Short-term therapy is impossible in principle, since the client has been accumulating its problems for years.
Therefore, it takes a long time to untangle this tangle. First of all, it should be said that the chronic nature of the difficulties stems from the closedness of the circle that supports them. Difficulties in the present appear and appear, regardless of the reasons that caused them once. For example, fear of the audience attracted body stiffness, short-term memory impairments. Those in turn confirm catastrophic thoughts, causing constrained behavior. Hence – the inattention of the audience and the lack of support, or vice versa – an excessively increased interest in the lecturer. Fear is even greater. If this circle is opened at any place, then 5-10 repetitions of therapy will lead to the complete disappearance of fear in front of the audience. It happens that the vicious circle is much more complicated. For example, the attitude to a successful performance as an accident, but a failure, as a regularity. In such cases, a vicious circle can also be destroyed, only more sessions will be needed – about 10, as well as 60-100 hours of independent work.
Short-term therapy does not provide a reliable result, since it can not affect the deep roots.
Such therapy implies a clear task of forming adaptive skills. If it is well fixed, it is never completely forgotten. The easiest example is cycling – even 30 years after a little adaptation, a person can easily use the vehicle. There are also not only vicious circles, but also circles of adaptation. A new experience or skill gives rise to new behavior, more successfully, adaptive behavior leads to the achievement of the result, an inverse relationship is formed, which, again, changes the worldview. Then there is the motivation to acquire new skills. Thus, positive changes diverge in the life-field like circles on water. In “relational” therapy there may be some improvement, but it is often unreliable. The client meets the benevolent physician-therapist and flashes with hope. Only here an early meeting on the street with a boor or an evil acquaintance will quickly “cure” of wings.
Short-term therapy should be tough and painful, because it is based on emotional intensity.
Any theory gives a tool and an understanding of where and how to apply it. In psychology there is a special term – the channel factor. It is understood as a seemingly insignificant element of the situation, which leads to great effects in behavior. This small circumstance is a conducive way for a reaction that was previously held back by some force. On the campus, few responded to calls for vaccinations, but the placement on the leaflets of the scheme of passage to the medical posts increased the number of visits 30 times! Her husband stopped putting money in his wife’s bedside table, and began to give it directly to her, while looking into his eyes. This approach solved the problem of recognizing power and gratitude, which was the source of family conflicts and even sexual dysfunctions for several years. In this story, the bedside table has ceased to be a member of the family, responsible for the budget. A channel for several behavioral reactions was formed. The theory of Kurt Lewin for short-term and effective solutions was created not for nothing!
Short-term therapy is one of the forms of hypnosis.
This is a myth, since short-term work requires maximum concentration on the problem. This state can even be called trance. However, the key difference is that such concentration is a free choice of the client, and not imposed from the outside. It is not immersion in unconsciousness for suggestion by the hypnotist. People who demand spectacles need external effectiveness, not efficiency, so give it theatricality: hypnosis, Hellinger arrangements, hot chairs, etc. Effective methods are simple and boring, like a hammer, which has served since time immemorial.A boring training of listening and feedback skills nevertheless gives results both in marital conflicts, in conflicts at work, in communication with children. Is self-training tedious? But it can help and with disturbances of digestion and a dream, at preparation for sports competitions.
Short-term psychotherapy does not work with the client-therapist ligament and underlying transference problems.
In reality, there are many models of short-term psychoanalytic therapy, the first of which was proposed by Freud in his work “Finite and infinite analysis.” In the future, psychologists created their own models in order to reduce the time, cost and increase the reliability of therapy. In the future, competing with behavioral therapy, psychoanalysis began to develop long-term as a competitive advantage. Thus, the blinded Europeans and lonely Americans have acquired profound personal relationships. However, psychoanalysis should not be considered an ideal model of psychotherapy, which should be blindly imitated in everything.
Short-term therapy is akin to miraculous healing.
Miracles do not happen, and most of the “miraculous” cases are due to the long work on a person. People come to specialists in a tense emotional state, with great hope for the result with hundreds of failed attempts to solve the problem differently. The therapist’s talent consists in intuitively finding the channel factors. Thus, literally clapping hands, the therapist causes an avalanche of changes in a person’s life, which occur in the future without the participation of a doctor. The application of the field theory of K.Levin makes it possible not to act at random, but to calculate these channel factors.
Short-term therapy is available to everyone.
It may seem that short-term therapy is a very attractive product, as it is very rational, however it is not. Serious requirements are put forward to the client and the therapist. First of all, we must clearly and clearly identify the tasks and distribute them in terms of importance. Further it is necessary to really limit the time allocated for solving the problem. It is important that the therapist has the diagnostic skills to the right degree and a firm contact has developed between him and the patient. It is necessary that the therapist and the client did not get lost thinking – the maximum concentration on one problem is necessary. Here lies the paradox. On the one hand, short-term therapy attracts people who want everything, immediately and quickly, and on the other hand it is their greed that prevents them from prioritizing, focusing on one or two really important tasks.
Short-term therapy interferes with the client’s personal development.
The goal of therapy is to call positive changes. When this succeeds, positive changes occur one after another, similarly, improvements in a person grow, all the functioning of a person is revised and changed. However, this happens only when a really important developmental task or a symptom is being worked out that hampers it. Such therapy causes dependence on clients, as it is directive. It is not necessary to consider short-term therapy entirely based on directivity. It is one thing, when the therapist is an absolute authority and an expert on all issues (which in principle is impossible), is a completely different picture if the therapist agrees with the client to carry out a number of procedures on partnership grounds, while verifying the effectiveness of actions using criteria close to and understandable to all. Directivity does not exclude relations based on equality and respect.
Short-term therapy involves standardizing procedures and lack of creativity.
According to this myth, this therapy can be practiced by anyone, it is only necessary to master the necessary instrument. However, this is not true. One of the main principles of short-term therapy is maximum fitness for a particular person and his environment. This work is based on non-standard solutions.