Of all living creatures living on our planet, insects are the most numerous class. There are about one billion species. It is also good that these creatures are small and in the majority of their lives coexist peacefully with man.
After all, even fantasies about huge spiders or cockroaches can become a nightmare for us. After all, not all insects are small. The largest representatives of this class will be discussed below.
This insect clearly exceeds the size of its competitors. A record copy was found in the forests of Kalimantan in 1989. Its length with elongated limbs was 56 cm. The name of the insect appeared due to their similarity with leaves or chopsticks. In total there are about 3 thousand varieties of stick. They usually live in the subtropics, but they can be found in Australia and even in Europe. These creatures are very inactive, so sometimes they even contain houses, in an aquarium. Eating stick sticks leaves, choosing different tree species to get a complex of nutrients.
The biggest beetle in the world is found in Brazil, French Guiana, and in general in the Amazon. It is believed that an adult can reach a length of up to 22 cm. The average size is 79-168 mm. Dried specimens of the largest representatives of the species can cost up to 1000 dollars. These bugs are nocturnal, at dusk they begin to crawl out of their hiding places, climb the elevations and take off. The males of the woodcutter-titan are quite sensitive to light, so they do not react to light traps of entomologists. It is interesting that the life of the larvae remains a mystery, since they have not yet been discovered. Most likely they have a size of 2-3 cm, and develop in the roots of dead trees. Pupation occurs in the soil. Titanium is not dangerous to humans, but can specifically bite, defending. His jaws are quite capable of eating a little finger.
This representative of the lamellar family has a rather unusual appearance. Female grow to 80 mm in length, but males can reach twice the size. The body of insects is covered with small hairs, but it gives off a large horn. It is located on the head and is directed forward, while it also has several teeth. The females have no such outgrowth. Meet beetles, Hercules can be found in Central and South America, on the islands of the Caribbean Sea. The female lays up to 1,000 eggs, growing larvae feed on wood. The grown up creature lives up to six months, especially active in the wet season. Giant long-legged grasshopper.
These insects live in Malaysia. They belong to the type of arthropods, a group of orthopterans. Grasshoppers feed on plants. Their wings are rather unusual, they are in a straightened state very similar to leaves, the same relief, with spots and even holes. However, long paws do not help the grasshoppers skip. The insect prefers to move slowly and occasionally fly. During the day, grasshoppers tend to sit still to avoid predator hunting. But at night they with the help of their long antennas begin to look for food and a couple. Males shout loudly and shrilly to attract females. Most of these grasshoppers feed on leaves, but some are active predators, hunting for other small insects.
This genus of large beetles lives in Central and South-East Africa. In this case, insects are quite heavy, the most weighty males reach the figure of 100 grams. This is a record figure among insects. And in length such beetles grow to 110 mm. During the day, the Goliaths fly, almost all the time hiding in the trees. On the ground they can be met quite rarely. Interestingly, depending on the climate, the color of the beetles also changes. This is due to the body’s requirements for temperature, which makes it possible to fly. The main food of such beetles is overripe fruit and juice of trees. Adult individuals live about six months.For laying eggs the female finally descends to the ground. They have them in their natural cavities. It is interesting that the beetle larvae can eat their younger congeners. Cockroach Cockroach.
This cockroach is one of the largest in the world’s fauna. Its length can reach 9 centimeters, and weight – 30 grams. Inhabits such an insect in Australia, where he lives in fallen leaves, which he eats. The rhinoceros are also a record holder in the field of longevity – he can live up to 10 years. Only in three years comes his maturity. And when the full size is reached, the chitin cover is dropped to 12 times. The adult cockroach is brown, broad and convex. This is a strong and stubborn insect, which some lovers keep in their insectories. Cockroaches do not like when they are disturbed and begin to hiss. Similar sounds are issued during combat or courtship. Unlike other cockroaches, rhinos do not have wings, they are not even considered pests. On the contrary, this kind is very useful for the ecosystem.
This insect family lives in New Zealand. Female can reach a length of 8.5 cm and weigh up to 70 grams. However, it should be noted that most of the weight in this case is the eggs that are hatched in the abdomen. Ueta is a wingless insect with a large and thick calf. Usually they are brown. For protection, hind legs with spines are used, and when attacked they are simply thrown forward. Ueta eats other insects, fruits and fruits. The insect is very important, because it spreads the seeds of plants, taking them for food. Giantism is also related to the fact that in New Zealand, because of the isolation, there were simply no small mammals, that’s insects and took an empty niche.
The scoop of agrippina.
Although the body length of this insect is small, the wingspan is impressive. A record copy was caught in 1934 in Brazil. The individual had a wingspan of 30 cm. In general, such butterflies live in Central and South America. The wings are mostly gray in color, on which is a pattern of dark spots. This kind gives the insect a likeness with a rather big bird, which can even frighten a person in the dark. The life style of the soviet agrippina remains poorly understood, since it occurs mainly at night. They feed on the leaves of legumes. Butterflies adore sitting on trees, at a height of 3-4 meters. A scrap of agrippina was so often caught for collections that the species was under threat of extinction.
Giant water bugs.
To bugs, people have a prejudiced attitude. It seems that they either smell terribly, or even feed on human blood. Water bugs can only accidentally bite into a pond, but they are primarily distinguished by their size. Representatives of this species live in the tropics – in South America, India, Thailand. Usually they choose to live in fresh water. Giant water bugs can reach a size of 15 cm. The back paws of such insects are nature specially made suitable not for walking, but for swimming. The front legs are strong, slightly shorter. This is an excellent tool for capturing prey. Adult bugs can not breathe under the water, so they have to rise to breathe to the surface. Respiratory organs are two tubes located on the abdomen. I must say that these bugs are predators. Their size allows them to hunt for fry, tadpoles, amphibians and even small fish. Frozen on a stone or an underwater plant, the bug waits for prey, and then grabs its front paws. Proboscis injects saliva into the body, which paralyzes the prey and dilutes it. Huge bugs can fly, however, they do it infrequently – moving or reacting to bright light. Escaping from a larger predator, the bugs pretend to be dead or release into the approaching enemy fluid from the anus. In spring, males begin to carry eggs on their backs, which the female lays there. In Southeast Asia, amazing beetles learned how to cook.
Birdwatch of Queen Alexandra.
This butterfly is the largest of the day, it belongs to the family of sailboats. Females grow larger than males, wingspan reaches 28 cm. At butterflies sex differences are evenly expressed – males are smaller, and their wings are narrower, painted in blue and green, against brown in females. For the first time Europeans learned about this insect in 1906. And the next year the butterfly collector Lord Rothschild gave a new name to the name of the wife of King Edward VII. You can meet such an insect only in the moist forests of Papua New Guinea. In addition, the eruption of the Lamington volcano in 1951 destroyed a fairly large part of the distribution area. Deforestation also threatens the existence of the species. Today it is officially forbidden to catch and sell such insects. The butterfly develops within three months, the caterpillars grow to a length of up to 12 cm, and in width – up to 3 cm. Already an adult lives only 4 months.