Our planet is so beautiful that even having studied it to a large extent, a person sometimes finds such beautiful places that it simply captures the spirit. Nature creates unique geological objects, we can only admire them and do everything possible to protect them from their destructive influence.
The most beautiful places are tourists from all over the world, photos of such objects are placed on posters, covers, headpieces. It is surprising, however, what wonders nature can create independently. The eruption of a volcano or the fall of a meteorite is capable of changing the usual place beyond recognition, making it fabulous.
The big blue hole.
People first realized and saw the beauty of this place, only having risen above it in the air. In the depths of the sea not far from Belize (the state in South America) there is a hole of perfectly round shape. Its diameter is about 400 meters, and the depth is 145 meters. This formation differs markedly from the neighboring waters, and the underwater hole as a result has a saturated blue color. Here come tourists from all over the world who have the opportunity to descend under the water and dive into the Great Blue Bay of Baylis. Here, in the clear sea, there are many unique species of fish. Scientists believe that such an unusual geological object was formed even billions of years ago. Then the water rose above the level of the local caves.
The eye of the Sahara.
Many people think that there is nothing in the deserts except sand. But in the Sahara, in Mauritania, one of the most unusual geological wonders of the planet is located. The structure of Rishat is often called the “Eye of the Sahara.” Right in the middle of the desert is a certain formation, which in its form resembles the eye of a bull. The diameter of this structure is as much as 50 kilometers. “The eye of the Sahara” stands out so much in the world around it that it is used even by crews of spacecraft to navigate the terrain. At first, scientists believed that such an education was the result of the fall of a meteorite here. However, recent theories suggest that such creations of nature were formed from soil erosion and land uplift.
Gates of Hell.
Turkmenistan has the city of Darwaza, next to which are the Gates of Hell. No, this is not the way to the Underworld, the so-called local geological formation. There is a big hole in the earth, at the bottom of which there are huge, inexhaustible reserves of combustible gas. When 35 years ago geologists drilled here the earth in his search, they made a too deep well. As a result, the earth failed. To descend into a mysterious hole for equipment and equipment people did not dare. And that the poisonous gas did not come to the surface, it was set on fire. That’s the fire from the time the fire over the hole in the earth, giving this place such a name.
Icy towers of Erebus.
Antarctica is famous for its unique forms. After all, there are practically no people here because of extreme cold temperatures. Here there is Mount Erebus. It is of volcanic origin, and hundreds of towers adorn it. Nature created them from the ice. These formations are at a height of 20 meters, and of them there is always steam. When it freezes in the cold, it leads to an additional growth of the towers and their expansion. Similar objects with the same growth principle exist on Mars, Jupiter and Pluto, as well as satellites of Saturn. The Erebus Volcano still remains active, itself a unique natural object. After all, there are fire and ice neighbors. The last time the volcano erupted not so long ago – in 1978.
This name was given to the local Aborigines by their local attractions. Huge red stones they still call Karl Karl. There are boulders of red granite, and around them lies a beautiful landscape. The diameter of such stones in diameter is from half a meter to 60 meters. At the same time, some of them are located in a very unusual way, even balancing on each other. Nature created these boulders millions of years ago.Then the molten magma covered the sandstone and cooled. So it turned out red granite. Time and weather treated the boulders with erosion, as a result of which we can enjoy “devilish” stones. But if for tourists this place is just a beautiful view, then for the indigenous people it has a special spiritual significance.
Cane of the reed flute.
In the autonomous region of Guangxi, in China, there is a unique geological sight. Someone calls this place the Palace of Natural Art, and someone – the Cave of the reed flute. There are several natural limestone caves. All of them are filled with unique ornate stone formations. They remind me of huge huge icicles. And the visual effect is formed by additional color illumination of the caves. This natural beauty was named after the reed, which grows next to the caves. It is used to create musical flutes, which have a beautiful sound. The length of the main cave is 240 meters, this space is enough to create a unique landscape. People have long paid attention to this place. On the walls of the cave there are inscriptions dating from the time of the Tang dynasty. The oldest letters date back to 797 AD.
In the south-west of Bolivia there is a unique dry salt lake, called the Uyuni solonchak. This miracle of nature is at an altitude of 3 kilometers above sea level, in the Andes. And its area is 10,500 km2, which makes it the largest solonchak in the world. Here layers of salt and water created a unique landscape. In the very middle of the lake, the thickness of the salt layer reaches 10 meters. When it rains here, all the salt marsh goes under the water, again turning into a large lake. Scientists suggest that this place was formed by merging geothermal springs with salt lakes. Solonchak contains huge reserves of salt – about 10 billion tons. Local residents began to build from this material even hotels for tourists. And in November three types of South American flamingos arrive in November.
In the south-west of the USA there are many canyons that attract tourists here. But most often they like to be photographed in a place known as the Antelope Canyon. It is located in the state of Arizona, on the lands of the Navajo Indians. The locals themselves call it “the place where water flows through the stones.” The canyon is divided into two separate parts – the Upper and Lower. Rainwater flows through this place, over the long years it has licked the rocks and created for itself a curving path. So strong floods and erosion of rocks and formed the Antelope Canyon. Nature has created at the bottom of the unique corridors, where the rocks are very bizarre. But to visit the canyon is not always open – in 2006 this place was closed for half a year due to frequent floods.
This geological miracle is located on an area of 50 km2 in the Filipino province of Bohol. Do not rush to look for sweets in the Chocolate Hills, they are not here. They just look like pieces of chocolate. In total in the valley there are from 1,300 to 1,700 such hills, the most impressive picture they create in the dry season. Among all national geological monuments of the state, Chocolate hills are the third most important. These objects are located on the flag of the province of Bohol. The hills are fairly uniform, and their height is from 30 to 50 meters. There are many versions of the origin of such an abundance of similar hills. Scientists tend to believe that these are traces of a self-destroyed once-active volcano. But local legends are much more beautiful – the hills are tears of a giant who lost his beloved.
In Madagascar there is a Zinji-Du-Bemaraha reserve. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is here that a unique geological formation is located – a stone forest. Its area is 666 km2, and it is based on a high and very diffuse limestone.Each element of the “forest” is essentially a tower of such material. Local residents warn that for walking here you need very strong shoes, because the terrain is quite steep. The stone forest is in perfect harmony with the surrounding nature, some unique species of animals live here, in particular, white lemur.