Roads have become an integral part of our lives, allowing us to comfortably travel from one point to another. Today it is even difficult to imagine what they were like in antiquity? Meanwhile, archaeologists say that these were oak and ash-tree crossbeams, on which lay decking. This is exactly what the oldest road in the world looked like. Humanity quickly realized the advantage of creating such a network, by the first century it existed throughout Europe and Asia.
Since the XVI century in France, a special department for the construction of roads and bridges began to operate. The end of the XVIII century was marked by the use of piling in the road surface. Stones in the form of cones were placed side by side on a sandy or soil basis. Roads of this type proved to be strong and durable.
However, the road network developed so quickly that a new kind of coverage was required. They became asphalt, which first appeared on the sidewalks of the Royal Bridge in Paris in the 30s of the XIX century. For today in the world exists already about 25 million kilometers of roads. Only in spite of the classic coverage already, some of them are very dangerous. Drivers are even afraid to go there. We will tell below about the most dangerous roads in the world.
Karakorum Highway (Pakistan – China).
The glory of this route is based on the fact that it is the highest mountain in the world. Not surprisingly, this implies an increased danger. The road passes between the Chinese Kashgar and Pakistani Islamabad. Its total length is 1300 kilometers. The road began to be built in 1966, its route coincided with the part of the Great Silk Road. For road construction in complex devices it took 21 years. At the same time, the cost of works amounted to 3 billion dollars. At the construction site, about 25,000 workers and engineers were involved, and a thousand people were killed. Traveling along the Karakoram road is fraught with a number of dangers. First of all, it is worth noting the site, which lies in the states of Jamm and Kashmir. They have been a stumbling block between India and Pakistan for 60 years, so they often shoot. It is worth noting that there is practically no road surface on the highway. On 10 kilometers of the road an average of about 30-40 meters of the asphalted section. Drivers should also be afraid of stone blockages in the passes and avalanches.
The road of Hurghada – Luxor (Egypt).
Luxor is known as one of the most popular tourist sites in an ancient country. Here from the resort of Hurghada there is a 280-kilometer route. Buses with tourists pass this distance in 4-5 hours. It’s amazing that the highway is considered quite dangerous. After all, there is quite a smooth road surface, but there are no deep holes and potholes at all. Nevertheless, accidents involving tourist buses occur regularly. The main culprits are Egyptian drivers – they constantly violate the rules of the road and do not pay attention to the markup. On the road often there are bandits, so even at night drivers prefer not to include lights. Security is hardly adding. The road is under the close attention of terrorists. So, in 1997, Islamists killed 62 tourists from Germany.
Canning Stock Route (Australia).
Australia is a sparsely populated continent, less living only in Antarctica. It’s no wonder that the roads here are quite crowded. Among them is the Canning Stock Route, which runs from north to east through the Lesser Sand Desert. The length of the road is 1,850 kilometers, it was built in 1906 for the distillation of livestock. The fact is that at the beginning of the last century the cattlemen of the north of the country seized monopoly access to the supply of meat for gold mines. To create competition, the authorities decided to build a road along which farmers from the east of the country could move the cattle for sale. Construction took 4 years, the most difficult task at the same time was the equipment of wells throughout the road.Today, the highway is no longer in demand for initial purposes, and tourists are mostly tourists. The whole journey takes about 3 weeks. Preliminary need to stock up fuel and provisions, because in the way there will be few places where you can refill supplies. For help it is necessary to address to aborigines. Traveling on a deserted road through the wild can bring any surprises.
Dalton Highway (USA).
This track is the most-most in several categories. First of all, it should be mentioned that it is the most isolated. On the highway at 667 kilometers there are only three villages with a total population of 60 people. Also this road is the most snow-covered. After all, it is in Alaska, where the snow can fall even in the summer. The road cover of the road in winter is completely covered with snow. The route runs along the Trans-Alaska oil pipeline, crosses the Arctic Circle and enters the permafrost territory. All travel guides and tourist sites emphasize that the Dalton Highway is very dangerous and difficult. Some car rental companies even specifically prohibit traveling on this road even in rental contracts. And those who still decide to ride on the road, you should expect only a partially asphalted cover, mostly soil. In addition, there are many steep descents and ascents.
Any decent guide to Norway mentions this road. It is one of the few tracks that has even its own website on the Internet. The road is considered to be one of the most “fabulous”. Even its name translates as “ladder of trolls”. It passes through the mountain “Kolpak Troll”, past the shelter “Trolley Hut”, there is even a “Church of the Trolls” on the way. To build this fabulous road began at the end of the XIX century, however, difficult weather conditions and mountainous terrain dragged on the work until 1936. And opened this mountain serpentine with 11 steep hinges personally King of Norway Haakon VII, which gave the name of the road. In winter, it will not be possible to drive there – the track is closed, so it’s better to plan a trip for it in spring or summer. And it will be better if the driver is an experienced driver. After all, in some places the width of the road is only 3.3 meters, which makes the maneuvers extremely difficult.
Tuktoyaktuk Road (Canada).
It is already common for residents of the Canadian village of Tuktoiak and the town of Yuvik that the road between them exists only in the cold season. The fact is that in the winter the Mackenzie River freezes, which thus forms the way for Tuktoyaktuk. It is the icyest in the world – the thickness of the ice is up to 2 meters. The village of Tuktoiak itself is the most northern settlement in the country, being located beyond the Arctic Circle. It is curious that Tuktoyaktuk Road is a road quite officially, so that special services are following its state. They give permission to start the operation of the road. For this purpose, measurements of the thickness of the ice cover are constantly carried out. At the end of the road season, this service makes a decision on the termination of traffic. Nevertheless, despite the constant control of the authorities, accidents happen here. Drivers are facing a lot of dangers. It can be polar snowstorms, as well as cracks in ice and snow drifts.
Col de Turini (France).
This unsafe road lies in the French Alps, it is not accidentally called one of the most driverial in the world. It is located at an altitude of 1500 meters and stretches for 30 kilometers. On the road there are 34 turns, and there are practically no long straight segments. The sinuous section of this highway is part of the Monte Carlo rally. Up to 2002, there was also a “Night of Long Knives”. With the onset of dark races began, the light from the headlight cut the darkness in the mountains. Experienced racers on sports cars cross the road in 10 minutes, but ordinary drivers spend about this hour.After all, cars drive along the highway slowly one after another, because in some sections the width is only 3.3 meters. Overtaking here is quite rare – on one side of the road are steep cliffs, and on the other – the abyss. At the same time it often rains, which makes the asphalt very slippery. As a result, there are accidents and departures from the road.
Stelvio Pass (Italy).
This road is considered one of the most meandering in the world. “Queen of Zigzags” is at an altitude of 2500 meters. And paved it in 1820-1825, when it was required to connect Lombardy with the rest of Italy. Up to the end of the First World War, the road also played the role of the border between Austria-Hungary and Italy. The mountain route rises to the pass of Prato, which is at an altitude of 2757 meters. To get here you need to overcome 48 pins and 60 steep turns. And this is despite the fact that the road itself literally slips between sheer cliffs and a precipice. Today the journey by the highway is open only from July to September. But in winter there is another transport here – sports sledges. But even in a calm summer time the trip can become very nervous. After all, in the driver’s way there may be a cloud, or there will be an icy rain that will make the asphalt a slippery roller.
Guoliang Road (China).
The Chinese say that this road does not forgive mistakes. Nevertheless, tourists are constantly coming here. Another 40 years of the track did not exist at all. The unfortunate inhabitants of the village of Golian were forced to get to the outside world on a risky stone staircase. But in 1972 the locals decided to change the situation. They began to work their way through the mountain on their own. The works took 5 years, the 1200-meter tunnel was opened on May 1, 1977. On this narrow road, not even two cars leave, so they usually ride a bicycle. The danger is represented by windows, which for illumination are cut through during the route. There are cases when cars flew into the cliffs through them. So people with claustrophobia to ride on this route is not recommended.
North Yungas Road (Bolivia).
The very nickname of this route – “The Road of Death”, sounds pretty eloquent. The highway lies in the mountains of the Bolivian province of Yungas, connecting the capital with the north of the country. And her nickname is connected with the incident that happened here in 1999. Then a car with eight tourists from Israel fell into the abyss. And in 1983 the most terrible accident occurred in the history of the country. Then the bus, which was more than 100 people, fell into a steep canyon. So far, every year on the road, 200-300 people are dying, while dozens of cars are torn to the ravines. Here from accidents are most often encountered head-on collisions. The width of the roadway all along the road does not exceed 3.5 meters. There are areas where there are no places for two cars to meet. Even in the wider places, this happens almost over the precipice. The most complicated road situation is aggravated by the fact that landslides and dense fogs are constantly encountered here. When the rainy season begins in Bolivia, the track becomes a real marsh. It also happens that some parts of the water are washed off completely.