– a soft fabric made of threads extracted from the cocoon of silkworm. Initially, silk came from China and was an important commodity that was delivered to Europe along the Silk Road. The length of the silk thread reaches 800 – 1000 m. The thread has a triangular section and, like a prism, reflects light, which causes a beautiful transfusion and shine.
Currently, the largest producer of silk is China (about 50% of the world’s total production). India produces about 15% of the world’s silk, followed by Uzbekistan (about 3%) and Brazil (about 2.5%). Significant manufacturers are also Iran, Thailand and Vietnam.
Silk production originated in China.
Yes it is. Homeland of silk are the cities of Hangzhou and Suzhou. Here for the first time began to produce a delightful high-quality silk, which became famous throughout the world. The secret of silk production was not disclosed to anyone. To anyone who dared to reveal the secret, threatened death for betrayal. Then silk was very expensive. For him was given as much gold as the material itself weighed. The secret of manufacturing was discovered by the Byzantine emperor Justinian. In 550 AD. he sent two monks to China with a secret mission. They returned in two years and brought eggs of silkworm in hollow bamboo staffs. So the secret of the manufacture of silk was revealed, the monopoly was put an end.
Natural silk is difficult to distinguish from artificial silk.
No, it’s not. It is enough to pull a couple of strings of cloth and set them on fire. The filament yarns of natural silk will smell like a salted horn or wool. The clotted lump is crushed easily, like a coal. The polyester fabric will melt, and the formed lump is solid and not crushed in the hands. Viscose burns when smoldering, it smells of burnt paper. In addition, natural silk crumples strongly.
Natural silk costs insanely expensive.
Not exactly. You can buy silk for 100 euros per square meter. There are products made of silk, which cost five thousand euros. The price depends on the quality of the fabric and the purpose of its operation. In addition, the price does not guarantee anything, you need to rely only on your own experience.
This silk is resistant to prolonged use.
Yes it is. With proper care (hand washing in water at a temperature of about 30 ° C with a mild detergent, do not rub, do not squeeze the cloth, iron through the ironing machine (the so-called fabric through which clothes are worn) along the share thread, the temperature does not exceed 130 ° C. Protect from moisture, moths and light.Stand for storing in folded form, as little as possible bending) silk things withstand 7-12 years of operation. The strength of the silk thread is not inferior to steel of the same diameter.
Natural silk is always smooth, shiny and slippery.
Not exactly. Silk satin does have such properties. However, after machine washing, it becomes like a gentle husky (this effect is not given either by polyester or viscose). In addition, there are also non-slippery and non-shiny types of silk: wild silk, silk colored algae, silk knitwear, etc. Wild silk is obtained from cocoons of oak silkworm. Such silk is similar to flax or wool. It is distinguished by its strength, hygroscopicity at times has dark inclusions. In ancient China, clothing made of silk, painted with algae, could afford only the emperor (because of the labor-intensive manufacturing technology). The front side of this fabric is black, and the underside is brown, velvety and pleasant to the touch. Such silk soothes skin irritation caused by psoriasis. Silk jersey outwardly can be matte, similar to cotton or cashmere, shiny, reminiscent of synthetic knitwear.
Silk is the safest material for decoration.
Yes it is. Especially such establishments as restaurants, night clubs, etc. The fact is that if you put out a cigarette on a silk tablecloth, it will not light up, it will not smolder (like viscose), melt, flare (like polyester). In the tablecloth is formed only a hole. Silk is resistant to high temperatures, it burns badly.When burning, it does not release toxic substances.
Silk is ideal for underwear and clothes.
Yes it is. Silk underwear pleasant to the body, gentle and light. It is the amino acids that make up the fabric that make it pleasant to the touch. In addition, such clothes hypoallergenic, does not attract dust, does not electrify (due to the presence of both positive and negative ions in silk), has antibacterial effect, high hygienic properties. Silk tissues absorb ultraviolet rays well. The smallest voids in the silk fiber absorb and evaporate most of the skin moisture, which gives a feeling of coolness in the heat.
Silk can not be synthesized.
Yes, that’s right. This is called the riddle of silk. Scientists thoroughly know the formula of silk, its structure. But they can not synthesize yet.
Buying silk bedding, you throw money away. It is cold and slippery.
First, among the silk fabrics there are non-slip ones, such as: crepe de chine, wet silk, perfectly suitable for those who toss a lot in their sleep. Wet silk is not so easy to pull off the mattress. Secondly, you can sew a gum to the sheet, which will also prevent her slipping from the bed. Contrary to the opinion of the coldness of silk bed linen, we can say that silk is an excellent thermoregulator. In addition, it calms the nervous system, prevents insomnia. In a person who uses silk bedding, reduces skin irritation, not so split hair. All types of silk carry positive energy, which is so necessary for us.