There are jails in every country. It is not surprising that the criminals there are constantly trying to regain their freedom, inventing cunning and extraordinary ways to do it. It turns out with varying success. It remains to be surprised at the dexterity of the brave souls who still managed to accomplish the plan. Often they are helped by arrogance, you can not do without luck, it is very important to support friends who are waiting at large. Not surprisingly, the most vivid shoots became episodes of famous films and serials. We suggest you to get acquainted with the 10 most famous and interesting escapes in history.
The escape from the prison “Mays”.
This is still the loudest and most famous case of its kind in Britain, it happened on September 25, 1983. In the town of Antrim in Northern Ireland, eight members of the Irish Republican Army escaped from the seventh block of the local prison, who served time for numerous murders and terrorist attacks. Until then, the strict regime prison “Mays” was considered one of the most reliable and best in Europe, as a result of the escape, as a result, 21 people suffered. One of them, a police officer, died as a result of a heart attack. Two of the fugitives were injured and returned to the cells. Each block of the prison was surrounded by a 4.5 meter fence and separated by a 5.5 meter concrete wall with barbed wire from above. The whole complex was locked by steel gates, which were controlled by electronics. The escape began at 2:30 at night, when the prisoners seized their unit and took the guard hostage. The police were selected clothes and keys from their cars. At 3-25 a truck arrived to the prison with foodstuffs, which was seized, the driver was forced to take fugitives. At 3-50 the car with 38 prisoners left the block. It took only a few days to catch half of them, and the rest were sheltered by associates from the Irish Republican Army. Some of the prisoners fled to the US later, where he was arrested and extradited. For political reasons, the search for the remaining fugitives soon ceased, and moreover, some of them even received amnesty. The very same prison, “Mays” was soon subjected to another attempt to escape, as a result – a wire over the prison yard to deprive prisoners of the opportunity to use the helicopter.
The story of Alfred Hinds.
This person is one of the most famous British prisoners. For armed robbery, he was sentenced to 12 years, but during this time he managed to escape from 3 protected prisons. Alfred filed numerous appeals in his case, although 13 of them were rejected, as a result, the prisoner was released. The criminal was helped by an excellent knowledge of English law. The story began with the fact that Hinds was caught trying to rob a jewelry store. However, the locked doors and the 6-meter-high wall did not stop Alfred from escaping. As he did it, it remained a mystery, it is not surprising that the fugitive received the nickname “Houdini”. However, after half a year the police caught Hinds and again put him in jail. But the robber immediately sued the law enforcement agencies, accusing them of illegal arrest. During the consideration of this case, Alfred prepared for a new escape from the building of the London court. When the prisoner was asked to go to the toilet, two guards went with him and removed the handcuffs. Alfred immediately pushed the guards to the toilet booth, deftly locking them in there by the prefabricated accomplices of the castle. No one prevented the fugitive from mixing with the crowd on Fleet Street. But after only five hours the fugitive was caught at the airport. In less than a year, Hinds had already fled from the walls of Chelmsford prison. Hinds throughout his term claimed that he was innocent, he was sent a memorandum to the parliament, the attention of the press was drawn. The last of the appeals was considered by the House of Lords itself and rejected during the three-hour hearing. For the remaining 6 years, Hinds served in Parkhurst prison, a long-term prisoner located on the Isle of Wight.
Seven from Texas.
Under this name, a group of prisoners escaped from the Texas prison “John Connally Unit” on December 13, 2000. However, from January 21 to 23, thanks to the show “The Most Wanted Criminals of America” on television, all the fugitives were detained. The reward for detaining especially dangerous criminals was half a million. The escape took place during the elections, the prisoners were taken out so that they could leave their voice to one or another candidate. At 11-20, with the help of some tricks, seven criminals disarmed and seized 9 civilian observers, 4 prison officers and three other unhappy prisoners. It happened during dinner, when the number of guards decreased. One of the prisoners called for help, and his accomplices at that time stunned the approacher, took off his clothes and tied him, then closed him in the pantry. Thus, fugitives received the necessary clothes, identity cards and credit cards. Soon the seven made their way to the prison service truck and left the prison. The criminals moved to another car and on the outskirts of Dallas robbed an accomplice store, killing a policeman. The gang was preparing a new robbery, this time the goal was to become a casino in Nevada, but the police had already overtaken them. During the fierce exchange of fire, five fugitives were detained, two were caught two days later. Now two of the fleeing are no longer alive – one is executed, and the other has committed suicide himself while detaining. The remaining five are awaiting the execution of their death sentence.
The escape of Alfred Wetzler from the concentration camp.
This person, who was a Slovak Jew, was able to escape from the German concentration camp “Auschwitz” during the Holocaust. Subsequently, Alfred, together with his friend and partner Rudolf Vrba, wrote a report on the Auschwitz camp. They compiled a detailed plan for the camp, a description of the gas chambers and crematoria, and the emblem of the canister with the asphyxiating gas “Zyklon”, which was used by the Nazis. It was after the appearance of this report that the whole world learned about the lawlessness committed by the fascists in Auschwitz. The escape took place on April 7, 1944 at 2 o’clock, in the Jewish Passover. Wetzler and Vrba, being in the logging, hid in a shelter prepared in advance. Several prisoners were building it to escape, but there was a refuge outside the protected perimeter of the camp. In order to knock dogs off the track, the fugitives scattered strong tobacco all over the area. But since the outer perimeter was guarded around the clock, they had to spend as much as 4 days in shelter, so that they could not be found. Only on April 10, the prisoners, wearing their hidden shoes and clothes, were able to get out of the camp and with the help of the child’s atlas found in the warehouse to go to the Polish-Slovak border …
From Siberia to India.
This story happened to the Polish soldier Slavomir Ravitch, who was arrested after the Soviet troops invaded Poland in 1939. Interrogations of the NKVD were held first in Moscow, then in Kharkov. Already in the Soviet capital, Ravich was accused of espionage and was sentenced to 25 years of hard labor in one of the camps in Siberia. A long journey began – first to Irkutsk, then to camp No. 303, located 650 kilometers from the Arctic Circle. However, Slavomir did not spend much time on construction work – on April 9, 1941 he took advantage of a severe blizzard and fled to the south along with 6 other prisoners. Soon another prisoner, Polka Cristina, joined the prisoners. After 9 days the group crossed Lena, they soon reached Lake Baikal, then they got to Mongolia. The luck for the fugitives was that they were helped almost by everyone they met on their way. The Gobi Desert was the last refuge for two of the group. To survive, the rest were fed by snakes. In October 1941, the six remaining reached Tibet. And then they were treated quite friendly, especially after their stories that they are heading to the heart of Tibet, Lhasa.In winter Ravitch and his friends reached the Himalayas, one of them froze in a dream, and the other fell into the abyss. According to Ravich, in March 1942 the survivors entered India. In 1956 the book “The Long Way” was published. However, Ravich in it did not provide any evidence of the truthfulness of his story, besides the narrative was full of many inaccuracies in mapping the life of Soviet camps. An investigation into the BBC in 2006 revealed that Slawomir really was in Stalin’s camps, but he did not make his trip. So the great escape was a great hoax.
Escape from Alcatraz.
The film of the same name was shot on the events of the escape from the legendary prison on the island, June 11, 1962. In general, for those 29 years that the prison functioned, 14 attempts were made to escape it, in which 34 people took part. Official statistics say that no attempt was successful, and all participants were either captured or killed. However, the fugitive bodies of 1937 and 1962 were never found, which gave the ground to consider the successful end of the attempt. The most famous escape attempt belongs to Frank Morris and the Englin brothers. Prisoners learned that behind the cameras in their building there is an unguarded service tunnel, about a meter in width. To get to him, the fugitives in turn moistened the concrete, and picked out pieces of it. The tool of work was a metal spoon, turned into a drill. The motor was stolen from the vacuum cleaner, and the instrument was soldered with a molten silver dime. The fugitives left instead of themselves in their beds papier-mache dolls, and the passage was closed with bricks. Through the tunnel prisoners went down to the water, where they built a raft of rubber raincoats. According to the official version of Morris with friends are considered to lead the missing, drowned in the waters of the bay. There were rumors that the relatives of the brothers received postcards from South America from them, and the Discovery channel investigation proved that the fugitives could well reach the land and be saved.
Mass escape from Libby.
This escape occurred during the Civil War in America. On the night of 9 to 10 February 1864, more than a hundred prisoners escaped from the cells of the Libby prison, which was located in Virginia. Out of 109 people, the advanced Union reached only 59 people, 48 were caught by that time, and two drowned in the James River. Libby’s prison occupied a whole block of Richmond, it was “famous” for its terrible conditions of detention – there was always a lack of products, there was no talk about sanitation. According to rumors, at the bottom of the building were abandoned catacombs, long occupied by rats. Not surprisingly, thousands died in the Libby. The prisoners decided to make sure of the existence of underground communications, when they checked it, work began on the tunnel. 17 days it took the fugitives to get under the 15-meter protected part of the prison and get out on the tobacco field. It is known that one of the leaders of the prisoners, Colonel Rose, exclaimed: “The underground railway to God’s country is open!” The groups left for 2-3 people at night on February 9. Together they entered the city and disappeared into its streets.
Again, the story of the man’s escape became the basis of the movie of the same name.The protagonist, John Dillinger, was one of the most famous criminals of America of the 1930s, he had great cunning, and his self-reliance allowed him to gain glory comparable with a weight The basis of Dillinger’s activities was the robbery of banks, as a result of which the number of successful attempts exceeded twenty.Yes and the prison walls did not become an obstacle to him – Johnny escaped twice from the most unthinkable and protected places.The case of the escape of a bandit from the prison prison of Crown Point in Indiana.The current course of events has already managed to draw details, legends and myths.According to one of the legends, Dillinger was put in a cage and bound hand and foot, and he was guarded around the clock by three guards. However, after two weeks, Johnny was already walking around free, having received the nickname “Guddini of the underworld.” However, the truth was not so colorful, Dillinger made a wooden pistol and painted it with a vaccine. On March 3, 1934, threatening with weapons, he forced the guard to open the camera, took hostages and through this he broke free. According to another version, his lawyer transferred the weapon to the prisoner with the help of bribery. Dillinger left the prison openly, leaving on a car seized nearby and singing songs. The police initially did not believe the calls of citizens that the legendary criminal was leaving the prison. However, only 4 months Johnny could escape the detectives, on July 22, 1934, he was killed.
Escape the helicopter.
It would seem that such a spectacular story is not for real life. Moreover, many are confident that the prisons at the end of the 20th century were much better protected than in the 1930s. However, in 2001 Pascal Paye was able to leave the prison with a helicopter! The perpetrator was arrested in January 1999 in Paris while he was awaiting trial, his prison was the prison of the department of Bush du Rhone. The wait was delayed for a long two years. And now, in October 2001, a helicopter, ruled by the accomplice of Paie, was hanging over the courtyard of the prison. Just a few minutes it took two prisoners to get inside the aircraft and get freedom. For four years the police could not catch Pascal, for this time he even was able to rescue his friends from prison and again with the help of a helicopter. In 2005, Paye was caught, but two years later again released with a helicopter! It took only 5 minutes to escape. The stay on freedom lasted only three months. Now the police even classified the location of the criminal, believing that by doing so they would prevent his next escape.
Julien Shatord was imprisoned for seven years on charges of several arsons. Almost immediately after arriving in a London prison, the prisoner fled with a very interesting method. When all arrivals left the van, Shatord hid there, and then crawled under the bottom. The truck left the prison, taking the fugitive with him. So Julien quickly was at large. The jailers did not see anything wrong until after seven hours, when one of the CCTV cameras showed an obscure shadow under the truck. But curious in this story is the fact that Shatord himself three days later came to the police station with an indictment.