Almost all ancient documents have references to vampires. People believed that these living dead began their lives at night, catching the fear of local residents. As a result, vampires were afraid not only of peasants, but also quite enlightened people. And how many ways to fight them was invented – it’s garlic, holy water, and silver bullets.
Were these bloodsuckers invented, or did terrible fanged creatures actually live in the depths of the Middle Ages? It’s difficult to say, but there are still a few people in history who are really considered vampires. Some of their deeds are untested legends, and some are quite real facts.
You can talk a lot about the nature of vampirism. Does he have a medical (psychic) or a mystical basis? In the meantime, let’s remember the most famous vampires in history. It turns out that some of them lived not so long ago.
Count Dracula, who is also Vlad Tepes.
This character is a classic vampire. The name Dracula comes to mind first when it comes to people drinking blood. And how many films about him filmed! In fact, Vlad Tepesh is quite a historical character. This Wallachian ruler was famous for his talents as a military strategist, and also for extreme cruelty. Although Dracula is considered the most famous vampire, he still did not drink blood. But with the graph she was pouring just a river. This is evidenced, at least, by his nickname “Tsepe”, which means “nasazhivayuschy on the stake.” Vlad Tepesh appeared in the town of Sighisoara in 1431. In his childhood he was sent to the court of the Turkish sultan as a hostage. Historians believe that it was there that the young man’s psyche broke down. In Turkey, Vlad often saw people being brutally tortured. After his release at the age of 17, Vlad returned home, and soon became the ruler of the whole Wallachia. His fate developed hard – his throne the count lost repeatedly and again won. His nickname Dracula (Son of the Dragon) Tepes received in honor of his father, who was in the elite Order of the Dragon. He wore a medallion with the image of a mythical creature and minted it even on coins. At the heart of the legend of the cruelty of Dracula lies an anonymous German document, which told of the bloodthirstiness of the ruler. There, the executions and tortures performed by the Count are described. Ostensibly Tsepesh constantly put a stake on his subjects and enemies. At the same time the pieces were not too pointed to prolong the agony of the victims until 4-5 days. However, today historians doubt the veracity of such legends. And Vlad Tepesh ended his life in battle, protecting his state from the Turks.
Count of Vargosi.
On the atrocities of another count who lived in Central Europe, I testify to the Magyar chronicles. They told that in the XIII century this terrible man killed about a thousand innocent girls. The count turned out to be a real sadist and a sexual maniac, having finished his next orgies with himself. And the vampire Vargosi was considered already after his death. Legends say that 40 days after his suicide, seven female corpses were found in the courtyard of the local village church. In the unfortunate, the limbs were broken and the necks were bitten. Some force poured and bent the church crosses. The unfortunate tried most likely to find protection in a holy place, but did not have time. Count curse and excommunicate, people tried to even destroy all the memories of the sadist. It was said that the corpse of Vargosha was covered with ulcers of red color, and his skin turned green. After the death of the count, his corpse was wound with silver and bronze chains, placed in a solid oak barrel, filled with boiling resin, again wrapped in chains and thrown into a deep well. Fearing the resurrection of the vampire, they poured more red hot tin on top, water and covered with a cast-iron stub. Around the well, aspen stakes were driven into the ground. Only then did the surrounding residents breathe freely, but that was not the case. Such measures, it turned out, did not stop. After the incident, the parishioners were stopped to check the well. It turned out that the earth around him was exploded with a spiral as if by a huge plow.Aspen stakes turned out to be fallen. Under the cast iron stub there was no water, and the frozen tin was torn to pieces. On the same day, the body of the priest was found in his own house. His neck was crushed by the chain that the barrel was wrapped around. The cross of the priest was melted, but instead of it a silver clot remained on his chest. A week later, in that area, there was a terrible thunderstorm. Strongest lightning strike fell on the old castle of Count Vargosha. The elements carried the vampire’s house to pieces. For 40 days, then people observed a strange glow over the ruins. Eyewitnesses said that it was the souls of the innocently slaughtered people who ascended into heaven. For 400 years, rumors of a vampire disturbed the whole district. Here people disappeared, in all blamed Count Vargosha. It is possible that his brutal activities caused in these lands a surge of negative energy, which after the death of the villain and transformed into a bloodthirsty vampire. Countess Elizabeth (Erzsebet) Bathory.
In the beginning of the XVII century a terrible story happened in Transylvania. Countess Bathory was accused of killing 650 innocent girls from neighboring villages. Allegedly, she painfully treated her victims – beat them, led them naked to the frost, and tortured them with needles and hot iron. The most popular legend says that the countess adored taking baths from the blood of her victims. She believed that such a procedure could rejuvenate her blood. Attacks of rage and anger were noted in Elizabeth as a child. After marriage, she took over all the business of managing the castle. Now no one prevented the Countess from doing his atrocities. At first she tortured her servants, she liked the sight of blood and torture. Over time, the beauty of the countess began to fade, then one witch taught Elizabeth how to prolong youth. To do this, it was necessary to become a vampire and start drinking blood. In order not to lack material, the countess ordered the stealing of village girls. On this for the time being, the authorities closed their eyes, but eventually Bathory began to kill already and noble ladies. True, the proof of her guilt is also doubtful. The court was swift, and the testimony was beaten up by torture. The case in many respects had a political connotation – the Countess had powerful enemies who encroached on her land. The main evidence at the hearing was the diary of the countess-bloodsucker. The court sentenced Elizabeth Bathory to life imprisonment. The countess was walled in the tower, leaving a hole for water and food. Three years later, the jailer found the dead body of a female vampire. It is said that after the death of Elizabeth, Bathory became a real vampire, continuing her bloody activities. Local residents say that their castle at night, you can hear long groans of either new victims, or even uncared souls.
Heinrich Spatz, the doctor-killer.
On the one hand, this doctor of the city of Würzburg was very respected, actively engaged in charity, and on the other – had a very strange hobby. In Bavaria, Spatz lived since 1818 with his wife. After himself, he left several works on infectious diseases and military field surgery. Suddenly, the doctor received a favorable assumption from the University of Prague and left Würzburg, selling all his possessions. A month after the departure of Spatts, his assistants began to tell the terrible truth about him. It turned out that a respected and respectable person actually turned out to be a real monster. The doctor, along with his wife, killed homeless vagrants, quenching his thirst for blood. The Spatz family turned out to be vampire. Shortly before their departure from the hospital for the poor, where the doctor worked, one-armed soldiers disappeared. The police started an investigation and it turned out that there were quite a few cases of missing people. The police searched the former house of Shpatts, in the basement, 18 dismembered corpses were found. The victims of the maniac were beggars and sick people. Dr. Spatz himself could not be found – he did not appear at the University of Prague himself.Most likely the vampire learned about the progress of the investigation and preferred to hide, possibly using his supernatural abilities for this. The informers themselves awaited a terrible fate. One of them soon went insane – he rushed, shouted blasphemy, furiously prayed. Then he left his family, became a recluse. The informer lived constantly in the dark, fearing sunlight. He began to eat pork blood, greatly losing weight. As a result, the unfortunate committed suicide, and in a suicide note blamed Spatz for everything. Another assistant also committed suicide, after killing his relative. At the same time they saw how he tried to drink blood from his victim. It turns out that both assistants have become vampires. Shpattsa authorities could not find. His personality remained a mystery. Was it just a vampire, or a member of a Satanic sect practicing sacrifice? Perhaps Heinrich Spatz turned out to be an ordinary pathologist who started out on bold scientific experiments.
The whole world learned about this man in 1924. In the capital of Saxony, Hanover in 1924 there were terrible crimes. The police found 24 people at the bottom of the river. The whole city was shocked and entangled by fear, talking about a serial killer, and the most desperate even suggested the presence in Hannover of a real vampire! I must say that there were grounds for such suspicion – there was practically no meat on the bones of the dead, it was thoroughly cleaned. Also, internal organs disappeared somewhere. The police found out that all these crimes were committed by a certain Fritz Haarmann alone. The investigation lasted one and a half months. During this time, the maniac told how he bitten his victims in an Adam’s apple and then gnawed his throat. Those simply did not have a chance to survive. After the murder, Haarmann dismembered the bodies, separating the meat from the bones and draining the blood into a bucket. The experts subsequently found him completely mentally healthy and sane. It’s unclear what made a maniac a maniac and a vampire. In 1925, Haarmann was executed by beheading, his brain was transferred to the University of Goettingen for study.
In the spring of 1866 in the Indian Ocean, American whaling vessel “Atlantic” was fishing. The team was 30 people, the relationship between the sailors were strained – skirmishes and fights were common. On May 23, James Foster stabbed a coconut, the twenty-five-year-old Portuguese James Brown. Drachunov was separated by James Gardner and John Soares. Soon it turned out that Foster and Gardner had disappeared somewhere. As a result, the whole team began to look for their comrades. The captain descended into the hold, where the barrels of whale oil were stored. There he discovered a terrible picture – James Brown leaned over Gardner’s lifeless body and greedily drank blood from his throat. Foster’s body lay there, already without blood. The captain ordered the sailors to grab the vampire and lock him in the closet. On examination, it turned out that huge wounds had been made on the bodies of the victims. Obviously, Brown really drank blood. Suppressing the team, the captain still delivered the killer to Boston. November 13, 1866 held a court that recognized James Brown in a double willful murder. The death sentence, thanks to President Johnson’s pardon, was replaced by life imprisonment. The murderer was placed in the Charleston prison in Massachusetts. Of the common camera pugnacious Brown quickly transferred to a solitary. One day, a fraudulent criminal was imprisoned for him, also condemned for life. And again the vampire showed himself – he killed the robber and sucked his blood. In 1889, Brown was transferred to an even more severe prison, Ohio. And then he rushed to the guards, striving to grab him in the throat. As a result, the authorities decided that Brown just went crazy. He was sent to the National Psychiatric Clinic in Washington, DC. It is believed that it was there that the vampire eventually died in a soft cell. Only here in the archives of records of his death was not found.In those days, the American press wrote that Brown was a real vampire, but went insane because of the inability to drink further blood. Roman Stropicaro.
Perhaps in the environment of vampires it is fashionable to have a title of a count. The name and activity of this person are inextricably linked with the village of Pokrovskoe, now Romanovo, as well as the old abandoned church, still preserved today. It was built in 1847 in honor of the Most Holy Theotokos at the expense of merchant Vukola Kozovlev. And soon in the village came the visiting Count Roman Stropicaro. He built a stone house that looked like a castle. In this fortress a strange nobleman lived in seclusion. In the daytime no one saw him, only at night he got into a carriage with a strange coat of arms and went somewhere. In the courtyard remained silent bent servants. Soon after settling the count, the villagers began to notice that people began to disappear. At the same time, some disappeared without a trace, and some were found dead, with no apparent cause of death. Only now the bodies were pale, as if without blood. Then the inhabitants began to think that some strange disease, bites of wild animals or strangulation were to blame. This went on until the son of one of the landowners, who took up the investigation, went to Pokrovskoe. The detective’s conclusions turned out to be terrible – the traces of all the victims led to a vampire, who quickly recognized the strange and incomprehensible origin of Count Roman Stropicaro. Near the Intercession Church an excited and enraged crowd of people gathered. Led by the clergy and the detectives, she went to the count’s house to find out the whole truth and deal with the vampire. People began the siege of the fortress house. It began to get dark and here the villagers saw the shadow of the count slipping from the back door and heading toward the abandoned fields. Half a kilometer from the house, the crowd overtook the vampire and beat him to death with sharp stakes. After that, Stropicaro’s body was buried with all the precautions, and the grave itself was razed to the ground. True, they said that instead of the graph his double was killed. In any case, the mysterious deaths of the peasants immediately ceased. The House of Stropicaro was razed to the ground, and the village itself was renamed into Romanovo in memory of those events. Today, mysterious places are guided tours, even those wishing to take a walk here at night, armed with an aspen stake.
Usually vampires hide from the public eye, but here is a completely different case. A woman from Texas El Paso discovered strange inclinations, writing a book known in America “There’s Something in the Blood”. Now Kane is not tired of giving interviews, because everyone wants to talk with a real vampire. Moreover, according to her information, about eight thousand of her colleagues live in the US. She herself admits that she did not want to become a star or an outcast. But now everyone is wondering – does she have fangs, and whether she is sleeping in a coffin. People want this to be so, but Presley himself in every way emphasizes his image. The woman wears dark clothes, her pale face is framed by black hair, a figure refined, and the bright red lipstick completes the image. Kane remembers that the need for daily use of a little fresh blood appeared in her for a long time. Now a living red liquid is needed for her, like air. And to satisfy his need, Kane is given to men not for money, but for blood. At worst, she buys cow’s blood from the milkwoman. The woman remained silent for a long time, confiding her secret to friends only. One of them could not stand it, having opened the secret of the vampire. Although many turned away from Kane, there were those who supported her. With her publicity, Mrs. Presley tries to explain that she is tormented by a thirst for blood, and not at all by the desire to kill. She drinks the blood of voluntary donors, slashing his arm, gently sucking out the fluid, not stopping the vein. Kane says that she gets pleasure, comparable to sexual, only much more intimate. And the men who give her blood are more attached to the vampire.Today, many letters come to Presley, and voluntary donors also write to her. However, there are also letters with threats.
This girl is considered the last real vampire in the history of North America. Tourists are driven to her grave, telling the mystical story of Mercy, who turned into a vampire after her death. At one time, the fight against vampires became a way of society for society to discharge and destroy the evil that harassed them from within. In the story with Mercy Brown, this evil was pulmonary tuberculosis. In the XVIII century every fourth person died from consumption. Someone has been killing tuberculosis for years, and someone very quickly – in a matter of weeks. Symptoms of tuberculosis gave grounds to class patients with vampires. People lost weight, became pale, the skin became unhealthy. At night, the situation became especially difficult, fluid and blood accumulate in the lungs, breathing becomes heavy. In the latter stages, the patient can detect in the morning the blood that belongs to himself, and not to the victims. That’s why some experts believe that the emergence of stories about vampires is associated with consumption. In the Brown family from this disease, Mercy’s mother, Maria Brown, first died in 1883. Then the eldest daughter, Maria Olive, passed away. Ill and only son, Edwin. In 1892, Mercy Brown died, her brother at the time was 19 years old. After the funeral of her sister, Edwin became worse and worse. Medicine could not help the head of the family George Brown in his grief – he had almost buried his entire family. As a result, he turned to folklore. For some reason, he decided that it was Mercy who was the source of trouble in the family. The man was reading about how to kill vampires. George decided to dig out his daughter’s body, burn her heart, and feed the ashes to her son. So Edwin had to get health, and the family got rid of the curse. It turned out that in the coffin the body of Mercy was turned upside down. Then there was no doubt that she was a vampire. Yes, and in her body found liquid blood, which was taken for fresh. This was another argument in favor of the girl sucking blood from her brother. However, forensic medicine can explain all this and natural causes. Be that as it may, the girl’s heart was burnt and the ashes eaten. True, Edwin died anyway in a couple of months. Already today people say that they see the ghost of Mercy in the form of a glow over her grave.
A vampire from the castle of Alnwick.
Often the sources of vampires show quite reliable sources. This story became known thanks to William of Newburg, a famous medieval historian. It was this man who wrote the book History of England, an important source on the history of the country, dating back to the 12th century. I must say that the work has always attracted attention to multiple occult stories about elves, vampires and ghosts. The historian described the incident that occurred during his life. The owner of the castle Alnvik had some unpleasant person in his service. He was constantly angry and irritated, especially because of his nervous wife. It remains unknown what it was that worried her. Once the man decided to watch his bedroom, climbing to the roof. However, the incredulous husband broke, fell and died the next day. Since then, something was amiss in the city. Several people died an unexplained death. People began to fear in the evenings to leave their home. It was said that a strange person is wandering the streets. As a result, a series of deaths were attributed to a vampire who settled here after his death. A local priest on Palm Sunday gathered a crowd of the most devout and active residents, traveling with them to the cemetery. People ripped the grave of that most evil man and found a body filled with fresh blood. The body was hit with a shovel, and it literally exploded with liquid. It was decided that this is the vampire. The body was taken to the city, where it was burned. A series of strange deaths was interrupted, and people for a long time remembered a vampire from the castle of Alnwick.