The vast majority of airport interiors are extremely practical, and sometimes even boring. This is due to the fact that a very long time in the heads of the architects reigned only one simple idea. It seemed that passengers needed only a quality infrastructure and an understandable navigation within the facility. It is for this reason, when creating the airport complexes of the designer, they took care only of the comfort of the halls and the visibility of the signposts.
However, over time, the needs of tourists have also changed. Today, not only convenience, but also beautiful design is expected from the airports. It’s the face of the country! The airport building should intrigue, amaze and create a special mood, while passengers are waiting for their flight. This idea resulted in a modern trend in the construction of an air harbor, which is most clearly monitored in Asian countries.
So, for example, China and South Korea consider airports one of the symbols of the nation. Therefore, the costs associated with creating a unique architectural style are not considered a waste. Moreover, building up phenomenal structures, they demonstrate not only their own wealth, but also technological skills. Following Asia, new terminals are appearing around the globe, which every time impresses more and more.
Although this is not surprising, because their goal is to revive the once-lost magical sensation from traveling by plane. For the sake of justice it is worth noting that the original ideas for the construction of air terminals also did not go “in the background.”
The architecture of modern airports combines uniqueness of design, beauty and increased comfort. Thus, the most beautiful world airports not only admire their appearance. Their interior helps travelers to reach their destination in time. Beijing International Airport, Terminal 3, China.
The so-called “gateway to China” two kilometers long resemble a huge hiding dragon at the very edge of the airfield. This impression is created thanks to the idea of architects. They created an extremely complex structure on the roof. Namely – a grid of glass and metal parts, which filters sunlight at a special angle. Because of this, it is divided into yellow and red spectra, which not only gives the ceiling a color, but also helps orient the travelers in the building. Architects are also very practical in approaching the use of the sides of the world. The terminal itself is oriented from the north to the south, which helps the newly arrived passengers to adapt quickly. The window system is directed to the south-east, which allows to prolong the presence of daylight in the premises. Terminal 3 has a developed infrastructure. If you want to eat, there is a special area called “World Cuisine”. 72 restaurants offer food for a wide variety of tastes: from fast food to traditional food, from Chinese to Western, from baked to ice cream, and so on. Moreover, there is a trade, “duty free” and a business zone where banks, business and Internet centers are located, as well as many other things. Airport Madrid-Barajas, Terminal 4, Spain.
In 2006, Terminal 4 was opened in Madrid. Now, 35 million passengers pass annually under a light, undulating roof covered with bamboo and supported by colorful pylons. The single space of the terminal represents several levels. It is mainly illuminated by daylight, which gets inside through special openings in the roof. Of course, the main achievement of the airport is the atmosphere created with the help of visual effects. Glass panels and gentle light, filling the space, create a feeling of calming harmony and relieve tension. Due to the simplicity of the linear design it is quite difficult to get lost even in such a huge space. At the same time, large rooms do not put pressure on passengers: travelers seem to be in a colorful rainbow.With the help of this new terminal, Madrid is trying to make itself known as the main air center of Europe.
John F. Kennedy Airport, Terminal TWA, New York, USA.
Terminal TWA (full name – “International Airline Center”), today is called “Terminal No. 5”. It was opened in 1962. The design of the building is owned by the Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinero. The structure is an abstract symbol of the flight, as a result of which it received the nickname “winged seagull”. This building was considered one of the most original airports in the world. In connection with the crisis of the airline terminal TWA was closed for reconstruction. In 2008, the repair work came to an end, and the building became the property of the airline JetBlue Airways. For the first time in the history of airports, baggage conveyors, electronic displays, predecessors of modern luggage scales and even cable television appeared here. In this air harbor, there is a wonderful opportunity to feel that “pleasant excitement from air travel”. Carrasco International Airport, Montevideo, Uruguay.
The new terminal was opened in 2009. Its architecture is absolutely simple. A huge luxurious arc fits perfectly into the local landscape. And under it are hidden spacious, gently flooded with sunlight arrivals and departures. The dome is 400 meters wide and consists of glass, which makes it possible to make maximum use of natural light. It reveals a fascinating view of the runways. It is believed that the smooth curve and the lower profile of the monolithic roof of the building are designed based on the species of dunes along the coastline of Uruguay. The cozy terraces and comfortable halls of the airport are designed to provide a warm welcome not only to travelers themselves, but also to their close ones. Sondika Airport, Bilbao, Spain.
Sondika Airport opened in the Spanish province in 2000. He was immediately nicknamed la paloma – “dove”. And it’s no accident, because his outlines, it really looks like a bird. The interior of the terminal is decorated with various architectural elements. Rigid crisscrossing ribs on walls, floors and ceilings, handrails of staircases in the plexus with the sun’s rays create a special rhythm of modern baroque and remind the passengers of the precious heritage of the famous architect Gaudi. Denver International Airport, USA.
The air harbor was opened in February 1995. Her construction cost $ 4.8 billion. This building completely refutes all the traditional ideas about how a real airport should look. Travelers are delighted not only by the convenient location of the premises, but also by an unusual roof, which is not surprising. After all, the construction of the building resembles rocky snowy mountain peaks, which are a local landmark. The most spectacular airport terminal looks at the background of the Rockies, if you move to it from the east. Covering the roof is a unique development that allows you to store solar heat in winter. Moreover, it was this building that occupied the first place in the list of the most stable structures on the planet. The unusual atmosphere of the air quay is created by the quaint music that accompanies the arrival of the moving track of the airport. It was created by the Denver musician Jim Green (his idea is also “laughing escalators” at the local Convention Center). Incheon International Airport, Seoul, South Korea.
Incheon Airport was opened in 2001. Since that time, he regularly falls into the ratings of the best airports in the world. So, every year since 2005, it is recognized as the best in the world by the International Council of Airports and receives the highest rating of “Five Stars” according to the British research company Skyrax. The building of such a valuable transport hub has an exclusive infrastructure of amenities, including golf courses, casinos, massage rooms, sleeping rooms and conservatories.However, this air harbor is not just convenient for travelers. She fascinates them with her beauty against the background of the bright blue sea and immediately acquaints with the local culture of visitors. The roof of the roof is like a traditional Korean temple. Corridors of the arrival zone are decorated with various elements that remind of the five millennia of the history of this land. In addition, this building is one of the few on the earth, which even after 10 years after construction is still futuristic. Airport Marrakech Menara, Morocco.
Marrakech Menara is much more than just an airport. He can be called “the machine of time”. Arriving in a high-tech building, built in the XXI century, you, nevertheless, find yourself in a city where the spirit of antiquity reigns. Here the traditions of distant ancestors are revered, as well as the art of the ancient East. By itself, the airport may well be considered a true miracle of the world. After all, in its design, architects managed to unbelievably harmoniously weave into a single whole the fast pace of life and technology of modernity with ancient local traditions in art. And here it is the result – a delicate, snow-white, airy miracle, reminiscent of a rather luxurious palace. When building the airport building, local architects started from two main ideas – about light and ecology. The whole structure consists of huge diamonds, and their hollow planes are filled with elegant arabesques in the oriental style. The light that enters through such original windows creates wonderful patterns in the rooms. And for the preservation of the environment on the roof of the building there are 72 photovoltaic pyramids, which generate the necessary amount of energy. The airport Marrakech Menara is considered small by world standards. However, his extraordinary entourage gives the right to call it one of the most beautiful airports on the planet.
Airport Chkheklapkok, Hong Kong.
The airport was opened for commercial use in 1998. And despite its relatively short history, Hong Kong’s International Air Haven has repeatedly won international awards as the best airport in the world. Although it is likely that this project may seem very modest, if you compare it with other amazing air terminals. However, his beauty is still special. It is directly related to functionality and exemplary infrastructure. After all, the passenger can easily navigate in it with almost closed eyes (which is especially valuable for travelers after such a tiring 17-hour flight from New York). The undulating roof of the building has a subconscious effect on travelers. It, like an arrow-pointer, causes tourists to move in the right direction. The glory of one of the largest transport hubs is supported by a comfortable express train going straight to the city center, and bringing to the airport a 12-lane highway. By the way, the train is very difficult to miss, as it is sent directly from the main terminal building.
Malvinas Argentinas Airport, Ushuaia, Argentina.
The airport is located 4 kilometers south of the center of Ushuaia, a city on the island of Tierra del Fuego. This is perhaps the most southern international terminal on the planet. It seems to be the gateway to Patagonia and the Arctic. The heavenly moorage is located directly at the Beagle Channel (the latter is named after the ship on which Charles Darwin skirted South America). It would seem that for such a remote air harbor, it would be normal to observe ugly bunker terminals. However, all the buildings are not just elegant. They are in absolute harmony with the majestic Andes. Kansai International Airport, Osaka, Japan.
The air harbor, built by the project of Renzo Piano, was located on an artificial island near the coast of the island of Osaka. Here, right in the middle of the bay, there was a terrestrial corner with a length of 4 thousand meters and a width of one thousand meters.According to the plan, this complex structure had to withstand severe typhoons, high tsunamis and strongest earthquakes. January 17, 1995 Japan was struck by a terrible earthquake of magnitude 7 on the Richter scale. Killed more than 6 thousand people, but the airport is still unhurt. Later, three years later, a typhoon swept over him. The wind speed reached 200 kilometers per hour. And the building again stood out thanks to its thoughtful design, in appearance resembling the wing of the aircraft. To date, Kansai is a unique airport that has no analogues in the world. Only he alone is located right in the sea and, moreover, quite successfully. After all, the water is drowned out by the noise of endlessly taking off and landing aircraft. Thus, an air terminal operating without interruption does not cause any inconvenience to local residents. Near it there is an airpark. In it, tourists can have fun on flight simulators or watch the ups and downs from the observatory. In addition to the original location, Kansai has another interesting characteristic: like the Great Wall, it is perfectly visible from outer space.