is an artificial structure thrown across a river, ravine, lake or other physical obstacle. The bridge, thrown across the road, is called an overpass, a bridge across a ravine or gorge – viaduct. The bridge is one of the oldest engineering inventions of mankind.
The initial purpose of the bridge is extremely simple – to allow a person to get from one point to another over the water. However, many bridges in combination are also architectural sights. Some modern designs are struck by technical perfection, and some old ones are struck by the mysterious own aura of centuries-old history.
The Millau Viaduct in France.
This cable-stayed bridge that connects South France with the valley of the Tarn River is the highest in the world. The highest point is located at an altitude of 343 meters, which is 38 meters lower than the observation deck of the Empire State Building. The bridge was opened ahead of schedule in 2004, and it was built in just three years. The roadway has a small radius of curvature, which gives the illusion of infinity traveling along the bridge. The three meter high fences are made of almost transparent material, which gives the viewer the opportunity to fully enjoy the magnificent landscapes of the valley of Tarn.
Rialto Bridge in Venice, Italy.
This bridge is the oldest of the four that spilled across the Grand Canal, it is no wonder that this structure and photograph more than its counterparts. Initially, the passage through the channel was carried out on the pontoon deck, but over time the Rialto market appeared nearby, which significantly increased the load. In 1255, through the canal, the first bridge, still wooden, was built, which served for slightly more than half a century, being burnt in 1310. The bridge was rebuilt anew and now has served more than two centuries, until one day collapsed under the weight of a crowd staring at the parade of boats. In 1591, the bridge was already opened in stone, almost completely repeating the outlines of its wooden predecessor. In the arches of the bridge there are more than twenty stores, of course, this place is one of the most expensive to buy souvenirs in Venice. Charles Bridge in Prague, Czech Republic.
The first stone in the base of the bridge that connects the Star Place and the Malo country was laid in 1357 by Emperor Charles IV. Its construction lasted almost half a century, today it is almost the only medieval bridge of its kind in the world. His handrail is decorated with thirty statues, of which Saint Jan Nepomutsky stands out. Tradition says that anyone who touched the figure, waiting for luck – it’s no wonder that the statue is literally polished. Experts advise to touch the cross, which is mounted in the railing. Ostensibly from this place and was dropped into the Vltava Jan Nepomutsky. The bridge is a favorite place for lovers, and to come here best at sunset, admiring the shadows of the towers of the Old City. The Tower Bridge of London, England.
The name of the bridge was given by the Tower of London, located nearby. Tower Bridge is a combination of suspension and drawbridges, which are also located at different heights. This bridge is often called London, although the present London Bridge is located upstream. Tower Bridge began to be built in 1886, and was erected in just 8 years, was opened by Prince Edward of Wales and his wife Princess Alexandra. On the bridge, pedestrian galleries were created, which according to the plan allowed pedestrians to cross the Thames, regardless of whether the bridge was built or not. However, almost immediately after the opening, this place became a refuge of prostitutes and pickpockets. The authorities and could not overcome this phenomenon, 25 years after the opening, simply closing the gallery. In 1982, the galleries were opened again, but in a different capacity – a viewing platform and a museum. Chain Bridge in Budapest, Hungary.
This bridge is a symbol of the city, the citizens themselves are very fond of it, calling it the “Old Lady”.And this is not surprising, because the building was opened as far back as 1849. By the end of World War II, the bridge was blown up by the Germans, but on the day of its 100th anniversary, in 1949 the Chain Bridge was reopened. Curiously, under the fortress, directly opposite the bridge, the architect who built the bridge made a tunnel of similar length. Since then, Hungarians have joked that the tunnel is needed in order that during the rainy season their favorite bridge could be hidden there. According to another legend, if a man passes between two stone lions sitting at the entrance to the bridge, he does not change his wife, even in his thoughts, then predators will certainly growl. However, from the very moment of construction stone sculptures for some reason are silent.
Ponte Vecchio in Florence, Italy.
The bridge is one of Florence’s main attractions, built in the style of the Venetian Rialto. Even the history of these bridges is similar. Ponte Vecchio was built by the ancient Romans, but in 1117 it collapsed, being restored, badly damaged by the flood of 1333. In the arches of the bridge there are little shops, originally they were hosted by butchers, but recently these places were chosen by the merchants of jewelry and souvenirs. They say that it was from here that the term “bankruptcy” went. When the merchant working on the bridge could not pay his debts to him, soldiers came and broke his desk. This action was called bancorotto, which literally means “broken counter.”
New bridge in Paris, France.
Once this name of the bridge allocated it from older siblings. Gradually, the concept of the New Bridge remained in the everyday life of citizens, becoming a household name. Although today such a name for the construction, built in the very beginning of the XVII century, sounds strange. For a long time the bridge remained the widest in Paris, except for the first time there were sidewalks on which pedestrians could hide from splashes and dirt that flew from the carts. In its 400th anniversary, the bridge was recently completely restored.
Old bridge in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
This beautiful bridge connects two parts of the city of Mostar. During the war in Yugoslavia in 1993, the structure was badly damaged. However, the bridge was a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which is why it was quickly restored, becoming a symbol of reconciliation. The old bridge was built during the occupation of Mostar by the Turks in 1557 by the local ruler Suleiman the Magnificent, the construction lasted only 9 years.
Chapel in Lucerne, Switzerland.
This chapel bridge was opened as far back as 1365, still it is the oldest wooden structure in Europe. Initially, the bridge was to act as a defensive structure, it connected two urban parts – the old and the new. On the pediment of the covered gallery Kapellbrücke are 111 triangular paintings that tell of important events in the life of the state. In 1993 there was a fire, which severely damaged the bridge, 78 images were destroyed. However, during the year the bridge was completely restored and reopened, drawings were also restored thanks to the inventories.
Cernavoda-Fetesti in Romania.
This bridge, crossed over the Danube, was opened in 1895, at that time it was the longest in Europe. It towered 30 meters above the water, and its length was 4,037 meters. Such dimensions allowed to pass under the bridge even to large vessels. Today, the bridge serves exclusively as a tourist attraction, while the new one, built in 1987, is transporting the same purpose. Bridge of Sighs in Venice, Italy.
Next to the Rio di Palazzo is the Bridge of Sighs, which was built at the very beginning of the 17th century. The building connected the interrogation room in the Doge’s Palace with the prison. Such a romantic name for the bridge was given by Lord Byron, who meant that sighs were issued by prisoners who had last seen their hometown before imprisonment.Over time, the legend has changed a lot – according to the modern version, lovers who swim under the bridge at sunset should kiss. In this case, their love will be eternal.
Erasmus Bridge in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
This cable-stayed bridge is called the local people “swan”. It was built recently, in 1996. The bridge connects the northern and southern parts of the city. Its length compared to many other brethren is small – only 808 meters. However, an unusual kind of bridge served to the fact that many it is symbolized with Rotterdam.