is a conditional disease of humans and animals that is caused by strains of the influenza virus. Its name got the disease because of its initial widespread distribution among the pigs.
Mankind has heard about the wave of this new kind of influenza in 2009. The disease is common among pets in South and North America, in Europe, as well as in some Asian countries.
The virus, rotating in the environment of animals, birds and humans, gradually mutates, acquiring new features. This epidemic followed the wave of “bird flu” and provoked a new wave of panic.
Some countries immediately limited imports of imported pork. However, as it usually happens, most people, feeding on rumors, have little idea of the real possibilities of the epidemic. Let’s try to understand the myths about swine flu.
This is the first flu that has come from pigs.
The flu itself is a bird infection. Directly the virus can not adapt to the human body, pigs are always the intermediate link for virus mutation. So all the global flu epidemics, in fact, came to the man from the pigs.
The real epidemic of swine flu is already raging in the world.
The first notes on the epidemic said it was not. The World Health Organization has released data according to which the strain of the H1N1 virus (which causes the disease) is so far only “potentially pandemic”. WHO is closely monitoring the development of the situation, focusing on the main focus – Mexico. However, at that time the level of the epidemic did not exceed level 3, although its further development was unpredictable. On June 11, 2009, WHO appropriated the 6th degree of threat out of 6 possible ones. So the statement about the global nature of the spread of the disease quickly became true.
This epidemic has all the features of a world disaster.
In the 20th century, the most prominent were Spanish pandemics, Asian and Hong Kong influenza. And if the first of them in 1918-1919 killed more than 40 million people, the number of victims of Asian pandemics was already ten times less. So, swine flu will become a serious test for healthcare systems, trade, tourism, but there will certainly be no global catastrophe.
This strain of the virus is the most dangerous.
Observations and statistics suggest that the H5N1 avian influenza virus was more lethal, although swine flu is spreading much faster. H1N1 affects mostly young and healthy people, with strong immunity, rather than the elderly with weakened protection. The overwhelming majority of sick people generally recover on their own.
The outbreak of the epidemic can no longer be stopped.
It’s true. The virus has long since left Mexico, spreading across the planet, acquiring the nature of a pandemic.
Swine flu has special symptoms.
This is a common misconception. Patients have symptoms of normal flu – fever, lethargy, coughing, sneezing, poor appetite.
Against swine flu, there is a vaccine.
Amantadine, Zanamivir, Oseltamivir and Rimantadine confirmed their effectiveness against the disease. It is extremely undesirable for the treatment to take aspirin, since it can cause complications. Of course, it is better to take them immediately after the onset of symptoms, while vaccine stocks are sufficient even for third world countries. The mutation of the same virus, called A / H1N1, is much more dangerous. Existing drugs can only alleviate the course of the disease. And further mutation of the virus can leave “out of work” already developed drugs.
Seasonal vaccination can help.
It’s not true, do not rely on it means. Existing influenza vaccines, which change every year, provide minimal protection against this strain.
Scientists will soon develop a new vaccine, which will finally defeat the virus.
A thorough study of the virus is under way. The possibilities for developing and further distributing the vaccine are quite limited.However, there is a hope that the second wave of the epidemic will be stopped. However, there is a risk that, having thrown all forces on release of a new vaccine, manufacturers can stop the development of existing drugs that are already saving lives.
Being in Mexico, you will definitely get sick with swine flu.
Mexico is a popular country for tourists. The outbreak of the epidemic made people avoid this country. Once there, do not be scared. It is sufficient to perform basic cleanliness methods. Do not be in crowded places, communicate with a large number of people. Hands should be washed several times a day, limit the touch to the mouth and nose. Try to change objects of hygiene more often – especially handkerchiefs. To wear the same protective mask constantly – there is no need.
You must stop eating pork.
Eating well-cooked meat does not endanger yourself. You can get infected only from the half-baked meat of a sick animal. Heat treatment with a temperature of over 80 degrees instantly kills the virus. It should be noted that many countries restrict imports of imported meat into the country or tighten control over its quality.