Rats



Next to a man, amazing creatures, rats, live for thousands of years. These animals are smart, cunning and very tenacious. We have tolerated them for thousands of years, we look at the spoiling of things, food. But the rats were also a carrier of contagious diseases, which millions of people mowed out. And agriculture has suffered a lot from gray rodents. It is no accident that rats for humans are a dangerous enemy. This image has been formed with us since childhood.

Rats cause disgust, disgust, fear and disgust. These creatures are endowed with the worst character traits that are possible. Rodents are considered greedy, thievish, bloodthirsty and aggressive. So prejudices became myths and passed down from generation to generation. And who was interested in verifying the veracity of the rumors and persuading the rest?


Only about one and a half centuries ago, people began to tame rats and even keep them at home as pets. And although these animals do not only help us much in scientific experiments, they still can not radically change their image. Some myths, we will be honest, were born not from scratch. Nevertheless, let’s try to figure out – where is the truth, and where is the lie. And are all myths also attributed to domestic rats? Rats are able to survive in all conditions.

They say that these creatures are almost the most important ancient disaster of mankind. A rat appeared in nature for many millions of years before us. People have been fighting these rodents for thousands of years, but there is not much progress. After all, the rat is able to adapt fantastically to different conditions, survive in wild and harsh environments. Smart rodents are not afraid of radiation, temperatures, lack of food, and they are not afraid of bait. Scientists say that there are no modern methods by which rats could be lime. And the whole wine their innate suspicion to everything new, especially to unusual smells. So the danger of poisoned baits to rats quickly becomes clear. In the society of rodents, there are even special approbators, creatures who are willing to risk their lives to test new food for taste. So the adaptability of rats is not at all a myth.

Rats attack a person. There is some truth in this myth. In general, rats shun people, fearing them. But there are situations when the animal has to defend itself. Then really a rat can go on an attack on a person. Villagers can tell how these creatures bit and even eat unattended babies. Rats can also attack pets. Cases of eating hamsters, turtles, attacks on kittens and puppies are known. The reason – the hunger that pushes rats on terrible deeds.

A rat can gnaw a hole in anything.

The ability to gnaw the material in rats is quite high. As a matter of fact, they do not lend themselves to glass and iron. Rats are not without success sharpening brick, concrete, they are well suited to wood, plastic, rubber. So the sheath of electrical cable and glass wool will not stop the rodent. Rats gnawed at the walls, undermined the dams and foundations, and undermined the pillars of the bridges. Even waterproof ship partitions made them a sieve.

Rats reproduce very quickly.

This statement is difficult to deny. In rats, pregnancy lasts only two weeks. And already three days after the birth the rat is ready for a new fertilization. Krysjata spend in the nest for a month, and already at 3-4 months of age, puberty sets in. With age, the female fertility only increases. As a result, depending on the amount of food around and the living conditions, the female brings offspring several times a year. In the litter, usually 8-10 cubs, but sometimes this number can reach and 16. The female cares for her offspring, keeping the nest warm and clean. And milk in rats is very nutritious.

A rat is an ancient laboratory animal.

In the rats, laboratory experiments have long been carried out. These are very unpretentious creatures, the content of which is simple and inexpensive.It is in rats that people experience medicines, cosmetics, vaccines. We are afraid of rats, and in fact it is to them that many people owe both beauty and life.

Rats suffer from various diseases.

On the one hand, it is true, but rather more likely to wild species. Rats do suffer from such diseases as rabies, tularemia, toxoplasmosis. But after all, we ourselves are also carriers of various diseases. What turns out – any counter must necessarily be a dangerous infectious source? Diseases, including those that are dangerous to humans, carry dogs. But in fact no one for this reason does not refuse to have a puppy. As for rats, even wild specimens are not necessarily infected with this or that disease. And there is no need to talk about decorative animals. How can they acquire terrible diseases if they initially grow in an artificial environment (at home or in a store), and with their wild relatives do not contact at all? And on the street, such rats do not appear. Strangely enough, but for a domestic rat a person presents a greater danger than it is for him. So if you’re afraid, then wild rats, not decorative ones.

Rats are evil and dangerous creatures, from the bite of which the blood is immediately infected.

Owners of domestic rats can tell a lot about what their pets are affectionate and affectionate. These creatures can feel sorry for the owners, when those have a bad mood, rats even lick their tears. Rodents love this caress and appreciate it. It happens that they are even ready to exchange food for care from their owner, rats ask that they are first caressed and only then begin to eat. To develop the same sepsis, one bite is not enough, and certain conditions are also necessary. And the infection of blood as such can be formed because of any other damage to the skin. American rats lead such a simple fact: over the past 20 years in the territory of this country, not a single case of human disease has been documented an infectious disease after a rodent bite.

The most evil rats are those who have red eyes.

In fact, eye color does not determine the behavior of the animal. After all, we do not determine the cruelty of a person by the same parameter. And the color of the eyes in rats only affects the ability of the eyesight. Those creatures who have red eyes, see much worse than their black-eyed relatives. As a result, they have to rely more on not even on the sense of smell, which also has problems, but by ear. As for the infection of blood, in order to develop sepsis, just a bite is not enough, you need certain conditions. In addition, blood infection can develop from other skin damage, the infection can get through the boil, any cut or burn. So you just have to follow the rules of hygiene and in time to process wounds.

Decorative rats bite like wild ones.

Everybody knows that rats sometimes bite hard. The pressure of teeth is 500 kg per cm². It is known that an adult can not just bite through his finger, but even gnaw through the concrete. Bites are a common means of self-protection for wild animals. But for a domestic, decorative rat bite means that the person is guilty. Simply the owner tormented her or hurt him. It is rare when a rat bites only from fear or tries to show its dominant position in a pack in this way. Unmotivated bites are quite rare for such domesticated creatures.

Rats have a nasty and cold naked tail. And males have unpleasant cold testicles.

Let’s talk about the body temperature of these animals. From the school course of zoology, we can recall that rats are rodents. They also belong to the class of mammals, that is warm-blooded animals. Whence suddenly they will have a cold part of the body. And those who do not like the bare tail of a rat, have never looked at him attentively.This part of the body is not devoid of hair, just on it it is much rarer than the rest of the body.

Rats are unclean and dirty creatures.

It is worth watching the rat a little, it turns out that she devotes quite a lot of time to washing and licking the body. Being in cages, many such rodents go to the toilet only at a certain angle. But we must admit that the character of rats, like that of humans, can be different. There are animals that are absolute purifiers. They do not eat even that part of the food, for which they kept their paws, throwing it away. In their own cage, such rats constantly restore order, and follow their own purity. But there are also not such attentive to dirt creatures. But even among people there are real “pigs”, do we blame rats?

Rats

The rats have the dirtiest place – paws.

This is not true, because the dirtiest place on the body of this rodent is the tail. He is everywhere dragging himself behind a rat, clinging to himself the remains of food, excrement. And let the animals constantly take care of themselves and clean their tail, it will constantly attract dirt to itself. If in young rats the tail is light pink, then in time it becomes dark and spotty. All the fault is a piece of dirt that falls under the scales of the tail and sticks to the hairs. A domestic rat can be bought, but even that is not enough to remove all dirt from the tail. Then it is necessary to carry out special cleaning with the help of brushes and mild detergents.

Being naked, the rat will freeze.

In the frost, decorative naked rats, of course, will freeze. And the woolly variety does not tolerate frost, the animal can easily catch cold and die. But in a warm room, hairless rats feel comfortable, they will not freeze there. These creatures have slightly elevated body temperature, which allows you to compensate for the lack of hair. Of course, the mechanisms of thermoregulation of rats are not as perfect as in humans. The rat fears not even high or low temperatures, and its sudden change. The organism simply does not have time to adapt to such unexpected changes Wednesday, which leads to illness. So, rats do not tolerate cold, but sometimes even heat. In bird markets, one could see in rat cells and at minus 15 degrees, there are cases of reproduction of wild rats at minus 20.

Rats are living creatures, they can live up to eight years.

If these creatures survived to eight years, their masters would be immensely happy. In fact, live rats usually two or three years, only occasionally a little longer. An eight-year-old rat is either a fantasy, or an outright deception.

In the metro, the abandoned mines are inhabited by huge rats, almost a meter long.

Quite often you have to meet stories about such monsters. That’s just confirmation of this and there. But the found such a rat would undoubtedly attract everyone’s attention. The length of the body of such a rodent without taking into account the tail does not exceed 30 centimeters, only exceptional specimens can reach a mass of more than a kilogram.

In the house of such a disgusting creature there is nothing to do, then the house will have to be consecrated.

In ancient times, rats constantly ran around the village huts, but no one went to the priest every time after that. The church does not mind that Christians have tamed animals. In the Old Testament, the issue of clean and unclean animals is discussed in some detail. In the Book of Acts of the Holy Apostles, the Lord told Peter that he was not such a pet that could not be with a man. There are no such beings in the house, from which it would be necessary to be freed, as from filth. The New Testament does not say that some living being is bad, unclean. Accordingly, there is no such rule – to consecrate anew a house or a temple after it.

Categorically forbidden to kiss the rats, especially for pregnant women.

This myth says that in the saliva of rats there is a certain dangerous substance that in women causes infertility and in general provokes miscarriages. In fact, this is a distorted information about toxoplasmosis. The main carrier of these parasites are cats, but microorganisms can be carried by other warm-blooded creatures, including humans. The toxoplasmosis itself, a disease caused by toxoplasm, passes easily. But if a woman is infected during pregnancy, unpleasant consequences are possible for the development of the intrauterine fetus, as for all living creatures with reduced immunity. And that the rat became a carrier of toxoplasmosis, it must be in contact with the infected animal, for example, with a cat. The same is rare. In this case, it is necessary to comply with the simplest sanitary standards when caring for animals and processing products. Pregnant should also be carefully examined for toxoplasmosis. Infection is possible even from eating meat products, eggs that have not undergone normal heat treatment. So do not shy away from rats, but you just have to follow the simplest rules of hygiene.


Rats can not be fed with meat, otherwise they become aggressive and evil.

Rats, as, by the way, and man, are omnivores. But are we becoming evil by eating meat? Vegetarians say something like that, but there is no reliable confirmation of this fact. So why should you become evil and rats?

A rat can eat food from a person’s table.

It is worth to be attentive to what a person offers to his pet. Rats are contraindicated alcohol, spicy, salted, pickled, as well as carbonated drinks. So there is a list of categorically forbidden food. Also, rats should not offer sweet food, fried and fatty.

Rats do not drink at all, they lack the liquid that is contained in vegetables.

In fact, water is necessary for rats. This rodent drank 30-35 milliliters of water per day. And eating a wet forage simply reduces the daily rate to 5-10 milliliters. It has been experimentally proved that the rat can live quite well if their feed contains more than 65% moisture. If this indicator is 45%, then in 26 days the animal will die, at 14% – live only 4-5 days. In general, without water, a rat can live no more than two days, even depriving an animal of liquid for a day can have a bad effect on its health and future offspring.

Rats can live in any conditions and eat anything.

That’s why special fodders, mineral stones – just an excuse to get rid of more naive hosts. In nature, the rat eats almost everything they can reach. In urban conditions, they do not disdain either scraps, feces, or slops. A wild rat pursues one goal – survive at any cost. As a result, the average life expectancy of a wild representative is no more than a year. Do owners want the same fate for their pet? Adaptability is good, but that the rat lived a long time and was healthy it is best to give it the necessary nutrients, minerals, in time to clean in a cage. If she does not have enough food, she can start eating her own excrement.

The rat does not need a large cage.

Rats are very mobile creatures. They need constant physical activity. Only in a large cage can they keep their shape. And do not forget to arrange there stairs, labyrinths, ropes. For any living creature, health lies in motion. In the literature on krysovodstvu there are practical advice on the arrangement of the house. Each individual should have a volume from 0.06 to 0.15 cubic meters. And for one rodent, the minimum recommended size is 36 by 60 by 30 centimeters.

If the rat is released from the cage, it will necessarily run away.

It is not necessary to suspect wild instincts in your pets. Decorative rats easily and permanently attach themselves to their masters.It is no coincidence that in kartovodov in everyday life such terms as “sofa rat”, “shoulder rat”. There are curious pets who want to explore the world around. But even such rats are quickly trained to return back to the call of their owners. But what exactly you should not do – letting domestic rats run around in the countryside, the country. Zverek can be so carried away by the study of a new environment and smells, which is simply lost. Then he draws to catch a disease, to poison himself or even to be a prey to local predators.

To the house rats do not smell, you should always bathe.

Generally, rats are recommended to bathe only in two cases. The bath is necessary, if the pet is very much soiled. Another option is to prepare a rat for the exhibition. And that the animal did not smell, you just need to clean it regularly in his cage. You can also wipe the rat with a wet cloth, as an extreme option. Decorative varieties of rodents generally dislike the water, bathing for them is a great stress. After all, there is a big chance of catching a cold after taking a bath. But even here there are representatives who are not just not afraid of water, but also enjoy bathing in it. By the way, fear of water in general is not a specific phobia of rats, because in nature wild representatives swim very well. Just pets with water are unfamiliar initially. If the rat from childhood to accustom to the water, they can fully learn to dive and become great swimmers. On hot days, water can not be dispensed with, considering that rats have thermoregulation worse than humans, water procedures can be an excellent opportunity to cool down.

In order for female rats to have no tumors, they should definitely give birth.

Again, it should be said that there is no reliable information about the relationship of tumors and childbirth. Malignant formations may appear in the giving birth to a female, and a nulliparous person may not have a whole life. So in the issue of the institution of offspring, we must take into account more serious arguments.

In rats, tumors are contagious, so that the diseased creatures must be immediately put to sleep.

What in humans, that in rats, tumors are not contagious. There are some viruses that can trigger the formation of tumors, including cancer. But just having a virus that could start transforming a cell is not enough. The cell itself should be ready for such changes, and the body should not interfere with such processes. So if viruses have some significance in the development of tumors, the mechanism here is different from what is observed in infectious diseases. Evidence of the transmission of cancer from one individual to another simply does not exist. And the rats themselves often have tumors that are not malignant. Talking about sleep is only when the tumor causes real suffering to the animal. Rats should live in pairs – male and female.

This statement is not only incorrect, but also dangerous. Rats are really social animals that prefer to live in a group. But together contain heterogeneous creatures is undesirable. Sexual maturity in these rodents occurs early, in two months. But physical maturity comes later, by the half-year. In natural populations, there are mechanisms that prevent early pregnancy of females. Only here for ornamental rats they do not work. As a result, a female that has become pregnant in three months is the same as a human girl, who became pregnant at the age of 12-13. Needless to say, how will such early births be said for both the mother and the offspring? Even if you plant adult rats together, trying to avoid this problem, there will be another – frequent childbirth. This will manifest itself in the early aging of the female organism, the depletion of its body, and the deterioration of each subsequent offspring. Even for a male, early breeding is undesirable. So if there is a desire that the rat lived in captivity real long and happy, it is worthwhile to start same-sex beasts. Females and males perfectly get along with their own kind, without suffering at all from the absence of sexual contacts.

Often rats eat their offspring.

If the rats are properly maintained, then such cases will be very rare. To prevent such horrors, it is necessary to feed the animals well, give them a good nest, where they will not be disturbed in vain, provided with fresh water. Yes, and females do not knit early, avoiding also weak, painful individuals. Rats are usually quite caring mothers who gently take care of their young. Females protect offspring from strangers, excommunication from the nest only for a short while to eat and relax. Rats even disguise their nest, hiding children. It happens that females grow not only their offspring, but also foster children. Even males are able to take care of their children. And eating their own offspring in general occurs in rodents, often about this say the owners of guinea pigs or hamsters. To the rat began to eat their children, you need good reasons. The main one is stress. It happens that the female does not feel safe, does not have enough food and is not sure of herself. Sometimes she tries to eat one or two of the weakest cubs to be able to go out the rest, retaining their strength. But this is a very rare case that can be avoided by creating good conditions for a pregnant rat.



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