In modern metropolitan areas, the metro is one of the fastest types of public transport. The first underground metro line was launched on January 10, 1863 in London. The construction of the roads was carried out by the company “Metropolitan Railways” (which means “metropolitan railways” in English).
However, the common meaning of the word “underground” and the conventional abbreviation “metro” originated in Paris. For the construction of the Paris metro, it was decided to create a separate company “Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris” (translated from the French – “Parisian company of the metropolitan railway”).
Gradually, such words as “metro”, “metro” acquired the importance of the city extra-personal railway in French, and then moved to other languages, including Russian.
The world’s largest metros are represented in several categories. By the number of stations and the length of the routes the most large-scale is in New York. The length of the lines is in Shanghai (420 kilometers) and London (408 kilometers). According to the annual and daily flow of passengers – in Tokyo and Moscow.
Numerous subway stations are real masterpieces of the building art. Some are very similar to museums, others resemble diverse scenes from science fiction films. This article presents the most beautiful metro stations around the world. Station “Kievskaya”, Moscow, Russia.
An unforgettable impression is left on the guests of the Moscow metro station. They are striking with their royal architecture. But, nevertheless, among the many stations there is a real “pearl”. The metro station “Kievskaya” is estimated by world experts on dignity and is named “the most refined”. Its design was developed back in the 30s of the twentieth century. At that time, the leading direction in the architecture and art of the country was “Soviet monumental classicism” (also known as “Stalin’s Empire”). That’s why passengers are met by massive candelabras, bas-reliefs and frescoes, arched ceilings with stucco molding, so vividly reminiscent of the decoration of this palace. The design here is dedicated to Soviet Ukraine and the theme of the reunification of Ukraine with Russia. The station is decorated with a large number of paintings. 24 frescoes depicting workers of various specialties (architects, vegetable growers, railwaymen, athletes, power engineers, livestock breeders, chemists, and so on) are placed on the vault over the pylons in molded medallions. The pylons are finished with light marble and are additionally decorated with a colored ceramic eaves. At the end of the station there is a large panel depicting folk festivities at the celebration of the 300th anniversary of the reunification of the two states. Such an entourage in some other subway is probably difficult to find. Despite such a pronounced “Soviet” theme, you seem to fall into the underground royal mansions. Station “Drassanes”, Barcelona, Spain.
The Drassanes station was built in 1968. Recently, the architectural bureau On-A Arquitectura has developed a new design for the Barcelona subway. For the reconstruction, a project of young thirty-year-old architects Eduardo Gutiérrez Munné and Jordi Fernández Río was used. Artists had to work in conditions of limited, almost compressed space. And the best thing that came to them was to turn the station into a real train. The tunnel walls, smoothly passing into the floor, are covered with white concrete. The floor construction is reliably protected from vibrations. The ceilings are painted with black paint. An important element, emphasizing the contrasts, are white lamps in the form of broken lines. The walls of the transitions of the station are decorated with bright mosaic.
Metropolitan of Stockholm, Sweden.
All stations of the Stockholm underground are decorated with unusual installations and real works of art. At 100 underground stops you can see art objects created by 140 artists just to decorate tunnels.The trip on public transport has never so elevated. It’s not for nothing that the Stockholm metro is sometimes called the world’s longest art gallery. However, this transport system surprises not only with non-standard design. Many stations boast of an unusual architecture that strikes visitors to the capital of Sweden. The station T-centralen, opened in 1975, is recognized as the most original. A huge fresco is applied directly to the underground ground, as a result of which the station resembles a cave. Thus, the architect reminds passengers that Stockholm is built on a rocky terrain.
Metropolitan of Munich, Germany.
One of the youngest in the world is the Munich underground. It was opened only in 1972. For today, this transport network stretches for 103 kilometers. Thanks to a hundred percent equipped with elevators, travolators and escalators, as well as a well thought-out system of transplants, the Munich metro is rightfully considered one of the most comfortable in Europe. However, anywhere in the world you will not find such a riot of imagination, a subtle sense of color and style. It’s not just a station – rather scenery from a fairy tale or a fantastic movie. It remains only to envy the local residents, who day after day can enjoy such beauty. Ideal mix of classical and urban trends in design.
Metropolitan of New York, USA.
The largest metro system in the world in terms of the number of stations and the length of routes contains 468 stations, which comprise 26 routes. 153 stations are overpassed, 38 are located at ground level and 277 – under ground. The deepest is “191 Street” (translated from English – “191 Street”) – it is located at a depth of 60 m. Unfortunately, most stations, except for new ones, as well as a number of transfer nodes, are not adapted for people with disabilities .
The multicolored metro is the hallmark of the noisiest city in the United States. Everyone is always in a hurry for some business, absolutely immersed in their own thoughts. In order to bring to the boiling life of the inhabitants of the metropolis a piece of sophistication and food for the soul, the best artists from all over the world have created a unique atmosphere for many stations. However, here’s a valuable piece of advice: before you go on exploring the New York subway, it’s definitely worth getting acquainted with the on-line guide, which will tell you how not to miss any entertaining art object, which is enough in the subway.
Metropolitan of Dubai.
September 9, 2009 at 9 hours 9 minutes and 9 seconds for the first time the high-speed Dubai subway opened its doors. And two years later the second line was already opened. But lengthy preparations cost the effect. So far only two branches have been built and are functioning, which include only forty-six stations. However, their design boggles the imagination. Metro impresses the picture from the future not only from the inside, but also from the outside. Light enters the ground through small windows. Air at all metro stations, transitions and in trains is conditioned and maintained at 20 ° C. The striking architecture of the ground part attracts many tourists from all over the world. For the subway, a common architectural style is developed – the stations are covered with an unusual dome covering the inner rooms. This is how architects are going to change all the traditional ideas about the design and construction of metro systems. Station “Iidabashi”, Tokyo, Japan.
Each medal, as they say, has two sides. So the subway of the capital of Japan, on the one hand, is recognized as the busiest underground transport system in the world and, on the other hand, one of the most unconventional in terms of architecture and design. Especially famous for its interesting interior and unusual art objects is the Oedo line. The design of the Iidabashi station was designed by the famous architectural bureau Makoto Sei Watanabe Architects. The underground stop was built in 2000.The structure of its facade consists of sheet steel, supplemented by various glass elements. Attention deserves the inner room. It is worth visiting for the sake of works of modern design. For example, along the escalator line visitors are greeted by a light green geometric sculpture. Reflecting the rapid pace of life in the city and the spirit of high technology, most of the decor elements are 3D-shaped. Design of the station is rightly recognized as one of the most original in the world. Station “Museum”, Toronto, Canada.
Most of Toronto’s metro stations are built according to standard schemes. The space-planning decisions, incorporated in their architecture, are economical. Finishing materials are mostly simple, durable, cheap and well proven in operation. In this case, the stations are designed to pass the maximum passenger traffic with minimal construction costs, however, they meet the required standards of comfort for passengers and maintenance personnel. Thus, the metro stations have mainly an exceptionally functional design. However, the station “Museum” located right under the Royal Ontario Museum stands out against the background of gray interiors. It was renovated under the guidance of the architect Daniel Libeskind. Traditional designer pillars replaced interesting museum exhibits – Egyptian sarcophagi, totem pillars and statues of the Mayan tribe. They leave an unforgettable impression. The walls of the station are decorated with massive aluminum coverings with hieroglyphs, which denote its name. In addition, an interesting fact is that visitors to the museum of Toronto can immediately get into the subway. It is only necessary to pass through a special transition directly from the metro station.
Line “A” of the Prague metro, the Czech Republic.
Samples of innovative design and even the most real masterpieces of contemporary art are not always waiting for tourists in art galleries. And the line “A” of the Prague metro is the best proof of this. Chronologically this line is the second in the system. It was opened in 1978 and most expanded in the 80s of the twentieth century. To date, its length is 11 kilometers and includes 13 stations. The design of the line is very original. The combination of different textures, materials and colors makes this metro unique. Such a bright and bold decision can envy many of the best works of modern architecture. This interior not only pleases the eye, but also contributes to the rapid orientation of passengers in the metro system.
Panoramic tunnel, Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai Metro is the largest by length of lines in the world (420 kilometers). The daily traffic is over 7 million people. However, a panoramic tunnel in Shanghai requires special attention. The length of the “sights” is only 647 meters. This transport system connects two historic districts of the city. Passengers expect a short but very exciting trip. You seem to be transferred to a parallel world. This unusual effect is achieved with the help of constantly sounding music, as well as light and 3D effects.