Height – 16-18 cm, weight – 140-150 gr.
For three weeks the child grew and became almost twice as heavy. Now he already weighs more than the placenta, and the size is comparable with the open palm.
The placenta is now fully formed and actively conducts nutrients from mother to child and displays in the opposite direction the waste of life of the baby. It is covered with a dense network of blood vessels. By the time of delivery, it will reach a weight of 480 grams at a thickness of 2.5 cm.
Since this week, the fatty layer of the baby’s body is being formed, the so-called brown fat, a special type of adipose tissue actively participating in the heat exchange process, is deposited. Now in the child’s body water is about 80%, and fat is only 0.5-1%. However, by the time of delivery, 3.5 kg of baby’s weight will have 2.4 kg of fat, i.е. about 70%! The eyes of the baby are still closed, but eyeballs are actively moving under the eyelids.
The baby’s brain functions completely, it already responds to auditory, visual, tactile stimuli, especially to loud noises that appear next to the mother. Therefore, starting this week, it is possible to engage in the musical upbringing of a child, or even more often to talk with him. Involve your father in family talk!
Moms continue to expect the baby’s first movements if they did not feel them last week. Their expectation may last up to 20 – 21 weeks. If the perturbations are not determined and at this time, it is necessary to be examined by a doctor. To worry in advance it is not necessary: many mothers, especially those who give birth for the first time, simply take the movements of their child for something else and do not pay attention to them.
Weight gain goes faster and faster. Now, perhaps you are already in the black at 3.5-3.8 kg (normal). The uterus is probed 3.5-5 cm below the navel. It grows rapidly upwards and assumes an oval rather than a round shape. Very soon you will feel how your internal organs squeeze and move up and to the sides.
The tummy has already begun to tremble prominently and even in the very slender there is palpable fat. He serves the baby with an extra warm blanket, in addition, this layer helps metabolism. In the extreme case, the fat deposits are able to somehow protect the baby from injury if something unpleasant happens to her mother (for example, falling). If you have not already done shopping for pregnant women, then it’s time to deliver yourself this pleasure.
In addition, you already want to choose a comfortable position for sleep. The growing tummy does not allow you to feel free as before. Before going to bed, you begin to turn for a long time in the side on your side, choosing the most suitable for resting pose.
Generations of mothers by experience have come to the following conclusions:
– it is better not to sleep on your back, it can be difficult to breathe, and the uterus presses on the hollow vein and aorta passing in the abdominal cavity;
– it is better not to sleep on your stomach, it is already round and still will not allow you to relax normally;
– it is most convenient to get on your side, putting pillows under your stomach and behind your back, you should keep pillows near you always – an irreplaceable thing!
The load on your heart has already increased by 20-40%! Do not be surprised if you have increased bleeding gums or periodically bleeds from the nose.
Your kidneys, like the heart, work in extremely tense mode. The baby is growing and increasingly consuming oxygen and other substances, so your kidneys are increasingly being used to take the products of the baby’s life.
Do not forget to regularly take urine tests in time to catch inflammation in time. If you have not yet experienced kidney disease, then the first sign of them are problems with urination. Now you visit the toilet more often than usual, this is a normal state during pregnancy.
But if you do not have the feeling of fullness of the bladder, there is a constant urge to urinate, and only a drop is produced if this process is accompanied by burning and discomfort, if, at last, your back starts to ache in the area of the ribs, it rises sharply and the temperature is lowered – it is necessary to address urgently to the doctor, it is desirable to the nephrologist. All these are symptoms of infectious cystitis or pyelonephritis.
Do not try to self-medicate and “endure the disease.” This can lead to deplorable results and serious complications, up to the removal of the kidney. In addition, infections of the genitourinary system can lead to the birth of a child with a reduced weight or even premature birth.
The sooner you go to the doctor, the more likely that you will not have to resort to strong drugs like antibiotics or surgery to treat.
Among the preventive agents against kidney disease, you can indicate abundant drinking (especially good sour fruit drinks, cranberry juice, water without gas), parsley, body protection against colds and drafts. In addition, never tolerate, if you want to use the toilet.
Another unpleasant condition can be increased sweating and discharge from the vagina (whites). With the help of a good antiperspirant and clothes made of natural materials.
Beli, too, are not pathological, although their number can be discomforting. Undoubtedly, we need to consult a doctor who will recommend an effective and harmless for the child means to get rid of secretions. In addition, you should try to keep the crotch dry and clean, wear cotton underwear, avoid tight clothing (tight jeans, pantyhose), do not use swabs.
If the secretions are green or yellow, have a very unpleasant smell, reddening or itching, it is likely that an infection has occurred and you should immediately give smears for analysis and begin the necessary treatment. By the time of birth, the birth canal of the mother should not become a source of infection for the child.
What drugs should not be used in principle during pregnancy? Of course, first of all those on the instructions to which it is “contraindicated during pregnancy”.
Secondly, should check the composition of the drug for the presence in it:
All these substances are contraindicated during pregnancy.
Week 16 – Week 17 – Week 18