refers to a time-limited voluntary refusal to eat with a health and therapeutic purpose. The beneficial effect of such a measure was known in ancient times. Pythagoras and Plato were engaged in starvation, Hippocrates and Avicenna recommended such a remedy to their patients.
In Russia, the first scientific principles of the method were laid back in the 18th century. Today, medical starvation is used in clinics and institutes around the world. In general, this technique is the main one for combating obesity. However, in the struggle for health with the help of fasting, there were several myths.
To lose weight, you need to starve or go on a diet.
Practice shows that this method can really get rid of a certain number of kilograms. However, a return to the habitual way of life and, most importantly, nutrition will quickly return the fat of its position. The situation may even worsen, because the body as if will get a bitter experience, which will prompt him to make more reserves. The next fasting will be met with already desperate resistance from the body. As a result, after several such cycles of self-control, one can achieve a paradoxical result – even sitting on water alone will not be able to reduce weight.
The main enemy of starvation is the appetite.
Everybody knows for a long time that we take food when we are hungry. In fact, this is not always the case. Often we eat only when the stomach comes from a command that he wants to eat. Feelings of hunger at the same time a person may not feel, the stomach is just used to being filled. To determine whether the true desire to eat is suggested to do the following – to eat a piece of hard-boiled black bread, you can even mentally. If the desire exists further, then, consequently, there is a feeling of hunger. Otherwise, there is a habit of simply eating. Everyone has long known that the main enemy of full people is stress. It is he who causes a giant appetite. In fact, the appetite in this matter is superfluous. The American University of Berkeley found that stress helps the hormone cortisol to produce its products, which, in turn, and contributes to fatty deposits.
Fasting is a panacea for many diseases.
About ten to fifteen years ago it was fasting that was considered a good way to get rid of a variety of diseases. Now this method is not so many fans, although as a way of treatment it is recognized even by official medicine. Most likely the decline in interest is dictated by some disappointment – fasting was not as effective as many would like. Many experts in the field of nutrition in general believe that fasting is not just not useful, but even harmful. After all, the incorrect application of this method leads to the fact that slags and toxins produced by ingestion can give acidosis. With a restriction in the intake of food in the blood, the glucose content decreases, which leads to a lack of insulin. Hence the incomplete combustion of fat in the cells. As a result – the formation of acetone bodies, too many of which is dangerous for the body. It turns out. What is starvation, not nutrition, leads to poisoning the body. Proponents of fasting believe that such a technique leads to the removal of all sorts of toxins from the body. In fact, it has been proved that even complete starvation does not lead to the elimination of end-products of the metabolism from the human body. Even the lack of food does not prevent the slags from continuing to form and stand out, naturally, in smaller quantities. Scientists have not found any slag in the body, except for the final products of metabolism. It turns out that their removal by fasting is simply impossible.
You can reduce weight with the help of food passes.
According to this myth, you can starve only partially, it will help in the fight against weight. However, for a full body work, a certain amount of calories and nutrients are needed daily.By skipping any meals during the day, we will, willy-nilly, compensate for the missing next time. According to studies, those people who miss breakfast regularly, weigh more than those who nourish breakfast. The most healthy and correct way to lose weight is frequent and regular intake of small portions of food, which necessarily includes nutrients, low-calorie and low-fat food.
Each missed meal is characterized by a slight weight loss.
As mentioned above, such an approach does not make sense. After all, in the next meal a person simply eats more, and therefore stabilizes their weight.
Moderate food contributes to a fixed weight.
But research has shown a paradoxical, it would seem, fact – weight gain can be observed with moderate nutrition. The whole thing in fat, this effect will occur if the proportion of fat exceeds 50% of the total calorie content of food. Yes, and as noted, the increase in the fat content of the food does not add to it. So it happens that a person can eat moderately, feeling slight hunger, but the weight is still growing. Conversely, a decrease in the fat content of food significantly reduces its caloric value, without affecting the satiety. The best way to control weight is to choose a low-fat diet.
For slimming you should eat less often.
Many believe that there is a direct relationship between the rate of weight loss and the size of the pauses between meals. She really is, but not as I would like. If there are large pauses between meals, the food center of the brain is in a stage of excitement. This creates the most constant feeling of hunger for a person. But it is known that such a person is difficult to control himself, so he eats more than necessary. Therefore, people with excess weight should eat no less than 4-5 times a day, limiting, of course, the amount of food. This will slow down the functions of the food center and dull the appetite.
You must completely give up dinners.
It is considered reasonable to starve after 6 pm, it is believed that such a reception will not get ripe. And this idea is very popular. However, in fact, this measure does not bring the desired results. Our biorhythms are constructed in such a way that in the first half of the day we use energy more easily, and in the second half we accumulate energy. If you forbid yourself to eat in the evenings, then this is fraught with insurmountable hunger and frustration. Does not it make you want to make yourself a little sandwich? So you can have dinner! Just try to ensure that the food was not too greasy in the evening.
Late suppers lead to obesity.
This myth, which prevents people from eating well, is completely debunked by scientists. They did not find out under the statement of any scientific basis. Experiments were conducted by scientists at the University of Oregon on monkeys. Later nutrition with primates led to weight gain, but this process was no different from what happened to other individuals. So there is no connection between how late animals eat, and obesity was not found. In addition, it is not so important at what time of the day you eat, it is important – how much and what exercises you do to lose weight. The body itself turns the extra calories into fat. It would be better to eat normally, even in the evening, than half-bite to eat, without bothering to count the calories. If you want to grab a bite, then a pair of low-fat crackers or fruit will not spoil the picture with weight.
Unsustainable consumption of food is provoked by delicious smells.
Everybody knows for a long time that delicious smells of food provoke a sense of appetite. We are just trembling with impatience, when attractive scents come from the kitchen. It seems logical that this impatience will lead to excessive food, which, in turn, will lead to problems with the slenderness of the figure. However, the situation is slightly different. British nutritionists have come to striking conclusions.Those who cook fast food, absorbing it literally on the move, risk much more gain weight than those who allow themselves to slowly enjoy the smell and taste, enjoying the process of eating.
Weight can be reset using a light breakfast.
But dieticians have not found any connection between the density of breakfast and excess weight. Experts recommend eating after 3-4 hours after sunrise. Then during the day the hunger will not be so noticeable and it can be easily dulled by small snacks.
Perhaps losing weight and without fasting.
You can often hear that losing weight is possible and without limiting yourself in eating. However, this point of view is not always correct. Even consuming any products still need to limit the number of calories consumed. This can be done simply by reducing the amount of food. Trying to lose weight, in the end you can really eat your favorite foods, though as long as you keep track of the amount of food you eat. In addition, we must remember – for weight loss you need to spend more calories than usual.
To have a snack is bad, it’s better to starve.
Doctors for a long time held such an opinion. However, recent studies have shown – not so important is how often you eat. Much more important is what exactly you eat. So there is nothing wrong with snacking between the main meals – just choose for this fruit or low-fat yogurt.