Today photography is a recognized art. Professionals receive a truly world-wide fame. But what can make a master truly legendary? Is it only a matter of accumulated experience or a chosen genre of work? Real glory comes thanks to unique photos. Most of the creators of such pictures try not to talk about it, it is enough that the photographs are their autograph.
Some famous photographers generally prefer to stay in the shadows, hiding their face. For the audience, these personal reasons can be an additional challenge to learn more about the idol, although in fact, it can only be about modesty.
Honor creators of unique photos for the fact that they were able to catch that amazing and incredible moment, which lasted a fraction of a second. Millions of people admire how the master could stop a moment in a short time. No wonder they say that one successful photo can express a thousand words.
Undoubtedly, each of the famous photographers at least once in his creative life caught such a frame, which brought glory. These people were able to touch the hearts of fans of photography, so it’s worth remembering about the masters. Robert Kapa (1913-1954).
The fate of the man was such that he wanted to be a writer, but eventually found a job as a photographer in Berlin. As a result, Capa fell in love with his profession. In 1933, due to the growth of the Nazi mood in the country, he left Germany, having moved to France. There it was rather difficult to find a place for a civilian journalist. World fame Capa received for his first published photo. It was captured by Trotsky, who spoke in Copenhagen with the speech “On the Significance of the Russian Revolution” in Copenhagen in 1932.
Carol Guzi (born 1956).
Today, photographers are at the forefront of those who bring truth to the world. Carol Guzi is a three-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize, this is one of the most famous photojournalists in America. Attention is drawn to the pictures of Guzi, because he does not just take a picture, but tries to reflect and capture the feelings that people are experiencing at this moment. The photographer’s lens could penetrate into the innermost corners of human civilization, and everything for the sake of understanding between people all over the world. Over the years, Guzi has filmed refugees in Kosovo, Ethiopian women, popular unrest in Haiti, the fall of the Berlin Wall and the hurricane Andrew in Florida. James Nachtway (born 1948).
And this photographer could not stay away from politics. His first work he did under the influence of images of the Vietnam War and the Civil Rights Movement of Americans. And in 1976 Nachtvey began to take photographs for a small newspaper in New Mexico. He worked in the very hearths of various armed and social conflicts. The photographer traveled to South and Latin America, the Middle East, Europe, the United States and the Soviet Union. On September 11, 2001, Nachtwey made a series of memorable photographs, he also worked on the introduction of US troops into Iraq. There he was wounded – a bomb exploded right in his car. Having recovered, the photographer went to Asia, where he made a famous series of works on the tsunami consequences on December 26, 2004. Since 1984, Nachtvey has been cooperating with Time Magazine, and he also founded his own photo agency VII. Steve McCary (gen.-1950).
This photojournalist began to study the history of filmmaking and cinematography at the University of Pennsylvania as far back as 1968. But on the way out he got a diploma in the field of theatrical art. When Steve worked on the university newspaper The Daily Collegian and made photos for her, he became interested in this kind of fine art. Steve McCarthy was famous when he photographed a 12-year-old Afghan girl. The picture was so successful and famous that in 1985 the National Geographic magazine even printed it on its cover. That picture is called “Afghan girl”.
Dorothea Lange (1895-1965).
Dorothea, when she was a child, had polio, which made her life full of pain. To study the photo the girl began in New York from Clarence White, even before the First World War. In 1919, Lange moved to San Francisco, where she opened her own studio and moonlighted there as a portraitist for over 10 years. When the country plunged into the abyss of the Great Depression, the picture enabled Dorothea to reflect the social tragedy of the people. In 1934, Lange met Paul Taylor, assistant professor of economics. Together with him, in 1935, a documentary series of photographs was taken of workers’ meetings in Nipomo, especially for the California Emergency Administration. This gave her fame. She also directed Lange in Pearl Harbor in 1941, and in 1952 she became one of the founders of the magazine Aperture.
Henri-Cartier Besson (1908-2004).
This famous French artist went down in history thanks to his early works, executed in the style of surrealism. And the love of photography from Besson appeared after traveling to Africa and discovering the camera “Leica” in 1932. Already in 1933, his first exhibition took place, in the gallery “Julien Levy” in New York. Slava came to the photographer thanks to his photos of Jean Renoir. Besson was also the first user of the 35 mm format, and one of the best masters of reportage photography. Thanks to the master, such areas of creativity as “street photography” and “reliable reportage” developed. Besson had a great influence on whole generations of his followers. Frank Fournier (born 1948).
And this photographer was born in France. Father Fournier was a surgeon, which is why the young man first studied medicine for four years. The career of the same photographer started in 1975 in New York. Since 1977, Fournier has been working regularly at the agency “Contact Press Images”. In 1985, the photographer received a prize for the best work “Agony of Omaira Sanchez”. By the time this photo appeared, the whole world already knew about the tragedy, the eruption of the volcano, one of its victims and became Omaira. A 13-year-old girl stood among the wreckage to the waist of the entry, and rescuers could not save her. The photo attracted attention. Many were horrified when they saw the last hours of the child’s life. Fournier himself immediately became a world celebrity. It is a humanist who removes AIDS patients, victims of rape, genocide and civil wars.
Walker Evans (1903-1975).
An American was born in a wealthy family. He studied literature, worked in the administration to protect farmers. However, his prose did not appeal, that’s why Evans decided to take up photography. Like Lange, he also removed the consequences of the Great Depression, its influence on the peasants. Evans himself paid attention not only to social problems, but also photographed nature and architecture. The artist was able to capture Cuba at the time of its uprising against dictator Machado. One of the main works of the photographer was the publication “Let’s pay tribute to the celebrities,” there entered a documentary series of works on the Great Depression and other works. Evans photos became original icons of that difficult era, they showed the poverty and poverty of ordinary people. At the end of this series, the photographer began to work in the style of abstract modernism. One of the tools was a black and white photo, which allowed to more accurately show the full range of social and political problems. Fame brought Evans and his collaboration with James Aji, who observed during the Depression of the life of farmers in the south. These works came out filled with humiliation, pain, but also pride.
Malcolm Brown (1933-2012).
This famous photographer was born in New York. Interestingly, his mother was a representative of the Quakers, advocating anti-war views. His father was a Catholic and an architect. Brown himself attended seminary and the Quaker school. Then there was the Quaker College for Pennsylvania, where the young man was trained in chemistry.In 1963, Brown made his most famous photo. It was a Buddhist monk who burned himself as a sign of religious oppression in Vietnam. That act was the occasion for an uprising, and the United States revised its foreign policy in the country. Brown himself received the Pulitzer Prize and for over 30 years worked as a reporter for The New York Times in hot spots. Murray Becker (1909-1986).
In 1937, 22 photographers gathered to shoot the moments of landing of the airship Hindenburg. The usual editorial task was for the Associated Press employee a happy ticket. It was the photographs of Murray Becker of a burning airship that became classics. Experienced photographer after the ignition of “Hindenburg” began to expect the brightest moment – the explosion of the giant. The burning airship fell 47 seconds, during which time Becker took 15 shots. The photographer managed to shoot all the details in detail, then sat down and cried. And his pictures so shocked humanity that they actually signed the death sentence to airships. Kevin Carter (1961-1994).
During his short life the photographer from South Africa managed to become famous and get the Pulitzer Prize. Carter devoted several months to creating a series about the famine in Sudan. Being a civilian photographer of the news agencies Reuter and Sygma Photo NY, the newspapers The Mail and Gaurdian, Kevin could not ignore such acute problems in his native region. In 1993, the photographer received the prestigious Ilford Photo Press Awards for the best news photo. On her near the dying girl sits, waiting for the vulture. A few months after receiving the award, the photographer committed suicide, in captivity of lack of money and tormenting his images of dead people, pain, anger. Helen Levitt (1913-2009).
This woman has become one of the most important characters in modern photography. For more than 60 years, the poetry pictures taken by her right on the streets of the city were inspired by whole polonies of collectors, students, photographers and just art lovers. Throughout her career, Helen has dedicated herself to showing her humor and poetic spirit in her works. With their help, she was able to sincerely show the lives of men, women and children living in New York. The famous photographer even shot the film “In the streets” along with Janis Loeb and James Aji. The peculiarity of this tape was that in it it turned out to be actually her moving portrait. And the main exhibition Levitt took place in the Museum of Modern Art in 1943, the second one her personal exhibition was held in 1974, there were presented only colored works. The main retrospectives of the photographer’s work were carried out in 1991 in the Museum of the Art of the Underground and in the Museum of San Francisco. After that, at the International Photography Center in New York and the Metropolitan Museum of Art there, and in 2001, Levitt saw Paris in his National Photography Center. Philippe Halsman (1906-1979).
This photographer was born in Riga, Latvia. But then there was training in engineering in Dresden and moving to Paris. There the young man in 1932 founded his own photo studio. Halsman became famous for his spontaneous style. He shot actors and writers, these works appeared on the covers of magazines and books. The photographer even managed to do fashion, he succeeded in the design of hats. Halsman had so many private clients that by 1936 he had become famous as one of France’s best portrait photographers. From 1940 to 1970, the master made many excellent portraits of celebrities, his works appeared on the covers of Esquire, Look, Paris Match and The Saturday Evening Post, but he especially loved working with Life. Hulsman’s photographs also appeared in advertising, he collaborated with such brands as Ford, NBC, Simon & Schuster, Elizabeth Arden cosmetics.
Charles O’Riar (gen..1941).
The most famous work of this American was probably seen by millions of people.After all, the picture “Serenity” became the standard wallpaper for Windows XP. In the 1970s O’Rear participated in the project of the Environmental Protection Agency Documerica, he also worked for more than a quarter of a century with National Geographic. And the career of photographer O’Reara began in the field of winemaking. His first pictures of the man made for the organization of winemakers “The Napa Valley”. Then O’Rear began to photograph already wine production around the world. Today his photographs are published in seven books devoted to winemaking. And O’Rear’s most famous work was done by him in 2006 in California. Roger Fenton (1819-1869).
This person became a true pioneer of photography in Britain, he was one of the first to withdraw military action. In fact, Fenton became one of the first military photographers. Fame came to him thanks to photographs of the Crimean War. It’s a pity that the enthusiasm for the battle scenes did not allow the master to give proper attention to the landscapes. In 1858, Richard became interested in oriental motifs, also removing English architecture. In addition, Fenton played a major role in the overall development of photography. It is no coincidence that he was included in the list of those hundred people who changed the world with their photographic works.