Salmonellosis is known to many. It seems that this infectious disease is understandable in its essence. They say that they can get infected by eating raw eggs or poorly cooked chicken. People believe that the disease is rare, but it is treated simply.
However, medical scientists themselves are urged not to trust the myths about salmonellosis, because its danger is often underestimated. As a result, people can risk their health without knowing it. So what is the truth, and what is a lie in such statements?
The chickens are the vectors of salmonellosis.
This terrible infection comes not only from chickens, but in general from domestic birds and animals. A certain role in distribution is assigned to man. At the same time, the infection can be helped not only by those who are already more salmonellosis, but also simply by the carrier. The person does not see in himself any symptoms of the disease, but can transfer salmonella further. When examining chicken, ducks, geese and other poultry, salmonella are found in almost half the cases. But not less significant indicator – about 40% is observed in rodents. A dangerous infection is widespread among wild birds, such as sparrows, pigeons, gulls and starlings. Even cats and dogs in 10% of cases are carriers of salmonella. The carriers are also sheep, pigs, cattle. So do not blame everything for chicken only.
The sources of infection are chicken eggs.
Actually, there is no salmonella in fresh eggs at all. It just happens that the eggs fall into the particles of chicken manure, which contains dangerous bacteria. Some time passes – from 4 hours to 5 days, the infection penetrates through the shell inside the egg and infects it. That’s why before using the egg it should be washed with soap beforehand.
You can safely eat boiled and fried eggs.
The agent actually dies from heat treatment. However, it is worthwhile to understand which treatment will be considered correct. For example, fried eggs can be eaten without fear of salmonella, if after roasting on one side the dish is turned over to the other, yolk down. Such roasting will certainly destroy the bacteria of Salmonella. It is clear that eating raw eggs is risky.
Salmonella dies in the freezer.
To our regret, these bacteria are very tenacious. They do not feel bad in the external environment. For example, bacteria can live in water for up to 5 months, in meat and sausage – 2-4 months, in frozen meat – up to six months, and in frozen avian carcasses generally more than a year. In milk, the bacterium can last up to 20 days, in kefir – 2 months, in butter – up to 4 months, and in cheese – up to a year. In egg powder the bacterium will live from 3 to 9 months. It is worth noting that in some products, such as meat and dairy, salmonella can quite successfully reproduce, without changing the appearance of the products and their taste. Pickling and smoking on bacteria practically do not affect, and freezing in general as if preserves them, increasing the life span.
There are no salmonella in quail eggs.
In fact, eggs from quail eggs can be eaten safely, only if fried on both sides. Birds are infected because of poor care and inadequate feeding. Most often, the source of infection is mixed feed, which includes processed animal raw materials. We are talking about large and small cattle, pigs. If such food is given in the poultry quail, which, moreover, will be kept in bad, hot conditions, Salmonella will also appear in these birds. So, quail eggs can not be considered safe in this regard.
After the raw meat was cut with a knife, it is easy enough to rinse it.
In fact, people are most often infected with salmonella because of their carelessness. In raw meat – pork, beef, can contain bacteria of salmonella. That’s why it’s not enough after the cutting to just rinse the cutting board and knife.It is best to heat the utensils in which the cutting took place. Ideally, every housewife should generally have a special knife and board for raw meat. In that dish, where there was raw meat of poultry or animals, it is unacceptable then to put bread or vegetables. A usable food remains better immediately placed in the refrigerator, because bacteria at room temperature begin to multiply rapidly.
Salmonellosis most often affects children.
Do not rely on the fact that children are actually more likely to fix such a disease. Just kids are much more difficult to tolerate the disease. In an adult, salmonellosis is mild. It resembles the usual food poisoning or indigestion. Classic symptoms of salmonellosis are stomach cramps, headache, nausea, vomiting, fever, constipation, or diarrhea. These symptoms will manifest themselves within 12-48 hours after eating with Salmonella. The disease in mild form will take place in a week, but for the treatment of severe cases, antibiotics can not be avoided.
You can be cured of salmonella yourself.
Currently, the Internet provides a lot of information for self-treatment, and in pharmacies you can buy any antibiotic. Is it impossible to cope with salmonella? Such a myth can actually be summarized about any disease. However, it is worth remembering that salmonellosis is an infectious disease that can take a chronic form. Then already without treatment in the hospital can not do. The person who is the carrier of the infection is most dangerous for newborns. In fact, while babies do not have a year, they are especially sensitive to all intestinal infections. So that not only can not engage in self-treatment, even children should not be treated independently. This will already be a direct risk to their lives.