– deviation of the visual axis of one of the eyes from the joint fixation point, leading to the loss of binocular vision. Vision in humans is known to be binocular.
This means that even though we perceive the visual images simultaneously with two eyes, each eye works by itself, perceiving the objects separately.
The brain processes the information received, connecting the images into one. However, with strabismus, most often developing in childhood, this mechanism is violated.
Unfortunately, parents do not always pay attention to the fact that the child is mowing. In addition, fear and some stereotypes of thinking prevent them from taking effective measures in time to eradicate this defect.
This state of affairs is promoted by some myths, generated by people who have little understanding of the essence of the problem. We will try to debunk some of them.
Strabismus is only a cosmetic defect, it does not harm the health.
This is not true. After all, the mowing child simply can not correctly assess the position of objects in space, therefore, the correctness of perception of the world around him is violated. In addition, the vision of the mowing eye deteriorates with time, since the brain does not perceive its signals. As a consequence, functional blindness (amblyopia) develops.
With age, the squint will pass – to a year or three.
Indeed, the baby’s eyes are sometimes mowed because of the immaturity of the nervous system. But this should go by three months. If the strabismus lasts longer – it is necessary to get an ophthalmologist.
Strabismus is the result of stresses experienced.
Negative emotions do not cause strabismus. Most likely, the cause of the disease can be diseases of the nervous system (intrauterine, resulting from birth trauma), affecting the work of the oculomotor muscles. In addition, strabismus develops as a consequence of astigmatism, nearsightedness or farsightedness.
Strabismus can be treated at any time, hurry to anything.
Unfortunately, this is not the case. It should be noted that the earlier the strabismus manifested itself, the higher the probability of complications (for example, over time the eye can begin to mow vertically), and the faster the blindness may develop (a small child may lose vision for several months). Therefore, strabismus should be treated as soon as a diagnosis is made, because the earlier treatment is started, the quicker and easier it is possible to achieve the result.
There are no glasses or lenses for babies.
Yes, glasses for children under one year are not provided. But sometimes a small patient is prescribed contact lenses, if they are needed to treat myopia.
Strabismus of one eye is better than both.
This is an erroneous opinion. After all, functional blindness develops precisely in the case when one eye is mowing. If both eyes mow, they both take part in the process of obtaining visual images. Therefore, one of the initial stages of treating strabismus is the translation of one-sided squint into a two-sided one.
When treating strabismus without surgery, you can get by.
This opinion is valid only in cases when the strabismus is caused by hyperopia, myopia, astigmatism. If the cause of strabismus is the pathology of the oculomotor muscles, the operation is necessary.
There is laser correction of strabismus.
Unfortunately, this is not the case. In order to establish the eye in a normal position, the surgeon performs an operation in the process of which some muscles are tightened, while others, on the contrary, are weakened. Through laser surgery, such an operation is not yet possible.
Only one operation is needed.
Only two operations performed at intervals of four to six months can help get rid of strabismus.
From strabismus and one kind of treatment can spare.
No, a set of techniques is used to treat strabismus.
1. Use of lenses or glasses to correct vision.
2. Sealing a healthy eye (occlusion).The purpose of this method is to make the sick eye work.
3. Hardware treatment (retinal overexposure), which increases visual acuity, which helps to develop correct connections between two eyes.
4. The use of special computer programs designed so that during the game the eyes of the child receive a certain load.
These techniques are used to increase vision before surgery, and after surgery help the eyes to adapt and consolidate the result achieved in the treatment process.