Each well-known author leaves not only the tops of art known to the whole world, but also a number of unfinished works. For someone, the cause of the unfinished masterpiece was war, for someone – a banal lack of money, it could be political unrest, and there could be death. It often turns out that even unfinished works of geniuses that “pop up” after a while are considered masterpieces, an object of interest of fans. Let’s talk about the most famous unfinished works of art. “Requiem” by Mozart.
With the writing of this work, a mysterious and mystical story is connected. Shortly before the death of the composer in 1791, a mysterious stranger came to him, who instructed Wolfgang Amadeus to write a work that could be performed at the funeral ceremony of the visitor’s wife. Many believe that at that time Mozart was already sick with an unknown disease, he set to work, but wrote music for his own funeral. Death overtook the composer earlier than he finished his work, and the work was completed by his student – Franz Süssmeyer. The finished work was transferred to the mysterious customer, which was Franz von Valzeg. This man was very eccentric and famous for making arrangements of famous works, handing them out for his own works. As a result, only the wife of Mozart, Constance, was able to identify in the work part of what her husband wrote. However, it is still unknown what exactly Mozart wrote from Requiem, and what was added later or completely changed. This story, like the circumstances of Mozart’s illness and death, is full of rumors and myths.
Statue of Leonardo da Vinci “Gran Cavallo”.
The great creator undertook various projects, but often also quickly and cooled to them. That is why it is believed that Da Vinci left behind a lot of unfinished works. But his most famous unfinished work turned out to be not the fault of the creator, but because of the circumstances. By order of the Milanese Duke, Da Vinci was to build a grandiose statue of a horse and rider, in honor of the father of an aristocrat. The work on the statue of Leonardo was twelve years old, in 1492 he was promulgated 7 m clay model “Gran Cavallo”, even then many considered this work one of the most perfect works of art. However, the shape of the horse did not have time to cast in bronze, the war between Italy and France began. The Duke transferred 200,000 pounds of metal destined for the monument to military purposes. The statue is still unfinished. Soon the French captured Milan, forcing Da Vinci and the Duke to flee. The clay model was used as a target for shooting soldiers, got a crack and under the influence of weather it collapsed. But in 1999, according to the drawings of Da Vinci, the bronze horse was still cast and installed in Milan.
The Expiatory “Cathedral of the Holy Family” by Gaudi.
This architectural project is one of the oldest in modern history. This Roman Catholic cathedral, located in Barcelona glory for its unique design, and its construction began in 1882. Designed the eccentric building of the famous architect Antonio Gaudi. Over this project, the creator worked for forty years, and the last fifteen years of life and altogether left other projects. But even before the completion of construction, in 1926, Gaudi died. The project was continued by Gaudí’s assistants, but the Civil War that began in Spain soon prevented the completion of the construction. To that in 1936 there was a fire, which destroyed in the workshop of Gaudi many drawings and models of the future cathedral. After the restoration of some materials, construction was continued in 1952. It was then that the ladder was finished, the facade was illuminated, which became permanent from 1964. Today the Cathedral of the Holy Family is one of the main tourist attractions of Barcelona.Despite the gradual completion of works on the elements of the cathedral, the date of final completion is constantly shifting.
“Portrait of George Washington” by Gilbert Stewart.
This portrait could be observed by everyone, because its fragment is located on a bill of one US dollar. The author of the painting is Gilbert Stewart, who became famous for his portraits of a number of presidents and kings. However, his most famous work has remained unfinished. And it was done intentionally! The artist thus made it easier for himself to create copies of the portrait, selling them later for $ 100. It is said that Stewart subsequently made as many as a hundred reproductions, and before he could finish the original to his death in 1828. This behavior of the painter was very irritating to Washington, who even once visited Stuart’s studio with the demand to destroy this portrait. However, the artist created several other portraits of the president, less known.
Orson Welles’ film “The Other Side of the Wind”.
Orson Welles was a film director, screenwriter and actor. At one time his films were very inventive in technical aspects. And the movie “Citizen Kane” in 2000 was recognized by the American film institute as the best film of the country for all time. In 1967, Wells began to shoot the film “Depth”, but because of the death of key actor Lawrence Harley work on the film was stopped long before the end of filming. The next project was to be the film “The Other Side of the Wind”, the script for which was written in the late 60’s. In 1972, Wells announced the availability of the film at 96%, but the project was never completed, and the premiere did not take place. The surviving materials “Depths” were later edited and demonstrated by the Munich cinema, but “The other side of the wind” never came out, although several attempts were made to make the picture come out on screen.
The poem “Kubla Khan” by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge was an English philosopher, poet-romanticist and critic, referring to the famous “lake school.” In 1797, living on a rural farm, Coleridge began writing “Kubla Khan.” This period is associated with the poet’s use of opium, according to legend, the author read a book about the Far East and fell asleep, dreaming about the future plot of the book. Waking up, under the influence of opium dope, Coleridge sketched the first 50 lines of the poem, but quite an alien matter distracted him from writing. Coleridge was missing an hour, and on his return found that the vision of the epic poem faded in his memory. Attempts to return to this work later did not lead to anything, the poet was soon completely disillusioned and left attempts to continue writing “Kubla Khan.” So this poem remained the most famous unfinished work.
The novel “The Mystery of Edwin Drood” by Charles Dickens.
Dickens is rightfully considered a classic of world literature, being one of the most famous prose writers of the 19th century. The novel was to be published in twelve monthly issues of the magazine “All the year round.” Earlier, the writer was accused of the fact that his stories were uncomplicated, so Dickens decided to create a novel in which no one can foresee the development of events. However, by the time of Dickens’ death on June 9, 1870, only three parts had been published, critics noted the high skill of the new work. However, the final design of the work and the story line remained unknown, and the heated debates of literary critics still do not cease. Many authors tried to finish the book, but the most interesting is the story related to Thomas James. This typographer claimed that the continuation of the book was obtained through contact with the other world, and the text dictated the spirit of Charles Dickens. It is interesting that the version of James was extremely stylistically similar to the previous works of Dickens, with time this version of the book began to spread as a final version.
Album of Jimi Hendrix “The First Rays of the Rising Sun”.
In 2009 Time magazine Hendricks was proclaimed the greatest guitar player of all time. In the history of rock, this musician became famous as a legendary singer and composer, being also one of the most ingenious and brave virtuosos. In the late sixties of the 20th century Jimi recorded three albums, which approved him in that capacity. After leaving his group under the influence of numerous scandals and proceedings, Hendrix begins work on an ambitious album “The First Rays of the Rising Sun”. However, even before his recording, Hendricks died of an overdose of sleeping pills. Immediately after the death of the musician began a long-standing lawsuit for the rights to his work between the producer Jimi and his family. A shorter version of the album was released in 1997, but it was mentioned that these entries claim to be as close to the initial concept as possible.
Palace of Soviets.
This grandiose architectural structure was to mark the victory of communism in our country, it was assumed that the palace would become the center of the “New” Moscow. The building was to be the highest in the world, it was intended for administrative organizations, congresses, celebrations. The 420 meter high palace was to be crowned with a grandiose statue of Lenin. A nationwide contest was held, during which 272 projects were considered, and Boris Iofan’s project was also won. The construction of the palace began in 1937, before that, in 1931, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior was demolished. Before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the foundation of the building and a huge steel framework were erected. However, the beginning of the war stopped construction, the steel frame was dismantled and used for the construction of fortifications and bridges. After the end of the war, interest in the project was lost, the metro station “Palace of Soviets” was renamed “Kropotkinskaya”, the new Congress Palace was built in 1961 on the territory of the Kremlin, and the open pit “Moscow” was built on the site of the pit. In 1994-1999, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior was restored to its original location using the old foundation.
Bruce Lee’s film “The Game of Death.”
Bruce Lee is a legendary film actor who starred in Hong Kong and American films, a master of martial arts. He also was a screenwriter, producer and director of some of his films. Bruce Lee did not leave his training, constantly improving his skills in kung fu. The actor sought to bring new into the existing fighting techniques, even developing his own style of Jeet Koon-Do. Bruce Lee won worldwide fame in the seventies, in 1972 he began to star in the movie “The Game of Death.” However, the work on the film was not completed, since the headache pill taken by the actor caused brain swelling due to the hypersensitive reaction of the body. After 5 years the film was dubbed and mounted with the help of backups, the original film with the script was discovered later, much different from the producer’s version. Nevertheless, the “Game of Death” was a huge success, reviving interest in martial arts.
His last film, five years later, was dubbed with doubles, was a huge success and aroused a new wave of interest in kung fu and oriental martial arts. But for the admirers of Bruce Lee’s talent, the film remained unfinished. It is noteworthy that Bruce’s son, Brandon Lee, in many respects repeated the fate of his father. During the filming of the movie “Raven”, the actor was fatally wounded in an accident. “Raven” was completed already without Brandon, the film was a great success.