In the history there are often not the names of heroes, but the names of traitors and defectors. These people are doing a great harm to one side, and the other is doing good. But all the same, they are despised by both. Naturally, one can not do without confusing cases, when the guilt of a person is difficult to prove. However, history has preserved several of the most obvious and classic cases, which do not cause any doubt. We will tell below about the most famous traitors in history.
The name of this man has served for about two thousand years as a symbol of betrayal. At the same time, nationalities do not play a role either. Everyone knows the biblical story when Judas Iscariot betrayed his teacher Christ for thirty pieces of silver, condemning him to agony. But then 1 slave cost twice as much! The kiss of Judas became a classic image of duplicity, meanness and betrayal. This man was one of the twelve apostles who were present with Jesus at his secret supper. The people were thirteen and after that this number began to be considered unhappy. There was even a phobia, a fear of this number. The story goes that Judas was born on April 1, too, on a rather unusual day. But the history of the traitor is rather unclear and full of pitfalls. The fact is that Judas was the keeper of the box office of the community of Jesus and his disciples. There was much more money there than 30 pieces of silver. Thus, in need of money, Judas could simply steal them without committing treachery to his teacher. Not so long ago the world learned about the existence of the “Gospel of Judas”, where precisely Iscariot is depicted as the only and faithful disciple of Christ. And the betrayal was committed precisely by the order of Jesus, and Judas took responsibility for his action. According to the legend, Iscariot committed suicide immediately after his deed. The image of this traitor is described many times in books, films, legends. Various versions of his betrayal and motivation are considered. Today, the name of this person is given to those who are suspected of treason. For example, Lenin called Trotsky Judas in 1911. The same one found in Iscariot his “plus” – the fight against Christianity. Trotsky even wanted to establish monuments of Judah in several cities of the country. Mark Junius Brutus.
Everybody knows the legendary phrase of Julius Caesar: “And you, Brutus?”. This traitor is known, though not as widely as Judas, but also belongs to the legendary. Moreover, he committed his betrayal 77 years before the history of Iscariot. Rodnit these two traitors and the fact that they both committed suicide. Mark Brutus was Julius Caesar’s best friend, according to some data it could in general be his illegitimate son. However, it was he who led the conspiracy against the popular politician, having taken a direct part in his murder. But Caesar showered his pet with honors and titles, endowing him with power. But the environment of Brutus forced him to participate in a conspiracy against the dictator. Mark was among several conspirators-senators who pierced Caesar with swords. Seeing in their ranks and Brutus, he bitterly and exclaimed his famous phrase, which became his last. Wishing for happiness for the people and power, Brutus made a mistake in his plans – Rome did not support him. After a series of civil wars and defeats, Mark realized that he was without anything – without family, power, friend. Betrayal and murder took place in 44 BC, and only two years later Brutus rushed to his sword.
We have this traitor not so famous, but he has a bad name in China, the largest country in the world. It is often not clear how normal and normal people suddenly become traitors. Wang Jingwei was born in 1883, when he turned 21, he entered the Japanese university. There he met Sun Yat Sen, a famous revolutionary from China. He so strongly influenced the young man that he became a real revolutionary fanatic. Together with Sen Jingwei became a permanent participant in anti-government revolutionary actions. No wonder he soon ended up in jail.There Vang served several years, leaving us freedom in 1911. All this time, Sen kept contact with him, morally supporting and guarding him. As a result of the revolutionary struggle, Sen and his comrades-in-arms won and came to power in 1920. But in 1925, Sun-Yat died, as head of China he was replaced by Jingwei. But soon the Japanese invaded the country. It was then that Jingwei made a real betrayal. In fact, he did not fight for China’s independence, giving it to the invaders. National interests were trampled on in favor of Japanese. As a result, when the crisis erupted in China, and the country most needed an experienced manager, Jingwei simply left it. Vang clearly joined the conquerors. However, he did not feel the bitterness of defeat, since he died before the fall of Japan. But Wang Jingwei’s name fell into all Chinese textbooks, as a synonym for betrayal of his country.
This person in the new Russian history is considered the most important traitor, even the church betrayed him anathema. But in modern Ukrainian history, the hetman, on the contrary, is a national hero. So what was his betrayal or was it still a feat? The Hetman of the Army of Zaporozhye for a long time acted as one of the most loyal allies of Peter I, helping that in the Azov campaigns. However, everything changed when the Swedish king, King Charles XII, opposed the Russian tsar. He, wishing to gain an ally, promised Mazepa in case of victory in the Northern War, Ukrainian independence. Against such a delicious piece of pie hetman could not resist. In 1708, he moved to the side of the Swedes, but only a year later their united army was defeated near Poltava. For his treason (Mazepa swore allegiance to Peter), the Russian Empire deprived him of all awards and titles and subjected civil execution. Mazepa fled to Bendery, which then belonged to the Ottoman Empire and soon died there in 1709. According to legend, his death was terrible – he was seized with lice.
This senior CIA officer was making a brilliant career. All predicted a long and successful work for him, and then a high-paid pension. But his life turned over, thanks to love. Ames married a Russian beauty, it turned out that she was an agent of the KGB. The woman immediately began to demand from her husband to provide her with a beautiful life to fully correspond to the American dream. Although officers in the CIA and earn well, this did not suffice for the constantly required new jewelry and cars. As a result, the unfortunate Ames began to drink. Under the influence of alcohol, he had no choice but to start selling secrets from his work. They quickly appeared buyer – the USSR. As a result, during his betrayal Ames gave the enemy of his country information about all the secret agents who worked in the Soviet Union. The USSR also learned of a hundred secret military operations conducted by the Americans. For this, the officer received about 4.6 million US dollars. However, all the hidden things become obvious. Ames was discovered and sentenced to life imprisonment. Special services experienced a real shock and scandal, the traitor became their biggest failure for all time of existence. The CIA for a long time departed from the harm that caused him a single person. But he only needed money for an insatiable wife. By the way, when everything turned out, it was simply deported to South America.
The genus of this man was one of the oldest in Norway, his father served as a Lutheran priest. Vidkun himself studied very well and chose a military career. Having risen to the rank of major, Quisling was able to enter the government of his country, occupying there the post of Minister of Defense from 1931 to 1933. In 1933, Vidkun founded his own political party “National Accord”, where he received a membership card for the first number. He began to call himself Föhrer, which was very reminiscent of the Führer.In 1936, the party in the elections gathered a lot of votes, becoming very influential in the country. When the fascists came to Norway in 1940, Quisling suggested that the local people obey them and resist them. Although the politician himself was originally from an ancient respected family, in the country he was immediately dubbed a traitor. The Norwegians themselves began to wage a fierce struggle against the invaders. Then Quisling came up with a plan to export Jews from Norway, sending them directly to the deadly Auschwitz. However, history gave back the policy that betrayed its people, according to merit. May 9, 1945 Quisling was arrested. While in custody, he had time to say that he was a martyr and sought to create a great country. But justice was considered differently, and on October 24, 1945, for treason, Quisling was shot. Prince Andrew Mikhailovich of Kurbsky.
This boyar was one of the most loyal associates of Ivan the Terrible. It was Kurbsky who commanded the Russian army in the Livonian War. But with the beginning of the oprichnina vzbalmoshnogo king under opal got many hitherto loyal boyars. Among them was Kurbsky. Fearing for his fate, he abandoned his family and in 1563 ran to the service of the Polish king Sigismund. And in September of the following year he came together with the conquerors against Moscow. Kurbsky knew perfectly well how the Russian defense and the army were organized. Thanks to the traitor, the Poles were able to win many important battles. They ambushed, kidnapped people, bypassing the outposts. Kurbsky began to be considered the first Russian dissident. The Poles consider the boyar a great man, but in Russia he is a traitor. However, one should not speak of treason, but of treason personally to Tsar Ivan the Terrible.
This boy had a heroic image in Soviet history and culture for a long time. At the same time he passed under the first number, among the children-heroes. Pavlik Morozov got even in the book of honor of the All-Union Pioneer Organization. But this story is not entirely unambiguous. The boy’s father, Trofim, was a partisan and fought on the side of the Bolsheviks. However, after returning from the war, the serviceman left his family with four young children and began to live with another woman. Trofim was elected chairman of the village council, while leading a turbulent household life – drinking and rowdy. It is possible that in the history of heroism and betrayal, there are more domestic than political reasons. According to the legend, Trofim’s wife accused him of concealing bread, however, they say that an abandoned and humiliated woman demanded to stop issuing fictitious certificates to fellow villagers. During the investigation, 13-year-old Pavel just confirmed everything that his mother said. As a result, the dislodged Trofim was sent to prison, and in retaliation the young pioneer in 1932 was killed by his drunken uncle and godfather. But Soviet propaganda created a colorful propaganda story from everyday drama. Yes, and did not inspire somehow a hero who betrayed his father.
In 1937, the NKVD was furious, including in the Far East. At the time, this punitive body was headed by Heinrich Lushkov. However, a year later, the cleaning began already in the “bodies” themselves, many executioners themselves were in the place of their victims. Lushkov was suddenly summoned to Moscow, allegedly to appoint the head of all the camps of the country. But Henry suspected that Stalin wanted to remove him. Afraid of reprisals, Lushkov fled to Japan. In an interview with the local newspaper Yomiuri, the former executioner told that he really realizes himself a traitor. But only in relation to Stalin. But the subsequent behavior of Lyushkov says just the opposite. The general told the Japanese about the entire structure of the NKVD and the residents of the USSR, about where exactly the Soviet troops are located, where and how defensive structures and fortresses are built. Lushkov gave the enemy military radio codes, actively urging the Japanese to oppose the USSR. Arrested on the territory of Japan by Soviet spies, the traitor tortured himself, resorting to cruel atrocities.The summit of Lyushkov’s activity was the development of a plan for his attempt on Stalin. The general personally began to implement his project. Today historians believe that this was the only serious attempt to eliminate the Soviet leader. However, she had no success. After the defeat of Japan in 1945, Lushkov was killed by the same Japanese, who did not want their secrets to fall into the hands of the USSR.
This Soviet General Lieutenant was known as the most important Soviet traitor during the Great Patriotic War. Even in the winter of 41-42 Vlasov commanded the 20th Army, making a significant contribution to the defeat of the fascists near Moscow. The people called this general the main savior of the capital. In the summer of 1942 Vlasov took the post of deputy commander of the Volkhov Front. However, soon his troops were captured, and the general himself was captured by the Germans. Vlasov was sent to the Vinnitsa military camp for the captured high military ranks. There, the general agreed to serve the fascists and headed the “Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia” created by them. A whole “Russian Liberation Army” (ROA) was created on the basis of KONR. It included captured Soviet servicemen. The general showed cowardice, according to rumors, since then he began to drink a lot. On May 12, Vlasov was captured by Soviet troops in an attempt to escape. The trial over him was closed, because in his own words he could inspire people displeased with the power. In August 1946, General Vlasov was deprived of ranks and awards, his property was confiscated, and he himself was hanged. At the trial, the defendant admitted that he pleaded guilty, as he was smug in the conditions of captivity. Already in our time an attempt was made to justify Vlasov. But only a small part of the charges were dropped from him, the main ones of them remained in force.
Friedrich Paulus. There was also a traitor from the Nazis in that war. In the winter of 1943, the 6th German Army capitulated under Stalingrad under the command of Field Marshal Paulus. His subsequent history can be considered mirror to Vlasov. The captivity of the German officer was quite comfortable, because he joined the anti-fascist national committee “Free Germany”. He ate meat, drank beer, received food and parcels. Paulus signed an appeal “To prisoners of war to German soldiers and officers and to the entire German people.” There the Field Marshal stated that he was calling for the whole of Germany to eliminate Adolf Hitler. He believes that there must be a new state leadership in the country. It must stop the war and ensure the people’s restoration of friendship with the current opponents. Paulus even made a revelatory speech at the Nuremberg trial, which surprised his former comrades. In 1953, grateful for cooperation, the Soviet government freed the traitor, especially since he was beginning to fall into depression. Paulus moved to live in the GDR, where he died in 1957. Not all Germans accepted the Field Marshal’s deed with understanding, even his son did not accept his father’s choice, having shot himself as a result of mental torments.
This defector made a name for himself as a writer. Once the scout Vladimir Rezun was a resident of the GRU in Geneva. But in 1978 he fled to England, where he began to write very scandalous books. In them, an officer who took the pseudonym of Suvorov, quite convincingly argued that it was the USSR that was preparing in the summer of 1941 to strike at Germany. The Germans just preempted their opponent for a few weeks, launching a preemptive strike. Rezun himself says that he was forced to cooperate with British intelligence. He was allegedly wanted to make the extreme for failure in the work of the Geneva department. Suvorov himself claims that he was sentenced to death in absentia in his homeland for his treason. However, the Russian side prefers not to comment on this fact. There is a former scout in Bristol and continues to write books on historical topics. Each of them causes a storm of discussions and personal convictions of Suvorov.
Few Lieutenant manage to get into the story. But this military pilot was able to do it. True, at the cost of his betrayal. It can be said that he acted as a kind of bad boy who wants to steal something and sell his enemies dearly. On September 6, 1976 Belenko performed a flight on the top-secret interceptor MiG-25. Suddenly the senior lieutenant abruptly changed course and sat down in Japan. There, the aircraft was dismantled and analyzed thoroughly. Naturally, not without American specialists. The plane was after careful examination returned to the USSR. And for his feat “for the glory of democracy” Belenko himself received political asylum in the United States. However, there is another version, according to which the traitor was not such. He just had to land in Japan. Eyewitnesses say that the lieutenant shot into the air from the pistol, not allowing anyone to the car and demanding to hide it. However, the conducted investigation took into account both the pilot’s behavior in everyday life and the manner of his flight. The conclusion was unambiguous – the landing on the territory of the enemy state was intentional. Belenko himself was crazy about life in America, he even cat food could taste better than those sold in his homeland. From official statements it is difficult to assess the consequences of that escape, the moral and political damage can be ignored, but the material damage was estimated at 2 billion rubles. After all, in the USSR it was necessary to change all the equipment of the recognition system “own-alien” hastily.
Again, the situation when a traitor for some, is a hero for others. Otto was born in 1881 and in 1904 joined the Social Democratic Party of Finland. Soon after leading it. When it became clear that the Communists in the new independent Finland did not shine, Kuusinen fled to the USSR. There he worked for a long time in the Comintern. When in 1939 the USSR attacked Finland, it was Kuusinen who became the head of the puppet new government of the country. Only now his power extended to a few captured by the Soviet troops the land. Soon it became clear that it would not be possible to seize the whole of Finland and the need for the Kuusinene regime fell away. Later he continued to occupy prominent state posts in the USSR, having died in 1964. His ashes are buried near the Kremlin wall.
This scout lived a long and eventful life. He was born in 1912 in India, in the family of a British official. In 1929, Kim entered Cambridge, where he joined the socialist society. In 1934, Philby was recruited by Soviet intelligence, which, considering his views, was easy to implement. In 1940, Kim joined the secret English service of SIS, soon becoming the head of one of its departments. In the fifties it was Philby who coordinated the actions of England and the United States in the fight against the Communists. Naturally, the USSR received all the information about the work of its agent. Since 1956 Philby has served in MI6 until in 1963 he was illegally transferred to the USSR. Here the scout-traitor and lived the next 25 years on a personal pension, sometimes giving advice.