When we hear the word “circus”, immediately remember childhood. It is associated with a round arena, a dome and sawdust on the arena. In the foyer there is a special smell, and during the intermission you can enjoy ice cream.
However, all over the world the circus is perceived quite differently. Indeed, in the modern form, it appears to be a unique show that can entertain even the most fastidious spectators. But this pleasant pleasure is not cheap. And the circus that we know today originated in ancient Rome.
From there, the word Circus appeared, which indicated not only a figure without corners, but also a place for entertainment. In ancient times the circus was decorated with various works of art, being a secular place. Only here originally there were conducted gladiator fights and jumps, which has little in common with the current circus.
Since those passed a lot of time, it has changed significantly. Now the circus is becoming not so much entertainment, but as an original art. And the most famous and best circuses of the world give unforgettable performances, which nowhere else you will see.
Cirque du Soleil.
The Canadian “Circus of the Sun” is certainly number one on this list. This is already an international corporation, which is also booming. The circus spread its tentacles across the five continents. This circus is 25 years old, the age for such an institution is infant, and how much has already been achieved. It all started with the fact that a group of street artists from Quebec decided to create their own show. Since then, the circus has become famous throughout the world. Today it is a whole entertainment empire, powerful and influential, which is based on a circus performance. Today the capitalization of “Cirque du Soleil” already exceeds a billion dollars. The circus has its own creative center in Montreal, its administrative offices are in Las Vegas, Amsterdam, Hong Kong, Singapore, New York and London. About “Du Soleil” they say that he gave a second life to circus art. For its presentation, this theater received many awards, and the recording of the show was even awarded to “Emmy.” All projects of this circus are a mixture of oriental and western art. Gymnasts have incredible plasticity, which allows them to make dizzying tricks. The circus is played by live music, and special effects are truly enchanting. Representations are accompanied by an unthinkable combination of sounds and light, and the skill of artists lies on the verge of a person’s possibilities. The action flows from one story to another, on the stage something is constantly moving, sparkling and shimmering with all colors. The scenery and costumes are also amazing. Every year, 20 kilometers of fabric are spent on making new clothes for actors. About 100 people participate in each production. The composition of the troupe itself is international (artists represent 40 countries), and only the very most are selected and pay them adequately high status. A feature of the circus is the complete absence of trained animals there. The entrance ticket for the performance costs from 40 euros.
Chinese State Circus.
This circus does not seek to be like someone else – traditional tradition is honored here. According to her suits, make-up, order of bales in the room are sustained. The presentation itself is rather modest and unpretentious, which corresponds to the national culture. Such uniqueness is developed at the expense of the creativity of many generations. It was China that gave the world circus art. If “Du Soleil” is only a quarter of a century, then the local circus is already about four thousand years old. He is rightfully considered one of the most original in the world. Even the decorations here are set taking into account the principles of feng shui. There are no magicians, clowns, animal trainers here at all. But in the star troupe includes the world’s best gymnasts, acrobats, jugglers and balancers. Almost all the actors are young, they are not yet 25 years old. Their skill level is fantastically high. After all, they are selected on a competitive basis at the age of three, and then every day they train.Each representation of the circus is a whole philosophical treatise, which is told with the help of sign language, symbols and allegories. Artists perform filigree tricks, which is not surprising, knowing that some of them represent the monastery of Shaolin. Representations of the Chinese state circus are awarded with the highest awards in this sphere – “Golden Lion” and “Golden Clown”. For the right to get here you have to pay about 30 euros. About this circus they say that its main difference from the West is that there adults entertain children, and here – on the contrary.
Circus by Jim Rose.
In this place, the viewer finds himself in an unusual world, where strange and amazing creatures perform wonders. Himself Jim Rose, gathered around him the same enthusiasts, said, it is literally in the seventh heaven with happiness, when he has to swallow razors and glass at the speeches, pierce his body and let through an electric current. Such a circus shocked many and even disgusted. Nevertheless, it is worth acknowledging that few people can show the dark side of human personality so cheerfully and honestly. Jim Rose’s views are not meant for the faint-hearted. From him without a mind unless the notorious punks. But unprepared spectators in this circus often lose consciousness. The mystery remains, where does Jim find artists like him for his crazy ideas. Thus, the King of torture nails his feet to the floor, and the Bebe-queen climbs up the ladder of sharp swords. In the arena, wrestlers, transvestites with a crunch, twist each other’s joints, and from the steps of the bearded women, the sumo wrangling shakes the earth. A mysterious man, plentifully covered with tattoos and growing horns, chews and swallows glasses, and Mr. Knife juggles with working chainsaws.
Circle of the brothers Ringling and Barnum with Bailey.
This circus exists in America. Like everyone in this country, he decided to impress his viewer with scale and variety. Even the name itself contains as many as 7 names! The first belongs to the five brothers Ringling, circus performers, self-taught, who lived at the end of the XIX century. They were able to become successful first in their own show, and then in the management of the circus. This allowed the family to buy out the big and famous circus of Barnum and Bailey, which was the beginning of the new show. Today, the administration of the circus offers a unique view, during which spectators watch simultaneously for seven attractions, which are shown on four platforms and three arenas. A ticket to this circus costs up to $ 40, for this money you are offered a full immersion in the world of the circus. Spectators can come in advance and see how the artists put on the make-up, you can even pat the trained animals.
Paradise show from the Middle Kingdom.
After the performances of the artists of this circus, the audience watches with bated breath. Here you can not hear the rustle of the wraps of chocolate and the rustling of the popcorn. Many artists of the circus are titled athletes who won medals at various competitions not only in China, but also abroad. Here acrobats, fragile boys and girls show their skills, as well as dexterous jugglers. Impressive also luxurious suits that make the rooms really bright. The whole view is imbued with the spirit of the East. The organizers tried to make each room elegant, but at the same time as complex as a Chinese casket. Circus troupe is considered one of the most ancient in the world, it includes 100 artists. The program offered to the viewer is fabulously beautiful, it shows how unique the possibilities of the human body are. And they were discovered and stored them for centuries in China. Paradise show is based in Zhejiang Province. The Circus won the Golden Prize of the International Acrobat Festival in Florence in 2004, and in 2005 won the Presidential and Golden Prizes in Italy.
The Great Moscow Circus on Vernadsky Avenue.
Circus art in Russia is loved, and local artists have always been talented.In the Great Moscow Circus performances are held immediately on five changeable arenas: horse, light, ice, water and illusion. They are at a depth of 18 meters, and a special mechanism drives them into motion. Each show here is unique and unusual in its own way. In one of the performances, the audience sees the world’s only circus number with trained hedgehogs. Here they were taught to fly up into the air and land on a balloon, climb over the fence rails and even drag a cart with flowers. Particular attention in this circus is given to numbers with trained animals. Here act artists-pigeons, chimps-parodists, bears and husky. Can this leave anyone indifferent? Glory to this circus brought the following classical principles and monumentality. On his stage there were such famous clowns as Yuri Nikulin, Oleg Popov, Pencil. They forced the whole hall to laugh in a single impulse. Each presentation demonstrates a variety of genres. Rope-walkers, aerial gymnasts, deft riders and balancers make the heart freeze with delight. The circus on Vernadsky Prospekt was built in 1971, and still remains the largest in the world. In it for the presentation can watch immediately 3328 spectators. A ticket costs from 5 to 30 euros.
Australian Circus “Oz”.
This circus is known all over the world. For more than 30 years he has toured the world, showing amazing show programs in different countries. All of them differ in their own Australian style, so it’s simply impossible to confuse “Oz” with some other circus. And he was born in 1978 in Melbourne. During this time, the circus has gone a long way in the world, having managed to win the hearts of spectators and in their homeland. Elegant performances are full of entertainment and wit, they were observed in 26 countries of the world on 5 continents. This circus is primarily a show in which the animal is completely refused to participate. But for the whole 2 hours on the arena their dexterity is demonstrated by people. In their incredible tricks, they seem to defy death. Acrobatic performances are replaced by ridiculous comic numbers, and the whole arena is constantly filled with the sounds of live music. The founders of this circus loved classical technique, but deliberately went to create an absolutely new style that is more understandable to the modern public. So there were performances in which they found a place for rock and roll, satire and theater. The show was meant to be funny, entertaining and somewhat bold. If the troupe is usually a normal organized group, the Australians have tried to present artists with skilled and experienced individuals. And seriously the circus itself at first did not perceive. With his own hands was sewn a marquee tent, on the basis of a collection of old vans and trucks, “Oz” went to conquer the country and the world. In Australia, he quickly became popular, introducing a fresh and unusual stream into the circus world. Within a few years Oz went on tour abroad, having stopped in New Guinea and Europe. It should be noted that for many years the company has been dealing with issues of social justice, supporting many charitable foundations and indigenous peoples. Annually the circus spends about 250 thousand dollars, on rendering assistance to refugees.
Under this name there is a well-known casino, and in combination with a hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada. This is one of the biggest entertainment complexes in the world capital of gambling. It belongs to the gambling corporation MGM Mirage. The hotel has 3774 rooms, and the casino area is almost 10 thousand square meters. But an important bait for guests here is the circus, which is understandable from the name of the complex itself. The circus performances are completely free of charge in the casino all day. Every hour begins a new show, which lasts only about 10 minutes. And the complex was opened in 1968, becoming the main casino of Circus Circus Enterprises. In 1997, the former standard American circus form was replaced by a Canadian-French one, in the style of the “Theater of the Sun”.Together with this, the complex expanded to a 35-storey tower. Another attraction of Circus Circus is the Adventuredome theme park. Its area is twice that of a casino. The park is covered with a pink glass dome and is connected to the hotel. Here guests of the establishment can have fun with the help of 16 attractions, roller coasters, climbing walls, mini golf course.
Circus “Big Apple”.
This famous American show was created by jugglers Paul Binder and Michael Christensen. For more than a quarter of a century this circus has delighted its fans with traditional and very high-quality performances. In New York, respectable and important citizens consider it their duty to visit here a couple of times a year at the show of the new program. The troupe has the best artists from all over the world, many Russians at the same time. Clown Valeriy Serebryakov stands out, and trained dogs and tigers work well in the arena. But they are not famous for the circus “Big Apple”. Its distinct reputation is based on participation in a large number of charitable events. The circus does not participate in the pursuit of profit in principle. The price for tickets here never exceeded 70 dollars. And participation in charity began in the 80’s, when circus director Michael Christensen organized the “First aid clowns”. The artists gave free presentations to sick children, visiting them. The doctors found that after such visits the children recovered much faster. It’s no wonder that the artists of this circus see their mission much wider than their colleagues. They guarantee that the campaign for their presentation replaces the preventive vaccination, but not from the flu, but from boredom, stress and stereotypes.
Snow show of Glory Polunino.
The clown’s profession is undeservedly forgotten. The modern circus focuses on spectacle and technique. But heartache often goes away. Snow show Slava Polunina offers to return to the world of childhood. The clown opens the eyes of the audience to themselves. Polunin is a person-holiday, which, from the stage, makes you lose your shackles, envy and falsehood. In the presentation takes part from 2 to 10 clowns, the author himself does not put a rigid framework. This show consists of several miniatures. In them you can meet with a touching and funny Asisyaem, in a yellow overalls and red slippers. This gentle and thoughtful character has absorbed both poetic sadness of clowns, their refined philosophicality, and also humanity and touchingness. The idea is largely based on improvisation, because freedom is the main thing for a clown. He needs to be constantly sincere and in touch with the audience. Not surprisingly, the “Snow Show” successfully tours around the world, winning many awards and awards. And most of Polunin, many are called the best clown of the world.
Circus of Fratellini brothers (France).
Speaking of the best champagne in the world, called “Widow Clicquot”, the best in the world makes costumes “Brioni”, but the best clowns in the world are associated with the Fratellini brothers circus. Their name has already become a brand, meaning a thin and funny clownery. Their performances became a real classic, talentedly directed, kind, wise and fun. The main characters in the circus are clowns. It is they who will laugh to the tears of the audience. The circus itself successfully carries European traditions. Here, too, air gymnasts, equilibrists and trained animals perform. The daughter of one of the founders of the circus, Annie, also became famous for the French clowness. She founded the Fratellini School, known throughout the world. The most famous graduate was Vincent Cassel. And the star career of the brothers in Russia began about a hundred years ago. Fellini dedicated his film “Clowns” to them, Slava Polunin staged his show about them, in the “Tropic of Capricorn” the names of the brothers were mentioned by Henry Miller. A ticket for children costs 5 euros, but adults will have to shell out.