For most people, snakes cause almost a sacred horror. And there is for that – some representatives are very poisonous. A bite can cause human death. Therefore, people are afraid of all snakes just in case. We will tell below about the most dangerous of their kinds.
In the north-east of Australia, the species Oxyuranus scutellatus lives. These snakes reach a length of 3.5 meters. Taipans have a very strong poison – in one bite it contains so much that enough for killing 100 people or 250 thousand mice. For one bite, it can stand out to the maximum of 100 mg of poison. The study of the taipan is covered with tragic stories. For a long time people could not catch this snake at all, scientists in their studies relied only on the legends of local natives. In 1867, however, a single copy of the taipan was found, according to which it was described. For 56 years, no new information about the snake has been reported. And after all, people urgently needed an antidote – every year in Australia from the bites of the taipan, more than 80 people died. June 28, 1950 began an important historical expedition. The young scientist Kevin Baden went to catch the taipan from Sydney. He managed to find a mysterious snake, but when he took her in his arms, she bit him by the finger. Baden failed to escape, but managed to deliver the snake to scientists for further study.
View Pseudechis australis received the nickname “Brown King”. This snake also lives in Australia, growing to 2.5-3 meters. Mulga is a very dangerous snake, as it produces a lot of poison. The average snake can allocate it at a time up to 150 mg. Mulgu can be found almost anywhere in Australia. Especially often the snake is met in the north and west of the mainland. Mulga does not live only in the states of Tasmania and Victoria. The snake chose for itself forests, meadows, deserts, pastures, abandoned burrows and deep cracks. But the rainforest mulge is not to the liking. The main food of the snake is other reptiles, including poisonous snakes, frogs, lizards. Can attack mulgas on birds and even mammals. The snake’s organism is very well suited for digesting other dangerous creatures, as a result their poison for mulga is harmless.
This species, called Bungarus candidus, is common in South Asia, Australia and the islands of the Malay Archipelago. The snake reaches a length of 1.5-2 meters, and a portion of its poison is enough to kill 10 people. Krayt prefers to spend time in dry places, in which there are many shelters for her – burrows, bushes, windmills. Often a snake penetrates into cultivated lands, into houses and yards. This is what caused the frequent contacts and attacks on people. Snakes not only cross the road to travelers, but also penetrate into locked dwellings and rooms, slipping into bathrooms and bedrooms, penetrating into the cupboards. The most common tape edge, or pama. It lives in the south of China, in India and Burma. All five and a half meter body of the snake is covered with alternating yellow and black rings. The poison of the kraut is so strong that even an adder, considered to be the most susceptible to many kinds of poison, can die from it. In the afternoon, meeting with the krai is almost safe, he is unlikely to attack. At this time, the snake is rather sluggish, it hides from the sun, slowly moving around. Even if it is disturbed, the kraut will not rush to the abuser, but prefer to crawl away and curl into the ring. The daily way of life and the multiplicity of the species facilitate frequent meetings with a person. But at night the kraits are completely different, they are extremely unfriendly. Snakes can attack, even if they are not threatened. The venom of the kraits is so strong that the bitten chicken dies after 15 minutes. The scientist Roussel studied the action of the poison of this snake. It turned out that 10 minutes after the bite, the dog began to twitch the wounded limb, lift it up. However, the dog could still stand. After another 5 minutes the dog lay down and began to bark. Less than half an hour after the bite, both hind legs were already paralyzed. During the second hour, paralysis only worsened, and breathing became difficult.By the end of the second hour the dog was dying.
The species Notechis scutatus lives in Australia, except for its northernmost regions, Tasmania and some islands on the southern coast of the country. The length of the snake reaches 1.5-2 meters. It is famous for the fact that among all the snakes living on the planet, it is her most powerful poison. Small animals from bites die very quickly, literally in a matter of seconds. The glands of the tiger snake contain so much venom to kill 400 people. It acts on the nervous system of the victim, leading to paralysis. The poison quickly reaches the nerve centers, which control the breathing and heartbeat. As a result, it stops, and the victim can not breathe. When the tiger snake is excited, it high raises the front part of its torso, while the head and neck become flat. Meeting with a tiger snake is a dangerous adventure. True, the locals try to calm the frightened tourists. In spite of all the danger of a tiger snake bite, she is also the most cowardly. She herself does not crawl specially in the house, she does not rush at people, avoiding them. The snake will attack only as a last resort and then, for the purpose of protection. It is a reptilian egg-living. The offspring are quite plentiful, up to 72 snakeheads can appear at once. A case is known where one fatal female was found with 109 embryos at autopsy.
Naja naja lives not only in India, but also in Burma, Afghanistan, southern China. You can meet this species in the south of Turkmenistan, right up to the Caspian Sea. The snake can reach a length of 1.4-1.81 meters. The legend of this cobra says that the Buddha once roamed the earth. And one day he fell asleep under the rays of the midday sun. Then a cobra appeared before him, which opened her shield and covered the face of the god from the heat. The Buddha gratefully promised his serpent for this, but soon forgot his word. Cobra soon reminded him of the promise, as the vultures began to attack her kinsmen. To enable the snake to defend itself, the Buddha bestowed on her glasses, which became a protection against birds of prey. In nature, the cobra prefers to bask in the sun before entering its dwelling. As soon as a person appears nearby, the snake quickly hides. She will attack very rarely, only in extreme cases defending himself from the attacker. The cobra venom acts neurotoxically. Complete paralysis from him comes in just a minute. The strength of the poison is such that the laboratory mouse dies after 2 minutes, and the chicken after 4. The truth of the cobra man tries not to bite without urgent need. Often the snake even makes only a false throw towards the enemy, without opening the mouth, but only frightening. However, angry cobra is not worth it. If she is near, beat her with a stick or throw something into it is impossible. After all, it can anger cobra, it can attack in self-defense.
The appearance of Echis carinatus in length usually does not exceed 70-80 centimeters. Efu can be found in the valleys and foothills of Central Asia, in the north of Africa. The bite of the efa becomes fatal for a person. Even if he survives, he will always remain an invalid. In Africa, the venom of this snake kills more people than from all other poisonous snakes combined. The favorite habitat of the Efa are the hilly sands, overgrown with saxaul. She also loves clay deserts, thickets of bushes, ruins and river cliffs. When conditions are favorable, the efa can be quite numerous. So in the valley of the Murgab River on an area of only 1.5 square kilometers. the serpents managed to obtain over 2 thousand such snakes in 5 years of hunting. Efa is a very interesting snake. She is very different from her cold-blooded brethren. If the winter is not cold, then the ef may not fall into a hibernation. These snakes can even mate in January. Already by March, there are little serpents. For most snakes, the offspring are born usually not earlier than summer. Ef also lays eggs, giving birth to small snakes alive.One female is able to breed 3-16 young heirs, which in length usually reach 10-16 centimeters. Although the efa is one of the most poisonous snakes, the objects of its hunting are not large. The main prey of a snake does not exceed the size of a mouse – grasshoppers, spiders, centipedes. Perhaps this is due to the fact that the efa is quite mobile and can not, like its other relatives, just lie in the sun. But it is peace that is needed for digesting large prey. Efa usually moves sideways. Thus the head is thrown aside, then the posterior part of the trunk is taken forward, and the front part is pulled up. This method of motion is very effective when moving on a free-flowing surface. At the same time, there is a characteristic trace on the sand – oblique strips with curved endings. Rarely, but the efa still creeps into human dwellings. The last time such cases were recorded in Egypt. So you have to be cautious, visiting abandoned houses or ruins in those parts. In 1987, three children found the nest of the ephah in an old empty house. All curious kids died from snake bites, disturbing the hiding family. The snake just barely gave birth and began to protect its offspring. Save the children failed, because the poison acted very quickly. Usually, with a bite, a first aid measure is the suction of venom from the wound. So you can remove from the body of a significant part of the poison. Extrude the poison with your fingers and suck it off can be done within the first 7-10 minutes after the bite. Such a measure is absolutely safe for people who commit this. But the tourniquet does not make sense, because it does not prevent the absorption of poison.
Micrurus has a length of 0.6-2.5 meters in length. He lives in Australia, in North Africa, Argentina, Brazil and the West Indies. Aspid is famous for his extremely aggressive character. The poison of the snake acts lightning fast, leading to the death of a person in just 7 minutes. The most common types of aspides are common, coral and Egyptian. The latter is the most poisonous of its kind. The death of a person from a bite comes in 5 minutes. The average length of such a snake is 2 meters. Its coloring Egyptian aspid looks like a spectacle snake. Curiously, scientists suggest the ability of a snake not only to poison bite, but also spit out poisonous saliva for a distance of up to one and a half meters. Ordinary sapidum lives in Australia and New Guinea. It is smaller in length – up to one and a half meters. And his temper is unfriendly. The snake attacks everyone who gets in its way, whether it be a man or an animal. From the bite of an ordinary aspidum also die quickly, moreover, in terrible agony. If the aspid is going to attack, then the chances to be saved are quite small. Traveler Anderson told me that he once collected herbs. Suddenly a snake, unnoticed by it, was about to pounce on a man and bite his hand. Without thinking twice, Anderson rushed to run away. The snake also did not think to lag behind, practically having overtaken the person. Saved his ditch, where the fugitive, stumbling, fell. The snake in its rage and did not notice the loss of the persecuted, slipping past. Scientists have a vaccine against aspidov. But there is little point in it, because the poison acts very quickly. For those 7 minutes that are allotted to a person, it is simply impossible to introduce an antidote to it. The statistics states that out of 10 bitten, eight can not be saved.
The species Dispholidus typus is found in the south and south-west of Africa. Its length is 0.5-3 meters. The poison of a boomsang is twice as dangerous as a viper or an Indian cobra. The front teeth on the upper jaw of the snake have a groove. There is a poison that flows during the bite. It is very toxic. Upon entering the bloodstream, the poison immediately begins to destroy the cells. In experiments after a bite of a bumpling, the ducks died within 15 minutes, and paralysis began a minute later. In 1957, there was a well-known tragic event. Then a famous American zoologist, a specialist in reptiles Carl Paterson Schmidt died from the biting of a bumsy. He tried to grab a snake in order to study it in the future.However, the boomslap was able to dodge the man’s hands and bite him. Dying, the scientist continued to observe, describing his condition. Over the past 5 years, the boomsangs have caused the death of 23 people. For comparison – vipers for the same period killed twice, and cobra – three times more people. With a bumpling, as with any other snake, you should be as cautious as possible. It should not be approached close to her, anger her and make sharp movements. The snake becomes aggressive and attacks only through the fault of the person himself. Usually the snake, after seeing people, prefers to hide itself. The rules of communication with her are simple – do not touch her, and she will not touch you.
South Africa is home to a species of snakes Dendroaspis angusticeps, reaching a length of one and a half meters. The poison of the mamba is very toxic, surpassing in its power even the poison of some cobras. To attack this snake can unexpectedly, for no apparent reason and without warning. In this case it is very difficult to escape from the mamba. In addition, the poison acts so quickly that doctors even when in place do not have time to enter the antidote. About delivery to the hospital for the introduction of medicine and speech can not be. The green mamba is very beautiful. Scales on her body shimmer emerald green color, it contains shades of yellow and blue. Mambs like to jump from tree branches by the collar of clothes. Getting it out quickly is pretty hard. While a man is busy, the snake manages to inflict its poisonous bite. To notice the green mamb in the thick of the leaves is quite difficult. Therefore, being in the habitats of such a snake, one must observe not only the animals that swarm in the grass, but also look at the trees. If a green mamba is seen among the leaves, it is better not to take risks, but to bypass this place.
The species Vipera lebetina lives in the north of Africa, in Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, North-West India. This snake also occurs in Dagestan. Gyurza reaches a length of one and a half meters. The snake is deadly dangerous. Let the antidote and invented, it often just does not have time to introduce the victim. According to statistics, every fifth of the bitten people dies. When the poison enters the blood, it begins to destroy the red blood cells, causing coagulability of the blood. As a result, numerous internal hemorrhages, blockages of blood vessels are formed, and edema appears in the bite area. All this is accompanied by a sharp pain, a person begins to feel dizzy, vomiting occurs. A bitten person needs emergency help, otherwise he will die in 2-3 hours. The number of gyurzes is quite large. One hectare can accommodate up to 5 snakes. In this case, often gyurzes gather in groups. There were cases when, under a small stone, 20 of these snakes were found at once. Gyurza is by nature very slow, preferring to lie under a stone or in the sun. However, this behavior is peculiar to her, if nothing snakes do not threaten. And he does not pursue prey, but prefers to wait in one place. But the slowness and slowness of the snake is only an appearance. In case of danger, Gyurza starts moving quickly, including trees. Usually the snake tries as soon as possible to hide in the nearest shelter. Do not stop her at such a moment. Gyurza begins to sizzle menacingly, after which she can make a sharp throw all over the body in the direction of the enemy.