Who would have thought a hundred years ago that air transport would become one of the most popular in the world? Today, more and more passengers prefer traveling by plane, because it is convenient, and most importantly – a fast way to travel. Sometimes this is the only way to communicate between distant countries and hard-to-reach regions.
Due to the growing popularity of air travel, the world’s largest airports resemble an anthill where millions of people converge and disagree. As a result, the passenger turnover in the largest such transport hubs is tens of millions of people. In such airports it is not difficult to get lost. So which of them are really the largest? Denver International Airport, USA, 47 million people.
This airport is the largest in terms of area across the United States, spanning 142 square kilometers. By this indicator, it is second only to the node in Dubai. However, despite the scale of the structure, its passenger turnover is only the tenth in the world with the indicator of 47 million people a year. The airport occupies the largest area in the US (142 km2), and is the second largest in the world, after the airport in Dubai. However, despite its scale, in terms of passenger turnover, Denver airport is only 10th. A large transport hub was put into operation in 1995, its construction cost $ 4.7 billion. From afar the airport is similar to the rocky snow-capped mountain peaks, having turned thanks to this into a local landmark. The Americans initially laid the possibility of the future expansion of the airport into the project. Its runways are similar to some twists that surround the passenger terminals and are directed in different directions. This allows you to reduce the order of aircraft waiting to take off. The unusual design of the airport even gave rise to several conspiracy theories, and the construction process itself gave considerable food for thought. For example, in the main terminal of the airport four canvases of painter Leo Tangum hang. These works should symbolize the struggle of a person with genocide. Only here are some details of the paintings: three dead girls lying in the coffins, a dead leopard, a huge soldier in a gas mask can still unpleasantly surprise travelers. Lovers of secrecy claim that these pictures are allusions to the transformation of the earth, the establishment of a single world government and a new world order. Hong Kong International Airport, China, 48 million people.
This airport is located 34 kilometers from Hong Kong. The Chinese themselves call the transport node Chek Lap Kok by the name of the artificial island on which the airport is built. In addition, such a name avoids confusion – in fact, there is also the old Hong Kong International Airport. From the island, aircraft began to take off in 1998, and all the work cost the authorities $ 20 billion. Today, many consider Hong Kong International Airport the most comfortable in the world. Passenger terminals were designed to be most friendly to people, the layout is simple, clear signs are everywhere. The presence of three shuttle stations makes it quick and easy to move through a huge building. These funds allow passengers to get from the registration hall to the exit to the departure zone and back. The shuttles are moving at a speed of 62 km / h. At the same time, this kind of transport inside the airport is free for passengers.
Frankfurt am Main Airport, Germany, 52 million people.
Germany’s largest airport is the third largest in Europe and the eighth in the world. A distinctive feature of this node is that there are not only two major huge terminals (by the way, they are connected by a corridor with a moving strip and a bus service), but also a special terminal for VIPs. Frankfurt Airport is central to the national German carrier Lufthansa.This is one of the first places where the system of automatic sorting of luggage began to function. The airport has four runways, and it is serviced by 65 thousand people.
International airport Charles de Gaulle, France, 60 million people.
This airport is the most convenient interchange point in Europe. Directly on its territory two railway stations have been built, from which it is possible to reach any city in the country. Its name was given to the airport in honor of Charles de Gaulle, the leader of the French Liberation during the Second World War and the founder of the Fifth Republic. And there is a hub 25 kilometers north-east of Paris, all within a few communes. In total, there are three terminals. The oldest is Terminal-1, Terminal-2 was originally intended for receiving domestic flights by Air France, but today it accepts passengers and other companies. And the third terminal is designed for servicing charter flights and loukosterov. It is interesting that the airport is built on grassy lands. They are famous for a lot of rabbits and hares, which at certain moments of the day can be seen even by passengers of aircraft. Employees of the airport are forced to periodically go out hunting, so as not to give the population to grow to a critical level. Dallas International Airport, USA, 60 million people.
This airport is the largest in Texas. The second name is Fort Worth, since it is in fact not in Dallas, but between itself and the city of Fort Worth. In total, the airport has four terminals and seven airfields, which serve about a dozen national air carriers and a few dozen international. Those airlines that operate in Dallas, give the opportunity to choose any of 135 domestic and 40 international destinations. Interestingly, Dallas and Fort-Wells for a long time did not agree to the construction of a joint airport. Both cities had their own hubs, developing them in every possible way. Only because of the order of the federal authorities in 1969 began the construction of an equidistant airport. The first flights he took on January 13, 1974, all construction cost $ 700 million. At that time it was the most expensive and the largest airport in the world. Although today it is considered one of the best cargo, the main focus is still on passenger transportation – by cargo turnover the airport is only the 27th in the world. International Airport of Los Angeles, USA, 60 million people.
The international airport has an interesting feature – nine of its passenger terminals are arranged in the form of letters “U”, having received for this nickname “horseshoes”. And to the terminals of passengers deliver special buses, shuttles. The airport has four runways. From here depart flights to North America, to Latin America, Europe, Asia, the Middle East and Oceania. The airport is the main hub of United Airlines airlines.
Haneda International Airport, Japan, 70 million people.
This airport is the largest in Asia by the number of passengers carried. Originally it was created exclusively for domestic flights, but recently more and more volume is being taken away by international flights. This was the reason for such a sharp increase. The airport building itself has three levels. The lower is an ordinary structure, the second is a round tower with a metal frame and glass walls. And the top of the structure is made in the form of a flat disk. From afar it resembles a hat with wide margins. Serves passengers here three terminals. It is interesting that the main Japanese hub pays special attention to passengers with disabilities. For example, for disabled people there are special lifts at the stairs, escalators, as well as chairs near the registration points. Also there are quite large play areas for children, places for shopping. The thoughtfulness of the structure is manifested even in the existence of separate zones in the toilets for mothers with infants.Heathrow Airport, England, 70 million people.
This airport is considered the busiest in Europe. It is located west of London, and its landing stripes are oriented from west to east. This means that the planes take off right above the capital of England. Another feature of the airport is that it is located quite low in relation to the sea level, only at an altitude of 25 meters. But since there is often foggy weather in London, the runways are simply lost from the field of view of the pilots. Altogether about 90 airlines operate in Heathrow, which connect the city with 170 nodes around the world. The airport has a fairly developed infrastructure. In the arrival halls, tourists can spend time in rest rooms, and in priests’ places of various religions work. In Heathrow there are restaurants and cafes, saunas and hairdressers, shops of the World Shopping network. It is worth noting that the airport has good transport connections with London. In just 15-20 minutes with the help of express train passengers get to the metropolis. The London Underground line also fits all terminals, from here there are regular buses and, of course, licensed taxis. O’Hare Airport, Chicago, USA, 80 million people.
Most recently this airport was in the lead in the number of takeoffs and landings, but now he lost his palm to the championship. The reason for this became the restrictions of the federal authorities, who so tried to reduce flight delays. Today every sixth canceled flight in the country takes place here. In Chicago, built 4 terminals and 9 rooms, which provide 186 exits to aircraft. The authorities are planning to build several more terminals and a similar complex in the western part of the airport. This place will have to get an automobile connection with the I-90 or Elgin-O’Hara highway, but first you will need to reconfigure the runways. The airport was built in the suburbs of Chicago in 1942-1943, especially for the plant that produces the Douglas. And although after the war the industrial object moved, the city authorities decided to develop the airport. Moreover, by the beginning of the 1950s it became clear that Chicago International Airport had ceased to cope with its functions. Since 1955 O’Hara took the first commercial flights, and in 1958 an international terminal was built. The peak load of the airport was observed in 1994 – a thousand flights a day.
Hartsfield-Jackson Airport, Atlanta, USA, 92 million people.
This site is located just 11 kilometers from the city. It is Atlanta airport that is the busiest in the world. True, the bulk of its flights are domestic, because in America it’s sometimes cheaper to get by plane than by land transport. From here, airlines operate flights in 260 directions, including 83 places in 54 countries. This is one of the few airports where simultaneous triple landing is possible. And the area of its airport is among the most-most, with an exponent of 5.8 million square feet. It is second only to Hong Kong and Bangkok. This hub is the main one for the Delta AirTrain airlines. And the history of the airport started back in 1925, when the lease agreement of the former abandoned circuit was signed. The city chose a plot of 116 hectares to create an airport here. The first flight here was carried out by the postal plane already in 1926, and since 1928, passenger planes began to fly to Atlanta. The airport has been constantly improving, now there is a program with a budget of 9 billion dollars to increase the flow of passengers to 120 million by 2015. In total there are six runways, and the giant transport hub serves 55 thousand people.