This animal, like no one, is perhaps surrounded by numerous and undeserved myths. About the pig goes a lot of proverbs and sayings, usually offensive. They say: “dirty as a pig”, “put a pig”, “eat like a pig,” “act like a pig.” If you just call a man a pig, then he is unlikely to be happy.
So it seems that this animal is disgusting in all manifestations of its character and temper. But this attitude towards pigs was not always the case. First of all, it should be mentioned that this animal was domesticated by the second person, after the dog.
In fact, pigs do not only feed people, they even save lives. And prejudices about these mammals are often unfounded. And scientists even brought out the look of miniature pigs (mini pings), which are much cleaner and more intelligent than other pets.
Pigs are stupid.
It seems logical that a clever creature will not mess around in mud and his own feces. Only the pigs are smarter than we think. In their intelligence, these animals are second only to humans, dolphins and monkeys. Studies have shown that pigs are much smarter than dogs, and video games using joystick and patch play even better than some primates. Scientists believe that the intelligence of these animals, like a three-year-old child, they have good intuition and memory. Even the piglets already within a few weeks after birth can already respond to their own nickname. Pigs are quite emotional and outgoing. In the natural environment, they live in groups in which the hierarchy is maintained with the help of corporal and verbal language. Depending on the circumstances, the pigs use different sounds. They show they are grunting with pleasure, they can bark, warning of danger, squealing with pain, discontent or waiting for food. Pigs can notice if their congenitor goes to a hiding place with food and follow him, trying to steal food. But if he sees behind him the shadowing, he will try to lure the cunning or into a trap or to a false cache. Pigs even demonstrate the beginnings of the mind, knowing how to understand the desires of other beings.
Pigs are unclean beings.
The most important myth about pigs almost associates them with dirt. But only if this animal has enough space, it will never contaminate that area where it feeds or sleeps. And the fact that pigs love to lie in the mud – obviously. But this is caused by the physiology of animals – they do not have sweat glands. That is why, in the absence of water for swimming, pigs are forced to lie on wet and cool ground to maintain the temperature balance. But if the pig has a choice, then she will always prefer the water of mud. By the way, it is great for getting rid of parasites.
Pigs do not sunbathe in the sun.
It turns out that the only animal that can tan, like a man – a pig. These creatures adore lying under the rays of a gentle sun, taking baths from the light. Pig skin as a result forms a sunburn.
Guinea pig relatives.
Many seem to have a clear affinity for these creatures – both are pigs. In fact, they have only a common name. Guinea pigs have nothing to do with the family of non-ruminant artiodactyls. By the way, they also do not live in the sea. For the first time, mention of guinea pigs is found in 1580, when the Spaniards brought these animals to Europe. For the first time the meat of strange beasts was tasted by the conquistadors in Spain. And the food reminded something of pork. The guinea pigs were cooked about the same way as pigs in Europe. The similarity was in the sounds produced by the animals, this resembled the grunting of pigs.
Pigs do not distinguish smells.
Life has shown that these animals have an excellent sense of smell, which is little inferior to the canine. Pigs can rummage in the earth for hours, searching for the most tasty bits. This quality is noticed by the person, accustomed pigs to look for truffles.Growing under the ground mushrooms was much easier to find with trained pigs, sometimes they reacted to delicacies growing at a depth of up to six meters. Talents of olfactory pigs people used in the beginning of the XIX century, when animals even replaced sometimes hunting dogs. After proper training, pigs could feel feathered game at a distance of up to 36 meters. And during the war the pigs helped to find mines, today they help the customs to identify drugs. Helps pigs and search and rescue activities – allowing you to find people under a thick layer of snow.
Pigs are so stubborn that they can not be trained.
In circuses, you can see four-legged actors, who in themselves debunk this myth. Although the pigs are indeed stubborn, they nevertheless adore performing different tricks. Playfulness in their character, so that training for them is an interesting and exciting game. As a result, pigs are happy to perform all tasks, quickly learning commands through intelligence. For example, in the famous trainer VL Durov, the pig Chushka-Fintiflushka knew how to bow, perform a waltz, carry a barrel, jump over obstacles and climb onto a barrel.
Pigs have nothing to do with man.
And although the comparison of a person with a pig is offensive, in fact, in terms of its physiology, we are incredibly close. This applies to the digestive system, genetics, blood composition. And pig tissues are well compatible with ours. These animals even suffer from the same diseases as we, so that they can be treated with the same medicines and doses as a human. Swine organs are used in transplantation, an example can be at least a bioprosthesis of the heart valve. And with diseases of the kidneys, liver and spleen, it is practiced to clear the crook by passing it through the appropriate organs of the pig. Extracts from the pancreas allow you to get insulin, which after simple treatment can be used to treat people.
Pigs have always and everywhere been considered unworthy.
The history of many ancient peoples debunks this myth. The pig was respected by the Egyptians, Greeks, Indians, Indians, Scandinavians and Germans. For example, in Egyptian mythology, the queen of the sky, the goddess Nut, was portrayed precisely in the guise of a pig. Similarly, the Scandinavian mother-goddess looked. And in ancient Greece, in some myths, it was generally said that Zeus was nurtured by a pig. In Germany already in modern times there is a law according to which the owners of such animals should pamper them, buying toys and paying attention. In Ancient China, the domestic pig was considered a sacred animal, symbolizing well-being. Pork is allowed only in the case of religious and public holidays. But this attitude was not observed everywhere. The Koran considers a pig a dirty animal, forbidding Muslims to use its meat.
Pigs are very unsociable.
Under natural conditions, these animals prefer to live in flocks. As already mentioned, there is a hierarchy and a system of signals. Similarly, pigs are used when communicating with a person. Very social and active are the guinea pigs, who alone can get bored and even fall into depression.
Pigs are lazy creatures.
It seems that the pigs just need to lie in a puddle, so warm in the sun. In fact, these are very playful creatures, who also show obstinacy, exactingness and resourcefulness. Even if the pigs do not get something, they will certainly continue to do this until they achieve the desired result. Leaving a handgun pig of one house, it is worth to prepare for unexpected results – he will not be bored and quickly find a job.
Home mini-pig does not need walks.
There are people who teach their pets to go to the toilet in the tray, but it is better to take the animal out for walks.There the pig can and vzvolno run, pinch the grass, dig in the ground, and if you find a pond, then swim. If a pet is deprived of such joys, then it will start gaining excess weight, which will have a bad effect on health.
Mini-pig is an exotic animal and it is difficult to take care of it.
In fact, care is needed about the same as for the dog. The pet should be taken out every day for a walk, feed, bathe and wipe with lotion to avoid dry skin. But there will not be such problems inherent in dogs, as a haircut, cupping of ears and tail. But three times a year you’ll have to file a pig’s piglet and annually drive to a veterinarian.
Pigs are indifferent to their masters.
Pigs are attached to their master no worse than a dog. Pigs well feel the mood of a person and his emotions, they are able to rejoice if the owner is kind and positive. And you can teach the animal a lot – to paw, play ball, and just walk with it. They say that mini-pigs can learn the owners by their steps. Only hearing the familiar steps, the piglets rush to the door to joyfully meet a loved one.
Pigs are quiet animals.
In the context of animal husbandry, man would like the pigs to be as calm as possible. However, the intellect of pigs often plays a bad joke with them. Farmers living on farms are extremely intolerant of changes in the routine. Even a simple clap of hands in a pigsty can alert all animals. They refuse to feed and are alert, as if waiting for the development of events and something terrible. Only after 30-40 seconds do pigs return to their previous occupations, and most continue to worry for a few more minutes. Even Academician Pavlov, Nobel Prize laureate, noted that among the living creatures around the human being, the pig is the most nervous. It is known that these animals are predisposed to mental arousal. So, for example, a pig stuck in a narrow passage will begin to vigorously and emotionally try to get out. In case of failure, a real hysteria begins, which can even lead to death. If animals are concentrated in a large group, then mental irritation can lead to massive hysteria. That is why now the animals are divided into small groups in fattening.
Pigs do not know how to swim.
It seems that such an unwieldy animal can not in principle be a good swimmer. But pigs do not need to be taught to swim, they fully use this natural gift. There are cases when wild boars swam across the bays to 40 kilometers wide. In the Pacific there is an atoll of Fakaofo, where wild fowls live. Scientists have discovered that these creatures not only swim well, but also dive for fish to a depth of fifteen meters. And on the Antilles, the sailors of small boats today use pigs as the simplest navigational device. If in the Caribbean Sea the ship is off course, then the pig prepared for such a case is simply thrown into the sea. The animal unmistakably begins to swim towards the nearest land. Genetically the pig is closer to the person, even than the monkey.
This myth is often met. But scientists think quite differently. The most genetically close to humans are the chimpanzee, whose DNA repeats our 94-98%. And it is not so important that there is a different number of chromosomes. It is followed by a gorilla and an orangutan. In other words, the closest to us is still the primates, not the pig. A person with a pig with each other just like some species of protein, which is determined by a relatively small number of genes. And since the pigs are convenient for transplantation, they were chosen. In addition, they are deprived of the disadvantages that are present in primates. Those and not so many, they do not breed in captivity, the risk of infectious diseases is great, and ethically for the sake of experiments it is easier to kill pigs than the primates close to man.The fact that more than 700 million pigs live in the world and made it possible to conduct extensive experiments on the adaptation of proteins and organs of these animals to humans. First, insulin of animal origin was obtained, and then the organ rejection problem was solved.