Our planet has a rich fauna. There is a huge number of the most diverse insects, mammals, reptiles and other living things. A person in the middle of this kingdom feels like a lord, but nature periodically makes it clear that this is not so. Around us there are many living beings that are mortal danger to humans. With far from all of our main enemies, we also represent. That’s why we should talk about the most dangerous animal creatures on the planet.
African elephant. Who is the real king of the jungle? At all, and not a lion. In fact, this elephant is a strong and powerful beast, the largest of all, living on land. Harmless at first glance, the herbivore does not even have a single natural enemy, although this role is successfully played by a man. Elephants seem to us harmless, but such familiarity usually occurs in the zoo or in the circus. In conditions of wild nature this animal is mortally dangerous for anyone who approaches it closer than a distance of half a kilometer. However, do not think that the elephant will certainly attack anyone who is close. A large animal will carefully observe the moving object without attacking it. But if the elephant feels threatened, then he immediately enters into a fight. In addition, these giants have excellent vision, hearing and smell, which allows them to see their enemy in advance. Adults can smell for 1600 meters. And the sizes of elephants do not prevent them from being excellent runners. They can accelerate to a speed of 40 km / h, keeping it at a distance of up to 100 meters.
If one of the representatives gets sick or is wounded in the herd, other relatives will be next to him until he recovers or dies. This situation is used by poachers. As a result, the elephant is among the five most desired animals for hunters on the Black Continent. In this case, some authorities even issue an official permit for the killing of a large animal. There will be such a trophy for a hunter of 50 thousand dollars. True permission is given for the murder of an old elephant, who will soon die by his death. And the money will go to the conservation fund.
In general, the amazing strength and power of elephants is known to man for a long time. That is why large animals were used even in hostilities. But do not assume that elephants – just a pile of muscles. These are very intelligent creatures, whose brain weighs as much as 5 kilograms. The level of development of elephants is comparable even with some primates. Hyperagression in these animals occurs during the mating period. In the nuptial period, testosterone is excreted 60 times more than usual, which makes males extremely irritable. In addition, between the individuals is also a struggle for primacy. Males are already in a bad mood, and they still need to prove their right to mating. As a result, elephants injure each other. At such a time on the way the herd is better not to come across. There are cases when furious elephants trampled to death the hunters and participants of the safari.
The danger of this beast lies in its dexterity, strength and speed. Although the tiger is on average and larger than a lion, it is this creature who calls the king of beasts. This is the most intelligent cat, the only one that hunts in a pack. Such collectivism allows lions to kill prey that is more than themselves at times. Once the victim is appointed, the lions in ambush wait for a convenient moment. Predators quickly attack their prey, while trying to quickly knock it down. This avoids a long chase.
The weight of the lion averages 180 kg, ranging from 150 to 250 kg. It seems that such a mass does not allow the predator to move quickly. However, on hunting, lions can overcome 100-meter distances with a speed of up to 80 km / h. These cats can jump over 12-meter abysses, jumping up to a height of 4 meters. There were cases when males jumped over a high fence, even with heavy prey in their teeth.
The main enemy of lions is the hyena. The relationship between animals is quite complicated, impregnated with hostility, and even hatred. In the struggle for extraction, there can be both single and group skirmishes. Although in cartoons and children’s fairy tales the lion appears as a kind and fair king of beasts, in life everything is completely different. This predator is very dangerous, including for humans. There are cases when whole lion prides attacked safari jeeps with tourists. Sly animals even bored the tires of cars to immobilize them. The man came up with how to protect himself from aggressive lions. Guides include audio recordings with elephant sounds, thus repelling large cats.
There are a lot of testimonies about cannibal lions in history. Although hunting for lions is prohibited, these monsters are allowed to kill. The most famous murders occurred in 1898 in Kenya. There from March to December, bloodthirsty lions killed 135 railway employees. In this case, the animals were huge, at a length of more than 3 meters. To kill them, it took 8 shots from the rifle of Lee-Enfield. Jellyfish “sea wasp”.
This is the most poisonous creature living in the sea. Most of our planet is hidden by water. In the sea depths, many deadly creatures also hide. Marine life was born three billion years ago, becoming home to many animals, including deadly to humans. One such enemy is the Chironex fleckeri jellyfish, or the sea wasp.
Its weight fluctuates around 2 kilograms. Dimensions of the dome of a jellyfish are comparable to a basketball. The length of 15 tentacles reaches 3 meters. Dimensions of the creature do not inspire much danger, and in fact its poison is enough to kill 60 people. A dangerous substance is concentrated in the tentacles. Any slightest touch to the skin of a person or other creature immediately leads to the appearance of a severe burn. Medusa secretes a substance that exerts on the body at once three types of effects – the skin is destroyed, the nervous system is paralyzed and the heart stops. The embrace of the “sea wasp” kill a person in 3 minutes, that’s what it takes to stop the heart from beating.
At night, the jellyfish rest, hiding in the seabed. In the afternoon, she goes on a hunt, stalking small fish and shrimp. It is interesting that dangerous creatures are not afraid of turtles. After all, those are so dense armor that poisonous tentacles simply do not work. And for the turtles themselves, jelly-like creatures are a treat.
I must say that the deadly danger to the victim of jellyfish is if someone gets confused in her tentacles. This is not so difficult, since the dome itself, like the tentacles in the water column, is not noticeable. Having escaped from the deadly embrace, the victim has every chance to survive. People who have suffered a jellyfish sting say that the pain from a burn is simply unbearable. Rescuers even say that in the case of a significant jellyfish contact with the limb, it is easier to cut off than to suffer infernal pain. And you can meet the “sea wasps” along the northern coast of Australia, in Malaysia and the Philippines. Since 1884, this jellyfish killed more than 70 people, mostly residents of Australia.
Inside the Taipan.
This creature is the most poisonous on the planet. Inland taipan is also called a cruel snake. You can not confuse him with a colleague by family, a coastal taipan. The most dangerous snake in the world has a poison, more than 180 times the poison of a cobra. Only 44 mg of this substance is enough to kill 100 people or 250 thousand mice. Lives in the internal Taipan in central Australia, in eastern Queensland. Outwardly, the snake is not particularly large, adult individuals on average reach a size of 1.9 meters. At the same time, the maximum record for this creature is 2.5 meters. These snakes, in contrast to their coastal counterparts, are shunned and do not attack first. Snakes prefer to live in old abandoned burrows or deep cracks. The victims of the dangerous taipan turned out to be so by accident, simply by touching them by carelessness. The number of deaths associated with this snake is small.It lives in remote places, where there are no large factories, no settlements. And Taipan feeds on small rodents. So that they die faster, the hunter stings his prey several times. Taipan does not wait for the painful death of his prey, finishing it off right away.
On average, during the bite, the snake injects 44 milligrams of poison, although the lethal dose is 30 micrograms per kilogram of body weight. As a result, one bite of a dangerous snake can kill a victim weighing up to 1.5 tons. By the name of the creature, his poison was given the name “taipoksin.” It is one of the most powerful toxins known to scientists. Influencing the body, it destroys the connections between the brain and muscles, which ends in paralysis. Because of the refusal of the muscles of the respiratory organs, they stop working, and strangulation occurs. The antidote, however, will be effective if introduced within a few minutes after a dangerous bite. Herpetologists believe that if it were not for his poison, Taipan could become an excellent pet of domestic terrariums. This is facilitated by the non-aggressive character store of the snake.
A person knows how to manifest literally animal anger, becoming the main enemy of his own species. Make sure of this by simply reconsidering the story. People developed numerous wars that led to disasters in the economy, social sphere and ecology. The result of all this was numerous human victims. There was even a unique profession – a military one. These people are actually figuring out how best to destroy their own kind. And we pay for it, actually approving mass and targeted killings.
Mankind has learned to cover up its bloody activities with lofty words. They talk about the execution of orders, about justified killing, neutralization of the enemy. But the fact remains, man is the only living being that can revenge, hate, manifest sadism.
The saddest thing is that many of the mortal tools of man were invented for quite peaceful purposes. Chinese alchemists accidentally invented gunpowder, trying to find the secret of longevity. Unusual powder was originally used for entertainment, creating fireworks, but then people learned to kill with gunpowder. When the Wright brothers came up with their own aircraft, they did it clearly not to make their way to the territory of other countries and shoot people there. Nobody even imagined the possibility of transferring war to heaven. Scientific development of Tesla formed the basis for the creation of the “Rays of Death”, and Einstein’s development served as a source for the creation of an atomic bomb.
Of course, in the history of mankind there was a place for truly peaceful representatives – Jesus, Indira Gandhi, Martin Luther King. But the strength of their words each time was not enough to stop people-killers, who continue to destroy all life in their path.
These mosquitoes kill quite a few people. Although they have a tiny size, their harmlessness is deceptive. Indeed, among all the small insects, it is the mosquitoes that are responsible for the greatest number of human lives. The mosquito is not dangerous until the moment of its bite, so an alert person can have time to destroy his potential killer.
The danger of mosquito bites lies in the possibility of contracting an infection. The fact is that mosquitoes suffer many dangerous and even fatal diseases. These are malaria, various fevers. Virus of the Western Nile, lymphatic filariasis, tularemia. A special place in this list is malaria. This is one of the most dangerous diseases carried by such insects. Even in the conditions of timely treatment, about 20% of the sick people die.
Mosquitoes are killed not only through the transfer of infections. In the south of the Sahara and in the outbacks of Australia, seasonal floods occur. There are excellent conditions for reproduction and growth of a large number of mosquitoes. As a result, up to a billion individuals are united in terrible flocks.A huge swarm of mosquitoes attacks cows and camels, insects literally in 10 minutes completely suck all the blood out of the unfortunate animal.
This killing machine is one of the most perfect, created by nature. As already mentioned, the depths of the ocean are home to many dangerous creatures. Even against the background of poisonous and toothed organisms, the shark clearly stands out. This predator has no natural enemies, except, perhaps, his own larger brethren. Curiously, the largest shark, the whale, feed exclusively on plankton, krill and small fish.
The most dangerous is the white shark. It is about her story tells the famous thriller of Steven Spielberg’s “Jaws.” Sea assassins can reach a length of 6 meters and weigh 2.5 tons. Their speed is up to 50 km / h. For example, the fastest swimmer in the world, Michael Phelps swims 8 times slower. The shark also has an excellent sense of smell. Thus, their sense of smell compensates for a weak vision. The smell of a drop of blood shark can feel for 8 kilometers. The danger of predators is also that they are almost always hungry. These large fish are also very strong. The largest individuals have the bite force of 1800 kilograms, and for one bite they are able to eat just 14 kilograms of flesh.
Sharks are generally quite interesting creatures that possess a lot of amazing qualities. One thing is the electroreception of what is worth. In the head of a predator there are special capsules of Lorenzini. Each movement of the body in the water leads to the appearance of a small electric field, and the shark can calculate this. Sensitive sharks allow it to determine the voltage of one billion volts. Thus, beats of the human heart in water the predator will hear from a distance of 100 meters. African buffalo (black buffalo).
The danger of a buffalo lies in its immense power and unpredictable behavior in conjunction with an unruly evil character. These wild animals kill more than 200 people each year with their hoofs and horns. According to the number of casualties among land animals, buffaloes are second only to crocodiles and hippopotamuses, overtaking even such recognized killers as lions and leopards.
Buffalo is quite a welcome catch for hunters. Together with a lion, an elephant, a rhinoceros and a leopard, he makes up a big five of African animals. However, hunting for a buffalo is a complex and dangerous exercise. After all, the animal is not just quick-tempered and violent, it is also very intelligent and cunning. Buffaloes are able to deceive the people waiting for them, they bypass them and hide in the bush. Then, from their ambush, these cloven-hoofed animals attack unconcerned hunters. Buffaloes can pretend to be dead to allow a potential victim close to them.
Although the buffalo skin is not as thick as the elephant’s, hunting still uses a large caliber with a bullet weight of 23-32 grams. Especially the animal does not even try to consider its victim and goes on the attack immediately, without delay. The hunter has a few seconds left for the accurate shot. If the buffalo is not killed immediately, but wounded, then its behavior will be particularly unpredictable and aggressive. So the best way to avoid the attacks of the African buffalo is not to meet at all on his way. Even in a car, a person can not feel safe. Adult bulls with their huge horns easily turn over jeeps, vans and even trucks. And do not expect to escape from the enraged buffalo, the male can accelerate to a speed of 65 km / h.
This creation is dangerous for its highest toxicity. Clostridium Botulinum is a spore-forming rod that produces botulinum toxin. This makes it possible to call the creature one of the most dangerous on the planet. After all, one teaspoon of this poison is enough to kill the entire population of the United States. Four kilos of botulinum toxin in general is enough to destroy the whole of mankind. The action of this poison is similar to the action of the poison of the taipan.A wand of botulism leads to paralysis of the diaphragm, the connection between the muscles and the brain is lost, asphyxia begins.
And this bacterium is found on all continents, it lives in the ground. She does not like salty sea water, she exists in conditions of the heat of the Sahara and the cold of Antarctica. The microorganism can adapt to any environmental conditions. From infection, a person saves gastric juice, which stops the development of the bacterium and kills it. If the spores began to grow, then it will be rather difficult to stop them. Even a 10-minute boil can hardly remove these bacteria. Optimal conditions for the development of the botulinum wand are cold canning. If food is contaminated, only one bite can lead to infection and death within one day. Immunity does not have botulism for a person, nor for any known living creatures on Earth. One gram per kilogram of body weight of a spore-bearing rod is sufficient. To guarantee botulism and in the future a lethal outcome. So, an adult elephant weighing 5.5 tons will die in 3 days with only 0.005454 mg of this poison consumed. African nomadic ants.
These insects themselves do not represent a danger, but in their mass they become the lethal weapon of nature. Africa in general is a dangerous place for a person, there is still a lot of natural threats for us. Among the dangerous fanged and clawed creatures, the nomadic ants of Siafu do not stand out particularly. These insects are medium in size for ants, they do not even have eyes. But some of them have wings. On the ground they are guided by their sense of smell. Even the nests of Siafu do not, they lead a nomadic life. Their anthills are just temporary houses. Insects hunt any invertebrates that only meet them on the way. In one colony there are up to 50 million nomadic ants. It is difficult to imagine that 5-centimeter insects are so dangerous for any animals. However, when it comes to the colony, this is the case. Nomads live in central and eastern Africa, having chosen savannas and jungles. The residence of the colony changes every few years, the temporary nest is abandoned in search of better and richer territories.
When these ants begin to move, they form the original columns. At the same time, soldiers protect workers from danger. The danger of ants is that they are also poisonous. During the bite, a toxic substance is released, although it does not have enough strength to kill a large animal. The main weapon of nomadic ants are their jaws. They are so powerful that they can even bite the thick skin of a rhinoceros. But a multimillion army of these insects can feel the enemy at a distance of 25 meters, which will happen as a result of the attack – it’s hard to imagine.
If an ant is attacked by a person, it can still be discarded and trampled. But with the colony to fight is useless. In addition, the nomads are quite clever and even cunning. If they start using a flamethrower against them, they will begin to skirt around the fire, or they will just stop, waiting for the end of the attack. Then the ants will attack again. You can escape from them only by flight. Although Siafu and can overcome any creature that they fell on the road, they can not run fast. The victim will be an animal that can not escape from the hordes of nomads. So sick or wounded beings become the prey of ants. For a month the colony is able to absorb the carcass of an elephant to bare bones. At the same time, no one dares to approach their extraction, except that bacteria.
Even the water can not stop the ant attack. Other species of ants would stop chasing the prey that hid in the water, however the Siafu species is implacable. Adult individuals can hold their breath under water for 3 minutes, all this time they are still able to bite the victim with their powerful jaws. When ants hunt small insects, they either eat them to death, or they kill with their poison.If, however, a large animal becomes the object of the persecution, Siafu with its entire colony either eats it, or makes it into the lungs, making death truly painful.