There is a widespread speech disorder that is characterized by the repetition or prolongation of sounds or syllables, frequent stops or indecisiveness. When such symptoms become apparent, doctors diagnose stuttering. People have been looking for reasons for such a failure in speech for several centuries.
Over the past half-century, with the development of medicine, data have also appeared on this deviation. Despite the collected extensive scientific material, people still live in captivity of myths about stuttering. It is especially important to know the truth to parents who face such a problem in children.
Because only understanding the true source and nature of stuttering and you can fight stuttering. Not so long ago came the film “The King says,” which sharply marked this topic. However, there are also cultivated some myths about stuttering. Stuttering usually occurs in a child up to three years old.
In fact, most children begin to stutter before school. Earlier it was believed that usually such a speech disorder is formed at the age of 3-5 years. But according to the latest data, it became clear that the majority of children stuttering comes much earlier, between two and three years.
At the beginning of stuttering, speech behavior in children is no different from the other peers.
In pre-school age, stuttering children have intermittent speech, sometimes words are pronounced intermittently. Often children repeat the first sound or syllable. Another option for torn speech is a pause between words. Stammering children already at this age in their speech have much more breaks than their peers.
Stuttering develops gradually and begins with the repetition of the first syllable or sound.
Stuttering is a violation of speech, in which the smooth beginning of the word is broken. At the very beginning, syllables or sounds can be repeated more than once. It happens that people just stretch the first sound. This behavior is accompanied by appropriate behavior. A person can twitch his head convulsively, blink for centuries, involuntarily move his hands, make faces. Such a common muscle tension can contribute to problems with speech. It used to be that stammering is gradually formed. And the tension of the speech muscles and associated behavior manifest themselves later. But according to the latest data it becomes clear that they can be part of the stammering from the very beginning. There are cases when some children suddenly appeared stuttering suddenly.
With stuttering, the child is not able to cope on his own.
It is believed that if a child tries to solve this problem on his own, it will only get worse. In reality, de children who began to stutter at an early age and in such a state have passed the school course can to some extent keep stuttering in adulthood. But according to the research, 75% of those children who started stuttering in preschool age in adolescence have such a problem. Some children can generally get rid of stuttering in the first year of speech impairment.
There is the same proportion of stuttering among children as among adults.
Among men, men stutter four times more than women. For some reason it is believed that the same proportion should be in children. But at such an early age, the boys do not stammer so much, the ratio is probably not 4 to 1, but 2 to 1. It is known that girls start stuttering earlier than boys. And at the age when gender differences become more significant, girls often stop stammering than boys. Stuttering often appears in families where the upbringing is traditional from generation to generation.
Indeed, there are chances that the child will have a stammer in case if one of the parents stuttered. According to the latest data, 67% of stuttering children had the same problem with one of their parents. But there is no information that in such families, the upbringing of children was different, rather than in other families.
People-stutterers are very timid, anxious and depressed.
It is not proven that stuttering is caused by emotional problems.Stammering children just as well negate the conversation, fearing it, like ordinary children.
Most often, it is not possible to understand why stuttering occurs.
There are some factors that contribute to the development of stuttering. But to understand the specific reason why it arises really impossible.
Stuttering is an insignificant problem, which is not worth much attention.
Over time, stuttering often does not go away, but develops even more. With the increase in the defect, a person is experiencing ever greater problems with communication, and the treatment becomes more difficult and expensive. So do not be quiet about stuttering, believing that it will eventually pass by itself.
Stuttering is observed only at an early age, and at school passes.
In fact, it turns out that when entering a kindergarten or a school, the child must get used to the new conditions, which requires all the hidden forces of the body. During this period, the child becomes more difficult to speak, and speech defects are felt especially sharply, neuroticity and anxiety increase.
We need to teach the child to follow his speech.
Sometimes this tactic really works, and speech improves, but in other cases, the defect is further amplified. That’s why every patient needs an individual approach.
Stuttering is a form of pretense of the child.
Some parents believe that in this way the child is pretending. The problem is supposed to be solved through physical punishment. Only they will only worsen the condition of the child. In addition, there were cases when stuttering appeared after punishment by parents.
The cause of stuttering is fright.
Stammering is an increased background tone of Broca’s center, so fright is a trigger mechanism, not a cause. There is no such a child, who at least once would not have frightened the dog. But not all children stutter. Such a speech defect will appear if the corresponding “soil” has been formed in the brain. A motive is the same trigger mechanism, there is always. You can draw another analogy – those who are prone to migraines, the head hurts quite for other reasons than the others.
Stuttering occurs when thoughts overtake speech.
There is an opinion that a person has to speak faster to catch up with his thoughts. This leads to a violation of speech. The increase in the rate of speech is due to the increased background tone of the Broca center, which is responsible for the speech apparatus. At the moment of stuttering, speech structures ready for pronunciation are blocked, and at that moment new ones are already entering. All this accumulates, like water behind a dam. This creates the illusion that speech does not keep up with words.
The stuttering habit is based on the habit of repeating itself and stupor.
Stupor is an overexcitation of Broca’s center, after which the pathological excitement spreads to the neighboring parts of the brain. There is a certain percentage of people who can be helped in the long term by psychotherapeutic trainings.