In nature, the quickest and the strongest usually win. However, being a predator is not so easy. After all, the prosecution of the extraction takes so much time and effort, besides, not all attempts are successful. Predators can waste time, may be wounded or even killed by their potential victim. It is not surprising that some animals prefer to act in other, roundabout, more cunning ways.
As a result, there are animals with highly developed specialized and incredible abilities. Their adaptation to the environment allows deceiving their victims. They do not even suspect the danger that lurked very close. When the victim discovers his killer, it becomes too late. We will tell below about some of the most amazing living beings-deceivers created by nature.
In Mexico and Central America, there is a snake called the cantile. It looks like an American copper viper. The cantil bite is very poisonous, as a result of it a hemorrhage is formed, kidney failure is possible. If the victim does not provide urgent medical assistance within a few hours, she will die. Wise snakes prefer to protect their poison exclusively for prey. They feed on small animals, including birds, frogs, lizards and even some mammals. The cantilever is not as quick as a cobra – it has a heavy and short body that does not allow it to quickly chase prey. Therefore, nature has awarded such a snake a cunning gift, which helps to lure victims into its trap. The cantilep on the tail has a whitish or bright yellow tip. Moving them, the snake imitates a wriggling worm. This bait easily deceives small animals, which are suitable for the role of the victim. It remains only to let the naive hunters get closer and put their deadly poison into action. A similar trick is used by some other snakes, but it is this viper – the most famous deceiver of them. Tortoise with crocodile jaws.
Few can imagine a dangerous predator in a turtle. Meanwhile, in North America, an animal lives in fresh water, which reaches a weight of 100 kilograms. Griffin Turtle has chosen rivers, lakes and swamps for themselves, mainly in the Mississippi Basin. An animal can not pursue its prey, but it has claws and a sharp jaw. To catch their own victims, this tortoise uses cunning hunting techniques. The predator is motionless in the water, reminding of a safe rock from the side. The turtles are wide open. The tongue has a fleshy bright red appendage that resembles a worm. He wriggles, luring the fish to him. Those are trying to grab prey, getting instead themselves into the powerful jaws of a turtle. This tricky technique works best at daylight, when production can see bait well. At night, the turtle switches to another type of hunting – any slow creatures or even carrion enter its mouth. Bearded Shark.
This shark is one of the most interesting in its family. She comes from Australia, that’s where she got her nickname “wobbegong”, which means a shaggy beard. Unlike most of its relatives, this predator moves slowly and can not pursue its prey. The shark prefers to lie still on the seabed. This is facilitated by their successful protective coloration, which helps to hide both from other predators and potential victims. Around the jaws of the predator are the fleshy appendages, which look like a beard. They give a double benefit. The silhouette of the shark is further softened against the background of the bottom, masking improves. And small fish are interested in such formations, they swim to the reach of the predator. But one of the varieties of the bearded shark uses a different cunning technique, more active. In fact, these are the same actions as the viper mentioned above. The shark snaps its tail, deceiving small fish and trapping them.The bearded predator is very flexible, it can turn around in a few moments. Any fish that has become interested in snapping its tail in seconds becomes prey. In addition, the tail is unusual – it has a slight fork on the tip and a dark spot, similar to the eye. The bait is very similar to fish. A bearded shark reaches 3.5 meters in length, but people need not be afraid of it – we are simply not interested in it.
Deep under water there lives a fish known for its terrible appearance and strange reproductive skills. The sea line is the most famous predator, which uses bait for hunting. Curiously, this method is peculiar only to females. As a bait is a modified spine. It protrudes just above the mouth of a predator, like a fisherman’s hook. At the end of this formation, there is an organ that looks like an onion. It houses fluorescent bacteria that, like a firefly, generate a blue-green light. The skin of the terrible fish does not reflect the blue light, but absorbs it. As a result, only the hook itself can be seen in the water column, while the sea itself remains invisible. The bait attracts fish, but as soon as they approach the fire, a predator jumps out of the darkness and swallows the prey. Interestingly, the sea features so flexible bones and stomach that it can swallow prey twice as much!
Such a snake was found in Southeast Asia. Its habitat is water, and the food is fish. The main feature of such a creature is the strange fleshy tentacles on the head. The shoots are very sensitive, with the help of the snake catches any movement in the water, attacking the fish that is near. Another interesting feature of the predator is the incredible speed of its attack. To capture prey it takes only 15 milliseconds. But fish have strong defensive reflexes, so even speed does not always help to succeed. That’s why the snake uses cunning tricks to make the prey move towards it. Feeling the approach of the fish, the curved serpent begins to sway slightly with its body. The fish immediately rushes, but this is exactly what the snake expects, quickly turning his head so that the fish floats to her mouth.
If the predators mentioned use bodily features as a bait, then the green heron does not have such an advantage. But the clever and quick-witted bird learned to hunt for fish with the help of improvised means. In order to attract fish, the bird leaves on the surface of the water something edible or interesting. Small fish swim closer to eat or just watch, and immediately fall into the bird’s beak. This technique is not inherent in all green herons, only the cleverest. These cunning people even experiment with different kinds of baits. Some herons steal from the ducks the bread they are fed by people, and then use it for their hunting. Other birds use small fishes as a bait, thereby gaining the opportunity to catch larger ones. As green herons learned to fish with bait, no one knows. Some scientists believe that such a skill these birds adopted from humans. Perhaps herons are just very observant, having learned to use the fact that small fishes flock around any object that has fallen into the water. In any case, this behavior is not instinctive, which makes the green heron an intelligent and cunning predator.
Bugs-hunters, as it is not strange for us, are one of the most deadly insect-hunters. Let them not very fast, but in their arsenal there are many different ingenious ways of hunting. Some bedbugs disguise themselves as ants, thus obtaining an excellent opportunity to hunt them. Others use disguise to hide in ambush from their victim. Among the amazing bug-hunting hunters are those that feed on spiders.When a hunter finds a cobweb, then with his paws he begins to swing it, sending impulses similar to the vibrations of the victim who has fallen into the net. The spider decides that it is time to regale his prey, but he falls into the clutches of a predator. Cheating is cruel to its surprise.
These animals, also known as coats, belong to the family of raccoons and are common in Latin America. Female and young usually live in large groups, but males prefer to live alone. Animals feed mainly on worms, fruits, insects and bird eggs. However, the noses have strong claws and large canines, which enables them to hunt even in larger animals. It is not accidental that the cat is the favorite dish – the green iguana. This large lizard lives on trees, which contributes to its deception. Coats in their hunting use group deception with subsequent capture. Some individuals of the noses are climbing a tree, scaring the iguana. The lizard jumps down, where it is already waiting for another group of predators. To a great regret, the iguanas, they have the instinct to jump to the ground from the tree whenever there is a danger. Thus, the coach’s trick becomes, although simple, but very effective.
Fighting fireflies for survival.
Everyone knows the ability of fireflies to produce light. This bioluminescence is a means of communication of insects and an opportunity to attract attention. So, the fireflies Photinus, have differences between females and males. Female individuals have short wings, unlike their males they can not fly. When the mating season comes, the males begin to glow and blink to attract females. Those in response flare up too. Each species has its own unique glow, which helps them to easily find each other. But the fireflies Photuris more cunning. Their females mimic the glow of females Photinus, attracting foreign males. When they fly to the call of love, they are attacked by a strange female and eats poor fireflies. Female Photuris, called fatal females, thanks to this ability, not only food, but also protection. After all, the Photinus males have a certain chemical substance that repels insects such predators as spiders and birds. But Photuris of such chemical protection are deprived, therefore and eat unfortunate relatives. The main thing is not to confuse your male with a stranger.
The imitator of the voices.
Ancient Romans believed that there was a monster named Krokotti. They believed that the creature was from either India or Ethiopia. Crocotti looked like a wolf, but he could imitate human speech. When the monster was hungry, he made his way to the villages and carefully listened to the conversations of people around the houses. The creature finally remembered someone’s name, called him then into the woods and devoured it. Such a frightening view is nevertheless just a bloated version of a real beast – hyena. After all, they really can make sounds that resemble human. That’s just talk hyenas do not know how. And the term “crocotty” even entered the science, being the official name of this animal. But among predators there is one who actually imitates the voices of his victims, luring them. More recently, scientists have discovered that such a talent is possessed by margins, a small wooden animal from the cat family. He lives in Mexico, South and Central America and is able to imitate the voices of small monkeys in trouble. Such sounds attract the agitated adult primates, on which the margins then attack. When scientists saw this predator behavior in the forests of Brazil, they were very surprised. But local Aborigines – at all. They also told scientists that margins can imitate the sounds of other animals. Among them are the winged bird and the large rodent agouti. This cunning behavior is directly related to the psychology of the animal, which must be investigated. Perhaps, our pets can be taught to speak.
Residents of the Amazon basin note that one of the most favorite jaguar treats is fish. For her catching a predator uses a tricky trick. Jaguar lowers the tail in the water, its movements simulating a floating insect or a fallen fruit. Soon the fish swim closer to the surface to explore the bait. Jaguar immediately paws curious victims out of the water. Although such behavior of an animal for indigenous peoples is not a secret, scientists can not observe it, confirming it as a fact.