Piano



In addition to the enchanting music, the piano and piano also have a different side, familiar to a narrow circle of specialists – repair. For many, it’s a surprise when the instrument starts to sound different. Consider the main features of the operation of the piano, their choice, debunking in passing some myths.

The previous piano tuner was better.

Let this sound a bit paradoxical, but the quality of the tuner’s work is largely estimated from how well it will impress the customer, rather than from the professional capabilities of the master. This rule is generally common for the entire service industry. At the same time, the desire of the master to please the client is not so important, as his own subjective impression under the influence of life experience. Often the instrument starts to sound worse simply because of age properties, it is obvious that it will seem that the previous tuner did the work better. The instrument can sound differently at different times of the year, this is due to the condition of the deck. Some tools are best tuned in the summer, and some in the winter. Often a tool can not be tuned in principle because of false strings or twisted strings, and it’s no use explaining to the client about the tempered system. We must also take into account that each instrument has its own limit of accuracy of tuning, one can not expect from a small piano of the sound of a concert grand piano. Yes, and the structure of the instrument, and the comfort of its sound are different things. For example, the tools of the company Blutner even with the floated system sound nice, but the piano “Red October” sounds good only immediately after the setting.


The piano only requires setting.

If no one has played the instrument for a year, fluctuations in temperature and humidity lead to a misalignment of the mechanism. Usually, the tuner is treated even less often. Incidentally, usually the guarantee obligation for a new piano or piano tuning is not included, the adjustment is given a guarantee no more than a year. We are not surprised at the fact that in winter the furniture crumbles, and in the summer the door boxes swell? Before you make the adjustment, you must always bring the mechanics in order first. This implies the gluing of pasted capsules, the adjustment of backlashes, the installation of hammers exactly opposite the string choruses, fastening of screws and so on. If the tool is in active use, then broken parts are possible. From the primers can get out the pin, the cause of the sinking can be trivial trash. The offensive and the end of the heating season lead to the fact that a professional pianist simply feels the need to regulate his instrument twice a year. If the instrument has not been serviced for several years, then it is impossible to adjust the tuning fork at a time. You’ll have to make at least three settings instead of one. Even a guitar can not be reconfigured at one time by a half-ton, because until the bar is used to the new load, the system will “creep”. Unlike a guitar, a piano can withstand loads from string tension much higher, up to 20 tons. Recently, instruments have begun to be found in which the supporting structures and the housing must be fixed before the adjustment.

The piano “Red October” is a good choice.

First of all, it’s worth mentioning where this brand came from. After the revolution, the Bolsheviks expropriated the Becker factory and renamed it in their own way. Even if you find a tool with Becker’s details today, it will be too old to be good in its original form. The next generation of “October” was already post-war, then the buyers could not compare their piano with anything, simply rejoicing at the acquisition. Even after the war, more than half a century has passed, again time has done its destructive work. Do not try to find a working tool “Red October”, a seductive proposal for free reception of such a piano with self-delivery is almost doomed to failure.

Often it is enough just to paint your old, but excellent tool.

It is a mistake to assume that painting does not require special efforts. The fact that it is the restoration of appearance is one of the most expensive types of work. This “painting” can take up to 90% of the time from the whole repair and up to 90% of the funds invested in the restoration.

If there is a desire to purchase a used tool, then it is necessary to pay attention only to Petroff.

Actually, the correct name of the Czech company is not Petroff, but Petrof. And the quality of this brand is somewhat exaggerated. It is interesting that the supporting structures of the apparatus of this firm have a fundamentally different device than that of their counterparts. Usually they try to make a futer and a cast iron frame in the piano equal in their importance, and Petrof practically always lacks a futur, and all the details are attached to the cast-iron frame. This arrangement allows you to use less wooden parts, which are so susceptible to temperature and humidity changes, that is, the stability of the system, however, repairs can lead to complications. To date, virtually all pianoforte from Petrofa are made inseparably. To remove, for example, the outfit to get to the inside of the instrument is difficult. Do not rely solely on the brand, tools also come across different, even among Petrofa there are instances with poor sound and unpleasant mechanics for the game. Few people know that Petrof has several younger brothers – Scholze (Scholze), Weinbach (Weinbach) and Rosler (Rösler). Experts believe that these manufacturers are more stable in terms of manufacturing quality, and their supporting structures are made according to the classical scheme, with the presence of a futon.

It is quite possible to find an antique tool in good condition.

Many are willing to even spend the energy and time to confirm this opinion. However, one must take into account that all antique tools need serious repair. Find some old grandmother “Blutner” (“Bluthner”) or “Bechstein” (“Bechstein”) in the normal state is possible only if in the 60 years of the 20th century or later he was made a good repair . It should be noted that the tuners of the Soviet times were distinguished by high-quality work, which is visible to the professional and many years later. But if the tool is not seriously repaired at all, then wait for problems.

You should not buy a tool that was repaired.

Typically, this myth is based on the fear of a person that a bad piano can sell to him, and the main purpose of repairing was to hide the flaws of the device. In this approach, there is common sense, but it should be borne in mind that initially the old tools were of a higher quality than the current ones. They were designed so that it was possible to make repairs, unlike many modern models. Modern production is focused on cheaper assembly, so if there is a desire to get a piano with a really good sound and mechanism, you should communicate closely with the masters of restoration. The market should be studied in detail and not make a purchase without first getting to know the course. Usually, restorers only welcome interest in their work.

There is no point in repairing the black Soviet piano of the 60s of last century.

Experts say that there is a sense in such repairs, only that clients usually hardly agree to such a step. Few people are ready to make solid investments in the restoration of the tool, especially given that there is a lot around announcements about free pianos and pianos. But among the old Soviet pianos of the 60’s there are copies with a great sound, with a strong and unplayed mechanism. The main problem in such devices is incontinence, 20-30 years ago it was solved by replacing the pins with a larger diameter.However, after the lapse of time the virbelbank of such old instruments themselves began to demand replacement. Thus, to the cost of repair should be added in addition to polishing, and the cost of pegs, a new virbelbanka …

You can buy a piano for life, so that his grandchildren could play on it.

If the factory assembly was originally of high quality, the microclimate is favorable, and the master-tuner regularly served the piano, which was also moderately operated, then such a tool can serve without serious problems for about half a century. Yes, and restoration can extend the life of another by as much. But a pianist student can completely break down the mechanism in just four years of studying at a music school. If you need a tool for regular “power” exercises. Can it be worth thinking about buying two pianos at once? Many musicians do this by purchasing one tool for training, and the other for music.

Cracks in the cast iron or bronze deck – the death sentence for the instrument.

First, it’s worth making sure that it’s the decks, not the frames, that are completely different. If the crack goes in the cast-iron frame, then this is really a sentence for the instrument, it will not be possible to adjust it any more. But the crack in the deck on the sound will not affect so much, moreover, you should know that the whole decay will burst sooner or later, as it constantly experiences static pressure from the strings. The cause of a bad sound may not be a crack in the deck at all, but peeled, for example, rifles, or torn shovels, maybe a collapsed bridge under the shtag.

For a good appearance, the piano must be rubbed with a polyol

. But the masters constantly clean the lacquer to return the instrument an attractive appearance. Furniture cosmetics give a quick effect to their fatty puddles, which shine well masks dirty stains, scrapes and scratches. But soon new layers of dust begin to stick to the wet divorce, like glue. And not always the polish is successfully combined with a varnish covering. In order to cover the piano looked good, you need to use a vacuum cleaner and dry soft rags. Before using abrasives, solvents or polishes, you should understand well which coating was used to finish the piano and how to follow it properly.

The tool does not hold the line.

The piano can be upset for two reasons. The first is the weakening in the virbelbank of the pins, if the pins do not hold, then the adjustment is impossible in principle. The second – between the parts of the piano, responsible for the purity of the system, the tension changes. The fact is that if the strings began to rust, then on their bends there is friction, which prevents slipping during tuning, this process is due to the construction of the pianoforte. In the tuning process, this friction prevents the straightening of the tension of different sections of the string at once. As in the spring, there is a balance of the difference along the entire length, which will soon lead to detuning. The only remedy for servicing such inconvenient tools is “knocking out” the sound. The offensive and the end of the heating season lead to deformations of the piano parts, which also affects the purity of the system. Deca withers “in winter”, and in the summer “swells”, becoming saturated with moisture. Although rare, but there are tools that are not upset for several seasons in a row, rather upset in the summer, in the winter they self-adjust or, conversely, depending on when the last setting was carried out.

So ​​easy to get confused in the models, when buying a tool for the baby!

Except how to get personal experience, there is no other way, so you have to go and watch everything, not paying attention to the manufacturer. Soon understanding will come. If you do not set out to purchase an antique instrument, then you can safely exclude boldly straight-handed and obedempfernye pianos. Such designs are obsolete and will require costly and long-term recovery.When choosing, attention should also be paid to appearance if the mechanics are dusty and blackened, if there are traces of water on the piano, rusty scrapes or broken pads, marks from pots, pots, etc. is a sign that they did not take care of the piano. Attractive appearance, of course, makes good prerequisites for selection, but does not guarantee quality. You also need to play all the keys in a row, including black ones, even with a frustrated instrument (which you should not be afraid of), each key should sound in a single unified tone. But if you press 2-3 different sounds at the same time, then this is a bad signal, which says that the pegs do not keep the system. Do not be afraid of the sinking keys, it’s easily adjustable. The piano is rather a complicated device, akin to a car, and not a closet, you should not choose the first specimen, thinking that it will fit the child. This approach is fraught with the loss of time and money, and we do not want to teach children to ride a car without brakes or steering? Yes, and getting rid of a useless tool will also require costs, at least for loaders.



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