Identifying the best coaches is not easy. The easiest way is to calculate the number of trophies won. However, whether the merit of a coach alone or the blame for this will be his star team? For example, the Madrid “Real” won the Cup of Champions five years in a row from 1956 to 1960. But this achievement is usually attributed to the stellar composition, pushing the role of coach to the second plan. Already in 2000 and 2002, the club again conquered this peak. Again, the role of coach, modest Vicente Del Bosque, was downplayed. They say that he simply did not interfere with his stars.
But the best coaches were often deprived of trophies. After all, a brilliant tactic is nothing if a mediocrity is chosen in a team. Nevertheless, experts sing out the top ten best trainers in history. Their revolutionary approach to the game made it the way we know it today. Rinus Michels (1928-2005).
This coach is known as the father of total football. This style of the Dutch national team with players such as Cruyff, van Hanegem and Neeskens used during the World Cup in 1974. Michels instilled in his team a dominant and attacking style of play, in which the trap of attacking the enemy in a position outside the game (artificial offside) played an important role. Coaching career of the Dutchman began in the native “Ajax”, for which he acted and as a player. With him, the club became the champion four times, and in 1971 was also the best team in Europe. Michels came to the club when he was on the verge of relegation from the league. And left him the best team in Europe. Then there was Barcelona and the 1974 championship. From the same year, Michels headed the Dutch team. The team showed a brilliant football at the World Cup. Argentina was defeated 4: 0, Brazil 2: 0. In the finals, everyone considered Holland a favorite, but the team seemed to be replaced. The champion was the Germans. The third coming to the team finally brought the result. At the 1988 European Championship the Dutch, despite the defeat in the first match of the USSR 0-1, crushed everyone. In the final, the offender was defeated 2: 0. In that team shone Van Basten, Gullit, Rijkaard. However, no one doubted that success was achieved only thanks to the tactics of Michels. The coach was also characterized by rigidity and exactingness, so conflicts with players were common. But it was Michels who created the foundations of modern tactics and introduced universalization of players.
Elenio Herrera (1910-1997).
Herrera’s influence on football is pointless to deny. True, not everyone would like to see the game as it was done by this Argentinian. The reason is that the trainer is credited with creating a protective scheme “catenaccio”. She for a long time has become the hallmark of Italian football. According to her, the main attention should be paid to the rich defense. Herrera forced his team to make many small tactical fouls. He instilled a sharp counterattack style. His teams often won with a score of 1: 0. The heyday of Errera’s career fell on his stay in Milan “Inter” in 1960-1968. By the time he had already won 4 championships in Spain. In Italy, the coach three times led his team to the championship, twice won the Cup of Champions and the Intercontinental Cup. In the career of Herrera there were also such well-known clubs as “Athletics”, “Barcelona”, the national team of Spain and Italy, Roma. It was Herrera who demonstrated to the whole world that it is possible to achieve success without multiple stars with the help of carefully thought-out tactics.
Herbert Chapman (1878-1934).
It was Chapman who formed the image of a modern football coach-manager. Then the composition of the team for the game was chosen by the whole committee. Chapman demanded complete control over this issue. He introduced not only new tactical schemes, he significantly diversified the near-football region. So the Englishman introduced the strictest training regime. He was the first to use special masseurs and physiotherapists in his team.After FIFA entered the rules “offside” Chapman instilled his team with a new tactical scheme 3-2-5 or “double-ve.” The first serious experience the coach received in Leeds. However, the formation prevented the First World War. That team did not have enough stars from the skies, unable to even get into the elite division. However, Chapman significantly improved the game outsider, increasing attendance. Next was “Huddersfield” and two championships. But the best Chapman showed himself in the “Arsenal”. At the time of coming there, it was an outsider, who did not win a single trophy. In the first year the coach led the club to the second place. In the season 1929/1930 the team won the FA Cup. In the championship, however, Arsenal became the middle peasants. Chapman was looking for the best combination of players and his tactics. In the season of 1930/1931 and 1932/1933 his team became the champion. In late 1933, watching the match of the future opponent, the coach caught a cold and died because of pneumonia. Two subsequent seasons, “Arsenal” without his creator again became the champion. It is difficult to overestimate the merits of Chapman. He not only created the English grandee, but also created the image of a modern coach. Champion became the first who decided to invite black and foreign players. He began to promote the idea of artificial lighting, which was allowed only 20 years after his death. Chapman introduced white balls and began writing numbers of players on their T-shirts. The legendary tradition of joint team exit to the FA Cup final is also an Englishman’s credit.
Ernst Happel (1925-1992).
Happel’s career was brilliant – he won six times the Austrian championship, took part in two world championships. Since 1962 Happel has been coaching other teams. His main talent was that he was able to disclose the best qualities of his players. It is interesting that Happel practically coached his clubs all the way outside his native Austria. The number of titles won by him is striking. He won the championship eight times in Holland, Belgium, Germany and Austria. With the Netherlands Happel went to the finals of the World Cup in 1978. The Austrian created a style of play that was based on constant pressure on the opponent. His team has always sought to dictate the course of the game. Happel became the first ever coach who managed to win the Champions Cup with two different teams. First it was “Feyenoord” in 1970, and then “Hamburg” in 1983. Between these events was still reaching the final with the Belgian “Brugge” in 1978. A lot of memories are written about Happel. Players recall that he quickly won authority in the team by that he could perform the most difficult of his tasks. The coach knew how to beat any team, using its strengths and weaknesses. Happel did not disdain to play the second number, placing clever defensive traps and conducting lightning counterattacks. Coaches are often compared with Michels. The Austrians are blamed for a more defensive play, in that he did not win anything with the teams. Nevertheless, Happel is great in its own way. The coach won many battles, losing the most important – for his health. Even when it became clear that he was terminally ill with cancer, Ernst continued to train his country’s national team, joking, smoking cigarettes and drinking a lot. In honor of Happel was named the best stadium in his native Austria.
Matt Busby (1909-1994).
Manchester United have long been a legend together with their current coach Alex Ferguson. But before him, the club was coached most exactly by Matt Busby. He was at the head of the “Red Devils” from 1945 to 1969, and also in 1970-1971. It was this coach who created two great Manchester teams. Each of them cultivated an attacking style of football. In the 1950s, Busby created an amazingly young team, hungry for victories. Players such as Bobby Charlton and Duncan Edwards have become adornments of the club. The team was nicknamed “Busby’s kids”. They managed to win three championship titles, swinging and on the European peaks. But in 1958, the plane with the players crashed in Munich.Most of the composition was lost, the coach himself suffered numerous injuries, but survived. Busby returned to the club in order to build a new team. In the seasons 1964/65 and 1965/66 in England there were no teams equal to Manchester United. In 1968, the team won the first ever Champions Cup. That lineup gave Europe just three Gold Ball winners – Bobby Charlton, Dennis Law and George Best. There were no other clubs in Busby’s coaching career. After the end of his career, he was the director of United, and then his president. The coach became the knight of Britain and received the title of Sir, his name is the road to the club stadium.
Arrigo Sacchi (1946-).
This Italian coach showed that success in the coaching field can be achieved without the previous bright career of a football player. Parents were perplexed as career at his father’s factory Arrigo preferred trainer’s path. First there were amateur and youth teams. In the summer of 1987, the promising coach drew the attention of the owner of Milan Berlusconi. Sakki showed himself only in the primordial “Parma”. But his team was young and aggressive. At that time, Italian football mired in the catenaccio. The game rolled to a dull account 1: 0. And Sacchi was of the absolutely opposite style. He immediately instilled “Milan” style 4-4-2, which meant a combination speed game. In 1988, Milan became champions, in 1989 and 1990 the club won two Champions Cup and Intercontinental Cup. In 1989, Sacchi was recognized as the best coach of the world. However, the relationship in the club did not work out – Berlusconi aspired to participate in clubs as much as possible, constantly quarreling with the coach. Sakki himself was very demanding of his charges, not hesitating to criticize them through the press. Training Arrigo brought the stars to exhaustion, he himself demanded from his wards maximum automaticity in action and clear coordination. From 1991 to 1996, Sakki leads the Italian team. The team they led was constantly under fire for an inexpressive game. Even the second place in the 1994 World Cup was rated as a failure. Further career Sakki went into decline. His last club was Parma in 2001. But the health did not allow them to stay longer than three games. Now Sacchi conducts sports programs on radium and television. But it is with his name that the successes of Milan and Italian football of that period are connected. In addition, in fact, he revived the game, removing it from the swamp of defensive constructions. Johan Cruyff (1947-).
This is the only person who has become a legendary player and coach. The ideas of this coach are largely based on the legacy of another great Dutchman, Michels. In the entire history of the game there was no greater adherent of the attacking game than Cruyff. In his football philosophy, the main thing was possession of the ball. In the 1980s, the emphasis was on physics and wrestling, and Cruyff simply hated it. He urged his players not to run a meaningless ball forward, and then fight for it. The ideas of Cruyff are based on combining the game so that the ball itself does all the work. Career Cruyff-coach began with his native “Ajax”. In the championship club did not achieve success, but the cup battles were much better for the team. Twice, Cruyff won the national cup, in 1987 the Cup of Cups, then the Super Bowl. Attacking looks of the young coach attracted the bosses of “Barcelona”. It was there that Cruyff showed himself, instilling in the team its corporate and recognizable style. That team won the national championship four times. She became the first winner in 1992 and the finalist in the 1994 Champions Cup. In 1989, Cruyff again won the Cup Winners’ Cup. In his team shone Mikael Laudrup, Hristo Stoichkov, Ronald Kuman and Jose Guardiola. Catalans call that team a dream team. It’s going to Cruyff have become the philosophy of clubs. The current “Barcelona” led by Guardiola, a student of Cruyff, many are called the best team in the history of football.The Dutchman instilled a spectacular attacking and combinational football, in which even the defenders beat a lot. Himself Cruyff since 1996 does not train anyone. Nevertheless, he remains an important behind-the-scenes figure, both for “Ajax” and for the Catalan club. The Dutchman’s opinion is largely determinative for them.
Bela Gutman (1900-1981).
This coach has traveled a lot in the world, training not only in Europe, but also in Brazil and Uruguay. Few where Gutman stayed for a long time, but he was able to collect an impressive collection of titles. The peak of his career was work in “Benfica” and two wins in the Champions Cup in 1961 and 1962. Gutmann became the product of that Scottish system that the British missionary Jimmy Hogan instilled into the Austrians and Hungarians. Unlike traditional English, where you had to hit the ball and run after it, this tactic assumed a short pass and finding the ball on the ground. Gutman adhered to this philosophy all his life, having built on it his dynamic and attacking tactics. Until 1953 this Hungarian Jew trained many clubs already. Then he was called to Milan. In February 1955 Gutman was dismissed from there, although the club was on the first place. This was a shock to the coach. Since then, he has always brought into his contract an item on which he could not be dismissed in the event of the leadership of his club. Training Hungarian “Honved” Gutman is traveling with the club on an international tour. At home was a difficult political situation, that’s the players and did not seek to return home. So Gutman got to Brazil, where he headed “Sao Paulo”. In “Hoveda”, and then in South America, the coach began to practice revolutionary tactics 4-2-4. It will take on the national team of Brazil, which will bring her the championship in 1958. That year, Bela returns to Europe. He wins the championship with the “Port”, then goes to another Portuguese grand, “Benfica”. There he managed to create a team that became one of the best on the continent. In “Benfica” shone incomparable Eusebio. The club became the one who managed to interrupt the hegemony of Real Madrid in Europe. Gutman, offended by an unworthy salary, left Benfica foreseeing her losing the Champions Cup for the next hundred years. Since then, the team five times went to the finals of the most prestigious tournament, but each time lost. Next was Uruguay, a career in the late 60’s began to decline. Coach, fidget, not afraid to tell the truth in the eye, forever entered the list of the greatest. Valery Lobanovsky (1939-2002).
The whole world recognized the work of this legendary Soviet and Ukrainian coach. It was he who embodied the national football school in the 70s and 80s. And the stone impenetrable face of the coach later became his distinctive feature. Over the years of his coaching career, Lobanovsky’s main achievements are connected with the name of Dynamo Kyiv. The name of the coach is now called the club stadium. The first arrival to the club took place in 1973. Lobanovsky immediately began to introduce new training techniques based on a scientific approach. The special group calculated the load, could predict the peak shape of the players. Psychological and physiological tests made it possible to better understand the capabilities of players. An innovative approach quickly yielded results. Kiev Dynamo won the Cup Winners’ Cup in 1974, and then in the match against Bayern Munich and the European Super Cup. The next rise was in 1986, when the Dynamo again won the Cup Winners’ Cup. At the same time at the World Cup team of the USSR under the leadership of Lobanovsky and created on the basis of “Dynamo” showed a brilliant game, but because of the judging errors left in the 1/8 finals. In 1988, the USSR team was able to win silver at the European Championships. The game, shown at that time by Soviet football players, was considered the reference game. Lobanovsky’s views on the development of football were borrowed by many modern coaches. Dynamo Kiev itself gave Europe two winners of the Golden Ball – Oleg Blokhin and Igor Belanov. Another pupil of the coach, Andriy Shevchenko, became the best player in Europe already in Milan.In 1999, “Dynamo” again managed to surprise Europe, reaching the semifinals of the Champions League. The team was able to defeat Barcelona with a total score of 7: 0. Eight times Lobanovsky won the title of USSR champion, five more times he won in Ukraine. In his collection there are 6 cups of the USSR and 3 Cups of Ukraine. In 2002, right on the coaching bench Lobanovsky suffered a stroke, due to the consequences of which he died in 5 days. Lobanovsky’s ideas are alive in Europe, his students are actively working in Ukraine, using the master’s experience. Bryan Cluff (1936-2004).
This coach became one of the main theorists of the game in history. His strength was that he could use the best features of his players. This is the first manager since the days of Herbert Chapman, who was able to win the English championship with two different clubs. What is even more surprising is that Cluff managed to do this not with the grandees, but with the provincial “Derby County” and “Nottingham Forrest.” The latter was generally in the swamp of the second English league, when Cluff accepted this club. But the coach went further, he managed to win also the Champions Cup with his “Nottingham” in 1979 and 1980. This is the most incredible breakthrough in the history of this match. Football, demonstrated by Cliff’s players, was not spectacular. It was based on physical strength and desire to win. But the fact that this brought about the result can not but deserve respect. Cluff showed that even without stars, you can achieve great victories. The coach showed how much faith in himself means. For example, when he came to Derby, he declared that he was the best coach of the world. And Cliff quickly proved this by winning the championship and getting to the semi-finals of the Champions Cup. But in the “Leeds” coach stayed only 44 days. During this time, he managed to christen football players charlatans, and their game is blunt and rotten. There are many legends about Cluff. It is said that he became champions of the country for drinking beer, he poured out witticisms and did not hesitate to beat disobedient players. May 1, 1993, “Nottingham” in the home match lost and issued a flight from the elite division. It became clear that the fate of the coach is a foregone conclusion. The whole stadium chanted the name of the coach, who gave the club great victories. Cluff himself cried, but do not be sad, but from shame, which he no longer has the strength to correct.