Gathering unusual things can become an exciting hobby. The army of postal stamps has several million people. These people communicate, exchange, find unusual objects of their hobbies.
Not surprisingly, the cost of the rarest small pieces of paper can reach several million dollars. These stamps are a dream of any philatelist, they are hunted by criminals. Owners do their best to save their treasure.
Noteworthy, but the most expensive brands in the world are those that were released with marriage. This or products with a typographical error or those in which the picture is upside down in relation to the rest of the text. These brands went on sale only in the first edition.
Then someone quickly identified the error, the layout was reworked. The further circulation of stamps was issued already in a normal and uninteresting form for collectors. Today, only a few such defective brands have survived, which is why they are worthless money. We will tell you about the most expensive brands below.
This brand was nicknamed the “Holy Grail”, a form of its protective sign. Her latest owner was the US collector Bill Gross. From the very childhood, he set out to collect a complete collection of all postage stamps issued in his country in the XIX century. The meeting was complete, there was only one missing – a blue stamp costing 1 cent with the image of President Franklin. In the world there were only two known such brands. One of them since 1920 is stored in the public library of New York. And in 1998 another was put up for auction. Gross could not buy it, “Holy Grail” went to another philatelist named Donald Sandman. Gross began courting the one, begging to sell him a rarity. However, Sandman agreed to exchange Z Grill for another rarity – a block of four brands called “Jenny”. Then Gross rushed to the owners of these brands, begging to sell them to him. In October 2005, the deal took place, for Jenny was paid almost three million dollars. This is the highest price paid at the auction for the brands. Immediately, Gross traded his purchase for the coveted Grail. As a result, Bill Gross has a complete collection of postage stamps, issued in America in the century before last.
When this stamp with the image of the aircraft was printed, an unfortunate mistake was made. The aircraft “Curtis-Jenny” was shown upside down. Pechatniki received punishment, but this served the set of stamps a good service. For the past since the release of almost 90 years, the block has risen in price. Originally, the defective connected 4 stamps cost only 24 cents in the US post offices. In 1954, for Jenny gave already 18 thousand dollars, and the last price is already $ 3 million. The airplane is depicted on the mark not by chance. In 1910 in the United States it was decided to begin to transport mail by air. In 1918 regular flights between New York, Philadelphia and Washington were opened. The established tariff in 24 cents considerably exceeded the standard three-cent. Therefore, it was decided to issue a new brand for this tariff. It was developed in great haste. Since the seal was made in two colors, each sheet was passed twice through the machine. This caused the appearance of an error. Collectors quickly realized that such a procedure is fraught with the appearance of unusual brands on sale and began to hunt for them.
The Tiflis unique.
This is the rarest and most expensive Russian brand. It was issued for the city post of Tiflis back in 1857. The brand cost 6 cents. This square piece of paper bears the coat of arms of Tiflis, over which, with its wings down, is a two-headed eagle. The brand was in circulation for only about 10 years and was replaced by all-Russian envelopes and stamps. In the 1880s philatelists learned that there was a local post office in Tiflis with their own stamps. However, for a long time, the existence of Unics was hidden from prying eyes.By the beginning of the First World War, only three such brands were found. Their owner was Agafon Faberge, then uniques often changed their owners during the auctions. Today, five such brands are already known. The last of them was estimated at 700 thousand dollars, the transaction was held in 2008. Today, experts are still arguing about the authenticity of the Tiflis Unica, but this does not prevent the collectors from hunting for it, laying out a lot of money. Unique can not afford most amateurs. You can not doubt that the brand will only go up.
Pink and Blue Mauritius.
These stamps were issued back in 1847, becoming real rarities. The red denomination is 1 penny, and the blue one is twice as expensive. The stamps were issued on the island of Mauritius according to the order of the governor. He stated that each letter or postal item should be marked with a stamp according to the transportation tariff. From England marks were not imported, and it was decided to make them independently. The value of Mauritius is that the first issue contained an error. It was written “Post Office” instead of “Postal fee paid.” In addition, it is the first British brand issued outside the metropolis. Philatelists learned about the brand accidentally. One widow, a Frenchwoman, somehow sorted out her husband’s merchant’s papers. She found a letter from the island of Mauritius with pasted unknown stamps. She herself collected them by that time, but an unknown novelty interested her. Jean-Baptiste Moens, the famous collector and creator of the first catalog of stamps, learned about the discovery. He heard about Mauritius, but he never saw them. The philatelist quickly bought the widow from the widow and began to study her story. It turned out that Mauritius was used mainly by the governor himself to send out invitations to his balls, just like in London. A curious story and limited circulation drew the attention of philatelists from all over the world to Mauritius. However, it was quite difficult to buy stamps. Today there are only 23 such brands. Even the English King George V, who was a passionate philatelist, for a long time could not acquire a blue mark. The monarch was forced to flee the palace and incognito personally buy Mauritius at one of the auctions. If the auction became known about the participation of the king, then the price would skyrocket. Today, this blue stamp is on display under bullet-proof glass in one of the palaces.
Envelope with blue and pink Mauritius.
Mauritius is located on the most expensive envelope in the world. The blue and red stamp were glued on it. And found this rarity of some retired colonel, delving into the junk in the market of Calcutta. This valuable find later changed many hosts, and now it is in the possession of a Japanese collector. A unique envelope is often shown at exhibitions, having visited even in Moscow. The last time he was auctioned for $ 2.5 million in 2008 in Vienna. Curiously, but in Mauritius itself until recently there were no famous brands at all. Local bankers helped. They bought out blue and red marks for $ 2 million and made for them a special small museum.
This brand is considered today the most expensive in the world. You can buy it only at a secret auction for “their”. Although the last time the price was 4.6 million dollars, the brand was bought out “just” for 2.3 million. The brand appeared in Sweden in 1850. Its special value lies in the fact that the press made a mistake. In 1855, Sweden issued its first postage stamps. They depicted the small coat of arms of the country, five denominations were created. Each of them relied on its own color. In 1885 one teenager discovered that the mark of 3 skilling on the envelope turned out to be yellow, and not green, as it should be, colors. The boy sold an interesting find for only 7 crones (half a dollar), and after 9 years the brand was sold to collectors for $ 3,000. The uniqueness of the brand is not only that the colors for it have been confused.This is generally the only remaining brand from that release, it has already been redeemed. Throughout the XX century, crackling has repeatedly changed the owner. In 2010, it acquired a whole group of unknowns for 2.3 million dollars. Insurance brand is as much as 15 million.
This brand was released in limited edition in 1856 in British Guiana. Its denomination was only one cent. It looks like an octagon, which turned out at the expense of cut corners. The front side is red, on which a three-masted schooner is depicted in black. A mark of 1 cent was intended for use on newspapers. The release was an accident. The island was waiting for a batch of stamps from the UK, but when it did not come, it was decided to print its own series. For today’s collectors, only one such brand is known for a day. Despite its filthy appearance and the thick print of the stamp, it is still considered priceless. And in this case, the brand found a teenager. He did not find such a sample in the catalog of stamps and sold it to a philatelist he knew for a penny. He quickly realized what treasure fell into his hands. In 1922, Guiana is already 36 thousand dollars. The last price paid for it is a million dollars. It is believed that the brand is kept in the bank safe, waiting for the release of its owner.
Glory to this brand brought the fact that it was the first in the world. Its denomination is only 1 penny. The stamp depicts the English Queen Victoria. The background of the picture is black, which gave the name to the brand. The black penny appeared on sale in 1840. The circulation was huge. A total of about 68 million such brands were printed, and many of them have survived to this day. Although this brand is rare in no way, its cost is due to the fact that this is simply the first brand. If the “Black penny” can be purchased from 10 to 200 dollars, then the outstanding brand costs tens of thousands.
Baden color mistake.
In 1851, a series of stamps was issued in the Grand Duchy of Baden. On the blue-green paper was a circle with a figure of par value. Then it was released at once four different brands. However, when 9 kreutzer denomination was printed, one of the blue-green sheets was used instead of the pink paper, which was intended for 6 kreutzerov. Most likely this was done simply by inattention. The error was found after 44 years. Today there are three redeemed stamps left and one blank. It was sold at auction in 2008 for $ 1.5 million.
This is the name of the brand, which was in limited circulation in 1847. It was released in the city of Alexandria, Virginia. The round stamp cost 5 cents. It contains only round inscriptions “Alexandria” and “Post Office”. In the center is the inscription “Paid” and the figure of par value. Mark was found on a letter that the city’s enamored resident sent to his lover. Discovered a unique subject of their daughter after 28 years. In 1907, she was able to sell the rarity for $ 3,000 to the collector. Currently, there are seven brands of Alexandria, six of them are printed on yellow paper and only one is blue. It was then sold in 1981 at an auction for a million dollars to the European collector Norman.
Under this name became known brands, issued in the Hawaiian kingdom in 1851-1852. In total, three par values were created – 2.5 and 13 cents. The stamps depict their value, around which there is a floral ornament. By the time they were released on the islands, the postal system was extremely primitive. The letter could receive a surname of the recipient. Therefore, it was decided to introduce the brand into circulation. The first of their users were missionaries who visited the island. That’s why the brands got their name. The paper on which they were printed was very fragile. This led to the fact that most of the issue simply fell apart with time.Today it is believed that there were no more than 200 such brands preserved, of which only 29 were outstanding. The last two dents remain. There is even a criminal history associated with such a brand. One of its first owners was killed because of it in 1892. Now the shortened brand costs about 600 thousand dollars, but the used copy will cost three times cheaper.
Another famous envelope is associated with the Hawaiian missionaries. It has two Hawaiian stamps in denominations of 2 and 5 cents and two American three cents. According to legends in 1870, the envelope, along with other unnecessary papers, was thrown into the oven. However, he was tightly packed and managed to avoid the fire. Only one side of the envelope is burnt. The factory with the furnace was closed for as long as 35 years. Only when it was decided to restore one of the workers, connoisseurs of marks, discovered a unique envelope. In 1995, it was sold for $ 2.1 million.
In Switzerland, in 1878, a series of stamps of nine denominations was issued. The drawing on all was the same. Inside the blue circle with 22 stars (according to the number of cantons) there were nominal figures. The radiant star inside was absent on all stamps, except for one-centime. But it was discovered and the only brand worth 5 centimes, which has an unusual background for itself. It is extinguished by the stamp of one village. But the fame of the radiant star was brought by the fact that her strangeness was discovered only 101 years after the publication. When one London philatelist sorted his friend’s collection, he found a five-centimove with a radiant star. But this simply could not be! Long examinations have begun, which proved the authenticity of the brand. Collectors simply could not believe that such a long time no one knew about the existence of a rarity. There is a version that the sheet with “wrong” marks came to the village of Bissel. There almost no mail was used, so the remnants of the stamps were returned to the central department. And to replace them came a new release. And brands with non-standard pattern were not used. This explains the single copy of the find. A unique brand can not even be assessed objectively. In 1993, one of the catalogs indicated its cost of 300 thousand dollars. But there is no doubt that at the possible auction this bar will be exceeded.