At home, a man has long learned to build high. Meanwhile, even in skyscrapers, there is an architectural charm. This was tried to understand the critic of The Observer, Rowen Moore. He singled out some of the most beautiful skyscrapers of the planet.
Chrysler Building, New York.
This skyscraper for a long time belonged to the Chrysler Corporation. But today, because of the crisis, 90% of the building was sold to Arab investors. Chrysler Building was built in 1930, it became one of the symbols of New York. Manhattan is generally stuffed with skyscrapers. Only from them it would be possible to compile this list of the most beautiful. However, we must give others to prove themselves. The expert calls the skyscraper chic, in which elements of fantasy and elegance have merged. It is no coincidence that this building represents the epoch of the 1920s and 1930s. For a year the skyscraper has become the tallest building in the world. The building is an architectural embodiment of the Art Deco style. It uses the same ornament, as on the caps of Chrysler cars in those years. In the 20-y in fashion was a direct and functional modernism. Therefore, not all have adopted a new skyscraper, with its frivolous design. Today, the style of the building is largely considered a standard, it is officially considered the most beautiful skyscraper in New York.
Tower of Pirelli, Milan.
This building was the longest time in the world. It all started with the fact that in 1950 the president of the corporation “Pirelli” proposed to build the country’s first skyscraper in the place where his company began. In 1960, a 127-meter building appeared. It would seem that there is such an unusual in an ordinary office building? Nevertheless, the skyscraper manages not to get out of the general landscape of Milan, although he is the only one here. The peculiarity of the tower is that it was not built in the form of a rectangle, which is traditional for skyscrapers. The ends of the skyscraper are made beveled, so when viewed from above you can see a stretched hexagon. Tower expert Pirelli compared with a graceful Italian girl. The true beauty of a skyscraper is in grace and revolutionary form.
Complex “Marina City”, Chicago.
This complex includes two buildings, whose height is 179 meters. Although not the tallest buildings in Chicago, they are, in Moore’s opinion, the most unusual and beautiful. The complex includes not only commercial real estate, but also living quarters. Its main architectural feature is the cylindrical shape. And the functionality of some elements of the towers is surprising. For example, the first 19 floors of each of them are given for car parking. And the 20 th is given to the laundry. The complex was erected in 1964 and cost $ 36 million. It is positioned as a city in the city. There is a theater, a swimming pool, a skating rink and a marina. The uniqueness of the towers is that there are practically no internal right angles. Tower of Burj Khalifa, Dubai.
Without criticism, the tallest building in the world did not remain. The height of the tower of Khalifa in Dubai is 828 meters. Its construction was completed only in 2010. The tower has become a key element in the modern modern business center in Dubai. Architects note that the main feature of the skyscraper lies in its graceful grace. In the business center of the city there are many high-rise buildings. But Burj Khalifa is not only the highest, but also the most elegant. The lower 37 floors are given to the hotel, above are the office and residential buildings. The whole project cost 1.5 billion dollars. And the architect was American Adrian Smith. Such high-rise buildings are not new to him, because he already has a Chinese skyscraper, Jin Mao.
Bank building HSBC, Hong Kong.
In 1935, HSBC Bank built its office. But over time, the financial organization outgrew its home. Therefore, the old building was demolished, and instead of it in 1985 a new, 178 meters high appeared.Few places in the world are given so much attention to detail, as in this high-rise. This building represents all of Hong Kong, not as chaotic as the rest of China, but not as conservative as traditional Europe. The architect of the building was the Englishman Norman Foster. On his account, many original buildings around the world. In the same HSBC building everything is subordinated to the principles of feng shui. It itself symbolizes health and success. The architect was able to translate the ancient Taoist practice into the outer appearance of the skyscraper. It was built from blocks that were brought from all over the world. There are no internal load-bearing structures here, the materials are as light as possible. The skyscraper is created energy-efficient, many offices are illuminated by the sun and a mirror system. In addition, the bank’s management was able to ensure that the new buildings in the city will not block the direct visibility from the building to the bay.
Residential complexes Highpoint One and Trelik Tower, London.
The British who made up this list could not ignore their buildings. So in the list were just two high-rise residential buildings in London. Skyscrapers can only be called conditionally. Highpoint One is located in Hampstead, a suburb of London. According to the architects, this building demonstrates the triumph of hedonistic, and not utilitarian, motives in construction. It was the first high-rise complex built in London. It happened in 1935, it is noteworthy that the building was intended purely for housing, and not for work. Another London “handsome” is in the western part of the city. The Trelik Tower was built in 1972. He is known as a symbol of such an architectural trend as brutalism. Next to the main 31-story building is a technical tower. There are elevators in it. And the transition to floors is carried out through special tunnels. Buildings in this style are not uncommon in the socialist countries. The first inhabitants of the Trelik Tower were emigrants. And the criminal situation around the unusual high-rise was quite unsuccessful. It’s no wonder that the Londoners disliked such a building. And by the end of the 90’s it became very popular, becoming a city landmark. Prices for apartments in this complex are constantly growing. The author of the complex was the Hungarian architect Jarno Goldfinger. He was friends with Ian Fleming, who borrowed his friend’s name for one of the novels. “Glass” skyscraper, Berlin.
This skyscraper was never built. But there is no doubt that he could become one of the most beautiful in the world, having changed architecture. A skyscraper of glass was created in London in the distant 1919-1920. Experts believe that the project itself was a utopia for that time. After all, it was then customary to build houses that looked like concrete fortresses. But if such a skyscraper would be built in the German capital, but Berlin would for a long time become a leader in world architecture. This idea was put forward by the architect Mi Swan der Rohe. It was born of fashionable at the time direction of expressionism. The author was looking for a new type of structure, and glass could become a new material. Mies was the first who refused altogether from the facades, replacing them with a membrane of glass. The skyscraper was to be built in the form of a star, and its walls should have been at irregular angles with respect to each other.
Skyscraper CCTV, Beijing.
This skyscraper has an unusual shape, for which he was nicknamed “pants”. The building was built in 2009, now the main office of central Chinese television is located there. The skyscraper has a height of 234 meters. It is worth noting its original even for today view. The skyscraper consists of two inclined towers connected from above and from below by angular blocks. The building is an annular structure of five vertical and horizontal sections. They on the facade of the skyscraper form an irregular lattice with an empty center. The architects were Dutch Rem Koolhaas and Ole Sheren from OMA .. The whole project cost 600 million euros.
Residential house on Kudrinskaya Square, Moscow.
In the list of beautiful skyscrapers, a place was also found for the Russian building. For some reason, the English expert singled out this particular apartment building on Kudrinskaya Square. Moore wrote that this apartment house looks very majestic. It is unlike other buildings in the world. In the high place, the triumph of ideas and the confidence in their communist ideas of Joseph Stalin were embodied. The building began to be built indeed with him, in 1948. And since 1954 the first tenants began to appear here. The central tower has 24 floors, on each side are 18-storey buildings. Here lived not ordinary people, but test pilots, airmen and the nomenclature of the party.