is a card game in which players (from 2 to 10) try to collect a certain combination of 5 cards (the values ​​of the cards are on downward, from ace to two, and the ace can be as the senior (in combination with cards from the king to tens), and the lowest card), or force competitors to stop the game.

The game (in the terminology of poker – the “hand”) consists of several rounds of trade (“streets” or “straights”) starting with the distribution of cards, after which the player either bet or out of the game. Depending on the type of poker, the rules may vary, however, in all types of this game there is a common element – the presence of trade.

There is no consensus about where and when poker appeared, nor about the origin of the name of this game. The researchers claim that this card game originated about 500 years ago, and has become widespread in various countries of Europe (Italy, Spain, France), and its name comes from the word pochen (German “knock”).

The first written mention of poker is dated 1829, since 1834 for this game began to use a deck of 52 cards. Over the following years, poker has spread widely around the world, and in the US it has for some time even had the status of a national game.


The first major poker competitions were held in 1968, when a resident of San Antonio (USA, Texas), Tom Moore hosted the “Texas Gamblers Reunion” tournament, considered the progenitor of the World Series of Poker , WSOP). Two years later, at the initiative of Benny Binion, the first official tournament of this series was held in Las Vegas, where it has been held annually since then. The winner of this competition receives an unofficial title of World Champion in poker and a gold bracelet.

Since 2004, the player who scored the maximum number of points in the World Series of Poker, is declared Player of the Year, and receives a cash prize. Since 2006, the tournament is held in a variety of H.O.R.S. E., to participate in the competition players make contributions in the amount of $ 50,000. Tournaments of this kind under the name World Series of Poker Europe (WSOPE) are held in European countries since 2007.

There is also the World Poker Tour, which is a series of international tournaments. These competitions were organized in 2002 by Steven Lipscomb, and since then regularly take place in various cities around the world.

However, in some countries (in particular, in Russia) poker is equated to gambling, and the sport does not count. In poker they play a deck of 52 cards. Yes, but in some cases, decks of 32, 36, 54 sheets can be used.

The player who has the strongest combination of cards has the win in poker.

Mostly yes, but in some versions of poker, the rules are somewhat different. In “Lowball 2-7” and the variant of this kind of poker with a double card exchange (English lowball 2-7 triple draw), the combination of the smallest cards wins. A similar rule also applies in Badugi (Badugi in Korean – “rainbow”) – a kind of poker that appeared relatively recently in Korea, and is a combination of “Lowball” and “Dro-poker”, as well as in the game “Razz “, which is a variation of the game” Stud “(English stud). In “Hi-Lo” (English hi-lo, from high-low – “high-low”), the winnings are distributed among the players with the strongest and weakest combination of cards. It should be noted that in this type of poker, one player can have the strongest and the weakest combination at the same time.

When playing poker, each participant receives a number of open and closed cards, from which subsequently composes certain combinations.

Most often it is really so. In the game “Stud” each participant receives 4 open and 3 closed cards.In the most popular, used in various kinds of tournaments and competitions, Texas Hold’em poker variants are respectively 5 and 2 (also in this version there are so called community poker cards that can be used in time of making combinations all players). In a game similar to Texas Hold’em, Omaha (sometimes called Omaha Hold’em), players receive 4 closed and 5 open cards. In “Caribbean Poker” players see only the last card – the rest are distributed closed. But in “Dro-poker” players receive only 5 cards that can be exchanged for new ones, also closed.

In poker, victory is always won only by the best players.

This is not quite true. According to statistics, strong players win only 60 (maximum 80) games out of 100, and the remaining 40 (20) games – lose to less experienced, but more successful players. However, it should be remembered that the victory in this game does not depend on luck, but on the ability to correctly build winning combinations.

All great players have innate abilities for poker.

Not necessary. There are many strong players who do not know how to “feel the map,” but who win a lot of victories at the card table due to perseverance and constant practice. According to professional poker players, success in this game depends not so much on the inherent predisposition to it (although it will be much easier for people with the above mentioned abilities to master the skills and skills), but from careful study of poker rules and regular practical application of acquired knowledge and skills at card tables .

One of the varieties of poker is called “Horse” (English “horse”).

In fact, this name is an acronym (HORSE), consisting of the first letters of poker variety names (“Holdem”, “Omaha”, “Razz”, “Stud”, “High Lo Stud”), which are constituent parts of the party in ” Horse. ”

Videopoker is a variation of poker.

The version of poker for gaming machines (video poker) does exist, but experts do not rank poker types, because there is no trade in this game.

“Odessa Poker” – and not poker at all.

Yes, it is. “Odessa poker”, also called “Georgian poker” or “Joker”, formed in the Soviet Union on the basis of the German game “Open”, to the actual poker has nothing to do. This game is more like a preference.

The main thing in poker is the signs.

Sometimes the facial expressions and behavior of the player can indeed draw some conclusions about the combination of his cards. However, it should be remembered that truly truthful information can only be obtained when the opponent is a novice in the game. In other cases, this or that behavior of the poker player is just a component of a bluff, a fraudulent trick with which he hopes to bring out more powerful opponents from the game and take the pot. Because experienced players pay more attention to their own cards and think through possible combinations of options than signs from the opponent.


In poker it is easier to win at a card table than in online mode.

Most often this opinion is expressed by newcomers. Experienced same players argue that the number of successes and failures depends more on the skills, skills and game style of the poker player. It does not matter whether he sees his opponent or not.

Before the game, partners can come to an agreement and, through thoughtful and concerted actions, mislead opponents.

Yes, it is possible. But experienced players usually quickly and easily detect and suppress such actions. Also it should be noted that in online poker players (most often located in different countries) are less likely to agree among themselves than, for example, casino visitors.Minimize the possibility of becoming a victim of conspiracy of players can be, playing in tournaments, where seats are distributed through random choice, which significantly reduces the chances of conspiring poker players to get to one table.

Online casinos often cheat, while receiving a lot of money.

Fraud on websites of this kind does take place, but not so often. Poker rooms are more profitable to have a reputation for honest online organizations – after all, on advertising and holding different kinds of tournaments they will earn much more money than simply cheating during regular games.

To play online poker, you need a fast Internet connection.

Yes, if a person wants to participate in a game with large stakes, or to compete simultaneously for several tables. In other cases, ultra-fast Internet is not really necessary – even dial-up connections are enough.

Poker, like any gambling, leads to the degradation of the individual.

Much depends on the moral foundations of the player and on what kind of poker they are talking about. Ludomania (uncontrollable, painful craving for money games) are most often affected by people playing in the casino or online. Among professional players in sports poker, no ludomans, no frivolous personalities, adventurers, or stupid people are almost impossible to meet.

Street Flash in English means “suit in order”.

In poker, the above combination actually does exist – the player has 5 cards of the same suit in order (for example, 10,9,8,7 and 6 clubs). For the name of this combination (the second highest in poker), most often use erroneous transcription “street flash” (English street, flash – “flash”) – a phrase that means “street flash”. Rightly, you should say “straight flush” – this phrase really translates as “5 cards in order” or “suit in order”. Also, the names of other combinations in poker are incorrectly pronounced: “Royal Flush” (it is necessary to pronounce “Royal Flush”, from English royal flush – “Royal Suit”) – a combination of the highest dignity, consisting of 5 high cards (from ace to ten) one suit, “flush” (right – “flush” from English flush – “suit”) – 5 any cards of the same suit, straight (correct transcription – “straight”, from English straight – “order”) – 5 cards in order (the suit does not matter). The term “street” in poker is also present, but it does not mean a combination of cards, but one of the rounds of betting.

Freeroll is a free poker tournament.

This is not quite true. In tournaments of this kind, the prize pool is really created not through the contributions of players – prizes (not just monetary ones – as a reward the winner can get some things or the right to participate in other tournaments, so-called freeroll satellites) allocates either poker -room, or sponsors (viewers, television companies, etc.). However, most often in such tournaments, firstly, not everyone can participate (since they are held for permanent or very active players, such as the Professional Poker Tour). Secondly, to increase the chances of winning, players make some payments (for example, pay extra chips – re-buy (“re-buy”) and add-ons (English add-on). Sometimes freerolls are mistakenly considered to be tournaments in which the winner only receives virtual chips that do not have a monetary equivalent, or he accumulates a certain number of points, which can later be exchanged for prizes or a monetary equivalent. In addition, the term freeroll is also used to name certain situations in the game.


Bluff only players with weak cards.

Yes, if it’s bluff, it’s clean (with a weak hand that does not have a chance to improve), and half-bluff (with a “hand” that has many opportunities to improve before opening cards) or a check -release, which performs the function of bluffing.However, in some cases, owners of a very strong “hand” resort to deceptive maneuvers. For example, the mentioned check-raise can help the owner of a strong combination to increase the amount of money in the bank and withdraw opponents from the game. Slowplay (slowplay, sandbagging) – passive rally, also helps to increase the bank by leaving behind the table weaker opponents, which the owner of a very strong “hand” hopes to easily win.

Women do not participate in poker competitions.

Absolutely mistaken opinion. Representatives of the fair sex participate in competitions on a par with men. For example, in the World Series there are separate tournaments for casino and women employees. The winner of the first WSOPE tournament was a woman – a resident of Norway, Anette Obrestad.

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