Gladiators were called fighters in Ancient Rome, who fought among themselves in the amusement of the public. Especially for such spectacles, even arenas were created. The reason for the appearance of such a cruel entertainment was the territorial expansion of Ancient Rome. It turned out that the prisoners simply had nowhere to go. It was senseless to kill them, and they forced the men to fight with each other in the fun of the public. Only the strongest survived. The public spectacle of gladiatorial games began to count from 106 BC.
In Rome and in the whole country it becomes the most beloved sight. That is why the gladiator schools appeared. And in 63 Nero allowed to participate in such battles and women. Officially banned the game of gladiators in 404, with the arrival of Christianity in Rome. These bold fighters became a symbol of courage and courage, and the rebellion of fighters led by Spartacus in general became an important part of ancient history. The names of the best gladiators we remember today.
Who is the most famous gladiator in history, it’s not worth a guess. This Spartacus, whose name is called children, ships and football teams. Although this person is very famous, it is still unclear who he really was in terms of his origin. The classic version is that Spartacus was a Thracian taken by the Romans in captivity. But there are suggestions that the famous gladiator was still a Roman, who raised a rebellion and escaped from his legion. Just in those years, Rome fought fierce wars with Thrace and Macedonia, so that Spartacus could well be captured. Spartacus’s spelling of Thracian origin is understandable, because in those days all the gladiators were divided in terms of the type of fighting exactly for Gauls and Thracians, regardless of where the fighters came from. And judging by the grammar of the Latin language, the name Spartacus means that he was related to Sparta. Historians have unearthed that the gladiator was trained at the school of Lentulus Batiata, where he studied the philosophy of Gaius Blossia. There are many curious moments in it, one of the slogans in general reads: “The last will be the first and vice versa.” In 73 BC. happened the well-known event in the history of Rome – the gladiator Spartak rose with his 70 comrades. At first it was just a group of runaway slaves with four strong leaders – besides Spartacus it was Crixus, Caste and Guy Gannik, the rebels just robbed their own school and flew into the suburbs of Naples with weapons. The rebels began to plunder and kill, their army grew at the expense of other runaway slaves. In a couple of years, the company was already more than 120 thousand people, who were quietly moving around the country. In the country there was a slave system, and such an uprising jeopardized the existence of the state. That is why the best military forces were sent to pacify Spartacus and his comrades. Gradually, the forces of slaves were defeated, Spartak himself died allegedly near the river Silari. The last remnants of a mighty rebel army tried to escape to the north, but were defeated by Pompey. It was he who received the laurels of the chief suppressor of the riot.
Who said that a gladiator must necessarily be a slave? Many free people chose this profession. There is a historical fact that there was a gladiator of imperial origin. Commodus, already from an early age, had excellent oratorical abilities, learning to pronounce bright speeches. But the older he became, the less interesting were his state affairs and concern for his subjects. Commodus was much more interested in entertainment, including sexual. The emperor began to show cruelty – the time of his reign was marked by numerous executions and murders. It is no accident that Commodus is compared by this indicator with Nero himself. After all, Commodus did not concede either cruelty or his depravity. The young emperor had his own harem, in which there were more than a hundred young concubines, and there were more boys.The Emperor himself adored wearing women’s clothes and flirted with his subordinates, playing different roles. Among the favorite games of Commodus was the preparation of living people. And it was Commodus who became the first emperor to emerge on the battlefield as a gladiator. But for a person of royal blood, this was considered an incredible disgrace. Contemporaries recalled that Commodus was actually a great fighter – he skillfully killed dangerous animals. At the same time, he was not at all embarrassed by his unsuitable entertainment, and even adored to demonstrate his combat skills to his subordinates. Commodus also became famous for his pedantry – everywhere he went pisar, who recorded all the actions and speeches of the emperor. But thanks to this, we now know that the emperor-gladiator took part in 735 battles. Commodus is also known for his belief in various cruel pagan cults, sometimes he even turned into the clothes of the god Anubis. The emperor demanded that his subjects deify themselves, idealize, and simply kill for disobedience. The death of a tyrant was classic – he was killed by conspirators as a result of the conspiracy.
According to historians, Spikul treated such a kind of gladiator as mumillons. They were also called marmillons. The basis of armament of such fighters was a half-meter rectangular shield, a gladius. The head of the gladiator was defended by the Boeotian helmet in the form of a fish and with a wavy crest. Right hand Spikula was protected mannika. Before the battle began, this famous gladiator always wore a bandage on his hip and bandaged his belt. The upper part of his feet was wrapped in thick windings. The classical mumillon was also equipped with short armor. In the story, Spikul came in as a pet of Nero. Not without reason, after one of his battles, the gladiator even received from the omnipotent emperor a palace, several houses and a plot of land not far from Rome. Nero himself has repeatedly mentioned that in his army of gladiators, it is Spicul who eliminates his rivals in the most skilful manner. Historians say that the emperor’s favorite was also the most experienced fighter. Most likely, he taught newcomers to the art of combat. There are legends that Spikul has earned fame as a great lover. In his company, even Nero himself often visited brothels and other similar entertainments. And the legendary gladiator died at about the same time as his patron. They say that in the last moments of his life Nero even wanted Spikul to kill him. That’s just how, spitefully, in the palace at that time was not. And after the death of the despot of his entourage began to pursue mercilessly. In June, 68, Spikula was thrown under the statues of Nero, which people dragged along the forum. So it was not Nero who died at the hands of his pet, but rather, vice versa.
It is believed that this gladiator comes from a noble family. His father was the famous German leader Arminius. And he became famous because he managed to defeat three Roman legions in the depths of the Teutoburg Forest. They were commanded by the governor Var. And Tumelik’s mother became Tusnelda. That defeat became so humiliating that the Roman Empire could not leave it without attention. Soon the Emperor Tiberius ordered his nephew Germanicus to march on and defeat the obstinate Germans. Three times the Romans entered the lands east of the Rhine. They destroyed the fortifications of the tribes, liberated the city of Segestus, besieged by Arminius. But most importantly – was taken prisoner Tusnelda with her young son Tumelik. Germanicus was about to be already captivated and Arminius himself, but then Tiberius called him back to Rome. During the celebration of the triumph in honor of the victory over the Germans, the main witnesses of his success – Tusnell and Tumelik – went before the chariot of Germanicus. Even Tusnelde’s father saw this, being next to Germanicus. So the mother of the young prisoner and his grandfather lived their lives in a foreign land. Tusnelda became a servant in one of the rich houses, she could even survive her son. Tumelik himself went to the school of gladiators.When he was eighteen years old, the new emperor was the son of Germanika – Caligula. Today everyone recognizes that he was simply a mad ruler. So, he ordered Tumelik to fight. The brave German put on an iron mask, on which was depicted his unconquered father Arminius. The gladiator had a sword in his hands. But against him, Caligula decided not to expose other fighters, but ordered the release of hungry lions. It is difficult to judge Tumelik’s age, according to some sources, he was fifteen or sixteen at the time.
This gladiator went down in history as one of the leaders of the uprising of Spartacus, his right hand. And commanded Enomai slaves. He fell into captivity to the Romans at the time of the conquest of the empire by Gaul. Enomai was one of those gladiators who studied at the famous school of Lentulus Batiata. This place was in Capua. There is evidence that this school had unbearable conditions for training and living. That is why Enomai without hesitation spoke in support of his countryman Crixus and Spartacus, who was born, as they said in Thrace. These gladiators rose at the head of the uprising. But from the whole trio, it was Enomai who was destined to perish first. Historians tend to believe that he died between 73 and 72 years before our era. And the gladiator died not in the arena and not even on the battlefield, but during the robbery of one of the towns of Southern Italy. Historians believe that Enomai engaged in the gladiator’s craft for more than ten years. Such a long career took place thanks to the huge strength of the fighter and his literally inhuman endurance. It is reported that in one of the battles, Eunomai was injured by a nose. He has not grown very well, because of what he twisted. On the bridge of the nose formed a small hump. But although the gladiator had a formidable look, his temper remained calm. Enomaya had even a lover named Embolaria. There is evidence that Enomai was still not the real name of the gladiator, but his nickname, which he received for performances in the arena. After all, Enomai was the son of the god Ares, who was distinguished by a militant and cruel temper. In those days, often the names of gladiators became part of their “scenic” image. Own, “barbaric” names, the Romans did not even want to hear, considering them simply ugly.
We have already mentioned the name of this gladiator in connection with his school. But after all, initially he acted in the arena. After the end of his active career, Lentul Batiata founded his own school, which became the largest in the country. There is reason to believe that it was Batiata who was the mentor of Spartacus himself. And the school opened in Capua became a model for an institution of this type, which soon began to appear throughout the Roman Empire. And Cornelius Lentulus Batiata lived in Rome. His views were based on materialistic beliefs. And although he called his gladiators, only as monsters, Batiata did it in a joking and affectionate manner. The founder of the school himself stated that it was essentially a farm, where experimental subjects were raised. Such a radical life had a right to life, gladiators from Capua really enjoyed it. People from the remotest places of the empire came to see their battles. Work Batyate with the gladiators was not easy. In addition, it was enough to organize just a couple of uninteresting battles for the public, as the Batiata school competitors would be suspended from appearances in the Coliseum. The former gladiator was well aware of the growing competition from other schools. To increase the motivation of his fighters Batiata introduced an interesting system of motivation. The master inspired his gladiators that life is in fact an ordinary dream, which comes to man at the will of the gods. In total, more than two hundred soldiers were trained at the school. Most are captives from Thrace and Gaul. Historians believe that it was the master’s cruel attitude toward his gladiators that resulted in the mutiny.
It is not known exactly when this gladiator was born and died. Some encyclopedists believe that Guy Ganick died in 71 BC. And this man went down in history as a colleague of Spartacus. He led a large detachment of rebels at that time slaves. Originally Gaius Gannik was from Gaul. But in one of the biographies of Spartacus there is information that his companion belonged to the ancient people of Italy, the Samnites. It was also said that the gladiator had Celtic roots. Most likely, Guy Gannik got to Rome, being captured during the conquests of Gaul. Together with Spartacus Guy Gannik was trained in gladiatorial skill in the Capua school of Lentulus Batitata. In Capua, many believed that it was he who in fact was the best gladiator. During the uprising of Spartacus, the former gladiator became commander, defeating the regular parts of the Romans. In the year 71 BC. Spartacus together with Guy Gannik decided to hold the rebels in Gaul and Thrace. But in the last phase of the uprising, after Spartacus decided to capture the city of Brundisium, an army of twelve thousand troops split from the main forces. He was led by Guy Ganick and Caste. But the gladiators did not manage to resist the trained and superior troops of the Romans this time. In the last battle, Gaius Ganic was brave, as befits a real gladiator. A legendary warrior near the town of Regia, who is in the Jurassic of modern Italy, died. In his Comparative Biography, Plutarch found a place for Guy Gannik, whom the historian called Guy Cannicius.
This gladiator was a gaul and was in slavery for several years. In captivity Crixus fell, fighting with the Romans on the side of the allobogs. Crixus, like Spartacus, was a gladiator at the Lental Batiata school in Capua. In 73 BC. Crixus, along with other fugitives from this school, began to plunder the surroundings of Naples and collect other runaway slaves. Crixus was one of Spartacus’s most important assistants. But after the first military successes, Crixus separated from his leader, remaining in Southern Italy. The main forces of the slaves moved to the north. Plutarch said that the reason for this separation was arrogance and arrogance Crixus. In his army remained Gauls and Germans, tribesmen of the leader. In the spring of 72 BC. The Roman Consul Publicul began to actively fight the army of Crixus. A decisive battle took place near Mount Gargan in Apulia. In the course of it, Crixus was killed. He fought with great courage, killing at least ten legionaries and centurions. But as a result, Crixus was killed with a spear and beheaded. The 30,000-strong army of slaves was defeated. Spartacus honored the memory of his companions by arranging gladiator games, as was the case in Rome. Only this time more than three hundred noble Roman prisoners of war were forced to take part in such events.
Speaking of the greatest gladiators, it is worth mentioning the most famous woman who mastered this profession. Gerardesca Manutius is perhaps the greatest warrior in history. She killed in the arena more than two hundred opponents of different sex, having met her death in battle. It was a beauty, with black resinous hair and an ideal body. The Roman fans loved it. And Manutius hit the arena just one year before his death. In such a short space, she managed to become a celebrity. A runaway slave was 28 years old when she was in the group of those tens of thousands of slaves who united under Spartacus. In the rebel army, a woman first played the unenviable role of a prostitute. With Spartacus, she went through all of Italy, in her free time the woman took lessons in working with the sword. This allowed her to become an excellent hand-to-hand fighter who has experience in martial arts. In the battle of Lucania in 71 BC, when Spartacus was killed, Gerardescu was captured by Mark Lucinius Crassus. Without thinking twice, he ordered the crucifixion of a woman along with the other six thousand fugitive slaves. But already at the moment when the Amazon was chained to the cross, the Roman suddenly changed his mind.Beautiful Gerardesca liked her bronze skin and spent the night in Crass’s tent. The next day, the commander sent a woman to Capua, to the gladiatorial school. He hoped that this craft would help her to become free someday. The fundamentals of the gladiatorial battle were given to Gerardesca without much difficulty. A few weeks later, the first Amazon battle took place. The excitement was explained by the fact that the protoss of the Crassus himself appeared on the arena. But it took only five minutes for the female gladiator to finish off the muscular and tattooed Greek Tracian. The audience watched with delight as two bodies naked to the waist, sweaty from the sun, moved in an attempt to kill each other. As a result, the sword entered the groin of the Greek, and the thunder of applause shook the amphitheater. The winner used a trick. But the bloody career could not last long. For 11 months, Gerardesca destroyed all her rivals, including famous fighters. And the gladiator was killed in battle with two dwarfs. During the fight one of them managed to sneak up behind the woman and stick a trident directly into the kidneys. The former favorite of the audience suddenly lost all the sympathies at once, which turned to dwarfs. The whole Coliseum sent his fingers down, pronouncing the verdict of Gerardesca. According to the rules, a wounded woman is easy on her back, tormented by pain. She raised her left finger and at that moment the dwarfs drove her tridents into her stomach and chest, ending the fight. The wounded body of the gladiator was carried off the arena and simply thrown to the pile of other victims of the battles. So the idol of Rome, the famous female fighter and did not receive the last worthy honors.