At a time when technology is increasingly being improved, and with it – a sophisticated bureaucratic apparatus, a young doctor and a teacher from Michigan has done much to help understand the problems that we face, and thus somehow overcome them. John Gol in his book “Systematics” (N.Y., Quadrangle / N.Y. Times Book, Co., 1977) describes advanced theories, modern science of organization of society and ageless wisdom of cosmic situations, which allows him to create his own philosophy.
The main theorem.
New systems produce new problems.
One should not without necessity produce new systems.
Generalized uncertainty principle.
Systems tend to grow and grow as they grow together.
1. Complex systems lead to unexpected consequences.
2. The cumulative behavior of large systems can not be predicted.
Corollary (theorem on non-additivity of the behavior of systems).
A large system, formed by increasing the size of a smaller one, behaves quite differently from its predecessor.
Invalidity of information on the performance of official duties.
People inside the system behave quite differently than prescribed.
Incorrect information about the work performed.
The system itself does not behave as prescribed.
The 15th law of systematics.
The existing complex system is invariably formed from an operating simple system.
The 16th law of systematics.
A complex system, designed hastily, never works, and it’s impossible to fix it to make it work.
The basic postulates of the developed theory of systems.
1. Everything is a system.
2. Everything is part of an even larger system.
3. The universe is infinitely systematized from the bottom up (ever larger systems) and from the top down (smaller systems).
4. All systems are infinitely complex (the illusion of simplicity arises from focusing attention on one or several variables.)
Complex systems tend to oppose themselves to their own functions.