The first comics appeared in the XVI-XVII centuries, but their golden age was the last, XX. These painted stories became part of the mass culture. It was from the comic books we learned about superheroes fighting with super-villains and saving people. The uncomplicated stories of these stories are easily screened, giving rise to a whole series of spectacular films.
Comics in our country are not as popular as in America. There, fans of this book genre even celebrate the national day of comics. In the morning in the specialized shops queues of fans are formed, wanting to replenish their collection with a new booklet, bought at a discount.
But comics were invented in Europe! But today they have become the “Mecca” of the States. It was there that the most famous comic characters appeared, some of which became the heroes of spectacular and exciting films.
This character was born in 1932, thanks to writer Jerry Siegel and artist Joe Schuster. Clark Kent was the last survivor of the dead planet Krypton. Endowed with unnatural power, he became the first comic book superhero. Superman became a cult character for teenagers, his phenomenon was studied by philosophers and culturologists. Sam Umberto Eco studied how the story of this superhero affected the world culture, the writer paid special attention to the magical abilities of the hero. The history of Superman has been screened many times, about it the serials were shot, the continuations of history. It is no coincidence that in 2011 Superman became the first in the IGN list of “100 greatest comic heroes”.
And this cult character of our time was created by Bob Kane, first appeared on the pages of the magazine “Detective comics” as far back as 1939. And in recent years, director Christopher Nolan with a series of his powerful films about Batman gave the story a second wind. And in this case, no one can assume that the hero lives a double life. But if Clark Kent was an office clerk, then Bruce Wayne is a billionaire. If Superman defeats criminals with unusual abilities and physical strength, then Batman has to rely only on his mind, will and knowledge of martial arts. It’s good that the superhero had assistants – the butler Alfred, who became the second father for the orphan Wayne, partner Robin and police commissioner James Gordon.
Who said that comic book heroes should be completely positive? Joker was able to become a true legend of this genre and a favorite of numerous readers. The popularity of the character was contributed by a story about Batman, in which the hero never decided to kill his enemy. On the other hand, the evil genius was brilliantly played in 1989 by Jack Nicholson and in 2007 Heath Ledger, who received even the role of this psychopath “Oscar”. And although the character is more than seventy years old, nothing is known about his past. It is known that the former patient of the mental hospital Arkham tried on many masks. But only his sinister smile, frightening, but also intriguing, remained unchanged.
Today this name is increasingly associated with a star player. But he received his nickname in honor of the hero of the comic book. A fantastically strong creature was invented in 1962 by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. Since then, Hal remains one of the most famous characters of the company Marvel. The hero’s way seems standard – he has to fight the villains. In fact, in the depths of the Hulk story, loneliness, misunderstanding and internal strife lurk. And it all started with the fact that the physicist Bruce Banner, during his research, survived the explosion of radiation, which turned him into an eerie monster. It is only Bruce begin to get angry, as he immediately turns into the Hulk. That’s why the hero simply needs to learn to control himself. For half a century of existence of the world of heroes Marvel the green giant managed to confront both with numerous heroes and with villains. Spider-Man.
This story is especially popular among young people, because the first time a teenager managed to become a superman.Until 1962, teenagers could only dream of becoming an assistant for mighty heroes. And Stan Lee and Steve Ditko came up with the story of Peter Parker. His life was not easy – he lost his parents as a child, being raised by his uncle and aunt. Peter has almost no friends, he conflicts with peers and prefers the society of books, rather than teenagers. But once the life of a guy changed dramatically – because of the bite of a special spider, he received a magic gift. The superhero learned to climb walls, use cobwebs, anticipate dangers and deftly fight. Many superheroes had mentors, but Peter Parker had to learn his own special skills on his own.
American writer and artist created a whole series of comics “Sin City”. There were no classic goodies, but clearly stood out among all the inhabitants of Basin City Yellow Bastard. Roarke, Jr. was a member of an influential gang, which allowed him to do evil with impunity. He even rapes young people that he gets away with. But once the brave detective Hartigan rescued one of Roarke’s victims and shot the genitals. The doctors managed to save the fallen rascal, but he lost his former skin color and got an unpleasant smell. I must say that the Yellow Bastard is the only color character in the black and white comics. Perhaps this is what made him one of the most colorful villains of this genre.
For the first time, a cute beagle dog appeared in the Peanuts comic book in 1950. His “father” was the artist Charles Schultz. The story about the adventures of the kindergarten kid turned out to be so interesting that it was immediately printed by eight leading newspapers in America. But the popularity of his comics is due precisely to Snoopy. This faithful friend of the eight-year-old Charlie Brown at first seemed like an ordinary dog with primitive and simple thoughts. But over time, the hero learned to speak hard and even began to live his own interesting life. The dog appears as a lawyer in court, then as a mysterious writer-novelist, the authors entrusted Snoopy even piloting the fighter during the First World War. And in real life, the image of the comic hero was in demand. Images Snoopy can be found on T-shirts, notebooks and pencil cases, he is also the emblem of the technical division of the US Air Force. Many people do not dream of such recognition.
Thanks to his charm, this lazy cat has become a universal favorite. And created the hero artist Jim Davis in 1978. Garfield quickly became a popular American hero. The cat is so bored that he has to constantly joke around others. At the same time, he does not particularly strain himself. Therefore, it seems that the cat is surrounded by kind and sweet creatures, though cheerful, but not very clever. So, endlessly in love with Garfield, the dog Oddi from his neighbor receives only one kicks, while other cats happily carry out all the orders of his “boss”. And although the character at Garfield is not easy, he can not help liking. Who does not like the affectionate huge, but besides also the smart cat? In addition, Garfield even got into the Guinness Book of Records, as the most printed comic.
In the list of one hundred of the best comic book characters, this character takes the honorable fourth place. Wolverine is also invariably among the best fictional and immortal characters. For the first time readers learned about it in 1974 in the 180th edition of the Hulk comic book. Writer Len Wayne and artist John Romite Sr. came up with a mutant with superhuman abilities. Wolverine has a special ability to regenerate, which allows him to survive after severe injuries. In each hand of the hero there are three claws. The undaunted hero perfectly knows the techniques of hand-to-hand combat, he worked for the CIA and participated in both world wars. Since 1982, Wolverine has received his own comics. And since 2000, the hero appeared in the cinema – his image in six films was embodied by Hugh Jackman.
This hero is one of the oldest, but also almost the most popular. The story of Stephen Rogers was invented by writer Joe Simon and artist Jack Kirby. For all time, the existence of Captain America in 75 countries has sold more than 210 million copies of comics about him. The very time of the appearance of the hero, 1941, determined the patriotic spirit of the character. Often portrayed how he fights against the fascists. The special popularity of Captain America occurred during the Second World War, but in the 1950s it became not so much interesting. The comic told how a painful young man Steve Rogers received a dose of experimental serum that helped him achieve his maximum shape for the benefit of his native country. The captain dresses in a national flag suit, and in his hands an indestructible shield. And although the hero did not receive superhuman powers, he is a perfect model of development, using force, speed, endurance and reaction