Each generation gives birth to its idols, both in politics, and in art, and music. Let’s talk about the 15 most influential filmmakers in the history of mankind who made the greatest contribution and left the brightest trace in the history of this field of creativity.
And today their masterpieces remain favorite millions, because in their time they turned the minds of many people, demonstrating the new possibilities and depth of everyone’s favorite art – cinema. Alfred Hitchcock
World renown and popularity of Hitchcock brought his paintings “Window to the Courtyard”, “Rebecca”, “Vertigo” and others. It was they who allowed the director to be considered a real “Master of Terror”. Most of Hitchcock’s paintings are thrillers. The favorite reception of the director was the demonstration of what is happening from the point of view of the main character, it is his eyes that the viewer can observe the scene. The director paid a lot of attention to the sound – the use of unexpected effects allowed to enhance the impression of what is happening on the screen. Alfred Hitchcock made 65 films and became a living film legend. The films “Birds” and “Psycho” became a real horror classic. In 1967, he received the “Honorary Oscar”, “Memorial Prize named after Irwin Talberg,” but the real prize of the American Film Academy for his director Hitchcock never got. The director is known for his cameo – he appeared in small episodes in all his later films. David Wark Griffith
(1875-1948). Today, few people ever remember the subjects of Griffith’s paintings, but he went down in history of cinema forever, as the creator of modern cinema. David came to the conclusion that the basis of any film should be the plot and technique for its presentation. The creativity of this director made cinema a special kind of art. The bulk of Griffith’s films are short. They were removed more than 450 small paintings. In collaboration with Billy Bitzer, the director introduced new shooting techniques: cross, parallel and short editing. The crown of Griffith’s career was the tape “The Birth of the Nation”, it turned his whole life. The picture had a pronounced racist taste, members of the Ku Klux Klan in it exhibited heroes. However, the audience went crowded into the cinema, and the tape was eventually banned in eight US states. In 1935, the American Film Academy handed Griffith Oscar for his contribution to the development of filmmaking.
(1915-1985). The innovations of Griffith were perfected by Orson Wells. The director got into the cinematograph after his radio play “The War of the Worlds” made a stunning impression. Then the company “RKO Pictures” and offered him a contract. As a result, Wells shot a picture of “Citizen Kane,” which was later recognized as the best film in history. Even for today’s cinema, the technique then used seems modern. The director continued his work in Europe, in an attempt to find something new. A characteristic feature of the maestro was the use of mirror reflections and shadows in films. The role of Wells in the history of cinema can not be overestimated, it is one of the most brilliant directors who had a significant influence on the development of this art. Jean-Luc Godard
The most famous of the French representatives of the new wave of cinema. His picture “At the last breath” many consider the first in the history of the new cinema. The director boldly violated the existing shooting rules. He used a hand camera and natural light, which gave the impression of immediacy and documentary events. But Godard’s actors constantly look straight into the camera, and the scenes are sharp. This gives the viewer an opportunity to understand that the picture is not documentary, but artistic. The principle of Godard’s work most accurately reflects his most famous phrase: “The film must have a beginning, middle and end – but not necessarily in this order.” Creativity of the director played a big role in the formation in the 60s of the young cinematography of the countries of Eastern Europe, Africa and Latin America.The role of Godard in art is accurately described by Jason Cliton of the company “Open City Pictures”: “In modern cinema Godard plays the same role as Picasso in contemporary art – the role of reckless daredevil, pioneer and a man who does not fear anything, who wants to try everything , and for which there are no restrictions. ”
(1884-1973). The only director in history to own four Oscars. In addition, Ford was also a writer. The director successfully proved himself in both silent and sound cinema, leaving behind a rich artistic heritage. According to many of his most famous painting were “Seekers”. The Westerns “Stagecoach” and “The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance” are cultic in their genre, but Ford was not limited to just this topic. He filmed the novel Steinbeck “Grapes of Wrath”, made the film “Quiet Man”, tried himself and in the documentary. His tapes “Battle for Midway” and “December 7” were also quite popular with viewers and critics. Ford is also famous for his love of cinema in the distant future. In total, the director shot about 130 paintings, giving the most attention to the following topics: Ireland, the Motherland of the ancestors, the development of the West and the everyday life of the American army. Stanley Kubrick
(1928-1999). He was one of the most influential filmmakers in the 20th century. Most of the director’s films are screen versions, Kubrick in them demonstrated both technical skill and a new approach to the narrative in general. His films are permeated with a thin wit. Kubrick was eager to saturate the films with a wide range of emotions, which is quite a complicated device for any director. People when watching his films can laugh and cry over the same. The viewer becomes an accomplice in the film, experiencing on a par with the main characters. The director liked to use metaphors in paintings, so sometimes understanding of the true design came only after a few hits. Stanley Kubrick tried himself in various genres – in his biography appear in addition to adaptations and horror films, psychological tapes. The uniqueness of the director’s work puts him above any particular genre, his films have created their own separate creative niche – the films “Stanley Kubrick.”
(1898-1948) managed to shoot only 7 paintings, but his work had an invaluable impact on modern cinema. One of the most impressive films of all time was his “Battleship Potemkin”. The director’s innovative technique was used in his other films, but it was this tape that allowed him to take his place along with Wells and Griffin among the main innovators of the cinema. Eisenstein has many followers, the most famous of which is Alfred Hitchcock. Charlie Chaplin
(1889-1977) became the first Hollywood superstar. However, his successes are connected not only with the actor’s play, but also with the direction. All his paintings collected full rooms, Chaplin’s films without words gave people the opportunity to feel the full range of feelings. The director’s films were quite diverse: he touched upon social and political problems. Although the silent cinema soon gave up its place to the sound, Chaplin’s directorial technique, his manners, had a strong influence on the cinema. Among the followers of the director stand out Woody Allen and Lloyd Kaufman. Federico Fellini
(1920-1993) was the most, perhaps, famous Italian film director. His genre was called neo-realism. First Federico was a simple screenwriter and helped another legend of Italian cinema, Roberto Rossellini in the work on the films “Countryman” and “Rome – an open city.” Most of Fellini’s films are a reflection of his own dreams, not of harsh reality. Simplicity in the cinema tried to make many, but it was the pictures of this Italian that could thus enchant millions of spectators. Fellini created his own unique and unique style, entering with him in the treasury of world cinema.His classic film “Sweet Life” first aroused the wrath of the press for its truthful portrayal of the life of modern society. But later the film became a symbol of the great era in Italian cinema, putting in addition the basis of cooperation of the director with Marcello Mastroiani. Stephen Spielberg
(born 1946) introduced the concept of blockbuster, which appeared with the release of the film “Jaws.” Today, Spielberg is the most successful filmmaker, shooting the largest number of multi-budget paintings. His films have already become classics, it’s enough to recall “Indiana Jones”, “Schindler’s List”, “Jurassic Park”. In 1999, Spielberg was officially recognized as the best director of the 20th century, and in 2001, Queen Elizabeth of Britain even made him a knight for his invaluable contribution to the development of the British film industry. It is Steven Spielberg who is the highest-grossing filmmaker in the history of cinema – his films grossed almost $ 9 billion. It is curious that the attempts of the beginning director to enter the film school at the university were rejected with a summary: “Too talentless.” Martin Scorsese
(born 1942) is the representative of the “new generation” that appeared in Hollywood in the 1970s. This is one of the pillars of modern cinema, he was able to raise the concepts of aggression and sex to a new, higher level. Scorsese is not an agitator of cruelty; he simply decorates it with adornment. The scene of the boxing battle in the film “Raging Bull” has become one of the most spectacular and exciting in history. Scorsese prefers to fill his tapes with drama and life challenges. His movies are often based on real events. The director is inclined to use his favorite actors and assistants again and again.
(1910-1998) left a significant mark in the history of world cinema. It’s enough to mention his tapes, which became the basis for Hollywood movies: “Seven Samurai” (“Magnificent Seven”), “Bodyguard” (“For a Fistful of Dollars”) and “Three Scoundrels in a Hidden Fortress” (“Star Wars”). Although Kurosawa shot his paintings in Japan, his popularity in the homeland was less than in the whole world. Compatriots constantly criticized Akira’s paintings, but for the whole world he became the man who showed an interesting and distinctive culture to the whole world. Kurosawa’s films are full of philosophical views, he also managed to bring together the cinema art of East and West. Ingmar Bergman
(1918-2007) created a number of favorite masterpieces by the audience, in this he was helped by actress Liv Ullman and cinematographer Sven Nyquist. Most of Bergman’s paintings were autobiographical, the director told his films about how a person’s life depends on a number of different circumstances. Ingmar skillfully used introspection to create unforgettable pictures. Bergman did not recognize special effects, and his favorite technical tool was light. It was with his help that the actors’ emotions were demonstrated and their most secret secrets revealed. The main theme of Ingmar’s creativity is a person who has remained alone with himself, and searches for true human relationships. Bergman also acted in parallel as a theater director, putting on the plays of Shakespeare and Chekhov. John Cassavetes
(1929-1989) is rightly considered the founder of American independent cinema. Career in this industry Cassavetes began as an actor, and earned money used to staging his debut film “Shadows.” In it, no script was ever used, and the picture is devoted to a number of forbidden topics for that time, including interracial relations. Viewing the work of Cassavetes requires a lot of patience. The director himself never taught the actors how to play them, allowing them to be as natural as possible. This approach allowed the director to create the most realistic pictures. Cassavetes had a huge influence on Godard, Scorsese and Rivetta, who later developed his ideas.Billy Wilder
(1906-2002) became one of the most popular directors and scriptwriters of Hollywood, although he was born in Austria and began to speak English only after arriving in America in the 30s. The success of the genius director was not very successful. Almost until his death Wilder went to the office, creating all new ideas. His films “Sunset Boulevard”, “Lost Weekend”, “Apartment” fell in love with the audience around the world. In the record of the director more than sixty films and 6 Oscars. Keys to success, Wilder considered a thoughtful script, apt and accurate aphorisms. The director became famous as the largest American comedy master, his tape “In Jazz Only Girls” topped the list of the best comedies. However, Wilder often appealed to atypical for Hollywood topics – prostitution, concentration camps, alcoholism and the meaninglessness of life.