A special kind of art is gardening. Let someone and do not agree with this opinion, but in this area there are real creative professionals – architects, designers, gardeners, and one of the co-authors of creativity is nature itself. It is she who is engaged in the change of seasons, establishes the behavior of water in ponds. None, even the most skilful designer can not order the sun to shine brighter, snow or go down mist to decorate his creation.
But man’s diligence and talent can create a very real miracle, the beauty of nature, skillfully cut by the human frame. In choosing the twelve of the best gardens in the world, we were guided by the principle: older, exotic, brighter and more beautiful. In fact, in order to fully experience all the impressions from these famous gardens, it is better to visit there still. No description can compare with a personal view of this symbiosis of human and nature labor. So, here are the twelve best gardens of the world, which you should definitely visit.
Gardens of Versailles in France.
These gardens, perhaps, are the most famous in the world. Once at a distance of 24 kilometers from Paris there was a small village with a small hunting lodge of Louis XIII, who was very fond of hunting. This hobby was passed on to his son. Louis XIV, the Sun King was very dissatisfied with his palaces, the Louvre and the Tuileries, that’s why he decided to rebuild Versailles and create on this place such a luxurious palace to accommodate his entire yard. The garden at the same time was of appropriate scale and quality. The huge palace and park complex grew here in the late 1660s. Naturally, such a grandiose construction of the king cost the country a considerable amount. The main structures were erected by the year 1700, but construction continued for the next century. The park is located on a low and marshy place, this caused the whole relief – water bodies, plantings and swings were erected anew. As a result, the Versailles gardens are spread over 101 hectares, there are fountains, grottos and sculptures. It was here that the Parisian nobility loved to have a rest and have fun. Lully’s operas were played in the gardens, Moliere and Racine’s plays were staged. Queen Marie Antoinette played here entire pastors who were put on the territory of the entire park.
Space Garden in South Scotland.
The author of this creation was Charles Jenks, known for his postmodern approach in architecture. A new area of his work was landscape art. For Charles, the garden is the embodiment of complex scientific thoughts, proof of the possibilities of nature to realize one’s own sensations and feelings. The architect’s gardens are the most real visual metaphors. Between the elements there are complex relationships that, unsurprisingly, inspire poets and musicians. In the Space Garden can not become boring, because the local landscapes are one of the most original in general on the planet. When you visit these places people get a lot of impressions, contemplating the neighborhood. The idea of creating a garden came to Jenkins thanks to his wife, also designer. She in 1988 inherited from the mother of this Scottish plot of land. So the couple decided with the help of garden forms to show all people the beauty of the universe, starting from the microcosm and ending with global elements. The garden is a universe in miniature, this place is an ideal form, a kind of paradise. Although Jenkins’s wife, Maggie, died in 1995, the idea continues to materialize. In the garden, a special place is given to spirals, since this form has DNA, and hurricanes, and indeed our entire galaxy. In the garden, in a mysterious order, there are different things – there are equations, atoms, black holes, chemical elements, dragons. This place is something between the universal chaos and natural symmetry. The garden can be presented in the form of a book, each new page of which gives new emotions. The space garden is private, but it is open to visitors.For those who are not able to get there, it’s worthwhile to spend time writing Charles Jenks about the creation of this project and about his theories as a whole. The Space Garden was the starting point for Jenks in his future works. Soon the architect created the park “Landform” for the Scottish Gallery of Modern Art in Edinburgh. The new creation of Charles in his forms embodied the theory of chaos. This project brought to the creator the prestigious Gulbenkian Prize, awarded in the UK for museum projects in contemporary art.
Boboli Gardens in Florence.
One of the most interesting Florentine palaces is the Palazzo Pitti. The building has three floors, each of which is over 10 meters high. The palace is trimmed with rough materials and placed on a ramp that looks impressive. The name of the Bobola Gardens is most likely derived from the names of landowners. In 1549, the palace with a century of history acquired the Duke Cosimo de ‘Medici, who later married Eleanor of Toledo. After the wedding the noble rebuilds the palace, creating an inner courtyard. Here is one of the most beautiful Renaissance courtyards. Around all this splendor are the Boboli Gardens. Historians believe that it was for Eleonora that the duke defeated the Gardens, which are now examples of the landscape art of the High Renaissance. Walking alleys here are straight, they lead to intimately-secluded grottoes. Trees successfully blend in with lawns, fountains and statues. In the park there is an internal courtyard, there is a fountain of Artishoks, as well as a terrace and an amphitheater in the form of a horseshoe. It was here that all the festive ceremonies of the Medici court took place. In the garden in 1589 the wedding of Ferdinand I and Cristina Loranska took place, which was one of the most spectacular spectacles of the time. The view included a real sea battle, for which the whole area of the courtyard was even flooded. The designer of the Boboli Gardens is Niccolo Pericolo, and the architectural idea was later used to split other European royal parks, including Versailles.
Rikugen Gardens in Tokyo.
The literal translation of the word “Rikugien” means “the garden of six poems”. This garden, perhaps, is the most beautiful in the capital of Japan. This is a real sample of Japanese stylistics in garden design. In 1695 the shogun presented these lands to one of his loyal samurai, he dug the lakes here and created mountains in miniature. The first garden on this place arose, therefore, more than three hundred years ago, but today it is the most natural oasis of tranquility, although surrounded by high buildings. In the gardens of Rikugen there is a central pond with islands, whole forest tracts, artificial hills, hidden tea houses among nature. Architects were able to twist the trunks of pine trees, using unusual trees in their design. The gardens are full of herbs, and in the lagoons there are carp and small turtles. Through the reservoirs, original bent bridges are thrown here. In the park among the 6000 trees live a lot of birds. As well as any large Japanese garden here was not without the famous weeping sakura. At night Rikugena’s Gardens are illuminated, which gives them even more elegance. Once the park was private, but patron Hisaia, the heir of the founder of Mitsubishi, gave this park to Tokyo, as well as another major city garden Kiyosumi-Teien. The philanthropist also founded the library, which now houses the art of the East.
Claude Monet’s garden in Giverny, France.
Claude Monet’s family settled in Giverny in 1883, then there were fruit trees growing on the plot, and a high stone wall surrounded it. The garden was divided into two parts by a central alley, delineated with pine trees. Claude Monet ordered to cut down all the pines, leaving only two yew around the house for his wife Alice. In an area of about one hectare, Monet broke his new garden, in which there was a place for picturesque perspectives, colors and symmetries. The whole area is given to flowerbeds, in which thickets of flowers have different heights, which creates volume.Monet did not like gardens with a plan outlined in advance. Here the flowers were arranged in accordance with their shades, they were given the opportunity to grow freely. The artist loved his garden so much that he even admitted: “All my money goes to my garden.” Ten years later, Monet purchased a site in the neighborhood, on the other side of the railway. The small stream that Claude had here turned into a small pond. Here is located the famous Japanese bridge, withered by wisteria, as well as other small bridges. Water lilies and weeping willows grow on the pond, bamboo thickets are nearby. The pond with its surroundings contrasts markedly with the surrounding rural worlds. Monet devoted 20 years to his garden, and after his death the painters left the son, Michel, who did not study the park. Partially the garden was supported by the step-daughter of Monet, but after World War II everything here fell into decay. Michelle, without thinking twice, gave the Garden to the Academy of Fine Arts. The greenhouses and the house as a result disappeared, but the garden was restored. Today, everything is built again, and a well-known pond has been dug again.
Buddhart Gardens, British Columbia.
The Canadian Budhart gardens are rightfully considered one of the most beautiful places on the planet. Thousands of tourists come here every year to witness the famous Budhart flower gardens. Today, blooming gardens occupy 50 acres, but this was not always the case. The Bodhart family owned 130 acres of land, which was rich in limestone. Gradually a huge career arose. Matters of the family went well, it became leaders in the production of cement in the district, only the disfigured land did not bring any spiritual joy. And now the head of the family decided to turn these already useless lands to nothing, flooded and littered with scum in the Garden of Eden, blooming and fragrant. About a hundred years have passed and today everyone is remembering with gratitude the family of Budhart. They created a well-kept and living garden that attracts all true connoisseurs of nature, carefully supported by man.
Kirstenbosch Botanical Garden, Cape Town.
This garden is the main one in South Africa and it is located in the suburbs of Cape Town. These lands until 1902 belonged to the notorious Cecil Rhodes, but according to his will, the politician and businessman left after the death to the state. On the eastern slope of Table Mountain, in 1913, a botanical garden was created, which aims to preserve the unique flora of southern Africa. It has become a good tradition for the garden to receive medals of various merits at the relevant exhibitions. The Botanical Garden is spread over 560 hectares, and grows here about 9 thousand plant species. However, in addition to the richness of flora and fauna, these places are unique due to the unique combination of the landscapes of the Cape peninsula. There are mountains, ocean, and a rich garden – this can not but impress. Locals adore walking around here for days, often picnics with children are broken here, and concerts are held on warm Sunday evenings in the garden. Different music is heard here – from opera to rock and jazz. To spend Christmas in the garden of Kirstenbosch is considered quite a prestigious occupation, it is no wonder that the prices for planes in South Africa and local hotels soar these days. But the guests have a unique opportunity to see and hear stars like Ronan Keating, John Groban or Brian Adams.
Yi Garden, Shanghai.
This place embodies the architectural motifs of the times of the ancient Chinese southeastern Ming and Qing dynasties. The garden is known for its four hundred year history, as well as the unique Suzhou style. The name of the garden was given by the name of its builder, the prominent Chinese nobleman Yu (Yu). Today, walking in the garden, you can see how in ancient times there lived rich and noble people and members of their families. Let the garden as a whole and small, but on this square the creators placed more than forty picturesque places. Here there are various chambers and halls, pavilions and bridges, as well as stone gardens.Now you can see dragons in the garden, which was almost impossible to do in those times, as these animals were considered a symbol of the imperial family. But the cunning builders managed to get around this ban – their dragons are three- and four-fingered, whereas the classic dragon has five fingers. Memorial Garden of Abraham Lincoln, Illinois, USA.
This place was created in Springfield in 1936 by Harriet Knudson, as a kind of natural monument to Abraham Lincoln. Surprisingly, all the plants that live here are from three states, in which the president lived for some time – Indiana, Kentucky and Illinois. The city authorities in the 1930s took a piece of land along the coast of the lake for these purposes, and the local gardeners’ club sponsored the project. Design garden was entrusted to one of the leading landscape designers of the time – Jensu Jenson, who already managed to celebrate the creation of several city parks in Chicago, as well as a garden in Michigan for the Ford family. As a result, the garden was even included in the state register of historical places. Today, many people, walking through the meadows and forests of the park, do not even suspect that once there were farming fields. In one of their parts, acorns were planted in 1936, which turned into magnificent oak forests adjacent to open spaces. In the memorial park you can find circular benches, which are aimed at establishing friendly conversations. They are led to special paths, along which are planted flowering spring bushes and trees. It seems that everything here is created by nature, but to create such a sense of naturalness it took many years of human labor.
Gardens of Exbury, New Forest.
The Rothschild family created across Europe a whole group of parks and gardens, and they are still considered to be one of the most beautiful in the world. However, the most beautiful of them is located in the English suburb of Exbury. In 1919, Lionel Nathan Rothschild invented the world’s first irrigation system, creating it here. Under the ground was laid 35 kilometers of pipes, working to this day. Traveling through the Himalayas, Southeast Asia and other exotic places, Lionel brought and planted Lebanese cedars, giant sequoias, multicolored cherries and rhododendrons in the garden. The maintenance of the garden was a huge sum! All his life this representative of the Rothschilds devoted care to the garden. Here, they crossed the plants, prolonged the period of their flowering, derived more resistant to climate varieties. As a result, the number of hybrids created exceeded one thousand. The park itself is quite young, there was surprisingly suitable soil and climate for rhododendrons and azaleas. As a result, they reached amazing sizes just a few years after the landing. The grown collection of plants today would cost millions of dollars. Then Lionel worked more than a hundred gardeners. One World War II was hard for the park – the family left Exbery for two days, and the land was taken over by the navy. After the death of the creator of the park, his widow could not maintain the garden in proper form, because with her there were only four gardener retired. When Lionel’s son, Edmund, returned from the war, he was able to restore the garden in the 1950s to a view suitable for the reception of visitors, soon a shopping center appeared there. This provided an opportunity to restore the park, today it is in excellent condition. Family affair is the great-grandson of the creator – Nicholas. His firm “Eksberi Enterprise” is engaged in the cultivation and sale of plants, for the year of their divergence more than 300 thousand pieces.
Keukenhof Gardens, Holland.
These gardens are located in the small town of Lisse, which is between The Hague and Amsterdam. It is believed that the local flower park of 32 hectares is the largest in the world. It was founded in the 15th century, then, however, there were grown vegetables, fruits and medicinal herbs. This is what gave the name of the garden – Keukenhof, or “kitchen yard.”The idea to create a flower park in these places belongs to the mayor Lisse, who in 1949 decided that hybrids from the whole country and even Europe could be represented in the garden. And now every spring the park blossoms with colorful and patterned floral carpets. The main flower here, of course, is the famous tulip. The spectacle lasts for two whole months, while the wilted flowers are immediately replaced with new ones. In preparation for the holiday in autumn, up to 8 million bulbs are planted in 4 layers. At the very bottom are late-flowering tulips, over them are early-budding, above are hyacinths, and closest to the surface are the crocuses that are the first harbingers of spring. Kodak claims that the Keukenhof garden is the second most visited visitor in the world after the Indian Taj Mahal.
Garden of Mirabell, Salzburg.
This Austrian city is built in the Baroque style, in the same spirit the local Salzburger garden Mirabel is executed. It was defeated in 1690 near the palace of the same name on the site of the former garden. The building was erected by Prince-Archbishop Wolf Dietrich for his mistress Salome Alt, who gave birth to him as a result of 15 children. At first the palace and the garden were called Altenau, in due course the building was rebuilt many times, there were fires, and today there is very little left of the original sight. The garden of Mirabell was rebuilt in 1730, leaving today many of those features. The ancient drawings and drawings helped preserve its appearance – terraces, marble fountains and sculptures. Today in the former aviary there is an exhibition pavilion. The garden of Mirabel is famous for the fact that here is one of the oldest “green theaters” in the world, here from 1715 the garden of 28 gnomes has been preserved. Once upon a time misters enjoyed watching angry and ugly figures. Someone from the rulers removed from the garden of terrible dwarves, and someone returned back. As a result, several figures were lost. The landscaped garden helps to relax the inhabitants of Salzburg and its guests. Here, you can fully enjoy the beauty of nature, and the creation of human hands. Local fountains amaze with luxury, various sculptural compositions. The main fountain of the garden is surrounded by four sculptural groups, characterizing different elements – water, air, land and fire. The Mirabel garden is enjoyed by filmmakers, it was here that the film “Sounds of Music” was filmed, in which the children sang “Do-re-mi”.