The most famous treasures of Russia



Stories of finding treasures in everyone’s ear. Not so long ago a resident of the Nizhny Novgorod region dug his garden and found a whole collection of coins and old coins of 1751. In the same year on the embankment of Izhevsk bulldozer dug out a whole barrel with several hundred coins of royal coinage. In Suzdal, a team of plumbers found in the land more than 300 coins from the late 18th century. The list can be continued for a long time, because the reports on the location of treasures in Russia appear on average once every six months. It is clear that they find treasure more often, but not all treasure seekers want to cooperate with the authorities.

Today, according to the law, the treasure found should be divided in half between the one who found it and the owner of the land. If there are things in the treasure that belong to monuments of culture or history, then the state takes the half, and the rest is divided in half. As a rule, 25% goes to the state. The very procedure for assessing the treasures found is very imperfect, which frightens the seekers from the legalization of the treasures. “Historic Monument” may be, for example, the very site of the excavation, which will make it possible to bring a person to criminal account.


As a result, most treasure hunters conduct a “black” search, and “white” experts work closely with lawyers. But such difficulties do not deter the amateurs, because there are so many treasures in the earth that they will be enough for everyone. In our country on a large territory there was a stormy history, with a lot of wars and power shifts. Naturally, people buried money in the ground, hoping for better times. Banking in Russia as a result began to develop much later than in Europe.

You can start looking for treasures in the Moscow region, in the capital itself, such activities are officially prohibited. There is even a list of potentially rich in treasures of territories, which includes the territories near Mozhaisk, Kashira, Kolomna, Dmitrov, Kashira, Oka and Moscow River. It is advised to search in the Astrakhan and Volgograd regions, as well as in the territories through which Western interventionists left the country, especially in the Smolensk region.

For someone treasure – the opportunity to get rich, but someone attracts romance and history. Professionals emphasize their disinterestedness, but note the unprofitableness of such a hobby. It is believed that the search for treasure for the sake of enrichment is simply not profitable. However, each seeker wants to find his big treasure, among those legendary, who have been searching for more than a dozen years. We will tell below about the ten most famous treasures hidden somewhere in Russia, just waiting to be discovered. The story of each of them is akin to a small detective.

Suitcase with Bosporan gold.

Many treasure hunters call this suitcase “golden.” In fact, he was black, passing through documents like “special truck $ 15.” And the name of the subject was given by its contents. Inside were seventy silver Pontic and Bosporian coins from the reign of Mithridates, Panticapaean coins of red gold, gold Bosporian coins. Also there were a lot of just coins of Genoese, Byzantine and Turkish, medals, ancient jewelry and gold plaques – everything that was found in 1926 in the Gothic burial place and transferred to the Kerch Historical and Archaeological Museum. Treasures belonging to the III-V centuries, were lost only 15 years after the discovery. The reason is war. In September 1941, the Germans were bursting into the Crimea, the director of the museum, Yuri Marti, folded the entire collection into a plywood suitcase covered with dermatome. Valuable cargo along with accompanying crossed the Kerch Gulf on the ferry, and then by car was delivered to Armavir, where it was deposited. But the building where the values ​​were located, was destroyed by bombing. Soon there were rumors that the “golden” suitcase, as representing a special value, was stored elsewhere. Only in 1982, the researchers were able to find out that the suitcase still survived, and after the occupation, they were able to take him to the village of Spokoiny, handing them over to the partisans. The fascists were looking for treasure, but they could not find it.Today, our contemporaries are looking for treasure – in the mountains and near the village, where the same detachment was. The weight of the suitcase was about 80 kilograms, it contained 719 ancient items. Those wishing to search for the treasured treasure should start from the village of Spokoiny, Otradnensky district of the Krasnodar Territory.

Treasure of Lenka Panteleeva.

The life story of the famous St. Petersburg thief Leonid Panteleev is very rich, it can be divided into three parts, each shorter than the previous one. Until 1922, Lyonka was a soldier of the Red Army, he served in the Cheka. However, the mysterious dismissal from the bodies led to the “Robin Hood” lifestyle. Noble St. Petersburg thief robbed only Nepmen, and earned burned with the inherent Russian breadth and scope. The authorities grabbed Panteleyev quickly, but in November 1922 he managed to escape from Krestov (the only successful escape in the history of the legendary prison). Lyonka, after coming to freedom, quickly decided that it was time to work shockly, after which, with the stolen goods, he could run away abroad. For two whole months the city was shaking – Panteleev committed 35 armed raids, did not disdain and killings. Victims were deprived of chains, bracelets, rings, money and other small-sized expensive things. But Lenka did not succeed in this, on the night of February 12, 1923, the operatives found him and shot him during his detention. But the wealth accumulated by the thief disappeared somewhere. Modern St. Petersburg diggers are sure that it fell under the ground, and in the literal sense of the word. So they are looking for a treasure trove in the endless underground galleries of Peter. At the same time, diggers sometimes come across bandits, consisting of weapons, tools and other items of thieves’ use. But the main prize is still not found. Today, the cost of the treasure, which contains jewelry and gold coins is estimated at 150 thousand dollars. The main search zone is the dungeons in the center of St. Petersburg, the cellars of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra and the Ligovsky catacombs.

Gold from the Varyagin motor ship.

October 7, 1906, this cargo ship collapsed in the Ussuri Bay. The ship was commanded by Captain Ovchinnikov, and the merchant was Alexei Varyagin. The steamer came from Vladivostok to the bay of Sukhodol (at that time Gankguzy). Local newspapers reported that he was carrying mail and money for the population and military units. On board there were also 250 passengers. But on the way the ship collided with a mine, a “gift” from the Russian-Japanese war, which ended recently. Almost instantly, “Varyagin” went to the bottom, managed to save only 15 people, along with the captain. For the Far Eastern Russian shipping tragedy has remained the largest ever. But then the means of printing were not so influential, the matter was quickly forgotten. But soon one detail emerged – in his petition to the local governor-general, Varyagin’s confidant asked to compensate for the 60 thousand rubles that were transported on the ship and some “particularly valuable cargo”. Then the authorities refused the merchant, but in 1913 Captain Ovchinnikov himself tried to carry out a ship-lifting operation. The ship was found, but it turned out that it would take quite a lot of resources and forces to complete the operation. From a depth of 26 meters then managed to raise only a part of the valuable cargo, not gold. The re-expedition was postponed because of storms, then the First World War began, then the revolution … More attempts to raise “Varyagin” were never undertaken. The main interest for treasure hunters is represented by gold coins. At today’s prices, they cost about several million rubles! To search for the sunken ship it is necessary in the Ussuriysky bay, between the alignment of Three stones, Mount Vargli and Sukhodol bay.

Gold of Kolchak.

This story is one of the most popular among our treasure hunters. Not surprisingly, there are many versions and directions of search. It is known reliably that in 1918 in Omsk Admiral Kolchak was proclaimed the Supreme Ruler of Russia.This power, an alternative to the Soviet one, was backed up by a large amount of gold, exported earlier from Kazan. There part of the Russian gold reserve was evacuated at the beginning of the First World War. The Omsk branch of the state bank estimated the value of the reserve at 650 million rubles. In 1921 the power of Kolchak fell, and gold was given to the Czechoslovak corps in exchange for promises to leave Russia without hindrance. But it turned out that the ingots became much smaller. The state itself was estimated at 400 million already. But where the 250 million went, it remains unclear. On this basis, and there are many versions, of which two major ones stand out. According to one of them, gold remained in the Omsk region, in particular in underground passages under the building of the same branch of the state bank, or underground near the station Zakhlamin. Another version says that gold was sent to Vladivostok by train. Important is the testimony of the Estonian soldier Karl Purroc, who served in the army of Kolchak in one of the Siberian regiments. He said that not far from Kemerovo, at the Taiga station, gold was unloaded and buried. This version is supported by the fact that in early 1941 an omniscient NKVD summoned Purok from Estonia to help investigators in their search. A lot of excavations have been carried out in the area, but nothing has been discovered. The Estonians himself was arrested for deceiving the Soviet authorities, a year later he died in a reform camp. Gold ingots have remained unidentified, either in Omsk, or near the village of Taiga, or else where.

Treasure of the breeder Andrei Batashev.

Rich Tula industrialist Andrei Batashev founded the village of Gus-Zhelezny in the second half of the 18th century. One part of the name arose due to the river Gus, which flows into the Oka, and the second – to the deposits of iron ore. It was they who allowed Batashev to build a factory on this site. As a result, the industrialist became the actual owner of all the neighborhoods. From the villages under his authority, he drove almost all the people, having built a huge estate for two years. The house looked more like a fortress or dwelling of a medieval feudal lord than the estate of a Russian landowner. Nearby there was a church, the Trinity Cathedral, which has survived until now. Andrei Butashev himself, according to eyewitness accounts, eventually withdrew from business, leaving industry to his brother Ivan. The former breeder turned into a local bandit. He abandoned all his affairs, immersed in the construction of his estate, and periodically visiting Moscow, looting money there. Batashev said that he eradicated all the bandits in the neighborhood, but the looting of the passers-by continued. Over time, 300 people disappeared somewhere, who were doing some secret work inside the estate. The breeder himself was patronized by Prince Potemkin himself, so the authorities did not raise any special questions. But after the death of the Empress’s favorite, a check came to the Eagle’s Nest. Among other things, the task was to check the existence of a secret mint. But there were no innumerable riches or obvious violations. Batashev without a patron quickly turned into a hermit, having died in his house in 1799. Surprisingly, after the death of this one of the richest people of the country of his time, no special material values ​​were found in fate. Today there is a children’s sanatorium on the site of the house, there are several outbuildings, ruins of greenhouses and theater. It is clear that historians, archaeologists and treasure hunters are interested not so much in them as in the secret system of underground galleries and hiding places. Only here the estate was declared a historical monument by the state, so the excavations here are simply illegal. So there was somewhere in the vicinity of the estate of the Eagle’s Nest, which is near the village of Gus-Zhelezny Ryazan region, lie treasure with valuable items.

Treasures of the Smolensk bank.

When the Hitlerite forces attacked Smolensk, bank valuables were taken out of the defending city in great haste and almost at the last moment. There are facts showing how in early August 1941 a convoy of eight trucks went to Vyazma, but was fired at the Solovyov crossing. As a result, only 5 cars reached the nearest village Otnosovo, the fate of the others remained unknown. At that moment, Vyazma, which was 20 kilometers to the east, was already practically captured by the Germans. About the cargo, almost nothing is known, but it is believed that these machines and exported valuables from the bank of Smolensk. This assumption is based on the memories of local residents. They claimed that when a bomb hit one of the tarpaulin-covered cars, thousands of shiny coins flew through the forest. It can be assumed that the command understood that it would not be possible to take out banking values ​​from the environment, so that paper money was burned, and gold and silver were buried. In support of this version is the fact that after the war in Otnosovo was discovered a lot of coins of the 1924 issue, which went out of circulation long before the war. But the location of the treasure itself, in which silver coins alternated with gold bars, remained unknown. It is believed that the estimated value of the treasure at today’s prices is about 6.5 million dollars. Search for the same treasure should be in the vicinity of the village Otnosovo, in the Smolensk region.

Treasures of Count Rostopchin.

In 37 kilometers there is a historical manor Voronovo. During the war of 1812 there was the residence of the Moscow Governor-General Rostopchin. By the way, Tolstoy in his novel “War and Peace” spoke about that very disparagingly. Rostopchin at one time was able to turn the estate into something grand, contemporaries called this place a small Versailles. From European capitals, antique vases and marble statues, paintings and works of art came here. Rostopchin, who handed over Moscow to the troops of Napoleon, during the retreat, set fire to his palace and left a defiant note. It reported that in the city two houses and property were left for half a million rubles, and the estate turned into ashes. There is an opinion that in this way the count gave everyone to understand that his property was destroyed, since no evacuation was carried out. But contemporaries discovered some oddities in Rostopchin’s behavior in the last days of defense. Earlier the Earl was famous for its hospitality, but he did not invite anyone from the headquarters located nearby to the estate. It remains a mystery why Rostopchin did not try to save anything from the values, sending along with the peasants and peasants to another estate near Lipetsk. The governor set fire to himself in person, and even in the fire burned out what could not – marble statues. Finally, the elements of the picture began to converge in 1983, when specialists from the Special Project Restoration found on the territory of the estate an underground passage more than two meters high. Its length turned out to be small, because of the crumbling vaults, the tunnel was finally filled up to avoid accidents. As a result, there is no doubt that there are underground passages to Voronovo, but serious searches have not been conducted in this area. In addition, here on the site of the former estate was built a sanatorium “Voronovo”. Lovers of treasures in its surroundings can look for silver and bronze ware, porcelain and paintings, sculptures and tapestries. The sanatorium is located at the 61st kilometer of the Staro-Kaluga highway, 37 kilometers from the Moscow Ring Road.

Treasure of Sigismund III.

Especially rich in burial of treasures in Russia is the Time of Troubles, which is logical. As a result, most of the treasures found are dated back to the 16th-17th centuries. But the story of the most important treasure of those times is far from complete. It begins with the words “I sent from Moscow 923 occasions of different good to the Kaluga gate to Mozhaisk.”Tradition says that the original of this record was made on a copper board and is kept in Warsaw. It was there that the treasures looted by the Poles for King Sigismund III were sent. In 1611, an uprising broke out in Moscow against the Polish occupiers. They brutally suppressed the riot and continued to plunder the capital. Karamzin says that the Poles “robbed the tsarist treasury, took all the utensils of our ancient crowned men, their crowns, wands, vessels, rich clothes to send to Sigismund … they tore off the salaries, shared gold, silver, pearls, precious stones and fabrics “. It is unclear whether the values ​​were collected to be sent to Sigismund, or whether some of the nobility planned to use them for their own purposes. But the mentioned 923 carts did not even reach Smolensk, having disappeared along the way. In this case there are even seemingly exact indications of the place where the treasure was buried – 650 meters from the cemetery of Nicholas the Wonderworker Lapotny, which is near the river Khvorostyanka. There was a small problem – no one knows what kind of graveyard it is. This geographical concept allows the treasure to be located in a variety of places. Researchers believe that it is necessary to search for a treasure with jewels, gold and silver near modern Mozhaisk, or in the vicinity of Aprelevka, in the Moscow region.

The treasure of Napoleon.

The fact that Napoleon has collected a lot of treasures in Moscow is the same legend as the library of Ivan the Terrible. In the reality of the existence of this treasure, there is no need to doubt, but details continue to cause heated controversy. From any history textbook it is clear that in September 1812 the French emperor decided to withdraw from the captured capital of Russia. His troops went to the Old Kaluga road, but were met by the Russians, forcing them to turn off on the Old Smolensk road. Under Napoleon there were always two convoys. “Gold” drove jewelry from the Kremlin, and “Iron” – a collection of ancient weapons. The number of wagons with looted and not countable at all – the French did not want to leave Russia without trophies. The plans of the invaders did not include the resurrection of the Russian army, like the harsh Russian winter with the subsequent famine. Within a few days the most insignificant cargo began to be thrown off. The first treasure related to these events was found near the Nara River near Moscow, where they found silver dishes. Even before the retreating forces reached Mozhaisk, Napoleon ordered the looted goods not to be left to the Russians, but to hide, burn or destroy them. The convoys that followed him were preserved at least until the Berezina River, when it became clear that it was no longer a matter of some treasures. Otherwise, you could lose the remnants of the once victorious army. Belarusian historians believe that Napoleon dragged his part of the treasure further, but Russians assume that the jewels were flooded in the Smolensk region, in one of the local lakes. Attempts to study this area were undertaken more than once, at different times. So, in the early 1960s, detachments of Komsomol researchers were sent to these places, but no results were obtained. Today the attention of historians is increasingly drawn to Semlevskoe Lake in the Smolensk region – a few years ago geophysicists discovered in its waters an increased content of gold and silver. But to find something here is not so simple – the whole bottom is covered with a 16-meter layer of silt. It is known that in the treasures of Napoleon there were in addition to the ancient weapons a cross from the bell tower of Ivan the Great, diamonds, gold in coins and bullions, as well as candlesticks and silver chandeliers.

Golden horses of Khan Batu.

This treasure is golden, in the literal sense of the word, the dream of the treasure hunters of Volgograd. It is known that once two gold horse in full size stood near the entrance to Saray-Baty, the capital of the mighty Golden Horde. Such figures were created by order of Batu from all the gold treasures collected during the year as a tribute. The eyes of the horses were Rubinovs.After the legendary Batu, Khan Berke reigned, who transferred the golden figures to his Saray, located near the present village Tsarev, in the Volgograd region. The trail of horses is lost under the Khan Mamai, or rather with him. The story goes that Mamai lost the Kulikovo battle, after which the Horde retreat began. But no one could drag far away the weighty horses. Today there is debate about whether the horses were entirely of gold, or whether they were hollow inside. Researchers are wondering whether the figures were hidden together or separately. According to one version, one horse is buried with Mamai, so it is necessary to look for a treasure in one of the mounds, which in the vicinity is just a lot. The most popular search zone is the bank of the Akhtuba River, just below the city of Leninsk in the Volgograd Region.



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