The world is full of large organizations, whose activities, however, are not always visible. However, there are also secret societies, whose activities to the majority of people seem in principle sinister. Although these organizations are secret, but everyone knows about their existence, even implied principles and goals are assumed. Most secret societies are formed with real political and religious goals, while their focus on covert activity has made the existence of organizations part of the endless conspiracy theories. As a result, secret organizations are credited with a range of activities from occult studies to the conquest of world domination. In reality, such clubs are much more harmless than they are trying to imagine, but it can not be discounted that they are still engaged in fascinating but strange practices, besides influencing world events. With this in mind, we will describe below about the ten most famous and powerful secret societies in history. Order of the Eastern Templars (Orientis Ordo Templi).
The most famous member of this organization is Aleister Crowley. The Order is a mystical organization that appeared in the early twentieth century. The scheme is similar to the less hidden union, the Masons. Eastern Templars rely on ritual and occult practices as a means for the transition of community members from one level to another. The general philosophy of the order is based on a new era of esoteric principles and practices, as a way of realizing a true identity. Most of the group’s knowledge, including the manifesto Mysteria Mystica Maxima, belongs to the eccentric well-known occultist Alistair Crowley. It was he who later became the leader of this secret society. After the death of Crowley, the influence and popularity of the Order waned, but today there are many more community outlets scattered around the world. Mainly, it is the USA, Great Britain, the countries of Europe. The growing popularity of Aleister Crowley at one time led to the fact that his offspring, the Order of the Eastern Templars, eventually came to light. As a result, the organization has become much less secret than before. However, this does not mean the loss of the most intimate and forbidden practices. The main one is the association of sexual predilections, especially the teachings of “Phallus worship” and the magic of masturbation.
This organization does not have such explicit leaders and well-known members as the previous one. However, many include Ben Bernanke, the chairman of the Federal Reserve System of the United States, representatives of the royal families of the Netherlands and Spain, senior officials of the World Bank, as well as representatives of large corporations. As such, the club is not a secret society, but it works in accordance with the appropriate veils of secrecy. It’s no wonder that there arose conspiracy theories and a heated discussion. The Bilderberg club was established in 1954, since then it convenes its members only on exclusive invitations. As a result, a conference of various world leaders, industrial and media magnates gathers. Initially, the club set out to fight the dominance of Americanism in Europe after World War II, but over the years there was a wide discussion on the achievement of mutual understanding between the two rich cultures. Disputes around the activities of the Bilderberg club are conducted for quite understandable reasons: the press is not allowed there, as the members say is unknown. The public is only officially told about minor details. Such secrecy, along with increased security of the venue, which includes armed policemen, guards and even patrolling fighter planes in the sky, has created a number of conspiracy theories about the club. The most popular versions say that the group is trying to manage the direction of the policies of states, financial markets and the media in certain directions prescribed by them. The Bilderberg club is even referred to as the “One World Government”.Versions of the fact that the club as its main goal seeks to achieve universal agreement and the end of the proliferation of nuclear weapons seem simply unconvincing and naive.
Order of assassins assassins (Hashshashin).
There were no known members in this organization. Assassins, or Nizari, were a mysterious group of Muslims who operated in the Middle East in the 13th century. The group included the Shiites, who split from the main sect and united to create their own utopian state. Since there were very few members of the Order, they preferred to use guerrilla tactics in the fight against their enemies, including espionage, sabotage and political assassinations. Assassins introduced their highly trained agents into cities and enemy bases with instructions to attack at the strictly specified time. Secret assassins were known for striving to minimize casualties among civilians, victims were often frightened by the invisibility of their pursuers. According to the story, the enemy leaders, waking up in the morning, found on the pillow a dagger of Assassins with a note “You are in our power”. Over time, the legend of the secret Order grew. Even before the organization was finally destroyed by the Mongols, hired assassins became famous for allegedly fulfilling orders for such historic personalities as King Richard the Lionheart. Approximately at the same time as the Order disintegrated, the whole library containing records of Nizari was destroyed. So much information was lost, that today the Assassins are only a myth. The legend about the use by members of the Order group of drugs and intoxicants looks controversial. The very word “Hashshashin” translates roughly as “Users of hashish”, which indicates the possible use of stimulating substances in combat. The term itself was discredited, but subsequently the Nizari transformed it into the modern word “assassin” (murderer).
The most famous member of this secret organization was Gavrilo Princip. The secret society “Black Hand” (also called “Unity or Death”) was a national-terrorist organization. It included anti-imperialist-minded revolutionaries who fought for the liberation of Serbia from the power of Austria-Hungary. The “black hand” was born in 1912. It is believed that the organization was originally a branch from the “People’s Defense”, a group that wants to unite all the Slavic peoples in Europe. In view of its goals, the organization began to conduct anti-Austrian propaganda, preparing saboteurs and murderers for the overthrow in the province of state power. The plans included fomenting a war between Austria and Serbia, which would give an opportunity to get out of the imperial yoke and unite the Slavic peoples. The head of the “Black Hand” was Colonel Dragutin Dmitrievich, who served as head of the Serbian counterintelligence. In fact, the entire state apparatus of the country was controlled by a secret organization. Today, the activities of this terrorist organization would have been forgotten if it had not been for Black’s participation in one of the most significant events of the 20th century. In 1914 a group of terrorists from the Mlada Bosna (branch of the Black Hand) killed the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand, initiating the First World War. Events began to grow like a snowball. Soon, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, the allies of both sides entered the cause. On the ruins of the First World War, the Second World War broke out, and later the Cold War. Thus, the “Black Hand” can be considered one of the most influential forces of the turbulent twentieth century.
Knights of the Golden Circle.
The most famous members of the organization were rumored to be John Wilks Booth, Jesse James and Franklin Pierce. This secret community flourished in the US during the American Civil War. Initially, the group sought to support the accession to the country of Mexico and the West Indies, which could contribute to the revitalization of the dying slave trade.However, with the outbreak of hostilities, the Knights switched their attention from colonialism to the hot support of the new Confederation government. The organization had several thousand followers who formed even their own partisan detachments and began to raid fortresses in the West. In the northern states, the mysterious order also had a great influence. Many newspapers and public figures sympathized with the Southerners, including President Franklin Pierce, who is part of the Knights. Unlike most other secret societies, it not only cares about rare meetings and mysterious plans. Knights were able to organize their own army and tried to solve their problems from the position of strength. In 1860, a militant group attempted to invade Mexico. During their own war, the Knights plundered the stagecoaches and even tried to block the port in San Francisco. For a short time, even managed to take control of the southern state of New Mexico. With the end of the Civil War, the organization’s activities gradually came to naught, although it is her many who are accused of organizing the murder of Lincoln.
Society of Thule.
The most famous members of this German occult and political secret society were Rudolf Hess, Arthur Rosenberg and even the rumor himself Adolf Hitler. If many secret organizations are only suspected of their hidden motives, then in the case of the Thule Society, everything proved to be proven. Immediately after the end of World War I, this organization was unofficially established in Germany. The original Masonic ideas quickly changed to occult, with time the organization began to promote the ideology of the superiority of the Aryan race. This was embodied in a racist approach to Jews and other minorities. Over time, the secret society could boast of several thousand of its members, even its own propaganda newspaper was issued. In 1919 members of the Thule Society organized a political organization called the German Workers’ Party. Later, a young Adolf Hitler became its member, and it itself was transformed into a national-socialist German party, giving rise to Nazism. Members of the Thule Society, long before the appearance of Nazism, took part in strange activities. They enthusiastically tried to find the origins of the Aryan race, seeking them in the mythical land of Tula. According to the legends, a mythical land with a developed civilization existed somewhere in the region of the North Pole, and Iceland – everything that has remained from the ground under the water. Around the Thule Society, there are many conspiracy theories. Although the organization was banned by Hitler, they say that it was she who gave him the magical secrets of power and successful public appearances.
Sons of freedom.
Known members of this society are Paul Revere, John and Samuel Adams, John Hancock. The sons of freedom are a freely organized group of dissidents who acted in America even before the war for independence. Their goal was to change the British legislation in the light of the administration of the colonies. “Sons of freedom” did not exist as a secret society in the traditional sense of the word, rather it is the unification of patriotic groups in support of a common goal. They usually met in Boston, near the elm tree, which has since been called the tree of Liberty. It was here that the group developed its resistance policy, which included the distribution of brochures and even some sabotage and terrorist acts. Such actions led to the fact that the British began to pursue the “Sons of Freedom”, considering their actions criminal. The organization was even called “Sons of Violence”. As a result, the group became the most visible among those who sowed the seeds of the revolution among the colonists, and to create the famous phrase “No taxation without representation!”. Although the “Sons of Freedom” in Boston was the most famous group, factions were distributed to 13 colonies.One group in Rhode Island plundered and burned the British merchant ship Gaspie to protest against unjust laws, while others simply vilified British supporters. But the most famous case involving the Sons is the Boston Tea Party in 1773, when a member of the community, disguised as Indians, dropped tea from British ships into the sea. These events served as the beginning of the American Revolution.
Skull and bones.
The most famous representatives of this secret society are George Bush Sr. and George W. Bush, as well as John Kerry. Ivy League colleges are known for their numerous secret societies and student organizations. The “skull and bones” of Yale University is the most famous of them. There was an organization in 1833, its members must be aristocrats, Protestants and Anglo-Saxon origin. Today, new members are replenishing the society every spring, the only real condition is that the applicant must be the leader of his campus. As a result, the secret organization includes athletes, members of the student council and presidents of other fraternities. From the “Skull and Bones” came out several US presidents, many senators, judges of the Supreme Court. This gave grounds to believe that the organization is semi-underground, uniting the political elite of the country. Nobody denies that this club is well funded – the graduates created the organization Russel Trust Association, which stores the funds of the society. It is rumored that the group even owns an island in the northern part of New York State. Although the secret practices of “Skull and Bones” are not secret, rumors of compulsory rituals still go. Although the society meets twice a week, it is not known what is going on. To the disappointment of fans of conspiracy theories, all the reliable rumors are fairly harmless. The group is associated in practice solely with student pranks. Glory to the “Skull and Bones” was given to legends about how new members are required to talk about their sexual fantasies, and also analyzes the sexual histories of childhood and adolescence. It is also common to give out nicknames to all members of society. So, the highest of them is called the “Long Devil”, the one who has the biggest sexual experience called “Magog” (this name was from William and Robert Taftov and from Bush Sr.). But Bush Jr., apparently, with his talents could not subdue the group, having received the nickname “Temporary”.
The most famous members of the order are called Goethe and Ferdinand of Braunschweig. In the popular culture and the field of strange and mysterious conspiracy theories, it is not a secret to the existence of this secret society. Illuminati eventually appear in books, movies and television. As usual, most people perceive Illuminati just as a myth, but the facts say that in the late 1700s, in Germany, there really was such a real organization. At that time, the members of the group were enlightened freethinkers, who became a radical branch of the Enlightenment. But society soon turned away from this group, whose views on morality, upbringing and applied methods were too radical. Soon there were rumors that dissidents intend to overthrow the government or even deliberately fomented the French Revolution. Although the secret society soon disintegrated, its influence remained strong. According to rumors, they just continued their activities, completely leaving in the shadows. The Illuminati are credited with the creation of the United States and the October Revolution in Russia. Thanks to the constant references in the popular literature, the Illuminati still cast fear. Modern conspiracy theorists argue that the secret society has managed to survive and now exists as an ominous shadow government, directing the actions of world politics and industry in the right direction.It is believed that the Illuminati in our time are the families of Bush, Winston Churchill and Barack Obama, but no evidence of the existence of such a group was not found. Nevertheless, the secret society of the Illuminati today is one of the most famous and popular.
The number of famous members of the Masonic lodges is truly impressive, you can only recall Winston Churchill, Mark Twain, Henry Ford and Ben Franklin. Today they are less influential and secretive than ever, but still remain one of the most famous fraternities in the world. Only officially members of Freemasonry about 5 million people. Officially Masons were born in 1717, although there are some documents that testify to the activities of the group in the XIV century. Initially, the brotherhood was created for people who share key philosophical ideas, including belief in a higher being. Masons paid much attention to morality, as a result, many of the heads of lodges became known for their charitable activities and public works. Despite these innocuous qualities, there was a criticism of the Masons. Advocates of the conspiracy theories accuse them of partaking of the abominable occult practices and the existence of even political groups. Traditionally, the churches of all faiths criticize Masons, because their moral teaching and esoteric spiritual beliefs are at odds with traditional religion. In the old days Freemasonry was based on unique traditions and principles. Today, when the number of members is so great, and the lodges are scattered all over the world, maintaining the foundations becomes difficult. Only one practice, called the induction method, has remained unchanged. The initiate should be recommended in the group by someone who is already a Mason, and to reach the level of the “Master” a person must pass three different degrees. Participants have the prescribed modes of greeting each other, including handshakes, gestures, and passwords, and people who are not members of the lodge are prohibited from attending meetings.