided to be covered with a huge glass dome. Such a solution would allow to fully control the local climate. The city was supposed to accommodate 400 thousand people, it would have a place for schools, sports arenas, alleys and an oil center. Even the transport problem was supposed to be solved innovatively. People had to move around on moving footpaths, and to get to the nearby Anchorage could be on an aerial cable car. For people to feel the open space, large windows were planned to be created in the dome, while climate control would remain unchanged. There would not be any cars here, because the city is a place for the lives of people, not cars. The necessary electric power was planned to be extracted with the help of natural gas. In the future, Steward even dreamed of letting the subway under the gulf. However, the project failed – because it did not provide for rent payments for land. And from a practical point of view, he was too fantastic.
An intoxicating city.
And this idea is not a joke, invented only to attract attention. About half a century ago, a man created such a dream, after which he fought hard for its embodiment. He came up with a resort town, which only lives by the culture of eating. Alcohol here should become the most loved and revered drink. Is it any wonder that the creator himself, Mel Johnson, loved to drink? In his youth, he traveled the whole world, visiting Dublin, Havana, Barcelona, Paris, New Orleans, New York and Rio de Janeiro. But the man could not find his place, he always lacked something. At the same time he was sufficiently educated, graduated from Harvard and served in the army at one time. After the end of World War II, the idea of creating a Brewery City was finally formed in Johnson’s head. There would be a lot of nightclubs and bars, but they all would have their own theme.Johnson was meticulous about the details, so he laid out in detail all his dreams. Even the street names in the city would be somehow connected with alcohol – Bourbon Boulevard, Gina Lane and Hangover Street. It was planned to create an electric transport system in the form of a moving sidewalk so that drunken people could be easily delivered to the house or another bar. Almost all alcohol Johnson wanted to produce in the same city, it would be a very profitable step. After all, bars and wine shops had to work around the clock every day. In the Khmelny town, restrictions on alcohol consumption were to be lifted, including in banks and churches. The city had to introduce its own currency – intoxicated money. Local police did not have to punish people who drink, but, on the contrary, help them. Johnson decided that such a place must certainly acquire its own news service. Permanent residents of the Brewery City were supposed to be irresponsible artists and artists, but even children should not be allowed to enter. In the center of the city was planned to erect a tall building in the form of a glass with martini. There, Johnson planned to arrange his home and headquarters. Even the territory for the beginning of construction enthusiast has already chosen. After the death of his father, Johnson inherited a fairly decent amount. But even this was not enough to start the project. As a result, Johnson began to lead an active advertising campaign, touting the future city. He handed out leaflets to passers-by with the emblem of the future alcohol capital, began to produce packages and matches with the corresponding symbolism. Sometimes Johnson came to the idea that now he had enough money and set a preliminary date for the opening of the city. But most simply did not take seriously the idea of an alcoholic dreamer. The press laughed at such plans with might and main, and sharply criticized them. As a result, Johnson’s dream finally collapsed, and he himself was hospitalized with all the signs of schizophrenia. Soon the ideologist of Khmelny town died.