We have been fond of watching the whirlpools since childhood, watching the water in the bathroom twist, draining into the drain hole. Such a mysterious and beautiful phenomenon always attracted writers-fiction writers, artists, directors. They depicted how huge whirlpools drag people and even ships into themselves. The first to describe this process in detail, were Jules Verne and Edgar Poe.
In fact, most of the whirlpools are not at all as strong as most people imagine them. And the most beautiful sight, fortunately, we can see not only in the bathroom, but also in nature. Funnels often appear near the shore, where an outgoing wave collides with a new one. This leads to water curling. The principles of the appearance of huge sea and oceanic whirlpools are the same as those of the river. Such unique phenomena occur between sites of land, for example, in narrow straits.
It is no accident that the birthplace of the largest whirlpools is Norway, where such phenomena are observed in the fjords. And the most famous whirlpools of the world attract attention of scientists and simply curious tourists. For someone, these phenomena of nature – the opportunity to better study it, and someone just enjoys the kind of power of the elements. The largest and most famous whirlpools in the world will be discussed below.
Whirlpools around Guyana and Suriname.
These two giant whirlpool scientists have discovered recently. Water rotates in a circle with a diameter of 400 kilometers. Two huge craters are located in the Atlantic Ocean, near the coast of the Amazon. From the whirlpools two hundred kilometers to Guyana, French Guiana and Suriname. Scientists came to the conclusion that these huge funnels could even have a serious impact on the local climate. The whirlpools appeared here due to the collision of the northern current, which runs along the Brazilian coasts, and the equatorial south as well as the giant mouth of the Amazon. Funnels rotate clockwise, like huge frisbee. Water moves in a circle at a rate of one meter per second, which is quite a lot with respect to the usual ocean currents. And on the border of the funnel there is a step in the form of a wave with a height of 40 centimeters. At the same time, scientists were surprised to find that whirlpools exist even in the period of low activity of ocean currents and river flow. Obviously, education is formed by some unknown and mysterious force. Now scientists are studying the influence of funnels on the climate of not only South America, but also Africa. It is believed that understanding the essence of whirlpools will help even to improve navigation in the Atlantic, because with their help it would be possible to help ships save fuel.
In Japan itself, a violent cartoon character is known by this name, but throughout the world Naruto is known as a whirlpool, one of the largest in the world. It is located between the Japanese islands of Shikoku and Awaji. The maelstrom itself is tidal. It appears here once a day, when in the narrow strait between the land rushes the Pacific Ocean. The difference between the levels between it and the Inland Sea is one and a half meters. Water flows in the current at a speed of up to 15 meters per second. This makes Naruto the fastest swirl in Japan and the third in this indicator in the world. Water is twisted into a funnel with a diameter of twenty meters. This is enough to flood even the ships, so they do not like the strait, trying to avoid it. And to see the whirlpool is not difficult, unlike the previous one. Naruto even became a local attraction. A pair of boats with a transparent bottom runs through the strait, through which you can see how the water is bubbling. To those who consider this trip dangerous, one can look at the whirlpool from the suspension bridge of the same name, from which it is 45 meters to the surface of the water. Moreover, it is also one of the longest in its class.
This whirlpool appears in a narrow and long bay. There with a tidal flow of water. But here the peak passes and the ebb tides. But the water does not have time to return, colliding with another tide.It generates one of the most famous in the world eddies – Malstrom. It is located near the Lofoten Islands, which is in Norway. Escaping here because of the Lofoten Wall, the Gulf Stream faces powerful tides. The whirlpool is present here always, its strength depends on many factors: the weather, the strength of the current, the peak of the tide. The constancy of Malstrom and distinguishes it against the background of seasonal brethren. With a stormy wind and a maximum tide, the water in the funnel can move at a speed of up to 11 kilometers per hour. So in such conditions, the captains are not recommended to send their vessels to the strait north of the island of Moskonecyo. For the first time the maelstrom appeared on maps in the 16th century, when the famous Atlas of Mercator was released. About Malstrom wrote the English merchant Anthony Jenkinson, who traveled through the northern seas to trade with Russia. Other travelers also mentioned this phenomenon. All of them in those days told that a powerful whirlpool turns the ships into chips, as the whales who fell into a pitiful whimper groaned pitifully, they said that the mystical ringing of bells is carried from here. Edgar Poe himself dedicated one of his works to this place, calling it eloquently “The overthrow to Malstrom.” The writer told about the fate of a man who lost his ship and friends in a whirlpool, but miraculously survived. Of course, the horrors of the whirlpool by writers are greatly exaggerated. But a small vessel, moreover with a weak motor, really can not cope with a powerful current. So, it’s not worth the risk. And you can watch this beautiful natural phenomenon from the city of Bude, adjacent to the archipelago.
It is near Buda that there is another whirlpool, even more spectacular and powerful than its predecessor. It appears with the arrival of the tide in the Sherstad fjord. It is known that the strongest current is observed with the full and young Moon. In just six hours 370 million cubic meters of water breaks into the fjord 150 meters wide at a speed of up to 44 kilometers per hour. There are powerful whirlpools, whose diameter reaches 15 meters. With ebb, everything repeats in the opposite direction. For seafarers, this behavior of water is very dangerous, which is why swimming on the fjord must be carefully coordinated with the time of tides. Even if the surface appears calm, the boat can be pulled down. The maelstrom located beyond the Arctic Circle is considered the most powerful in the world. Coirebriken. Between the islands of Jura and Scarba near the coast of Scotland is a narrow strait. Its bottom is uneven and is cut with rocks and pits. Water across the strait flows not calmly, but constantly bubbles. So one of the largest whirlpools of the planet is born. A special feature of the strait is also narrow entrances and exits. Thanks to this at tides and tides, water literally bubbles. And the most important danger is a whirlpool. The sea moves so powerfully that the waves rise to a height of up to nine meters. We hear roar and noise from Coirebriken at a distance of up to 16 kilometers. There is a whirlpool depending on the tides. A lot of curious people tried to get close to this place, some it cost a life. Today there are water walks along the northern coast of Jura. A dangerous and beautiful phenomenon did not remain without the attention of the writers. In the novel “1984” Orwell described the rescue of heroes from this whirlpool, where their boats hit. And the Scots themselves invented many legends about him. They believe that the witch-winter erases its plaid in the narrow strait, which causes the water to boil. When the plaid becomes clean, then the islands come to winter, covering everything around with a white blanket.
In the World Ocean there is a rather strange phenomenon – the Great Whirlwind. This flow, twisted clockwise, in fact – a huge whirlpool. It appears every summer off the coast of Somalia. This maelstrom affects the temperature of the sea surface and affects the monsoon carrying so much moisture to Asia.For more than a century, sailors know that the Great Whirlwind appears with the beginning of the monsoon season in June and disappears in September, shortly after the winds stopped. According to the latest data, the Great Whirlwind was even more connected with the monsoon than previously thought. But it does not happen through the air, but through the ocean. It turns out that the water begins to move clockwise a couple of months before the start of the wind season. Rosby waves – a small 5-centimeter ripple, an echo of past monsoons, gives the whirlpool flow before it is amplified by the winds. Studies were carried out with the help of satellites, and expeditions to the Arabian Sea became unsafe due to Somali pirates. It is not possible to foresee the location of the vortex and its orientation. After all, the wandering of a huge whirlpool is determined by its own mini-cyclones. When rotating, the mass of water along its edge creates several cyclones moving counterclockwise. They affect maternal education, moving the whole flow.
Scylla and Charybdis.
In the Messina Straits, between the Apennines and Sicily there is a large whirlpool known since ancient times. In fact, this is a whole system, called Scylla and Charybdis. In Greek mythology, Charybdis was a creature that lived in these places and destroyed floating ships. There is a mention of this and in the works of Homer about the adventures of Odysseus in search of the Golden Fleece. So the whirlpool is quite old. And although it is not associated with dramas and tragedies, the mythical past attracts tourists and scholars. A vortex is generated by powerful currents of tide and tide. They collide and begin to confront each other. The Messina Strait itself is considered narrow, its width is only 3.5 kilometers. The speed of the currents in the strait reaches 10 kilometers per hour, which is quite a lot. That is why powerful whirlpools are formed, the strongest of which the Greeks gave mythical names. It is already known that the strongest tides, respectively, and the most powerful funnels, appear here in the southern wind and full moon. So in such conditions, sailors prefer not to go into the strait.
This whirlpool is considered the largest in the Western Hemisphere. It is located between the US and Canada, the islands of Deer Island and Eastport. The very name of this place comes from a word denoting a “sewer channel” or “sound of a leak”. The maelstrom is caused by the local relief of the bottom and the tide. As a result, water swirls up to a diameter of 75 meters are formed. Turbulence here is not as strong as that of record holders. For motorized vessels with experienced navigators, the whirlpool is not dangerous. But small ships and sailboats should be careful of the tides in these waters. Smaller local whirlpools are called “pigs”, which seem to be gathered around the main old “pig”. In addition to these, there are other phenomena – tidal orifices and standing waves.
In Canada, British Columbia has a National Park, which is a great place to relax in the fresh air. People here do not just walk, but also arrange camping, diving. Between the two pieces of land there is a narrow strait. Often even in windless weather, lambs and whirlpools are formed. Uzin Skukumchak pose a danger to lovers of water travel. It is recommended not to enter the water during tides, because at other times this place can be safe. The difference in water levels on both sides of the strait is two meters, and the water here is moving at a speed of 30 kilometers per hour, which makes the rapids almost the fastest in the world. It is best to look at the emerging whirlpools from viewing platforms at the edge of the water. Such a spectacle will be perfectly combined with a tour of the wildlife park. Unity with nature is also matched by local toilets, in the form of pits, rather than the cabins that are familiar to civilized man.
This is the Maori name of the narrow and dangerous strait “The French Passage”, which divides the islands of D’Urville and South, which is in New Zealand. For the first time Europeans passed here in 1827. Then the traveler Dumont-Durvil nearly broke his corvette, which broke with currents against rocks and was thrown over the reef. The Frenchman immediately stated that in this strait the courts should not go without extreme necessity. Even today, it is officially recommended that ships only walk in quiet times because of difficulties in managing and the risk of collisions with counter vessels. Whirlpools here are formed by the fastest in the country tidal currents, which reach 4 meters per second. It is known that a change in the direction of movement of water is so powerful that it can stun fish. Differences in heights in the New Zealand straits cause powerful short-term currents, up to 25 minutes. In addition, there are also vertical, up to 100 meters, underwater pits that form vertical currents.
A huge falling mass of water is an ideal condition for the appearance of downstream whirlpools. They are so strong that they pose a mortal danger to the brave souls who risked challenging them. For example, in 1883, Matthew Webb drowned there, who was able to swim the Channel first. Today, enjoy the view raging and circling beneath the water better from the cabin of the cable car “Aero Car”, which slides over the great gorge. The route was built in 1916, today in 10 minutes you can travel a distance of one kilometer. And this is the safest way to see the swirls of Niagara.